1850 AD to 1899 AD
Women in Ontario obtain the right to vote for school trustees if
they own property, regardless of marital status.
Source: Women in History; a timeline by
Kirsten Smith, Postmedia News March 9, 2011.
1851 - Mary Ann Shadd
forms the Anti-Slavery Society in
1851 - It is a criminal offense for a woman to obtain an abortion in Nova Scotia.
1851 - Harriet Tubman (?1820-1913), a conductor on the famous escape route for slaves to Canada called the Underground Railroad (the escape route to Canada), came north to St. Catherines, Ontario. this courageous woman made 19 trips back to the South, to help people who had been enslaved to escape to freedom. Source : Cool Chronology at www.coolwomen.org (accessed July 2005)
1851- Mary Bibb (1820-1877) co-published the newspaper The Fugitive Voice beginning in 1851. Mary is credited with being the first Black woman journalist in Canada. Later her sister-in-law Mary Shadd Cary would become the first Black woman publisher of a newspaper.Sources: Section15.ca ; Merna Forster 100 more Canadian Heroines; Famous and Forgotten Faces (Toronto; Dundurn Press, 2011.
Moodie publishes her book Roughing it in the bush.
October 11,1852 - Born Mary Isabella Macleod (1852-1933)pioneer of western Canada.
March 24, 1853 -
Freeman Founded by Mary Ann and her brother Isaac Shadd
Historica; Black History; Timeline http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1800 (Accessed March 2007)
1854 - a train carrying Norwegian Immigrants arrives in Sandwich
(Now Windsor) . The immigrants have Cholera. Margaret Arnold McEwan
(1812-1883) helps out at danger to her own health. The railway
presents her with a gold watch for her benevolence.
Source: “The Yellow Brick Question” by Elaine Weeks. Times Magazine. Online (Accessed November 2012)
1855 - Emmaline Shadd,
a black student,
received top honours, first prize and a first class teaching
certificate from the Toronto Normal School.
Source: Black History
http://cyberus.ca/~acdas/bhm1a.html (accessed May 2005)
1855 - Born Sara Anne McLagan (1855-1924) the first Canadian woman newspaper editor.
January 9, 1855 - Born Katherine Bawlf (1855-1918) social activist
February 22, 1855 - Born Grace Annie Lockhart (1855-1916) the first woman to receive a university degree in Canada.
1856 - Born Kate Yeigh (1856-1906) Journalist and author.
May 20, 1856 - Born Eliza Ritchie, (1856-1935) probably the first Canadian woman to receive her doctor of letters.
Victoria chooses Ottawa as capitol city of Canada.
1857 - The British Matrimonial Causes Act, adopted in Canada, makes divorce possible for women on the grounds of adultery.
1857 - Dr. James Miranda Stuart Barry (1795-1865) is posted to Canada where (s) he becomes well respected for his fight to provide cleaner hospital facilities and better food for the working soldiers. It would not be until death, when the body was being prepared for burial that it would be discovered that the renowned doctor was indeed a woman! It must have cause a stir in the Victorian society to have had the first “woman” doctor in the British Army!!!
1857 - Born Georgea Powell (1857-1925) Headed the first group of nurses to the Yukon in 1898.
1857 - Born Mary Ella Dignam (1857-1938) feminist, artist, founder of the Women's Art Association of Canada.
February 27, 1857 - Born Adelaide Hoodless (1857-1910) Social activist and founder of the International Women's Institutes and Victoria Order of Nurses.
April 26, 1857 - Born Agnes Elizabeth Wetherald (1857-1940) Freelance journalist.
July 27, 1857- Born Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen Mount Pleasant, Canada West (1957- 1943) the first woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian universit7
November 1, 1857 - Born Julia Jane Murray Clark (1857-1919) pioneering social activist for child welfare.
1857 - Died Charlotte Small (1786-1857) Canadian Pioneer.
|1858||April 7, 1858 - Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Fathers
of Confederation, is assassinated.
April 26, 1858 - The First Black Californians arrive
by ship in Victoria, British Columbia on the
invitation of James Douglas, the governor of B C. By summer's end, more than 800
Black settlers had arrived. While government legislation suggested
that equality prevailed, in truth, convention and little enforcement
allowed acceptance to give way to segregation. Source:
Historica; Black History - Timeline
An Act to Secure to Married Women Certain Rights of
Property grants married women with certain property rights in Upper
1859 - Born Susie Frances Harrison (1858-1935) she used the pen name Seranus and wrote novels and poetry.
1859 - Born Jean Newton McIlwraith (1959-1938) author.
January 18, 1859 - Born Elizabeth Smith-Shortt. (1859-1949), pioneer women doctor.
March 31, 1859 - Born Alice Ravenhill (1859-1954) social activist and author.
April 11, 1859 - Born Agnes Dennis (1859-1949) social activist.
September 2, 1859 - Born Georgina Alexandrina Newhall (1859-1932) journalist and poet.
September 8, 1859 - Born Marion Elizabeth Crerar (1859-1919) social activist, volunteer, philanthropist.
June 14, 1859 - Died Sophia Sims Dalton(1785c- 1859) the first woman to run a newspaper, The Patriot, in Toronto.
|1860||February 29, 1860 -
Mrs. Kwong Lee
arrives in Victoria, British
Columbia, the first Chinese woman to come to Canada.
Source: Jin Guo: Voices of Chinese Canadian Women by
The Chinese Canadian National Council, Toronto : Toronto Women's
Press, 1992 pg. 18.
December 1860 - Harriet Tubman (ca 1820-1913) leader her last group of escaping slaves from Maryland, U.S.A. to safety in Canada. Source: 100 Canadian Heroines : Famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forester. Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2004. pg 267.
