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The names appearing below are just a fraction of the Canadian
women of accomplishment. Check out The Famous Canadian Women 's
section ON THE JOB which contains mini profiles of 1900
Canadian Women of Achievement.
Grace Annie Lockhart
Born February 22, 1855. Died May 18, 1916.She was
the first woman in Canada to receive a
university degree. Mount Allison University in Sackville, New
Brunswick, became the first university in Canada to grant a degree to a
Onésime Dorval Born
Sainte-Scholastique, Quebec 1845. Died 1932.
As a young girl her delicate health kept
her from entering a religious life. She would, later in life, take a vow
of poverty and chastity but she did not enter any specific religious
group. In 1877 she arrived in Manitoba's Red
River settlement to begin a career of teaching . She was the first trained
teacher in the Red River settlement
and in such areas as Saint-Laurent, Battleford and Batoche. In
1883 she established the school Saint Vital which was entrusted to Les Soeurs de L'Assomption in 1896. She retired in 1914 to Duck Lake where she
continued to help aboriginal and Métis youth. She has been designated as a
National Historic Person of Canada.
Born Halifax, Nova Scotia May 20, 1856. Died September 5, 1935. An
educator, feminist and author in 1889 Eliza received her Ph.D. from
Cornell University in the United States.
She is probably the first Canadian woman to have received a doctor of letters.
Her appointment to the
Dalhousie University board of governors in 1919 is also a first for
Emma Baker . In 1903 she was
the first woman to
have received a Ph.D. from a Canadian university.
Carrie Matilda Derick.
Born January 14, 1862. Died November 10, 1941. She studied for her B.A. at
McGill in 1890, took her M.A. in 1896 and would go on to study at the
Academy of Science, London England, Harvard University, USA, and Bonn
became the first woman professor at an university in Canada.
She was also an activist in women's rights.
Born March 17 1887.
was the first trained children's librarian in Canada
She devoted 40 years of her working life to the development of the
children's collection within the Toronto Public Library. It is in her
honor that the Toronto main children's library is named ;
The Lillian H. Smith Library. It houses an electronic resource center, the
Osborne Collection of Early Children's books, the Lillian H. Smith
Collection, the science fiction fantasy and horror collection (known as
the Merrit Collection), the Bagshaw collection of puppetry and children's
drama, videos, CD's and lots and lots of children's books to be read and
Personal contact with Toronto Public Library 2002)
Guelph, Ontario 1884. Died Vancouver, British Columbia , August 1, 1945.
Mary Louise attended the University of Toronto and graduated in 1906. Her
Masters degree was earned a Columbia University, New York, U.S.A. in 1908.
She worked as Director of women’s education and social welfare programs in
Toronto and then moved on to be Dean of Women at Regina College in 1914 to
1921. In 1921
she was appointed the First Dean of Women at the University of British
Columbia, a position she retained for 20 years. She was a founder of the British Columbia Teachers
Federation and a delegate to several international women’s conferences.
She was President of the Confederation of University women in 1929-30.
Suggested reading: Lee Stewart. It’s Up to You:
Women at UBC in
the early Years.
http://www.vancouverhistory.ca/whoswho (accessed June 2009 )
Levi) Born 1897, Toronto, Ontario. Died 1989, Toronto, Ontario. Evan as
a child she exhibited a powerful desire for leaning and retention of
knowledge. In 1921 she earned her BA in Mathematics and physics from the
University of Toronto. In 1924 she married Meyer Rotenberg (1894-1958) a
lawyer and businessman. The couple would have 5 children. By
had completed her doctorate and was the 1st
woman and 1st Jew to earn a PhD in Physics at the University
of Toronto. Her thesis “on the
characteristics X-rays from light elements” was actually published in
1924. In 1929 she founded the Hillcrest Progressive School the 1st
Jewish Day School in Toronto. She served as a director through to 1944.
Mattie also enjoyed being a journalist, in 1930 she worked for the
Jewish Standard writing a women’s column. From 1939 through 1966 she
was a regular commentator on the Canadian Broadcast Corporation (C.B.C.)
Trans Canada Matinee, which was dedicated to women’s issues. In
1945 her work was recognized by the Canadian Women’s Press Club (CWPC)
with the presentation of the Memorial Award. In 1947 she covered the
session at the United Nations and the Status of Women for the C.B.C. By
1941 she had returned to the University of Toronto where until 1968 she
was a demonstrator at the University physics laboratory. She was always
a strong family oriented person who made sure the younger generations
knew of their religious beliefs.
Mattie Levi Rotenberg by Nessa Rapoport. We Remember, Jewish
Women’s Archives. Online Accessed December 2012.
