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Katherine Acheson A specialist in Renaissance and seventeenth century English literature she has published a work on the diary of Lady Anne Clifford, a seventeenth century noblewoman. At Stanford University she studied the evolution of the concept of authorial intention in seventeenth-century English dramas, emphasizing its relation to discourses of gender, sexuality and the body. She is a winner of the Alice Wilson Award presented by the Royal Society of Canada.
 
Elizabeth Allin. Born July 8, 1905. Died 1993.  Elizabeth graduated from university with a degree in physics.  She would go on to become the 1st woman to be appointed to the Physics Department at the University of Toronto.  She was also a founding member of the Canadian Association of Professional Physicists. A loyal University of Toronto employee,  she wrote the history of the university Physics Department. You can read about her place and struggle for recognition of her ability  to  work in a dominant male occupation in the book Great Dames.
 
Emma Baker the 1st woman to have received a Ph.D. from a Canadian university (1903)
 
Francois Baylis Born 1961. Francoise earned a Certificate of Bilingualism form Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario in 1981. She followed with studies in political science for a BA from McGill University, Montreal, Quebec in 1984. She then earned an MA and PhD in 1989 from the University of Western Ontario (Western University).  She became an Associate Professor at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia and in 2004 was Professor and Canada Research Chair in Bioethics and Philosophy.  In 2007 she was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences. She also served as an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, U.S.A. and was a lecturer with the Departments of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Rehabilitation Medicine with the University of Toronto and the University of Western Ontario (Western University). In 2011 she received a special Black History Month tribute. On June 30, 2016 she was appointed to the Order of Canada for “her contributions’ as a champion of health care ethics in Canada and creating forums for discussing current Medical-ethics issued. Also in 2016 she was inducted into the order of Nova Scotia, was presented with the McNeil Medal from the Royal Society of Canada and the Distinguished Academic Award by the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT).  Source: Canadian Who’s Who 2004- ; Who’s Who in Black Canada 2001 -.
 
Margaret Becklake Born May 27, 1922 London, England. Margaret would grow up in Pretoria, South Africa where she earned degrees in 1944 from the University of Witwatersrand and did postgraduate studies at the British Postgraduate Medical School. In 1950 she became a junior Lecturer in Medicine at the University of Witwatersrand. In 1967 she immigrated to Montreal, Quebec where she worked in the Department of Medicine at the Royal Victoria Hospital and the Department of Epidemiology and Health at McGill University where she became an Emeritus Professor. In 2007 she was inducted as a Member of the Order of Canada for her “outstanding contributions to fighting lung disease through research and education for more than 60 years.” In 2011 she became a Grand Officer in the National Order of Quebec.
 
Margaret Bennie Born 1897. Died November 10, 1988. In 1921 she began her teaching career in Leamington, Ontario. for a total of 39 years she taught and served as principal. She returned experience to her profession when she became president of the Federation of Women Teachers Association of Ontario. In 1953 she was awarded the Queen's Coronation Medal in 1953 and in 1967 she was once again honoured, this time with the Canada Centennial Medal. Source: Canadian Obituary Record 1988 by Robert M. Stamp. (Toronto Dundurn Press, 1989) p 21-21.
 
Mary Louise Bollert Born Guelph, Ontario 1884. Died Vancouver, British Columbia , August 1, 1945. Mary Louise attended the University of Toronto and graduated in 1906. Her Masters degree was earned a Columbia University, New York, U.S.A. in 1908. She worked as Director of women’s education and social welfare programs in Toronto and then moved on to be Dean of Women at Regina College in 1914 to 1921. In 1921 she was appointed the 1st Dean of Women at the University of British Columbia, a position she retained for 20 years. She was a founder of the British Columbia Teachers Federation and a delegate to several international women’s conferences. She was President of the Confederation of University women in 1929-30. Suggested reading: Lee Stewart. It’s Up to You: Women at UBC in the early Years. Source: http://www.vancouverhistory.ca/whoswho (accessed June 2009 )
 
Goldie "Red" Burns Born April 9, 1925, Ottawa, Ontario. Died August 23, 2013, New York City, New York, U.S.A. She sported beautiful red hair and the nickname 'Red' became common use. Graduating from high school at 16 she was too young to attend college. She worked at the National Film Board of Canada and fell in love with the cinema. She married Alex Myers, a film board editor but by 1953 she was a widow. She worked in  television distribution and married a second time to Lloyd Burns. The couple settled in New York, U.S.A. and had three children. She was a leader in the movement for public access to cable TV. She approached New York University about teaching a class using the “portapak” camera and the Interactive Telecommunication Program was established. She also started the York University, Toronto, Interactive telecommunication Program encouraging young students to follow their imagination. Source: “Godmother to Internet Wizards” by Douglas Martin, Globe and Mail, August 30, 2013.
 
Nora A. Cebotarev

Born July 18, 1928. Died August 12, 2007.  She did her early University studies at West Virginia University and Pennsylvania State University, earning her PhD in 1972. In 1970 she began her long association with the University of Guelph as an associate professor in 1970 and was appointed Professor Emerita in the Departments of Sociology and Anthropology.  A polyglot, she  spoke 8 languages with knowledge and grace. She was known as an inspiring, receptive and compassionate teacher who during her career would assist some 300 plus students with graduate studies. . In 1970 she taught her first Women’s Studies course and was among the team to convince the University of Guelph Senate to accept Women’s Studies as a major and minor topic in 1978. She authored three books an Latin American rural studies, an active subject of interest and innumerable articles for North American and international journals. Source: www.nora-cebotarev.org  (accessed May 2008)
 

Kathleen Coburn

Born September 7, 1905, Stayner, Ontario.  Died September 23,1991, Toronto, Ontario.  In 1928 she earned a B.A.  and in 1930 an M.A. from Victoria College, University of Toronto. She went on to study in England at St. Hugh's College, Oxford, England, where she obtained her B. Litt. in 1932. Returning to Toronto she accepted an instructors position in the English Department of Victoria College. She served as Assistant to the Dean of Women (1932-1935). She was appointed Professor of English at Victoria College in 1953 and Professor Emeritus in 1971. In 1949 Coburn edited The Philosophical Lectures of S.T. Coleridge and also published the Grandmothers.  The Letters of Sara Hutchison followed in 1954. She was the general editor of The Collected Works of S.T. Coleridge (1968-). She was the recipient of several academic awards, including the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship to study the unpublished writings of Coleridge in 1953 and 1957/58, the Leverhulme Award in 1948, the Order of Canada in 1974, the Chauveau Medal in 1979, and the Rosemary Crawshay Prize in 1990. Sources: Kathleen Coburn Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Suggestion submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 

Marjorie Griffin Cohen

Born February 17, 1944, Franklin, New Jersey, U.S.A. Marjorie studied for her BA at Iowa Wesleyan College and took her MA at New York University before moving to York University in Toronto to earn her PhD in 1985. She was a professor for the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education form 1986-1991 and during this time she was the producer and host of the TV Ontario program COUNTERPOINTS.  She served as an economist and professor in the Department of Political Science and Chair of the Women's Studies Department at Simon Fraser University. She writes on various issues dealing with the Canadian economy, public policy, women, labour, international trade agreements and deregulation of the electricity sector. She is also President of Citizens for Public Power and a Research Associate with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
 

Sister Bernice Cullen Born Adelaide Bernice Cullen. Sherwood, February 21, 1914, Prince Edward Island. Died February 13, 2007. As did her sister, she attended Prince of Wales College. By 1935 she had had a calling to do the work of God and became a member of the Congregation of Sisters of St. Martha and became known as Sister Mary Peter. Later the Order would allow members to use their given names. She and Sister Mary Ida Cady became the 1st female students at St. Dustan’s University of PEI. Sister Bernice became the 1st woman to graduate from the University in 1941. She was a teacher for the next fourteen years and then returned to St. Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana, U.S.A. to earn a PhD in Sacred Doctrine in 1958. Teaching once again in her beloved PEI she joined the faculty at St. Dustan's’ and in 1966 she was the 1st female head of Religious Studies. After 1979, in retirement, she found time to continue her passion of writing. She worked writing book reviews for several publications. She also remained in touch with the university as President of St. Dunstan’s University Board. Source: Outstanding women of Prince Edward Island Compiled by the Zonta Club of Charlottetown, 1981.
 
Thérése Gouin Decarie. Born  September 30, 1923. Dr. Decarie is a Professor at the Départment de Psychologie at the Université de Montréal. This mother of four children has maintained a full career in child psychology that includes being the author of several renown texts in her field of research. Her writings have been published in French, English and Italian and have been awarded recognition such as the Médaille Inis-Gérin de la Societé Royale du Canada. She was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1977.
 
Carrie Matilda Derick Born Clarenceville, Quebec January 14,1862. Died November 10, 1941. She studied for her B.A. at McGill in 1890, took her M.A. in 1896 and would go on to study at the Academy of Science, London England, Harvard University, USA, and Bonn University, Germany. Carrie became the 1st woman professor at an university in Canada. She was also and activist in women's rights.
 