1860 - Born Ada May Courtice (1860-1923) founder of the Home and School Movement.
1860 - Born Katherine Elizabeth Wallis (1860-1957) a sculptor who was decorated by Britain and France for her nursing efforts in World War l.
February 6, 1860 - Born Henriette Saint-Jacques (1860-1946) Journalist and author of several books.
April 28, 1860 - Born Helena Jane Coleman (1860-1953) journalist and novelist.
June 7, 1860 - Born Helen Elizabeth Reynolds Ryan (1860-1947) first woman doctor in Northern Ontario.
June 11, 1869 - Born Ada Borradaile Chipman (1860?-1913) organized Woman's Art Association for women in 1907.
June 18, 1860 - Born Laura Muntz Lyall (1860-1930) artist.
1860 - Died Margaret McLaughlin (1775 ? - 1860) pioneer of the Canadian northwest.
1860 - Died Ann Cuthbert Fleming ( ? - 1860) teacher, poet and author.
1860 - Died Ann Harvey (1811-1860) heroine who risked her life to save people from floundering ships off Newfoundland
March 17, 1860 - Died Anna Brownell Jameson, (1794-1860), author.
May 1860 - Died Marie-Henriette LeJeune Ross 'Granny Ross' (1762-1860) pioneer settler, scientist and medical practitioner.
May 25,1861 - Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds (1841-1898) joins the Union Army to serve as Frank Thompson, nurse and Union spy in the American Civil War.
1861 - Born Georgina Fane Pope (1862-1938) The Florence Nightingale of Prince Edward Island and first Matron of the Canadian Army Medical Corp.
1861 - Born Sadie O. Prince (1861-1905) poet.
1861 - Born Mary Townsend Schaffer (1861-1939) Historian and author.
March 10, 1861 - Born Pauline Johnson, (1861-1913) Canada's first renownd native poet.
April 5, 1861 - Born Minna Keen (1861-1943) pioneer photographer.
April 13, 1861 - Born Margaret Marshall Saunders (1861-1947) author of the first Canadian book to sell a million copies.
June 12, 1861 - Born Mabel Phoebe Peters (1861-1914) suffragist and social activist in education.
September 18, 1861 - Born E. Cora Hind, (1861-1942) first woman journalist in the Canadian west and women's rights activist.
October 11, 1861 - Born Mary Ellen Smith (1861-1933) First woman appointed Cabinet minister in the British Empire.
|1862||1862 - Mount
Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, accepts the
first woman student at a
1862 - Catherine Schubert (1835-1918) , her husband Join a group of prospectors heading to the Caribou Gold fields. Catherine was four months pregnant when she and her husband began their overland trek across the prairies and the Rocky Mountains with three children ages 5,3, & 1.
Source: Archives of British Columbia. Catherine O'Hare Schubert http://www.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca/exhibits/timemach/galler10/frames/index.htm (accessed May 20, 2005)
1862- Born - Constance Easton Hamilton (1862-1945) first woman in Canada elected to serve in a large metropolitan area.
1862 - Born Lily Adams Beck (1862?-1931) author.
1862 - Born Josephine Dandurand (1862-1925) journalist who used the pen name "Josette"
1862 - Born Mary Agnes Fitzgibbon (1862-1933) Journalist ...pen-name Lally Bernard.
1862 - Born Sara Jeanette Duncan ( 1862-1922) Journalist and author of some 20 books.
January 14, 1862 - Born Carrie Derick, (1862-1941) the first woman in Canada to become a full professor.
June 18, 1862 - Born Minnie Julia Beatrice Campbell (1862-1952) social activist and prominent volunteer.
June 27, 1862 - Born May Irwin, (1862-1938.) Stage performer and star of pioneering one minute movie by Thomas Edison.
November 4, 1862 - Born Jean Blewett (1862-1934) journalist, novelist and poet.
August 14, 1862 - Susanne Connolly ( La Sauvagess of Suzanne Pas de Nom) 1788-1862) Pioneer aboriginal married to a fur trader and only woman who's legal marriage claim rose to the supreme court.
1863 - Born Bertha Carr-Harris (1863-1949) author.
February 26, 1863- Born Robertine Barry (1863-1910) pioneer feminist lecturer and writer, considered the first woman journalist in French Canada.
July 23, 1863 - Born Teresa Mary Gowanlock,(1863-1899) pioneer settler of Canadian Northwest.
October 11, 1863 - Born Mary Ellen Smith (1863-1933.) first woman elected to BC Legislature and first woman appointed to a Cabinet position in the British Empire.
1863 - Died Rhoda Ann Page (1826-1863) author.
March 13, 1863 - Died Helen Mar Johnson (1834-1863) poet (Death sometimes recorded as 1862)
|1864||1864 - The
Yorkville Archery Cub, Toronto, is established as the first in Canada.
1864 - Born Florence Carlyle (1864-1923) outstanding portrait artist.
1864 - Born Kathleen “Kit” Coleman , ( 1864-1915) the world’s first woman war correspondent (during the Spanish American War.)
1864 - Born Mary Alexander Bell Eastlake (1864-1951) artist
1864 - Born Rosalind Goforth (1864-1942) author.
January 7, 1864 - Born Helen Gregory MacGill, (1864-1947) The first woman to be appointed a judge of juvenile court in her region.
February 17, 1864 - Born Jane Elizabeth MacDonald (1864-1922) author and poet.
October 2, 1864 (1865?) - Born Margaret Jane "Nellie Bryant (1864/5?-1947) an early woman photographer , possible the first to use dry places in a camera. Sources: “Mrs. H. H. Bryant dies, aged 82”, Winnipeg Free Press, 16 July 1947, page 7.