Born November 19, 1917 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Died Vancouver, British
Columbia September 24, 2012. She became deaf as a toddler and was
educated in schools for the deaf in Winnipeg and Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan. In 1945
became the 1st teacher of deaf
children at the British Columbia Provincial Jericho Hill
School for the Deaf, Vancouver. She remained at the school until her
retirement in 1978. She was awarded an honorary doctor of laws in 2000
from the University of British Columbia which considered her the 20th
centuries most outstanding teacher of the deaf in Canada. She was the 1st
woman president of the Vancouver Association of the Deaf and was on the
executive of the Western Canadian Association of the Deaf. She was one
of only a few Canadians named to the U.S. National Fraternal Society of
the Deaf Hall of Fame. She was involved with the production and
publication of the Canadian Dictionary of American Sign Language. She
refused to take it for granted that the deaf could not attend university
and she encouraged and paved the way for many deaf students.
Source: “Lives lived” by Stephen McClure. The Globe and Mail
November 15, 2012 ; Obituary, The Vancouver Sun.
Manitoba August 29, 1898. Died 1973. After obtaining her BA at the
University of Toronto, Freda did post graduate studies in English at
Columbia University in the U.S.A. and studied Librarianship in England. She began
her career in the cataloguing section of Hamilton Public Library. Head
Librarian by 1940, she would help her library become one of the top
public libraries. She worked towards the establishment of the National
Library of Canada and served as the first
president of the Canadian Library Association founded in 1946. She also served
as the first president of the Programme Planners Institute in Canada. She
was the recipient of the United Nations Award for Meritorious Service.
4, 1931 Alert Bay, British Columbia. On
1949 Gloria Cranmer, future film maker and linguist. became
native Indian woman to attend the University of
British Columbia. She graduated with a degree in
anthropology. Her first job was as a counselor for first time offenders
in prison. She married John Webster, executive director of the
Saskatchewan John Howard Society. Eventually the couple settled with
their three children on the west coast. Gloria worked with the
Vancouver YWCA and later became program director for the Vancouver
Indian Center. In 1971 she became assistant curator for the ne British
Columbia Museum of Anthropology. From 1960 through 1991 she served as
curator of the U’mist Cultural Centre in Alert Bay. She has authored
several books and co-piloted a project to create to transcribe the
sounds of the Kwak’wala language. She worked with the Museum of
Civilization on the creation of the Great Hall and served as a member of
the Board of the Museum of Civilization. Her contributions to British
Columbia native life are remarkable. She was awarded the Heritage
Society of British Columbia’s Heritage Award in 1996.
Source: Gloria Cranmer Webster, ABC Book World abcbookworld.com
(Accessed November 2012)
November 22, 1925. She must have been an independent child. As a teen
she was the only youth working as a “Sales girl” at her Woolworth’s 5
and 10 cent store. She could do math and calculate the correct change
for customers when there were no cash registers! She told her High
School Teacher she wanted to learn engineering but the teacher told her
to attend university orientation with all the other girls. She studied
engineering anyhow earning a PhD! In
1950 she was a professor of electrical engineering at Ryerson Institute
of Technology in Toronto, the 1st (and only women) of her
time to hold such a position.
She shocked her family when she married in 1952 by retaining her maiden
name. She interested women in the Business and Professional Women’s Club
of Toronto when she told them that she had worked all during her
pregnancy because her students wanted to learn from her. She marked
student exam papers in the maternity word after giving birth to her
daughter. In 1982 she was the President of the BPW of Toronto herself.
In 1983 she was honoured with the Woman of Distinction Award of the
Metropolitan Toronto YWCA.
In 1984 she became
the 1st woman to receive the Ontario Professional Engineers
Citizenship Award. And in 1988 she received the Elsie Gregory
McGill award from BPW of Canada.
In 1991 she
was the 1st woman to be awarded the University of Toronto
Engineering alumni gold medal. In 1992 she became Professor
Emeritus of the University of Toronto. In 2002 she was the only Canadian
among pioneers honoured by the International Congress of Women Engineers
Toronto Business and Processional Women’s Club. Online Accessed February
|Edythe M. Brown
she earned her BSc degree in Home Economics,
University of Manitoba,
Winnipeg. She then worked for the Extension Service of the
Manitoba Department of Agriculture and was active working with community
youth in local 4H groups. She also taught school on permit at Lac du
Bonnet, Manitoba and Kenora, Northern Ontario. She served as
Mayor of Lac du Bonnet
to 1957 and
was said to be Manitoba’s first female
Mayor. After the completion of her term, and the death of her
husband Frank in 1959, she attended the University of Manitoba, served
as Don of the Women’s Residence, and received a teaching certificate.
She then returned to Lac du Bonnet as a High school teacher.
Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed
September 15, 1921, Kerala, India. Died November 10, 2012, Guelph
Ontario. After earning her masters degree in sciences she immigrated to
Canada to study for her Doctorate at the University of Toronto in
began work at the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph as
the first woman on the faculty.