Lillian Eva Dyck

Research Scientist

(née Quon)  Born August 24, 1944. In 1968 she earned her B.A. from the University of Saskatchewan. She followed her formal education with an Masters in Science in 1970 and in 1981 a PhD. She has worked as a Neuroscientist at the University of Saskatchewan becoming a full professor and associate Dean of the University. Her research has contributed to developing and patenting new drugs to treat Parkinson’s, Schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s diseases. In 1997 she received a House of Commons citation as a role model for girls in science. On March 12, 1999 she received a lifetime achievement award from the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation. On March 24, 2005 Prime Minister Paul Martin appointed her the Senate of Canada. That same year she received the Saskatchewan Centennial Commemorative Medal. She is one of the 1st Aboriginal women to pursue an academic career in the sciences. She fought off stubborn attitudes, resentment and threats during her career. Even so, she encourages youth to follow their dreams of a scientific career. Source: Canadian Who’s Who 2006.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005
 

Octavia Grace England (née Ritchie.)  Born January 16, 1868, Montreal, Quebec.Died February 1, 1948. She would be the 1st woman to be valedictorian  at McGill University even though she was originally refused entry because she was a woman. She was the 1st woman to graduate from a medical school in Quebec.
 
Thelma Finlayson. Born June 29, 1914. She has been Professor Emeritus for the Department of Biological Science at Simon Fraser University since 1979. The Thelma Finlayson Society at the University is named for her. She received an honourary L.L.D. from her university as well. She has written approximately 40 research papers, and several books in entomology.. She has severed as director of the International Organization of Biologists. She helped establish SFU’s 1st academic advising centre and continued counseling students on campus twice weekly until she was 95 years old.  An entomologist who helped found SFU’s pest management program, Finlayson is an SFU honorary degree recipient and a member of the Order of Canada. The Thelma Finlayson Centre for Student Engagement was named in her honour. In June 2014  SFU helped her celebrate her 100th birthday. Source: Simon Fraser University.
 
Ursula Martius Franklin. Born September 16, 1921, Munich, Germany . She is a specialist and pioneer in the structure of metals and alloys. In 1984 she became the 1st woman to be named a University Professor at the University of Toronto. A tireless advocate for Science for Peace she was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1992.
 
Madeline Alberta Fritz. Born November 3, 1896, St John, New Brunswick.  Died August 20, 1990. A paleontologist, she would rise to associate director of the Royal Ontario Museum of Paleontology.  For many years she was a geology professor at the University of Toronto. She was only the second woman in Canada to be elected to the Royal Society of Canada. Her scientific studies of the Toronto Area stand as definite works.
 
Allene Goforth


Deaf Student

née MacPherson. Born 1943 Sydney, Nova Scotia.  As a child of 7 she contracted tuberculosis meningitis and as a result of medical treatment she became deaf.   She left her family at age 10 to attend the Halifax, Nova Scotia School for The Deaf living there as a residential student. . Having already learned speech and having been able to hear, gave her an advantage.  An eager student, she quickly completed her regime of 3 years of studies and returned to her Cape Breton home. Here, complete her schooling at MacCormack School, East Bay. She went on to graduate Holy Angels High School in Sydney, NS, and went on to St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, where she had special arrangements to have note-takers.  She also worked hard to lip-read her professors’ classes. In 1965, she graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Home Economics, majoring in Food and Nutrition. The Dean of Science wanted to announce her accomplishment on graduation day but was reluctant to call attention to her without advising her in advance so the opportunity to recognize her amazing accomplishment as the 1st deaf student to Graduate in Canada. It was not until 50 years later in 2015 her accomplishment was recognized.  She subsequently obtained certification as a dietician in Toronto, Ontario and then obtained her Masters in Library Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . U.S.A.  Her working career has been spent as a librarian, research editor and Copy Editor. Submitted by Pamela Jane Barry, Nova Scotia.
 

Marketa Gotz-Stankiewicz. Born February 15, 1927., Czech Republic. Marketa attended high school and university in Toronto and then at Columbia University in New York City. She would edit, write, and teach her love of Germanic studies. Among her many awards is a Certificate of Merit for Excellence in Teaching 1972 and the Hlavake Medal of the Czech Academy of Science 1992. 
 
Naomi Elizabeth Saundaus Griffiths

Born April 20, 1934 Howe, England . Naomi began her post secondary studies at London University and received her BA in 1956. Her Masters studies were done at the University of New Brunswick in Canada and her PhD was earned in 1969 at London University back in England. She was drawn back to the University of New Brunswick and began a life long interest in the history of the area of Acadia and it’s peoples. She was a lecturer at Carleton University, Ottawa, in 1961 starting another life long relationship. In 1979 through 1981 she was the Dean of the Faculty of Arts at Carleton University, one of the first women in Canada to be appointed as a Dean. In 1998 she was appointed Professor Emeritus at Carleton University. She reached beyond the students in her classroom with her numerous writings on Acadian history and her work on the history of the Centennial History of National Council of Women of Canada 9Ottawa: Carleton University , 1993) In 199 she was appointed an officer in the Order of Canada. Her research on the history of Acadian continued and she entered the new millennium by publishing an additional work in 2007, From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Boarder people 1604-1755.  Source: Canadian Who’s Who (Toronto; University of Toronto)
 

Francess Georgina Halpenny Born May 27, 1919, Ottawa, Ontario. In 1941 she earned her Master's degree in English language from the University of Toronto. With the war storming over Europe she decided not to continue her education as she would have liked  and signed up with the Royal Canadian Air Force. After the War she became  known for her energetic and courageous editor working as head of the editorial department at the University of Toronto Press from 1957-1969.  She was general editor to the mammoth project of the Dictionary of Canadian Biography and at the same time Dean of the Faculty of Library Science, University of Toronto from 1972-1978.   She was awarded the Molson Prize in 1983 and inducted as an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1979 and promoted to a companion of the Order of Canada in 1983 while she was serving as President of the Royal Society of Canada. . She received the University of Toronto Faculty Award in 1985 and the University of British Columbia Medal for Canadian Biography in 1986. She was presented with the Governor General's Commemorative Medal for the 125th anniversary of Confederation in 1992. She has also received 11 honorary degrees from various Canadian universities including the University of Guelph in 1969 when this librarian and web page writer remembers her speaking at her graduation ceremony. In 2013 she decided to enter the Sunnybrook Veterans Wing for long term care in Toronto.
 
Mary G. Hamilton In 1910 Mary became head of the physical education at the Margaret Eaton School of Literature and Expression, a private Girls school in Toronto, Ontario. She promoted physical education and developed it to a level of professional acceptance as an educational medium. She offered Monday evening dance classes which were one of the early forms of organized recreation for women in Toronto. In 1912 she developed an evening course in physical training. During World War l she arranged Patriotic Fetes in Toronto allowing students to raise funds for Canadian prisoners of war. She would work from the school until 1934. Upon her retirement her replacement at the school Florence Summers encouraged merger with the University of Toronto and the establishment of the 1st bachelor’s program in physical education. During her tenure at MES Mary was directing physical education at the YWCA served as principal at MES and opened a summer camp, Camp Tanamakoon, located in Algonquin Park, for girls offering the 1st comprehensive camp leadership training courses for women in Canada. She also hosted the founding meeting of the Canadian Physical Education Association in 1933. Source: John Byl, Mary G. Hamilton: Committed, Dedicated Pioneer Made a Difference. CAAWS/ACAFS. Online accessed April 1999.
 
Jennie Huie Born  August 17, 1928, Rangoon, Burma (now Myanmar).  Died October 7, 2009. Jennie  graduated with a B.A. Honours in English Literature from the University of Rangoon in 1951. She went on to obtain a Diploma in Education from the University of Hong Kong in 1953. By 1961 she received a Ph.D. from the University of London.  1962 to 1969 she taught English language and literature at United College, Chinese University of Hong Kong, as well as visiting universities in Britain and the United States, including a period as Visiting Scholar at the Harvard-Yenching Institute, Harvard University. Jennie emigrated to Canada in 1969, and went on to teach English and Canadian literature at Trent University and the University of Toronto.  In 1981 she earned a Master of Library Science, University of Toronto, and from 1982 until her retirement in 1993 she held the position of Librarian of the Ontario Women’s Directorate.  Sources: Jennie Huie Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Suggestion submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Pauline Jewett. Born December 11, 1922,St Catherines, Ontario . Died July 5, 1992. She would use her own educational background from Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Radcliff University in the USA, Harvard University in the USA, Oxford University in England and London [England] School of Economics as a background for being a politician, educator and professor of political science. She was an elected member of parliament in the 1960's and again in the 1980's. She was appointed President of Simon Fraser University in 1974, the 1st woman to be head of a major co-educational university in Canada. She was appointed Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa in 1990, a position she held until her death. In 1992 Carleton University renamed its women's studies program to become the Pauline Jewett Institute of Women's Studies. She was also an Officer in the Order of Canada.
 