April 5, 1864 - Died Marie Rosalie Cadron (1794-1864) Sister Marie De La Nativité, pioneer social worker.
|1865||1865 - American abolitionist and
writer Benjamin Drew, conducted research in Canada in the 1850s and
interviewed many former slaves about the Black refugee experience. In
1865 he published an interview with an elderly woman named Sophia Pooley who claimed to have been one of Joseph Brant's slaves and the
"first Black girl in Upper Canada." Source: Historica:
Black History; Timeline
http://blackhistorycanada.ca/timeline.php?id=1800 (Accessed March
1866 - Born Elizabeth Matheson (1866-1958) an early doctor in Manitoba who practiced for 50 years.
1866 - Born Aletta Elise Marty (1865-1929) Canada's first woman inspector of schools and author.
January 8, 1866- Born Elizabeth Annie McGillivray Knowles (1866-1928) nature study artist.
February 3, 1866 - Born Alice Amelia Chown (1866-1949) suffragist and author.
February 24, 1866 - Born Martha Louise Black (1866-1957), adventurer and politician, considered to be the First Lady of the Yukon.
May 31, 1866 - Born Sophia Margaretta Hensley (1866-1946) author, lecturer and social activist who wrote under male pen names.
January 13, 1866 - Died Mary Love (1806-1866) first Canadian born artist to have works lithographed ( drawn to stone for printing and reproduction.
July 9, 1866 - Died Susan Sibbald, (1783-1866) pioneer and diarist.
1, 1867 - Confederation of Canadian Provinces.
1867 - Dr. Emily Stowe (1831-1903) graduates in medicine from New York State University, but is not legally allowed to practice in Canada until 1880.
1867 - Susannah Oland (1798-1886) first brews a batch of brown October Ale in her backyard in Nova Scotia and a family brewery that would become known for Moose Head Beer was born.
1867 - Born Helena Walker (1867-1963) first woman elected as alderman in Regina Saskatchewan.
867 - Born Flora Macdonald Denison (1867-1921) Journalist and suffragist and successful Toronto businesswoman.
1867 - Born Edith Eaton (1867-1914) author.
April 4, 1867 - Born Victoria Cartier (1867-1955) Pianist, organist and teacher.
October 19, 1867 - Born Marie Gerin-Lajoie (1867-1945) champion of women's rights in Quebec.
December 28, 1867 - Born Joanna E. Wood (1867- 1927) author
November 28, 1867 - Died Julia Catherine Hart (1796-1867.) author who wrote the first work of fiction by a native born Canadian to be published in Canada.
Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Trail, in order to earn money to
live on publish Canadian Wild Flowers.
1868 - Born Annie Mackinnon Fitch (1868-1940) noted mathematician.
1868 - Born Margaret Alexandra Shea ( 1863-1949) first woman to be a professional nurse in Newfoundland.
1868 - Born Minnie Sophia Prat (1868- 1901) book binder Source: Nova Scotia Archives. The Prat Sisters. Online http://gov.ns.ca (accessed June 2011) ; Herstory: the Canadian Women’s Calendar 2007 Coteau Books, 2006 page 74.
January 9, 1868 - Born Irene Parleby (1868-1965) one of the "Famous Five" who worked on the Persons Case 1929.
January 16, 1868 - Born Octavia Grace England. First woman to be valedictorian at McGill University.
February 12, 1868 - Born Jessie Georgina Sime (1868-1958) author
February 23, 1868 - Born Mary Sollace Saxe (1868-1942) librarian Westmount Public Library, author. and playwright.
March 14, 1868 - Born Emily Murphy (1868-1933.) the first woman appointed magistrate (judge of a lower court) in the British Empire.
August 10, 1868 - Born Alice Helena Berry (1868-1919) Pioneer businesswoman of Prince Edward Island.
September 22, 1868 - Born Louise McKinney (1868-1931) one of the two first women in Canada elected to a provincial legislature, and member of the Famous 5.
November 4, 1868 - Born Dorothy Sproule (1868-1963) poet.
March 29, 1868 - Died Henrietta Feller (1800-1868) founder of the protestant mission at Grande-Ligne, Quebec.
|1869||1869 - Manitoba joins the Dominion of
1869 - A clause in Section 6 of the Act for Gradual Enfranchisement of Indian states that " any Indian woman marrying other than an Indian shall cease to be an Indian, as will be the children of such marriage."
1869 - Abortion is made illegal , under threat of life imprisonment. Dissemination of information about birth control is also illegal. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
March 181869 - Born Maud Abbott (1869-1940) internationally acclaimed medical doctor who specialized in the study of heart disease.
May 3, 1869 - Born Julia Arthur (1869-1950) international stage actress and movie star.
1870 - Agnes
Blizzard establishes the first Canadian Young Women's Christian Association
(YWCA) in Saint John, New Brunswick. Source: History of the YWCA http://www.ywcacanada.ca/
1870 - Frances Anne Hopkins shows sixteen works at the Art Association of Montreal. It is the largest showing from any one woman to this date. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
20, 1871 - British Columbia joins Confederation.
1871 - The Ontario School Act, very progressive for its time, provides free school for both boys and girls. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
May 10, 1871 - the Montreal Ladies Educational Association is founded with Anne Molson as President. They had honorary male members and a male treasurer. Their main goal was to have women accepted as students at McGill College.
April 25, 1871 - Born Georgina Binnie_Clark (1871-1947) journalist and farmer.
May 14, 1871 - Born Marion Osborne (1871-1931) poet, playright and author.
September 14, 1871 - Died Elizabeth Speed Beaven, ( ? - 1871) author.