She married Dr. Vasanth Basrur and the couple had one daughter.
She would author over 200 scientific articles for journals and books but
is perhaps best known for her dedication to her students, many of whom
endearing called her “Mamma Basrur” She received many honours during her
life time: YMCA/YWCA Woman of Distinction; the Norden Award for
distinguished teaching; the Order of Canada and in 2012 the Queen’s
Obituary, Globe and Mail , November 17, 2012 ; Guelph loses
leading veterinary scientist ‘Mama’ Basrur. The Guelph Mercury
November 13, 2012.
Born Forest Junction, Wisconsin U.S.A. December 6, 1891. Died 1976. "Timmie"
moved to Saskatchewan from the United States in 1917. She worked as a
secretary while studying at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1940 she
earned a PhD at the University of Washington and returned to the
University of Saskatchewan to teach economics. She would go on to write
some of the basic Canadian economic works of the 1950's and 1960's.
She would become the first woman to be
elected to the executive committee of the American Economics Association
from 1957-1960. Among her many awards were the Canada
Centennial Medal 1976 and the Order of Canada.
Born Chelsey, Ontario July 6, 1908. Died September 6, 1986. She became the
first woman appointed professor in the
Department of Biochemistry at the
University of Toronto in 1964.
She was president of the Royal Canadian Institute in 1980. She has
received honours for her scientific achievements and has promoted the role
of women within her field.
Born November 11, 1907. A public health nurse she would develop into a
leading nursing educator. Dean of the Faculty of Nursing at the Université
de Montréal, she was the first Canadian
woman dean at a French language university.
She served as
president of the Canadian Nurses Association and was the
to be president of the International Council of Nurses.
Born St Catherines, Ontario December 11, 1922. Died July 5, 1992.
She would use her own educational background from Queens University,
Kingston, Ontario, Radcliff University in the USA, Harvard University in
Oxford University in England and London [England] School of Economics as a background for being a
politician, educator and professor of political science. She was an
elected member of parliament in the 1960's and again in the 1980's. She
was appointed president of Simon Fraser University
the first woman
to be head of a major co-educational university in
appointed Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa in 1990, a position
she held until her death. In 1992 Carleton University renamed its women's
studies program to become the Pauline Jewett Institute of Women's Studies.
She was also an Officer in the Order of Canada.
Mary Eileen Travis
Née Connolly . Born March 16, 1931 New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Died
Rothsay, New Brunswick December 21, 2005. She earned her B.A. at St.
Frances Xavier University, Nova Scotia and Her Masters in Library
Science at McGill University, Montreal. She worked from 1960-69 as Head,
Children’s Department, Saint John Regional Library and from 1969-1997 as
Head, Saint John Regional Library. She was also a role model for single
mothers, raising her two children alone after her husband, Art, was
killed in a plane crash in 1970. She was an active member in the
Atlantic Provinces Library Association, serving as president from
1967-1969, the Canadian Library Association and a member of the National
Library of Canada Advisory Board. In 1972 she was honoured with the
Saint John Woman of the Year. In 1977 she was a recipient of the Queen’s
Silver Jubilee Medal. In 1982 she earned the Merit Award, from the
Atlantic Provinces Library Association.
In 1983 she became the first woman to head the Saint John Board of
In 1985 she was Vice-President of Ceremonies for the Canada Summer
Games. She was involved the founding of Hestia House Women’s Shelter and
President of Opera New Brunswick and was on the Board of Govenors of St.
Francis Xavier University. She was honoured by the YMCA with the Red
Triangle Award and in 2003 she was recipient of the Queen’s Jubilee
Award. After a stroke confined to a wheelchair she wanted to develop a
cross-country so she could go fishing! In 2004 she was presented with
the Chairman’s Award from the Saint Jon Board of Trade and was invested
as a Member of the Order of Canada.
Source: Mary Eileen Travis
Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011) :
Personal Knowledge; Literary champion Eileen Travis dies by Grant Kerr
Saint John Telegraph Journal December 23, 2005
Born Munich, Germany September 16, 1921. She is a specialist and pioneer
in the structure of metals and alloys. In 1984
the first woman to be named a University
Professor at the
University of Toronto.
A tireless advocate for Science for Peace she was made a Companion of the
Order of Canada in 1992.
Marianne Florence Scott. Born
Toronto December 4 1928. She studied at McGill University where she earned
her Bachelor in Library Sciences. During her career she would receive
several LLD honours. She started her career as a law librarian and was the
cofounder of the Index to Canadian Legal Periodical Literature which began
in 1963. She was awarded the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. She was
the first woman to be appointed as National Librarian of Canada
, a position she held from 1984-1999. In 1995 was received the Order of
Canada. She was active on boards and executives of various professional
library associations at both the national and international levels.
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