Joanna Karczmarek

Born 1975. Poland. At 17 she immigrated to Canada. She participated an the Canadian Physics Olympiad and won a position representing Canada in the international level in Beijing, Republic of China shere she earned a bronze medal. She attended Queens University, Kingston, Ontario for her undergraduate program. In 2002 she earned her PhD at Princeton, University and went on to study at Harvard and Rutgers universities in the U.S.A.  She works as a professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia.  Source: Canadian girls who rocked the world by Tanya Lloyd Kyi, Walrus Books 2001.

Eva Kushner

(née Dubska) Born 1929,  Prague, Czechoslovakia  Eva lived in France, 1939–1945, then returned briefly to Czechoslovakia after World War II, before coming to Canada. In 1949 she married Don Kushner, who would become a distinguished Professor of Microbiology at the University of Toronto. The couple had three sons. She received her university education at McGill University: B.A.  in Philosophy and Psychology,1948, her M.A. in Philosophy, 1950, and her Ph.D. in French Literature, 1956.  She began teaching in 1952; and in the 1950's she was a Lecturer at various institutions, including McGill, and University College London. In 1961 she moved to teach at Carleton University, becoming a Full Professor of French and Comparative Literature in 1969. She joined McGill in 1976 as Director of the Department of French Language and Literature. Professor Kushner was named President of Victoria University in 1987 through 1994. She continuing to teach, as well as acting as the Director of the Northrop Frye Centre, 1988–1994 when she became a Professor Emeritus. She contributed to the academic world in many capacities, including serving as Chair of the Royal Society of Canada Committee on Freedom of Scholarship and Science, 1993–1998, as a member of the Canada Council Advisory Academic Panel and Executive Committee, 1975–198, and the Modern Language Association of America Executive Council, 1983–1988. She is the author of numerous scholarly publications and articles. Professor Kushner was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1997. Sources: Eva Kushner Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 

Grace Annie Lockhart.  Born February 22, 1855, Saint John, New Brunswick. Died May 18, 1916. She graduated with her Bachelor of Science and English Literature from Mount Allison College, Sackville, New Brunswick on May 25, 1875 becoming the 1rst woman in the British Empire to receive a bachelor’s degree.
 
Jeanne Fisher Manery. Born July 6, 1908, Chelsey, Ontario . Died September 6, 1986. She became the 1st woman appointed professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Toronto in 1964. She was president of the Royal Canadian Institute in 1980. She has received honours for her scientific achievements and has promoted the role of women within her field.
 
Jane Millgate

Born 1937. Jane was educated at the universities of Leeds and Kent at Canterbury, England. She taught at Victoria College in the English Department at the University of Toronto from 1964–1997 and from 1982–87 she was Vice-Dean of Arts and Science. She is the author of several volumes including  Scott’s Last Edition: A Study in Publishing History (1987) , was awarded the British Academy’s Crawshay Prize in 1988.  Professor Millgate was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1986 and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1994. She has served on numerous editorial boards, including Dalhousie Review, Victorian Review, the Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada, English Studies in Canada, and the Collected Works of Northrop Frye. A professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto, she is also a member of the advisory board for the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels and one of the founders of the Toronto Centre for the Book. Her Union Catalogue of the Correspondence of Sir Walter Scott, comprises over 14000 records for letters from and to Scott, is published by the National Library of Scotland. Sources: Jane Millgate Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 

Marial M. Mosher Born January 29, 1917, Halifax Nova Scotia. Died October 4, 2008. As a youth she excelled at dance. At 18 she joined the Albertine Rasch Girls, a 50 member acrobatic dance troop performing at Radio City Music Hall, New York City, U.S.A. She was visiting home in Halifax when World War ll broke out and she volunteered for the Women’s Army Corps.  Her unit was disbanded in June 1946. A scholarship from the Department of Veterans Affairs allowed her to enter Acadia University to complete a BA which she followed with a masters degree in sociology. In the militia in 1951 she was back in uniform as advisor to the Eastern Command running summer training camps. Heading back to the classroom she earned a second masters at the University of Toronto and a Ph.D at Simon Fraser University, British Columbia. In 1974 she founded the Canadian Studies program at Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax and rose to the rank of Major in the militia. In 1984 she created the Marial Mosher Scholarship for students excelling in Canadian Studies and sociology/anthropology.  In 2004 she received the Order of Nova Scotia. In 2008 she published her book One Woman’s World War ll Story (Halifax, Glen Haven Press, 2008) telling of her service in Great Britain and Canada. Source: Order of Nova Scotia Online (Accessed July 2008) Google obituaries “Marial Mosher; Dancer, soldier turned anthropologist was ahead of her times on Native issues”. (Accessed July 2008)
 
Hilda Marion Neatby.  Born February 19, 1904, Sutton, England . Died May 14, 1975. An historian, author, educator, and critic of the Canadian education system she was a member of the Royal Commission on the National Development in the Arts and Letters and Sciences, known as the Massey Commission.  In 1967 she became a Companion of the Order of Canada.
 
Margaret Anchoretta Ormsby. Born June 7, 1909, Quesnel, British Columbia . Margaret did her university studies in both Canada and the United States. She returned to teach history at the University of British Columbia where she was appointed head of the history department from 1965 to 1974. She produced several works which enlighten readers on the history of British Columbia. She was a major contributor to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.  She would also serve as President of the Canadian Historical Association.  She is a member of the Royal Society of Canada, a member of the Order of British Columbia and the Order of Canada. 
 
Yolande Racine. Born February 29, 1948. She studied art all the way through university and worked her way through the profession as an art history researcher, archivist, curator, and teacher, to become Curator and Head of the Multimedia Programming, at the Musée d'art contemporain de Montreal. She has contributed various writings and won the Award of Excellence 1988. 
 
Laure Eva Rièse

Born 1910, Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Died Toronto, Ontario,1996. After Secondary School in Switzerland she studied arts and literature at the Sorbonne in Paris, France, before moving to Toronto in 1928 . She took a teaching position at Victoria College’s French House while studying at the University of Toronto. She earned a B.A. in 1933, an M.A. in 1935 and a Ph.D. in 1946. She was the 1st woman faculty member to gain a PhD. As a Professor of French at Victoria University, she conducted courses in the study of French-Canadian authors, and Quebec’s place in la francophonie. At the same time she supported the teaching of theatre. She was a member of numerous organizations including Chairman of the Canadian Swiss Cultural Association, Honourary President of the Alliance Française, and founder and President of the French Salon in Toronto. She was  recipient of numerous awards, including the Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur in France 1971, the Officier d’Académie, the Officier d’Instruction Publique, Officer of the Order of Canada, and Dame of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. She has wrote many articles and reviews for French Canadian and French American journals, and journals in France. Sources: Laure Eva Rièce Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 

Agnes McCausland Richardson Born  August 19, 1920, Chaffey’s Locks, Ontario, Died  Ottawa, Ontario  March 23, 2007. She moved with her family to Winnipeg and spent her youth there. She was active in the Winnipeg branch of the Canadian Red Cross during World War ll. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Queens University in Kingston, Ontario in 1941. She married William Moore Benidickson in 1947. They had three children. She served as  president of the National Association of Canadian Clubs, and president of the Canadian Council on Social Development. She was elected to Queens University’s board of trustees in 1969, and from 1980 to 1996 she served as the 1st female Chancellor of Queens University. Sources: Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 26 March 2007 : Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Angela Graham (Accessed December 2011)
 
Constance "Connie" Rooke

Born New York City, U.S.A. November 14, 1942 Died Toronto October 4, 2008. In 1964 she graduated from Smith College and went on to earn her Master’s degree from Tulane University, New Orleans, and her PhD from the University of North Carolina in 1973. During her student years she married short story writer Leon Rooke. The couple had one son. The young academic settled at the University of Victoria in British Columbia where she edited the Malaha Review becoming a lifelong champion of Canadian literature. In 1979 she initiated the Women’s Studies Program at University of Victoria and later chaired the Women’s Studies Department and served as Academic Vice-President. In 1988 the family moved to Guelph, Ontario where Connie worked as Chair of the English Department and became Associate Vice-President (Academic). In 1989 the couple founded the Eden Mills Writer’s Festival which continues to showcase the best writers in Canada. In 1999 the couple were in Winnipeg where Connie was Vice-Chancellor at the University of Winnipeg. Moving again in 2002 the couple settled in Toronto. Connie served as president of PEN Canada from 2005-2007 where she edited three anthologies of Canadian literature as fundraisers for the writers’ organization dedicated to freedom of expression. Source: Constance Rooke by Sandra Martin. Globe and Mail October 5, 2008 online accessed August 2011.
 