The Married Women’s Property Act of
Ontario gives a married woman the right to her own wage
earnings free from her husband’s control.
1872 - Women with dependant children who have no husband may have homestead land in accordance with the Public Lands of the Dominion Statute.
1872- Born Kathleen Barrett Blanchard (1872-1954) Music historian.
1872 - Born Minerva Ellen Reid (1872-1957) Medical doctor, Chief of Surgery Women's College Hospital, Toronto
January 6, 1872 - Born Emilie Tremblay (1872-1949) pioneer of the Yukon and first white woman to climb the Chilkoot trail in 1894.
July 15,1872 - Died Mary Eliza Herbert (1832-1872) first woman editor and publisher of a magazine in Nova Scotia.
October 24, 1872 - Died Frances Stewart, (1794-1872) pioneer diarist and letter writer.
|1873||1873 - Northwest Mounted Police are formed.
1873 - Prince Edward Island enters confederation.
1873 - YWCA is established in Toronto Source: History of the YWCA http://www.ywcacanada.ca/
April 30, 1873 - Tookoolito (1838-1876) is rescued as one of 19 survivors of 6 1/2 months on a ice flow in the Canadian artic ( the survivors had been separated from their ship the Plaris)
May 6, 1873 - Born Henrietta Tuzo Wilson (1873-1955) The first Canadian born woman mountaineer.
May 20,1873 - Born Henrietta Hancock Britton (1873-1963) painter and teacher.
June 13, 1873 - Born Jean Adair (1873-1953) movie actress.
August 27, 1873 - Born Maud Allan (1873-1956) , pioneer of modern dance.
October 20, 1873- Born Nellie McClung, Author, and social activist.
1873 - Died Matilda Davis (1820-1873) Pioneer educator.
Mennonites (Anabaptists) start to arrive in Manitoba from various
1874 - YWCA is established in Montreal. Source: History of the YWCA http://www.ywcacanada.ca/
July 26, 1874 - Alexander Graham Bell discloses the invention of the telephone to his family in Brantford, Ontario.
1874 - The Ontario Ladies College is opened in Whitby, Ontario.
1874 - Born Elizabeth Rebecca Laird (1874-1969), a Physics teacher & college administrator. who after she retired she became a researcher.
1874 - Born Clara Brett Martin (1874-1923) the first woman admitted to the profession of law in the British Empire.
August 10, 1874 - Born Arabelle "Belle" Frances Patchen Northwestern pioneer
November 3,1874 - Born Florence Livesay (1874-1953) journalist and poet.
December 16, 1874 - Born Nellie Langford Rowell (1874-1968) Social Activist and philanthropist.
December 6, 1874 - Died Isabella Binney Cogswell (1819-1874) humanitarian and philanthropist
- The Supreme Court of Canada is established.
1875 - Grace Annie Lockhart (1855-1916) is the first woman to receive a university degree. Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, became the first university in Canada to grant a degree to a woman.
1875 - Charlotte Whitehead Ross (1843-1916) is the first woman to practice medicine in Montreal ( she is not licensed) Source: Government of Manitoba. Status of Women. Women working for Healthy Communities by Ada Ducas et all October 2001. Online (Accessed December 2011)
1875 - Dr. Jennie Trout
returns from a Medical school in the U.S.A. with her medical degree in
her hand. She is the first woman licensed
to practice medicine in Canada.
- The Toronto Women's Literary Club is founded by Dr Emily Howard Stowe (1831-1903) and her
daughter, Dr Augusta Stowe-Gullen. ( 1857-1943)The group is created for suffrage
January 10, 1876 - Born Norah Mary Holland, (1876 - 1925) A well-respected author and poet.
April 3,1876 - Born Margaret Anglin, (1876-1958) daughter of the Speaker of the House in the Canadian parliament she was born in the speaker's chambers
July 13, 1876 - Born Ethel Mary Babbit (1876-1969) Medal winning Tennis player.
1876 - Died Catherine McPherson (1789c-1876) Pioneer settler of the Red River settlement.
April 5, 1876 - Died Elizabeth Bruyère (1818-1876) founder of the Grey Nuns of Ottawa and founder of schools and hospitals in Ottawa.
December 31, 1876 - Died Tookoolito (1838-1876) Inuit interpreter and life skills teacher to Artic explorers and National Historic Person.
|1877||1877 - The
University of Manitoba is created, It is the oldest university in
1877 - Onésime Dorval (1845-1932) is the first trained teacher to arrive in the Red River Settlement. Source: Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada http://pc.gc.ca (accessed July 2005)
1877 - Dr Lenora King (1851-1925) sails for Shanghai, the first Canadian Doctor to serve in China , some 60 years before Dr. Norman Bethune. Source: Merna Forster, 100 Canadian women: familiar and forgotten Faces ( Dundurn, 2004)
1877 - Born Dr. Frances Gertrude McGill (1877-1959) early Canadian medical criminal forensic investigator.
1877 - Born Lorrie Alfreda Dunnington-Grubb (1877-1945) pioneer in the profession of landscape architecture.
1877 - Born Isabel Skelton (1877-1956) respected historian and author.
May 16, 1877 - Born Ida Virginia Barclay (1877-1935) businesswoman and owned of ski resort, one of the first to offer ski trails.
June 10, 1877 - Born Eva Finkelstein Abremovich ( 1877-1953) who in 1897 graduated as one of the first Jewish person from Manitoba College.
1877 - Died Mary Elizabeth Bibb (1820-1877) the first black woman journalist in Canada.
|1878||1878 - Félicité Angers
(1845-1924.) is the pen name of Laure
Conan, author of nine novels of French Canadian Life. She is the first French
Canadian female novelist.