Indira V. Damarasekera As a Fulbright-Hays Scholar, she earned an MSc from the University of California, U.S.A. in 1976. In 1980, she earned a PhD in metallurgical engineering from the University of British Columbia. She was Vice-President Research and held the Dofasco Chair in Advanced Steel Processing at the University of British Columbia prior to becoming President of the University of Alberta. She sits on the Board of Directors of the Bank of Nova Scotia, is Chair of the World-wide Universities Network, is a member of Canada’s Science, Technology, Innovation Council. She has served on the Public Policy Forum of Canada, Minister’s advisory committee on Canada’s Global Commerce Strategy, the Conference Board of Canada, and the Prime-Minister’s Committee for the Renewal of the Public Service. Dr. Samarasekera received the E.W. R. Steacie Memorial fellowship in 1991, awarded by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada to the top 4 researchers under 40. She was awarded the Order of Canada in 2002 for outstanding contributions to steel process engineering. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (CIMM), an Honorary Member of the American Institute of Mining, Materials and Petroleum Engineering, its highest honour and a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Samarasekera received a Canadian Learning Partnership Award in 2008 and a Leadership Award, by the CASE District VII, USA in 2012 and the Peter Lougheed Leadership Award from the Public Policy Forum in Canada in 2012. Source University of Alberta Online (Accessed April 2014)
 
Minnie Bell Sharp Born January 12, 1865, Woodstock, New Brunswick. Died April 11, 1937, Woodstock, New Brunswick. She trained in music in New York City, U.S.A. in the early 1880’s. She taught for a while in New York and later in Fredericton and Woodstock, New Brunswick. In 1893 she purchased the Victoria Conservatory of Music in Victoria, British Columbia serving as principal until 1900. September 12 1899 she married Klondike ethnographer, Edwin Tappan Adney and the couple had one son. Returning to the Maritimes she opened the Woodstock School of Music which she ran for 2 decades. She also followed in her father’s footsteps as a horticulturalist in the family orchards and nurseries. Unfortunately she did not have a strong sense of finances and became quite impoverished.  She was the 1st New Brunswick woman to file nomination papers to run in a federal election, entering the 1919 race for the Victoria-Carleton riding. However, her name did not appear on the ballot. She suspected that her nomination papers were lost on purpose. She ran again for that federal seat in 1925, but was not elected having received only 84 votes. Source: New Brunswick Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Celebrating Achievers; Behind Every Successful Woman Are All the Women Who Came Before Her., September 2002. Online (accessed January 2016)
 
Rose Sheinin. née Shuber. Born May 18, 1930.  A professor at the department of biology at Concordia University and Continuing Senior Fellow, Massey College, this scholar has had scholarships, fellowships, and been visiting lecturer to numerous international institutions.  She chaired many groups including Women in Scholarship Committee (1989-1994). She was on the National Advisory Board for the Canadian Encyclopedia and was winner of the Woman of Distinction Award in 1988.
 
Hanna Spencer Born December 16, 1914 Kladno, Czechoslovakia. Died August 29, 2014, London, Ontario. Hanna earned her PhD in Languages at the University of Prague and became a teacher. Her family escaped the Nazi regime of Adolph Hitler by claiming to be gentiles in order to immigrate to Canada where there were restrictive immigration policies against Jews. Settling in Eastern Ontario Hanna began a teaching career at a Private School in Ottawa where she met and married Elvins Spencer (d 2010). While her two children were at home she became President of the National Women’s Council. With her children back at school Hanna resumed her teaching career as a professor of German languages at the University of Western Ontario. In the late 1960’s she published the book Hanna’s Diary 1938-1941, which was based on the diary she kept prior to immigrating to Canada. Sources: Mary Spencer, Lives Lived: Hanna Spencer, Globe and Mail, February 20, 2015; Jennifer Brown, Hanna Spencer, who would have turned 101 in December… London Free Press, September 2, 2014. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Mabel Frances Timlin. Born Forest Junction, Wisconsin U.S.A. December 6, 1891. Died 1976. "Timmie" moved to Saskatchewan from the United States in 1917. She worked as a secretary while studying at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1940 she earned a PhD at the University of Washington and returned to the University of Saskatchewan to teach economics. She would go on to write some of the basic Canadian economic works of the 1950's and 1960's. She would become the first woman to be elected to the executive committee of the American Economics Association from 1957-1960. Among her many awards were the Canada Centennial Medal 1976 and the Order of Canada.
 
Carolyn Hughes Tuohy née Hughes. Born October 29, 1945, Toronto, Ontario. She earned her BA in 1966 from the University of Toronto and her MA at Yale University in Hartford Connecticut, U.S.A. in 1968 and he PhD in 1974. She married Walter Tuohy and the couple had 2 children. She taught as an assistant Professor at the University of Toronto from 1970-76 and became a full professor in 1988. She served as Vice Provost from 1992-1994 and Vice Chair of the Advisory Council on Occupational Health and Occupational Safety for the Government of Ontario from 1982-1991. She was a member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Political Science Association and a Senior Fellow at Massey College. She has authored numerous articles on health care and the need for change as well as books including Policy and Politics in Canada: Institutionalized Ambivalence in 1992 and Accidental Logic: the Dynamics of Change in Health Care Arena in the United States, Britain and Canada (Oxford University Press, 1999).
 
Lois Vallely-Fischer Born Capreol, Ontario. Died September 24, 2005, Wolfeville, Nova Scotia.   In 1953 she graduated with her BA from the University of Toronto. She earned her teaching certificate and taught at various locations in Ontario and Quebec. In 1962 she earned her master’s Degree and in 1965 she earned her PhD from McGill University, Montreal, Quebec. She arrived at Nova Scotia’s Acadia University in 1968 and by 1973 she had helped develop and taught their 1st Women’s Studies classes. In 1974 Lois taught the 1st Women’s History class and was part of the group that founded the journal Atlantis. In 1982 she was appointed Dean of Arts at Acadia. She chaired the Wolfeville’s Heritage Advisory Committee helping to preserve the oldest academic building in Canada: The Ladies Seminary, which received national heritage designation. Lois married fellow educator Dr. Gabriel Fischer (1922-2008) and the couple had 4 children. The Lois Vallely Fischer Award for Democratic Student Citizenship is presented annually to a student in their final year of undergraduate study by the Acadia University Faculty Association. Source: Herstory; The Canadian Women’s Calendar 2010.
 
Flora Zaharia Born Kainaissksahkoyi, Alberta. Flora survived having been forced to attend residential school for Aboriginal students. During school holidays and summer vacation their parents taught Flora and her siblings traditional culture as well as the family tradition of telling stories. Flora went furthered her education with Bachelor of Education at the University of Alberta and a master of Education at the University of Manitoba. She also holds a Standard Teaching Certificate from the University of Alberta.  A teacher who has taught in dozens of schools in both Manitoba and Alberta Flora has co-ordinated school programs for Fist Nations Schools in both Manitoba and Alberta. She co-ordinated the project that published 4 volumes of Stories from the Elders of Kainaa Nation (Blood Reserve), Alberta.  She has lectured at the University of Manitoba, Brandon University, University of Lethbridge, Alberta and the University of British Columbia. . She is a founder and active member of the Keteyatsak Elders and Seniors Inc., is active with the Maternal Child Health Advisory, has served as Deer Lodge Hospital Eucharistic Minister, worked with the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority Elders Advisory Committee and served on the Aboriginal Health and Wellness Board. She has been awarded Special Recognition as Aboriginal Educator by the Aboriginal Circle of Elders, received the Manitoba Council on Aging Recognition award and has been inducted into the Native Hall of Fame in the Education category. Flora has also been inducted into the Order of the Buffalo Hunt from the Manitoba Provincial Government.   In 2010 she was honoured at the Keeping the Fires Burning aboriginal awards celebrating female leaders for preserving First Nations culture and serving as role models for younger generations. Flora married Stanley Zaharia and the couple had two children. Sources; Matt Preprost, “Gala recognizes accomplishments”.  Winnipeg Free Press June 18, 2010 Page A13; Flora Zaharia, Directory of Members, Storeytellers of Canada. Online (accessed October 2015).
 
Anthropologists  TOP OF PAGE
Cathie Ann Oberholtzer

Born March 12, 1940. Died August 18, 2012. By the time she was 29 she had married Ron Oberholtzer and was mother to four children. She earned her BA and MA from Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario and went on to receive her PhD in anthropology from McMasters University, Hamilton, Ontario. She specialized in Algonquin Art as expressed in their decorative clothing. She was the only scholar in the world to do this type of studies. She wrote a book: Dream Catchers: Legends, lore and artifacts, published posthumously, September 2012. Source: Obituaries, The Globe and Mail, August 22, 2012.  Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa.
 

Gloria Cranmer Webster

Born July 4, 1931 Alert Bay, British Columbia.  On September 10 1949 Gloria Cranmer, future film maker and linguist.  became  1st native Indian woman to attend the University of British Columbia. She graduated with a degree in anthropology. Her first job was as a counselor for first time offenders in prison.  She married John Webster, executive director of the Saskatchewan John Howard Society. Eventually the couple settled with their three children on the west coast.  Gloria worked with the Vancouver  YWCA and later became program director for the Vancouver Indian Center. In 1971 she became assistant curator for the ne British Columbia Museum of Anthropology. From 1960 through 1991 she served as curator of the U’mist Cultural Centre in Alert Bay. She has authored several books and co-piloted a project to create to transcribe the sounds of the Kwak’wala language. She worked with the Museum of Civilization on the creation of the Great Hall and served as a member of the Board of the Museum of Civilization. Her contributions to British Columbia native life are remarkable. She was awarded the Heritage Society of British Columbia’s Heritage Award in 1996.  Source: Gloria Cranmer Webster, ABC Book World abcbookworld.com (Accessed November 2012)
 

 
Educators   TOP OF PAGE
Mary Electa Adams.  Born November 10, 1823, Westbury, Lower Canada. Died December 5, 1898.   She was an educator, administrator and a poet. She occupied several positions in various schools. As preceptress at Wesleyan Academy in Mount Allison, Sackville, New Brunswick she held the highest office in a school open to a woman. She would also serve as Ladies Principal of the Ontario Ladies College in Whitby Ontario.  She was an effective and determined advocate of academic education for women .In 2004 she was declared a national historic person by the Canadian Government. Suggested sources : Dictionary of Canadian Biography - online (accessed February 4, 2004)
 
Marie Jeanne Antoinette Anctil

Born December 27, 1875, Saint-Anne-de-la Pocatière, Quebec. Died December 4, 1926. In November 1904 the School Household Science in Montreal is established to professionalize domestic work and Promote public Health. The School send Jeanne to Europe along with Marie De Beaujeu to study and broaden knowledge in training for domestic sciences. Jeanne was one of the 1st French Canadians to complete European education in Domestic Science and Domestic Economics. The newly chartered Ecole Ménages Provincials accepted students in December 1906 with Jeanne as co-principal with Antoinette Gerin-Lajoie who had also studied in France. By March 1907 a three month teacher training course was added to the curriculum. In May 1907 at the 1st congress of the Federation Nationale Saint-Jean Baptiste, a women’s group were very supportive of domestic training as they saw it as essential for wives and mothers. Jeanne fought to have various levels of government accept the discipline for recognition and financial help. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto; University of Toronto/Laval Université, 2005 vol. 15 1921-1930 p. 21-24.
 

Jane Baskwill

Born Queens, New York , U.S.A.  Although raised in the United states she has spent most of her adult life in rural Nova Scotia. She is married and has 3 children. Her avocation is her profession which is teaching. She taught school and was even a principal before becoming a teacher at the Faculty of Education at Mount St. Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.  Her work goes beyond the class room as she writes articles and books to help teachers in their ongoing careers. She has even ventured into video aids. For teachers. She had bee bestowed with a Distinguished Achievement Award from the Educational Press Association of America for her series of articles in Teaching k-8 magazine. Her real enjoyment however comes from sharing her love of the abundant nature she enjoys around her rural home and her love of reading.  She has written a book of Children’s poetry and several children’s picture book sharing her love of nature. The Nova Scotia Teacher’s Union has honoured her as a 6 time recipient of the Educational Quality Award. Suggested sources: Writers Federation of Nova Scotia Web site: Writers.ns.ca (accessed May 2008) as well as her own web site. Some of the above information was provided through personal correspondence.
 

Purvathi "Pari" Basrur

Born September 15, 1921, Kerala, India. Died November 10, 2012, Guelph Ontario. After earning her masters degree in sciences she immigrated to Canada to study for her Doctorate at the University of Toronto in 1955. She began work at the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph as the first woman on the faculty. She married Dr. Vasanth Basrur and the couple had one daughter. She would author over 200 scientific articles for journals and books but is perhaps best known for her dedication to her students, many of whom endearing called her “Mamma Basrur” She received many honours during her life time: YMCA/YWCA Woman of Distinction; the Norden Award for distinguished teaching; the Order of Canada and in 2012 the Queen’s Jubilee Medal. Source: Obituary, Globe and Mail , November 17, 2012 ; Guelph loses leading veterinary scientist ‘Mama’ Basrur. The Guelph Mercury November 13, 2012.
 

Azilda Belanger née Brisebois. Born 1863 St Andre-Avellin. Died 1942. In 1886 she and her husband Joseph Belanger, a Canadian Pacific Railroad worker, moved to Rayside, Ontario just outside of Sudbury. The couple would have t3 children. Azilda was one of the 1st white women in the area. Joseph would become Mayor from 1890 to 1900. A relative of the family, Sir Wilfrid Laurier enjoyed Azilda’s hospitality when he visited the area in 1911. Azilda was a teacher not only educating her own children but also local Aboriginal children. She was also held in high regard for her knowledge of local herbs and medicinal plants. She often provided local health car and even helped prepare the bodies of the dearly departed for funerals. The area where the family lived is known as Azilda and is part of Greater Sudbury. In 1991 a historical plaque was erected at the family homestead. Sources: Les femmes de la route ll. Les elles du nord. Accessed June 2015.
 
Wanda Thomas Elaine Bernard Born August 1, 1953. She is the 1st Black Canadian to have an academic tenure position and become a full professor at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. She would serve as director of the Dalhousie School of Social Work for ten years. She was one of the founding members of the Association of Black Social Workers. In 2004 she received the Order of Canada in appreciation of her work addressing racism and diversity in the field of social work. In 2014 she was inducted into the Order of Nova Scotia. She has served as Chair of the Nova Scotia Advisory Council on the Status of Women. She has served as a member of the National Coalition of Advisory Councils on the Status of Women. On October 27, 2016 she was named to the Senate of Canada, sitting as an independent. In 2016 She became  the 1st Black Nova Scotia woman to serve in the Canadian Senate.
 
Grace Blue Born 1891, Emerson, Manitoba, 1891. Died August 7, 1992,  Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.  She graduated from Winnipeg Normal School, then taught in rural, town, and city schools. She married A.M. (Monty) Blue and the couple had two sons. Settling in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, she played an important role in the establishment of the provincial Home and School movement that sought to enhance co-operative teacher-parent relationships. In 1926 she founded the Home and School movement and served as 1st president of the Buena Vista Home and School Association. She helped organize the 1st citywide council in Saskatoon, and also participated in the organization and leadership of the Association provincially and nationally. Blue was the 1st woman elected to the High School Collegiate Board in Saskatoon. She also served on the 1st  advisory committees for the Salvation Army and the School for the Deaf, was president for the Women’s Canadian Club, and became a life member of the Saskatoon Council of Women. During World War II she did extensive voluntary work to support the war effort, and served in leadership positions with wartime women’s committees in Saskatoon. She received the Canadian Red Cross Society Badge of Service and a Centennial Medal. Source: Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan Online Accessed February 2014)
 
Margaret Bolender née Cumming. Born 1921 Pilkington Township, Wellington County, Ontario. In 1939 she graduated high school having earned the best overall student award. In 1941 she graduated from Hamilton (Ontario) Normal School (teacher’s college) Later in life in 1974 she earned her BA from Wilfrid Laurier University. Her main career was that of a lifelong teacher. She is also an avid gardener, in fact a master gardener who encouraged planting butterfly gardens and encouraged children with disabilities to garden. She served as the 1st woman President of the Elmira Fair Board and President of the North District Women’s Institute from 1996-98. In 1984 she was presented with a Bicentennial Certificate of Merit from the Province of Ontario. In 1997 she was Oktoberfest Senior Citizen of the year and that same year she was presented with an award by the Federated Women’s Institutes of Ontario. Source: Waterloo Region Hall of Fame. Online (Accessed July 2014. )
 
Eleanor Boyce Died February 10, 1997.  In 1920, she took up her first teaching position, at Ethelbert, Manitoba, and later taught at Elm Creek. During the 1930s, she became one of the first female school principals in Manitoba, in charge of the Roland High School. From there, she went to the Central Normal School in Winnipeg, where she instructed during the 1940s.  She also did educational radio addresses,  In 1941, she was elected President of the Manitoba Teachers’ Society. In 1950, she received a doctoral degree from the University of Manitoba based on research about the historical use of readers in Canadian schools. From 1948-1956 she was one of the first female School Inspectors in Manitoba. She joined the Faculty of Education at the University of Manitoba in 1956 and remained there until 1967. She was Superintendent of Ramah Hebrew School until 1971. She wrote several textbooks for use in schools. In 1966, she was given the Benemerenti Medal by Pope John II In 1977, she received the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal and was inducted into the Order of Canada in recognition of more than half a century devoted to education. Sources: Order of Canada. Online (Accessed January 2012.) ; Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 12 February 1997, page 36. ; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. (Accessed December 2011)
 
Beatrice Maude Bradshaw Born July 31, 1885, Guelph, Ontario. Died March 25, 1972, Winnipeg, Manitoba. n 1891 she moved with her family and settled near Morden, Manitoba  She began her teaching career at Morden, and Deloraine and Lauder before she joined the staff of the Winnipeg School District in 1908. After two years at Stratcona School, she became Principal of Cecil Rhodes School. She left the employ of the Board in 1913, only to return to teaching at Machray School, from 1914 to 1922, when she became Principal of the newly-opened David Livingstone School. In 1929, she became Primary Supervisor for the District, with special emphasis on the education of handicapped children. She retired in June 1946 and lived alternately in the warmer climates of Florida, and Jamaica. Sources: Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 27 March 1972, page 16. ; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online. (Accessed December, 2011)
 
Ann Elizabeth Connor Brimer

Born Halifax Nova Scotia 1940. Died July 22, 1988.  She was educated at McGill University, Montreal, the University of London and the Atlantic Institute of Education. Later in life she would return to graduate studies at Dalhousie University. She began her career as a teacher in her home province of Nova Scotia. She earned a position as executive Director  of the Canadian Learning Materials Centre and was program co-ordinator of Continuing Education at Dalhousie University. She would found the first children’s bookstore in the city of Halifax and became the Atlantic Representative for the Canadian Children’s Book Centre. She was also a founding member of the Nova Scotia Coalition on Arts and Culture. In 1990 the Nova Scotia Library Association established the Ann Connor Brimer Award to be given to a resident of Atlantic Canada for a book published in Canada that has made an outstanding contribution to Children’s literature.
 