1878 - Charlotte Whitehead Ross (1843-1916) is the first woman to practice medicine in Manitoba( she is not licensed) Source: Government of Manitoba. Status of Women. Women working for Healthy Communities by Ada Ducas et all October 2001. Online (Accessed December 2011)
1878 - Born Amelia Beers Garvin (1878-1956) journalist and editor.
1878 - Born Florence Harvey (1878-1968) member of Canada's Golf Hall of Fame.
1878 - Born Madge MacBeth (1878-1965) multimedia author with over 20 novels to her credit.
January 12, 1878 - Born Dr. Margaret Ellen Douglas (1878-1950) doctor and medical administrator in Manitoba.
January 18, 1878 - Born Irma LeVasseur (1878-1964) the first woman to practice medicine in the province of Quebec and pioneer in pediatrics.
June 7, 1878 - Born Lady Elsie Elizabeth Allardyce (1878-1962) founder of Girl Guides in Newfoundland.
1879- Born Anna Sprott (1879-1961) founder of West Coast Radio School and Vancouver alderman.
1879 - Born Helena Rose Gutteridge (1879-1960) first woman elected to Vancouver City Council.
1879 - Born Ethel Johns, (1879-1968) nurse, teacher and administrator.
1879 - Born Maud Leonora Menten (1879-1960.) the first Canadian woman to receive her medical doctorate.
1879 - Born Gertrude Balmer Watt (1873-1963) journalist
June 14, 1879 - Born Rena Maude McLean, (1879-1918) a nursing sister of World War l
August 1,1879 - Born Eva Tanguay (1879-1947) vaudevillian and movie star who in 1912 was the highest paid woman actor in the US.
September 20, 1879 - Died Rosanna Eleanora Leprohn, (1829-1879) novelist and poet.
|1880||1880 - Emily Stowe (1831-1903) is finally granted license to practice medicine in Toronto even though she has been practicing medicine for years.
1880 - Born Louise Alexander (1880-1946) artist
1881 - The Ottawa Rideau Tennis Club stages the
first tournament for women only. The rules of dress
included ground length skirt, long leaves, high neck blouse and nipped
waist. These of course would be worn over a corset and multi layers of
Source: Women playing Tennis
1881 - Born Flora McCrae Eaton (1881-1970) businesswoman, social activist and author.
1881 - Born Beatrice LaPalme (1881-1921) Opera singer.
1881 - Born Clara Dennis (1881-1958) pioneer photographer of life in Nova Scotia.
May 29, 1881- Born Bertha Mabel Dunham ( 1881-1957) Librarian, local historian and author of works for young readers.
August 26, 1881 - Born Alice Wilson (1881-1964) a paleontologist, she was the first woman elected as fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
September 4,1881 - Born Isabella Preston, (1881-1965) first professional hybridist in Canada.
October 18, 1881 - Born Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw Cannington, Ontario (1881-1982) operated the first Canadian family planning clinic in Canada.
November 1881 - Born Gertrude Childs (1881-1957) social worker awarded the Order of the British Empire 1934.
November 4,1881- Born Gena Brancombe (1881-1977) composer, choir conductor, teacher and pianist.
November 24, 1881 - Born Florence Wyle (1881-1968) a sculptor who made several Canadian War Memorials and is represented in numerous art galleries.
|1882||1882 - Carsley's, a department
store in Montreal, introduces the first mail-order catalogue in
Canada. Source: Before e-commerce :
a history of mail order catalogues
1882 - Elizabeth Armstrong Forbes begins etching in Point Aven, France. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
February 9, 1883 - the first public library opens in
Guelph, Ontario Source: Database Canada by Bob
Bowman (Toronto; Holt, 1967)
1883 - Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1857- 1943) is the first woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian university at Victoria College, Cobourg, Ontario.
1883 - The Toronto Women's Literary Club becomes the Toronto Women's Suffrage Association.
1883 - Mary Shadd Cary (1823- .) is the first black woman in North America who is an editor of a newspaper when she establishes the "Provincial Freeman" a weekly paper designed to cover the lives of Canadian blacks and promote the cause of black refugees to Canada.
1883 - The Methodist Home for Chinese Girls opens in Victoria, British Columbia. It's goal is to help those girls escaping prostitution, slavery or marriage contracts. Source: Canadian Chinese National Council. Moments of Chinese Canadian History. http://www.ccnc.ca/toronto/history/timeline.html (accessedJ uly 7, 2003)
1883 - The Louisa Street School in Toronto opens the first kindergarten established as part of a public school. Ada Marean is the first teacher of a class of 80 children. She had 7 teacher trainees assisting with the class. Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm (accessed April 28, 2003)
October 1, 1883 - The Toronto Women's Medical College , the first
medical school in Canada for women, is opened.
Source: A history of Women's College
Married women’s property legislation is passed in
1884 - Ontario grants married women the right to own property and deal with it and sell it without consulting her husband.
1884 - The Ontario Factory Work Act limits the work age for young women to begin at 14 which is two years after boys who may begin to work in factories at 12 years of age. They were limited to a 10 hour work day or 60 hours a week.
1884 - Women are admitted to McGill University, Montreal, for the first time.
August 1884 - T. Eaton Co. of Toronto, issues its first "Wishing book" which is distributed to visitors at the Toronto Exhibition. Timothy Eaton declares that the catalogue is destined to go wherever the maple leaf grows...Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1884 - Born Frances Marion Beyton (1884-1951) who in 1912 became the first full-time women's editor of the Grain Grower's Guide.
May 13, 1884 -- Born Gertrude Moffatt (1884-1923) poet.
May 21, 1884 - Born Francis Marion Beynon (1884-1951), journalist, feminist and social reformer
May 9, 1884 - Died Augusta Baldwin (1821?-1884) poet.
|1885||May 12, 1885 - Loretta Miller
becomes the first woman to serve in the Canadian military
arrives at a Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Field hospital.
Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia. Women in the
Military. Http: www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
November 7, 1885 - The Last spike of the transcontinental railroad is hammered into place.
November 16, 1885 - Louis Riel is hanged in Regina for his part in leading a rebellion.
1885 - The Women's Teachers' Association of Toronto is formed. Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm (accessed April 28, 2003)
1885 - The first Women's Suffrage petition is presented to the Legislature of British Columbia . Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history
1885 - Born Lillian Freiman (1885-1940) In 1934 she became the first Canadian Jew to be awarded the Order of the British Empire.
1885 - Born Violet Irene Guymer (1885-1955) first woman licensed funeral director in Canada
January 23, 1885 - Born Dora Ridout Hood Renown book dealer of Canadiana.
February 4, 1885 - Born Cairine Wilson Born Montreal, Quebec. (1885-1962) The first woman appointed to the Canadian Senate.
May 29, 1885 - Born Esther Marjorie Hill, (1895-1985) first Canadian woman to become a graduate architect.
July 31, 1885 - Born Beatrice Maude Bradshaw (1885-1972) a well respected teacher and administrator in Manitoba.
September 20, 1885 - Born Eva Gauthier, (1885-1958) internationally acclaimed mezzo soprano.
May 13, 1885 - Died Born Juliana Horatia Ewing (1841-1885) poet and writer of children's novels set in Canada.
- Married women’s property legislation is passed in
the Northwest Territories.
September 1886 - Mary Ella Dignam (1860-1938) organizes a group of young artists in Toronto. They meet to work together in painting, drawing, modeling and sketching from still life and living models. This group would be the basis for the future (1907) Women's Art Association of Canada. Source Since 1886. Women's Art Association of Canada - History Http://www.womensartofcanada.ca/history accessed July 2011.
1886 - May Irwin (1862-1938.) is the star of pioneering one minute movie by Thomas Edison, the famous inventor, called The Kiss. It was the first kiss of the movies!!! It was considered scandalous by early movie audiences and the clergy! It is considered to be the first moving picture to ever be shown in Canada!
1886 - The first known women's lacrosse game is played. Source: www.Womenwarriors.ca
January 8, 1886 - Born Elizabeth Jane Bulloch Adams (1886- ) Pioneer farmer in Manitoba.
October 18, 1886 - Born Thais Frémont (1886-1963) social activist
November 14, 1886 - Born Emilie Musgrave Boswell (1886-1955) early journalist with the Winnipeg Tribune.
December 18, 1996 - Born Violet Pooley Sweeny (1886-1965) champion west coast golfer.
1886 - Died Mary Christianne Morris, (1804?-1886) respected native artist and model.
1886 - Died Susannah Oland (1798-1886) brewer and businesswoman
October 4, 1886 - Died Mary McKenzie (1796-1886) early pioneer of the Canadian North west
|1887||1887 - Manitoba, women are allowed
to vote municipal elections, but are not eligible for
municipal office until 1917.
1887 - Yo Shishido becomes the first Japanese Issei woman to settle in Canada. She settles with her husband Washiji Oya a store proprietor on Powell St., Vancouver, British Columbia. Source: Japanese Canadian Timeline Canaddianniklei.ca (accessed June 2012)
1887 - Anna Harriett Leonowens (1834-1915) organizes an exhibit of art in Halifax, Nova Scotia that will eventually lead to the establishment of the Victoria School of Art. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
|1888||1888 - Harriet Brooks begins research as
Canada’s first woman
1888 - Octavia Grace Ritchie (married name England) (1868-1948) is the first woman valedictorian at McGill University.
1888 - Richard Sears of the USA is selling so much in catalogue order in Canada that an office is opened in Toronto. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1888 - Moulton Ladies' College, named for Susan Moulton McMaster, is opened in Hamilton, Ontario. It served for 66 years. The buildings were sold and demolished in the mid 1950"s
1888 - Born Maisie Hurley (1888-1964) founder of the first native newspaper, The Native Voice.
January 20, 1888 - Born Ethel Davis Wilson (1888-1980) acclaimed author.
March 15,1888 - Born Constance Mary Evans (1888-????) romance novelist.
June 19, 1888 - Born Ada Annie Rae-Arthur (1888-1985) Pioneer botanist know as Cougar Annie.
July 8,1888 - Born Evelyn Bolduc, (1888-1939) translator and author.
September 2, 1888 - Born Dorothy Stevens (1888-1966) Portrait and figure painter.
September 27,1888 - Constance Eleda Brewster (1888-1988) a well respected nursing administrator in Hamilton, Ontario.
November 4, 1888 - Born Violet Alice Dryvynsyde (1888-1969) An educator who opened her own school and published books.
January 7, 1888 - Died Harriet Annie Wilkins (1829-1888) teacher and author.
August 5 1888- Died Anna Swan (1846-1888) in her day she was the tallest woman in the world some 228 cm (7'6").
The Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association is
formed to incorporate all suffrage groups in the
1889 - Eliza Ritchie. (1856-1935). receives her Ph.D. from Cornell University in the United States. She is probably the first Canadian woman to receive her doctor of letters.
1889 - The Royal Victoria College for women opens in Montreal Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1889 - Isobel Stanley, daughter of Governor General Lord Stanley of Preston, is one of the first women hockey players in Canada. Her Government House hockey team played the Rideau Ladies team in what may be the first women's hockey game on the ice rink at Rideau Hall, Residence of the Governor General of Canada. Source: http://www.womenwarriors.ca Timeline
1889 - Mary Ellen Birtles (1858-1943) is one of the first three graduates of the nurs training programme at the Winnipeg General Hospital. Source: Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough Online (Accessed December 2011)
|1890||1890 - Canadian Icelandic women, who had the right to vote
back in Iceland, are led
to start the first suffrage movement in the west.