Annie Glenn Broder Died 1937. She married Richard Broder in Regina Saskatchewan and became step mother to 2 sons. In 1903 the family relocated to Calgary Alberta. A lover of music she composed a march The Ride of the NWMP in 1906.  In Calgary Annie founded choral and orchestral groups. Between 1914 and 1928 when the Calgary symphony was disbanded Annie arranged events where young musicians could perform and learn. In 1934 she represented Canada at the Anglo-American musical conference in Lausanne, Switzerland. Source: Kay Saunderson, 200 Remarkable Alberta Women, (Famous Five Foundation, 1999).
 
Mary Margaret "Margery" Brooker Born 1901 Dumfries, Scotland. Died 1955, Winnipeg, Manitoba.  , she received a Master of Arts from Glasgow University, and studied languages at Rouen, the Sorbonne in France as well as  the University of Hamburg, Germany.  She immigrated to Canada in 1929, and worked as a teacher at Cecil Rhodes School, Winnipeg. She was the supervisor of French Instruction for the Manitoba Department of Education until 1938, at the same time she taught at Winnipeg Normal School (Teacher’s College). In 1941 she was appointed School Inspector for the Virden District,  the first woman in Canada to be appointed in such a position. She worked fourteen years inspecting rural schools. In 1946 she accepted two fellowships to travel abroad and study languages; the Humbolt Siftung Resident Fellowship from the Berlin Research Institute, and the Carnegie fellowship from the Institute of Education at the University of London. Upon her return to Canada in 1948 she was appointed school inspector in the Winnipeg School District. Source: Memorable Manitobans Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011)
 
Jessie Anne Buckingham Born November 27, 1906 Culross, Manitoba.  Died August 3, 2001 St. Boniface, Manitoba. She received her education at the Winnipeg Normal School (Teachers College) and the University of Manitoba. She began her career as a teacher in Wawanesa and Souris school divisions before joining the Winnipeg School Division, 1930. She also spent a year as an exchange teacher in New Zealand. A member of the Winnipeg Business and Professional Women’s Club she attended Congresses of the International Federation in London, England, Stockholm, Sweden, Washington DC, U.S.A., Montreal, Quebec, Buenos Aires and Helsinki, Finland. She was also a member of Olive Branch Historic Rebekah Lodge No.1, Exchange Teachers Club and the Women’s Canadian Club. Sources: Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, Tuesday, 7 August 2001.; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Kris Keen and Gordon Goldsborough.
 
Gladys A. Bunn

Piano Teacher

Born March 16, 1892, White Pigeon, Michigan, U.S.A. Died May 31, 1987 Winnipeg, Manitoba. She moved with her parents to Quill Lake, Saskatchewan in 1903 where her father built the first house in the town. She studied piano in Chicago, Grinnell and Winnipeg, graduating with ALCM and ATCM. Moving to Winnipeg in 1914 she settled in Charleswood and taught piano lessons to local children for over 60 years, retiring at the age of 76. A biography entitled Gladys A. Bunn, Piano Teacher and Artist was written and published by Anne E. Cott in 1981. Her life is commemorated with a public park bearing her name in Winnipeg. Sources: Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 2 June 1987, page 43. Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011).
 
Janet Wishart Carter

Born February 4, 1870, Galt, Ontario. Died February 21, 1953. Janet was the 1st woman to graduate the University of Toronto with a post graduate Masters degree. In 1901 she was the 1st woman teacher at Galt Collegiate Institute. She enjoyed establishing the girls Basketball tem for extra curricular activities.  She would spend her summer vacations taking language courses in Europe to improve her teaching knowledge. In 1924 she was the 1st president of the Galt Collegiate Staff Players Club and out of school she was active in the local Little Theater. Upon her retirement in 1934 she was a recipient of the King George decoration for outstanding contributions in education. In 1958-1949 she sat on the Galt Public Library Board. She also worked in support of the Grenfell Mission in Labrador for which the Mission founder Wilfrid Grenfell thanked her in person. Source: Waterloo Region Hall of Fame. Online. (Accessed July 2014) ; Janet Carter. Cambridge Archives and Record Center. Online (Accessed July 2014)
 

Martha "Mattie" Julia Cartmell.

Teaching Missionary
Born December 14, 1845 Thorold, Ontario. Died March 20, 1945 Hamilton, Ontario. Her mother died when Mattie was only 4. Mattie and her sister went to live with an aunt and were brought up by the Southerland family. At 11 her uncle was killed in an accident and a year later her father died. She learned quickly to become independent. She attended Normal School (teacher’s college) in Toronto and from 1865 through 1882 she was a teacher and then principal of a public school for girls in Hamilton, Ontario. She left Hamilton to become a missionary in Methodist Church (now United Church of Canada) sponsored by the newly organizes Women’s Missionary Society (WMS). She soon sailed for Japan as the first Canadian woman missionary of the WMS. In 1884 she founded a school Toyo Eiwa with the support of the finances of the WMS. The new school building survived damages from a typhoon, a fire and two strong earthquakes before opening officially on November 6, 1884, In 1887 Mattie was forced by poor health to return to Canada where until 1892 she continued with mission work . She returned to work again in Japan until her retirement in 1896. Her personal Bible is a prized possession of Toyo Eiwa schools today. Her grave in Hamilton Municipal Cemetery has a special marker inscribed in both English and Japanese and laid in 2005 by her family, her Hamilton church and her grateful Toyo Eiwa school. Source: Canadian Women Missionaries at Toyo Eiwa in Japan 1882-2006 translated by Seiichi Ariga and Wayne Irwin. (Toyo Eiwa Jogakuin, 2012.)
 
Therese Champagne Born 1928. Died February 19, 2007.At 20, Thérése Champagne entered the Congregation of the Missionary Oblate Sisters whose mandate it is to tend to the needs of the poor and make bilingual and religious education a priority. Sister Champagne taught for more than 34 years in public, private and residential schools through the Prairie Provinces. Northern Manitoba needed someone to serve as a pastoral minister to the Cree, Métis and white population living in outlying communities of the Keewatin-Le Pas Archdiocese. She traveled between the communities of Thompson, Thicket Portage and Wabowden ministering to the needs of the community. She was inducted into the Order of Manitoba. Source: Memorable Manitobans Online (Accessed November 2012
 
Ruth Lorraine Collins-Nakai Born March 21, 1949, Pincher Creek, Alberta. After earning her medical degree at the University of Alberta she specialized in pediatric medicine
(childhood medicine) She teaches at the University of Alberta where she was named teacher of the Year in her own department in 1988. She has participated in the betterment of her home province by serving on the Premier's Council on Science and Technology, the Subcommittee of Science and Technology in Alberta and the Premier's Commission on Future Health Care in the Province of Alberta. A well respected medical author she has written some 100 abstracts and papers in her chosen field of medicine. She has also been an active member of various boards of directors for national and international medical associations. Combining a profession and a family she is the mother of three children.
 
Anne-Marie Comeau née Muise. Born Saulnierville, Nova Scotia January 28, 1942. She studied at Université Sainte-Anne and married John Robert Comeau. The couple had two children. Interested in dance she took a diploma from the British Association of Teachers in Dance and the Canadian Dance Teachers’ Association. In 1979 she founded and became the artistic director of a dance group whose name celebrates Acadian heritage and  culture, La Baie en Joie. The group has performed for heads of state and audiences throughout North America, and France . She has received numerous awards recognizing the preservation of Acadian culture and promotion of the arts. In 1991 she became the Outstanding Cultural Educator and in 1992 she received L’Ordre de la Pleiade. In 2003 she earned was awarded the Acadian community’s highest accolade: the distinguished Prix Hommage by the Academie des arts et des letters de L’Atlantique, as well she received le Prix Eloizes d’Excellence. 2004 found her at Universite Sainte Anne as Director of Arts. During this time she was also recognized 5 times as Volunteer supporter of the year. In 2004 she was invested with the Order of Nova Scotia. Sources: Celebrating Women’s Achievements, Library and Archives Canada. Http://www.Collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed May 2011) ; Canadian Who’s who 2006 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. ; University de Moncton: Centre d’etudes acadiennes “Anne-Marie Comeau” ww2.umoncton.ca/cfdocs/docmts,notices/htm.cfm?ident=T0150&ret=ed9 (Accessed 2007 in French)
 
Ada May Courtice Born 1860, Pickering, Canada West (Ontario). Died 1923. She married shortly after graduating from the Whitby Ladies College. As a young widow requiring a way to earn a living, she opened a private school in Toronto. She became active in the education scene in Toronto and became a member of the Toronto Board of Education. In 1914 she founded the Home and School Movement in Toronto. The Movement gained popularity and spread across the entire country.
 
Sarah "Sally" Crooks

née Anderson. Born May 7, 1927 Kilmarnock, Scotland. Died Regina, Saskatchewan September 2011. Her mother left her alcoholic husband to raise to raise her four children on her own. Somehow enough money was scraped together for lessons in dance, drama, voice, and piano for the talented young Salty. After high school she took a position with the British civil Service in London, England. . She continued to pay for voice lessons and worked to build a roster of contacts and performance credits. She also studied at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama and began to tour with ice shows. She married Jim Crooks, from her home town in 1954. The couple had two children. Jim was a physiotherapist who sought opportunity in Regina, Canada, taking his family to Canada in 1965. Once settled Sally enrolled at the University of Saskatchewan with a major in Music but soon switched to English. After graduation in 1971 she taught public school for several years and then at a local high school teaching until she retired in 1988. She directed plays and musicals and was active in the Regina arts scene singing in choirs, acting and directing with the Summer Stage, Little Theatre and Lyric Light Opera Society. She also enjoyed writing poetry which was published in 2006 (That Saturday Night) In 2007 she won the John V. Hicks long manuscript award for nonfiction from the Saskatchewan Writer’s Guild for her memoir. In 2003 she found small TV roles in Corner Gas and Just Friends and Tideland and Little Mosque on the Prairie. Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Decease in 2011. Source: Saskatchewan Teacher started out poor… by Chris Ewing-Weisz The Globe and Mail October 5, 2011 page R 5 (Photograph included in article)
 

Josephine A. Daphinee Born November 15, 1875, Liverpool, Nova Scotia . Died December 6, 1977. A trained nurse and teacher she arrived in New Westminster, British Columbia to work for her uncle. She took additional training in Seattle, Oregon, U.S.A. and returned to B.C. to teach High School becoming supervisor of special classes for mentally challenged children. She travelled across the U.S.A. observing special teaching methods to apply in BC. She was a founding member of the Vancouver Business and Professional Women’s club in 1922 and president from 1928-1929. She helped establish the National Canadian Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs in 1930 and was president from 1932 to 1935. She retired from her teaching duties in 1941. Source: The History of Metropolitan Vancouver. http://www.vancouverhistory.ca (accessed June 19, 2009)
 
Angela Elizabeth Davis née Pizzy. Born September 22, 1926.  Died October 16, 1994, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Hansworth, Middlesex, England. Angela studied at King’s College Hospital graduating as a Registered Nurse in 1948. She worked at King’s College Hospital as Staff Nurse. April 27, 1950 she married Dr. Royden A. Davies and the couple emigrated to Canada in 1951. Settling on the West coast the couple raised 5 children. Relocating to Regina in the 1960’s where she was a founding member of one of the first cooperative childcare centres. Once her children were grown she returned to school earning a BA in History, University of Winnipeg, followed by an MA in 1979. By 1987 she had completed her PhD from the University of Manitoba. From 1975 through 1994 she taught at the University of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba. She also was a consultant, conference organizer and committee member for several associations including the Canadian Committee on Women’s History, the Canadian Historical Association, Canadian Womens’ Studies Association, Victorian Studies Association and the Manitoba Historical Society.  In 1976 She was co-founder of the Osborne Gallery in Winnipeg  and served as an Art Consultant for the Gallery from 1977 through 1986. She wrote frequently for Manitoba History and served in various positions as a member of the Manitoba Historical Society Source: Memorable Manitobans Online (Accessed February 2014)
 
Matilda Davis

Born 1820, Red River Settlement [Manitoba] . Died 1873. Matilda was the daughter of an Officer of the Hudson Bay Company. As was the standard of the day she was shipped to England to receive a proper educations. As the Red River Settlement grew so did the demand for education in the community. In the 1850’s the HBC offered to pay $132.00 per year for room board and teaching for young female students. Matilda became school mistress for a day and boarding school in St. Andrew’s Parish, just north of modern day Winnipeg. Some 40 students resided in a fine stone structure this is still standing today. Assisted by an English governess the young ladies were provided a solid education including the learning of French, dancing, drawing, and needlework, all the kinds of training required for future wives of Red River society. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Vol. X P 215. ( Toronto: University of Toronto Press)
 

Sara Louise Diamond Born March 9, 1954, New York, New York U.S.A. She did her post secondary school studies at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia. An artist and teacher she pioneered the development of a feminist theory curriculum at Emily Carr College of Art and Design and was Director, Women's Labour History Project 1979-1992 when she moved to Banff, Alberta and the Banff Centre for the Arts. Her video work has won the Bell Canada Award for Excellence in Video in 1995. She has also written articles for several publications. She enjoys surfing the web, Nordic skiing, cooking for friends and loves to read and watch films.
 
Donalda James Dickie Born October 5, 1883. Died 1972, Haney British Columbia. She attended Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Oxford University, England, and Columbia University, New York City, New York, U.S.A.  She taught at normal school (teacher’s college) in Alberta and was an advocate of the ‘Enterprise’ a progressive educational approach to teaching of elementary school. She authored The Enterprise in Theory and Practice in 1940. She retired in 1947. She was also an author of numerous text books for schools and children’s stories.  In 1950 she published the Great Adventure: an Illustrated History of Canada for Young Canadians (Dent Publishing) which became a stable in schools. In 1950 she received the Governor General’s award for juvenile literature. Source: Guide to Literary Heritage of Waterloo and Wellington Counties. (Waterloo, On, 1985)
 
Joan Dillon Born England. She emigrated to Prince Edward Island during world War ll. She became an active member in her community becoming involved with Scouts Canada and in the 1960’s she was a member of the Eastern Nova Scotia Ladies Softball League. Her main avocation however was education. She is known as the “heart” of the X-Project, a student-based society at St. Francis Xavier University. Since 1965 she has been instrumental in bringing together over3500 university students with over 1000 community people to provide small-group educational assistance, mentoring, workshop and recreation programs. She has received the Silver Acorn Award from Scouts Canada for over 35 years of dedication to the movement. She has been inducted into the African Canadian Heritage and Friendship Centre in Guysborough, Nova Scotia, has received in 2006 an honorary doctorate of Laws from St. Francis Xavier university, received the Canada 125 medal and is honoured with the Order of Nova Scotia. Source: Protocol Office. Order of Nova Scotia Recipients http://www.gov.ns.ca (Accessed August 12, 2008)
 
Mary Walker Dobson Born December 1871, Cheddleton, England. Died March 13, 1955, Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1882 with her family to Canada and settled in Winnipeg, Manitoba.  She joined the teaching staff various schools in the area She retired from teaching in 1901. On October 21, 1903 she  married William J. Dobson. When she became a widow in 1915  Mary returned to teaching to support herself and her daughter. She was appointed Principal of various schools until her retirement in 1937. Her dedication to education in the area  was recognized with  the King’s Coronation Medal for distinguished service to education in Manitoba in 1937. Source: Memorable Manitobans Online (Accessed February 2014)
 
Aileen Motley Doerksin Born November 6, 1899,  Manitoba. Died January 11, 1971, Manitoba.  Aileen graduated public school having won the Governor General Medal. She attended the University of Manitoba for her BA. She was an accomplished pianist studying in Winnipeg, the Toronto Conservatory Montreal, and in Paris, France. Returning home to Winnipeg she taught piano and served on the executive of the Manitoba Music Teachers’ Association. In 1933, she enrolled in the newly formed Faculty of Education at the University of Manitoba and obtained a Bachelor of Education  degree. She taught English, French and German at various high schools. She was also active in her community, serving 1949-1951 as president of the University Women’s Club, Vice-President of the Women’s Canadian Club, Winnipeg President and National Vice-President of the Council of Women. In 1944 she married fellow teacher William B. Doerksen.(1900-1987) In 1962, with the newly formed United Church of Canada she was elected as the 1st Provincial President of the United Church Women  Source: Memorable Manitobans Online (Accessed February 2014)
 
Maureen "Mimi" Mitchell Donald Born November 19, 1917, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Died Vancouver, British Columbia September 24, 2012. She became deaf as a toddler and was educated in schools for the deaf in Winnipeg and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. In 1945 she became the 1st teacher of deaf children at the British Columbia Provincial Jericho Hill School for the Deaf, Vancouver. She remained at the school until her retirement in 1978. She was awarded an honorary doctor of laws in 2000 from the University of British Columbia which considered her the 20th centuries most outstanding teacher of the deaf in Canada. She was the 1st woman president of the Vancouver Association of the Deaf and was on the executive of the Western Canadian Association of the Deaf. She was one of only a few Canadians named to the U.S. National Fraternal Society of the Deaf Hall of Fame. She was involved with the production and publication of the Canadian Dictionary of American Sign Language. She refused to take it for granted that the deaf could not attend university and she encouraged and paved the way for many deaf students. Source: “Lives lived” by Stephen McClure. The Globe and Mail November 15, 2012 ; Obituary, The Vancouver Sun.
 