June 12-13, 1890 - The first convention of the Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association was held in Toronto. Noted American Susan B. Anthony attended as a guest.
1890 - Dr Anna McFee, a medical student at the Women's medical School in Toronto starts a clinic for women to come to see women physicians. Source: A history of Women's college http://sunnybrookandwomens.on.ca/progrms/wcacc/history (accessed February 2006)
1890 - Mary Ella Dignam (1860-1938) of Toronto
formalizes her artists group set up in 1886 into the Women's Art
Club. Yet another step into establishing the Women's Art Association
of Canada (1907) Source: Since 1886. Women's Art
Association of Canada - History
http://www.womensartofcanad.ca/history accessed July 2011.
The Women’s Christian Temperance Union officially
endorses the suffrage cause.
1891 - Robertine Barry (1863-1910) A well known personality in Montreal society and a pioneer feminist lecturer and writer joins the staff of the weekly newspaper La Patrie. . She is considered the first woman journalist in French Canada.
1891 - Octavia Grace Ritchie (married name England) (1868-1948) is the first woman to receive a medical degree in the province of Quebec. She attended Bishop's University.
1891 - The first women's golf clubs are formed at the Royal Montreal Golf Club, the Royal Quebec Golf Club and the Toronto Golf Club. Source: http://www3.sympatico.ca/bill.macdonald/history.htm
1891 - Born Myrtle Philip (1891-1986) businesswoman and pioneer ski lodge owner.
1891 - Born Kate Aitken (1891-1971) journalist, author, radio and TV Personality, lecturer, "Busiest woman in the world"
1891 - Born Ethel Mary Bennett (1891-1988) award winning writer of historical novels
January 23, 1891 - Born Cora Bell Ahrens (1891-1964) , teacher, lecturer and pianist
June 16, 1891- Born Sarah Margaret Armor Roberston (1891-1948), artist who was one of the top painters of her day.
July 18, 1891 - Born Ethlyn Trapp (1891-1972) 1st woman president of the National Cancer Institute of Canada
July 22, 1891 - Born Isabelle Atkinson (1891-1968) feminist, journalist President of the Canadian Consumers Association.
December 23, 1891 - Born Stella Irene Boyd (1891-1945) Entertainer, contalto and vocal teacher in Manitoba.
The Ontario Mines Act prohibits women from working
in and around mines.
May 28, 1892 - Marie Dressler (1868-1934) makes her New York City singing debut in the comic opera, The Robber of the Rhine. The Commedienne, born in Coberg, Ontario would win an academy award for her acting talents.
August 29, 1892- The world's first electrically cooked meal was served in Ottawa Source: Ottawa Citizen Saturday, February 6, 2005 pg. E2.
Thomas Ahearn became the first person in the world to cook an entire meal using electricity. he made Saginaw trout, potato croquettes, sugar-cured ham, lamb cutlets, stuffed loin of veal, strawberry puffs, chocolate cake and apple pie. He served his meal to VIP journalists at Ottawa's Windsor Hotel. Source: Electric oven by Richard E. J. Wood. The Beaver, Oct/nor 2007 pg 10. No doubt he had some help cooking all this!!! D. Monroe
|1893||October 27, 1893 - Lady Aberdeen, (Ishbel Maria Gordon, Marchioness of
Tweedsmuir) (1857-1939) wife of the Canadian Governor General, chairs the
organizational meeting of the National Council of
Women in Canada. Source:
Herstory: The Canadian Womens Calendar. 2007.
Fall 1893 - the Women's Art Club, originally established in Toronto by Mary Dignam (1860-1938) becomes affiliated with the National Council of Women in Canada. Source: Women's Hockey - History of Hockey - http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/hockey... accessed June 2011.
December 7, 1983 - The YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) becomes a national organization.
1893 - The Nova Scotia House of Assembly refuses a suffrage bill for women property holders.
1893 - C. L. Josephine Wells is the first woman to graduate and gain certification from the Royal College of Dental Surgeons. Dr. Wells was a distinguished practitioner for 36 years. She was the first dentist in Canada to work entirely in hospital dentistry.
1893 - Robert Simpson's, a Toronto based department store, introduces a full mail-order catalogue. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1893 - Born Pearl Steen (1893-1988) social activist, President of National Council of Women 1964-1967.
1893 - Born Violet Keene (1893-1987) acclaimed portrait photographer.
August 22, 1893 - Born Elizabeth "Bonnie" Bjarnarson (1893-1979) trained nurse awarded the Manitoba Good Citizenship Award for meritorious service.
September 3, 1893 - Born Dr. Norma Ford Walker (1893-1968)well known medical researcher of childhood diseases.
March 30,1893 - Died Jane Mackenzie (1825-1893), wife of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie.
June 5, 1893 - Died Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) first free black in North America to edit a newspaper.
West Territories allows unmarried women to vote in municipal
elections but not to hold office.
1894 - Dr. Amelia Yeomans (1881-1968) becomes president of the Manitoba Equal Franchise Club, the first English-speaking suffrage group formed west of Ontario.
1894 - Margaret Marshall Saunders (1861-1947.) writes Beautiful Joe, a story of an abused dog, winning a competition sponsored by the American Humane Society. The book becomes the first Canadian book to sell more than 1,000,000 copies. It is translated into more than 14 different languages.
1894- Emilie Tremblay (1872-1949) pioneer of the Yukon and first white woman to climb the Chilkoot trail in 1894.
1894 - YWCA in Hamilton, Ontario, opens a School of Domestic Science, the first of its kind in Canada. Adelaide Hoodless ( 1857-1910.) and the Hamilton YWCA are instrumental in having the subject of domestic science incorporated into the Ontario provincial school system. Source: History of the YWCA http://www.ywcacanada.ca/
1894 - College girls began to play hockey at McGill University. Source: Women's Hockey - History of Hockey - http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/hockey... accessed June 2011.
1894 - Mary Agnes Fitzgibbon founds the Canadian
Women's Historical Society of Toronto.
Yukon becomes a provisional district separate from the Northwest
1895 - The Toronto School Board will not hire married women nor women over 30 years of age. Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm (accessed April 28, 2003)
1895 - The Law Society of Upper Canada admits women as barristers.
1895 - The Toronto Camera Club debates the admission of women as members. Source: Important moments in Canadian History http;;/www.ouc.bc.ca/flar/timeline ( accessed May 2002)
1895 - The
Toronto Camera Club debates opening it membership to women. Women were finally
accepted as members. Most other camera clubs in Canada were already
accepting women as members. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art
History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British
Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects
http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February
1895 - The Roberts Simpson Co. rebuilds its store that was destroyed by
fire. The new store is built with a "fireproof" frame of concrete-clad
steel. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art
History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British
Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects
http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February
|1896||1896 - The first
Home Economics courses in Canadian Public Schools begin in Hamilton,
Ontario after intensive lobbying of the National Council of Women in
Canada. Source: Herstory: the Canadian Women's
Calendar (Silver anniversary edition) 2000. Coteau Books, 1999
August 16, 1896 - Gold is discovered in the Klondike.
|1897||February 2, 1897 - Clara Brett Martin (1874-1923) becomes the first woman admitted to the profession of law
in the British Empire.
February 19, 1897 - The first Women's Institute meets at Stoney Creek, Ontario. Within a few years the movement spread across Canada and around the world.
1897 - Lady Aberdeen (Ishbel Maria Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair) (1857-1939) established he Victorian Order of Nurses to serve sparsely populated communities.
1897 - Artist and portrait painter Sophie Pemberton is the first Canadian to receive the Prix Julian from the Académie Julian in Paris, France. Source: Important moments in Canadian History http;;/www.ouc.bc.ca/flar/timeline ( accessed May 2002)
1897 - Woodward's, a large department store in Vancouver issues ist first mail-order catalogue. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1897 - Hannah Maynard (1834-1918) becomes an official photographer for the Victoria, British Columbia Police Department. Source: Important moments in Canadian history http://www.ouc.bc.ca/flar/timeline (accessed May 2002)
1897 - Born Margaret Bennie (1897-1988) former president of the Federation of Women Teachers Association, an educator of note.
1897 - Born Alix Goolden (1897-1988) Founder of Victoria Conservatory of Music.
1897 - Born Vera Cryderman (1897-1969) an accomplished artist who worked in several medium helped establish Visual Arts in colleges.
January 15, 1897 - Born Mazo de la Roche, author of the famous Jelna series.
June 22, 1897 - Died Anna Gertrude Lawson Cheney (1897 - 1985) a portrait painter and the first medical artist in British Columbia
August 6, 1897 - Emily Elizabeth Beavan (1897- ??) Author, poet and teacher.
December 16, 1897 - Born Dorothy Bruce Garbutt (1897-1988) journalist & historian, host of the CBC program "Houses I have known."
Ottawa and Toronto, Ontario normal schools (Teacher's Colleges)
include courses so that women teachers have knowledge of the
educational value of Domestic Sciences (Home Economics)
Source: Herstory: the Canadian Women's Calendar
2000 (Silver anniversary edition) . Coteau Books, 1999 page 30.
1898 - Kathleen “Kit” Coleman (1864-1915) boards a boat in Florida and lands
in Cuba as the world’s first
woman war correspondent (during the Spanish
January 20, 1899 - The Sons of Freedom Doukabors lad in Halifax. The eventually settle on the West coast of Canada.
1899 - Sophie Pemberton of Victoria, British Columbia is the first Canadian to receive the Prix Julian from the Academie Julian in Paris. She wins the award for her talents in portraiture. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
1899 - Born Agnes Watts (1899-1989) west coast philanthropist
1899 - Born Gladys Powers 1988 - 2008) Last surviving WWI veteran 2008.
1899 - Born Nora Ellen Dunwoody (1899-1988) she was known for establishing gift shops as fund raisers for hospital auxiliaries
1899 - Born Mary Emma Quayle Innis (1899-1972) noted economic historian and educator.
1899 - Born Constance Woodrow (1899-1937) author.
January 29, 1899 - Born Leila Wightman (1899-1976) the firs Canadian woman to own and run a telephone company 1947.
February 7, 1899- Born Helen Bernard McCall (1899-1957) Pioneer photographer in British Columbia who left a rich legacy of her works.
April 30, 1899 - Born Margaret McTavish Konantz (1899-1967) International welfare organizer.
May 26, 1899 - Born Muriel McQueen Fergusson, (1899-1997) member of the Canadian Senate.
September 5, 1899 - Born Helen Mary Creighton (1899-1989) distinguished folklorist.
November 30, 1899 - Born Edna May Diefenbaker (1899-1951) wife of John George Diefenbaker (1895-1979) 13th Prime Minister of Canada. Note some sources report her birth date as 1901.
January 3, 1899 - Died Anne Molson (1824-1899) philanthropist wife of John Molson.
September 12, 1899 - Died Margaret Lawrence, (1926-1987) award winning author.