Onésime Dorval

Born August 3, 1845, St. Jérôme ,Lower Canada (Quebec). Died December 10, 1932, Rosthern, Saskatchewan. Onésime was a devoted Roman Catholic Métis. She had hoped to serve with the Sisters of Good Shepherd in New York, U.S.A. but it was felt that her poor health would keep her from being devoted to completing her duties and she did not take her final vows. She had earned her teaching certificate at the Ecole Modèle at St. Jérôme and soon found herself heading for the Canadian North West to apply her trade. She is conceded the 1st certified teacher in Saskatchewan.  In 1877 she travelled to the Red River Settlement at Fort Garry (now Winnipeg). She also taught at St Albert and St. Laurent de Grandin in Saskatchewan, where she helped establish the Our Lady of Lourdes grotto. From 1894-1914 she taught at Batoche No. 1 School District where she also worked as a housekeeper for local clergy and provided board for students were far from home. She went on to Aldina and back to St Laurent de Grandin. She retired from teaching in 1921, living and serving the Sisters of Presentation. It was here that she wrote her memoires. On Jun7, 1954 the Canadian Historic Sites and Monuments Board had her declared a Person of National Historic Significance. August 9, 1969 the Government of Saskatchewan named four small Islands in the North Saskatchewan River, near North Battleford, the Dorvals in her honor. In 1994 the Division scolaire francophone established the Prix Onésime Dorval Award annually presented to exemplary and dedicated teachers. October 2, 2002 a plaque showing her story was unvalued in Duck Lake, Saskatchewan by the Government of Canada. Source: Dorval, Onésime (1845-1932) Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Online (Accessed May 2014)
 

Violet Alice Dryvynsyde Born November 4, 1988. Port Fairy, Australia.  Died October 29, 1969. She came to Vancouver, British Columbia with her family in 1930. After her husband’s death in 1940 she founded the Athlone School, a private school for boys. She opened the school with six pupils. By 1969 it could boast of 230 students. She added to the family income by writing. In 1952 her novel Provoke Silent Dust won third prize in a literary competition, not in Canada but in Australia! Source: The History of Metropolitan Vancouver – Hall of Fame. http://www.ancouverhistory.ca (accessed June 19, 2009)
 
Mary Susanne Edgar Born May 23, 1889, Sundridge, Ontario . Died September 17, 1973. She studied at Havergal College in Toronto and at the University of Chicago before graduating from the National Training School of the Young Women's Christian Association, New York City in 1915. 1920 found her in Japan as a volunteer for the Y.W.C.A. She returned to Canada and purchased land near her home in Sunderland to established a youth camp which opened in 1922. She was the director until her retirement in 1956. She devoted her life to working with young girls and camping and worked not only with the Y.W.C.A. but also with Girl Guides of Canada, Canadian Girls in Training, and the Canadian Camping Association. She wrote several books including Wood-fire and candlelight (Toronto,1945) ; Under open skies (Toronto,1956); The Christmas wreath of verse (Toronto,1967) and Once there was a camper (Toronto,1970) . She also wrote a number of one act plays and hymns.
 
Renée Elaine Elio. Born June 19, 1955. A graduate of Yale University, she earned her Ph.D. at Carnegie Mellon University in 1981.  She is an Associate professor of Computing Science at the University of Alberta. She is the author and co-author of numerous articles in the fields of cognitive psychology, cognitive science and artificial intelligence. 
 
Elizabeth 'Betty' Hepworth Feniak

Born June 17, 1920, near Shoal Lake, Manitoba. Died April 7, 2013, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Completing high school Betty attended the  University of Manitoba, winning an Isbister scholarship on graduating 1st in her Home Economics class. She continued on to earn an MSc in Foods and Nutrition from the University of Minnesota. In 1945, she married geologist Michael Feniak and in 1947 the couple settled Yellowknife, North West Territories. The couple had two children. After the drowning death of her husband in 1949 she relocated her family Winnipeg. She began a teaching career in the Faculty of Home Economics at the University of Manitoba. She would earn her PhD and began serving as Department Head, was Acting Dean, and Associate Dean prior to retirement in 1985. She oversaw one of her graduate students, Charlotte Moore, who piloted the “Meals on Wheels” program. Her community service earned her the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. She was named a “Woman of Distinction” by the YWCA in 1982. Betty also served as President of the Provincial Council of Women, the Canadian Home Economics Association, and Chair of the Canadian Home Economics Foundation. In 1988, she was inducted into the Order of Canada. 1n 2002 she was awarded the  Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal. She was also a life member of the National Council of Women, Manitoba Council of Women, and Manitoba Women’s Institute. Sources: Goldsborough, Gordon.  Elizabeth Hepworth ‘Betty’ Feniak in Memorable Manitobans. Online (Accessed September 2014 ; Obituary. Winnipeg Free Press April 12, 2013,.

Beatrice Ford Watts

 

First Qualified Inuit Teacher in Labrador

Born1932, Nain, Labrador. Died 2004. As a child, her mother was determined that she would get an education so at 6 she was sent of boarding school. Later she would attend Memorial University, Newfoundland, in 1949 and become the 1st Labrador Inuit to qualify as a teacher in 1957. Returning to Labrador she taught, became a principal and later an administrator with the Labrador East Integrated School Board. She developed Inuit programs and Inuktitut immersion classers. As she travelled the area she gathered stories, songs and games reworking them into various Inuit dialects. She also authored a handbook for teachers of Inuktitut. She even introduced the language and stories over the CBC radio. As a young mother of 5 children, she stayed at home running a daycare centre until her own youngest was in school. She was president of the Labrador Native Women’s Association and showed community involvement as the first woman mayor in Labrador. Retiring from teaching she retained community commitment by working on the Labrador Inuit Association Land Claims team. Source: Saskatoon Women’s Calendar Collective. Herstory 2007: the Canadian Women’s Calendar (Regina: Couteau Books, 2006)  pg. 12.
 

Janice Forsyth A member of Fisher Cree First Nation, Manitoba she decided to obtain her post high school education at the University of Western Ontario. She earned her B.A. in 1995 and a  honours diploma in History in 1997. She had always had an interest in sports. Ant twice earned All-Canadian status in cross-country running. In 1995 and 2002 she competed in the North American Indigenous Games for Team Ontario. At this time she also compiled a master’s degree in Aboriginal Sport. Her PhD. research included contemporary Aboriginal sport practices in Canada. In 2005 she began teaching at the University of Manitoba. She has worked as a board member with the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and sport and Physical Activity and she has represented Canada’s Aboriginal sport and recreation.  In 2010 she found herself back at the University of Western Ontario as director of the International Center for Olympic Studies. Source: “Aboriginal Sport Expert guiding Olympic Centre” by Paul Mayne. Alumni Gazette (University of Western Ontario) Spring 2010.
 
Marion Golda Fry Born Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1932. She received her her undergraduate university degree, along with a medal in classics at the University of King's College. After earning her Masters in 1955 she headed to Oxford University in England  for additional studies. She taught at Bishops University and was assistant Dean of Women. She would be the first woman to be President of King's College at Dalhousie University in Halifax.  She moved to Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario where she earned the Symons Award for Excellence in Teaching in 1987. She is also a strong supporter of her community. She has held board positions of Arbor Theatre, the Peterborough United Way. She has been a member of the boards that serve University  Scholarships Canada and the National Library of Canada.
 
Helen Frye

née Kemp. Born 1910, Toronto, Ontario. Died 1986. She studied piano and musical theory at the Hamburg Conservatory of Music, Toronto. In 1929 she enrolled in the Pass Course at Victoria College, Toronto. Upon graduating in 1933 she was offered a position in the education department at the Art Gallery of Toronto by Arthur Lismer, who was a personal friend of her father, a commercial artist. She spent one year at the National Gallery in Ottawa and a year studying at the Courtauld Institute of Art in London, England. Upon her return to Toronto she continued to work at the Gallery, conducting study groups, sending out loan exhibitions, and organizing lectures and concerts. In 1937 she married Northrop Frye, who would become a key literary figure. The young couple had met during their studies at the University of Toronto.  In the late Thirties she worked as a contributing editor and then as art editor for Canadian Forum. From 1943 until 1946 the Toronto Star Weekly employed her as a reprint editor. She devoted much of her spare time to committee work at Victoria College and later, when Northrop Frye became College Principal, took charge of various women’s organizations at the College. Source: Helen Kemp Frye Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Suggestion submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
 

Margaret Gascoigne Born Nottingham, England. Died November 16, 1934, Montreal, Quebec. She was educated in classical studies at Lady Margaret Hall, the 1st college for women at Oxford University. She did not receive and credentials as women at this time were not allowed to receive degrees. She worked in the beginning as a governess and then as a teacher but there were not many job opportunities for women teachers in England at this time. In 1912-1913 she immigrated to Montreal where she originally taught at Miss Camp’s School. She found that she did not share the teaching philosophy of the school. Despite the happening of World War l she opened her own school classes in September 1915 with 6 students. By September 1916 she had 56 girls. On April 15, 1917 she rented a house on borrowed money to accommodate her growing school and by 1918 there was a faculty of 10 women teachers working at what was now called The Study.  On December 29, 1922 the Study Corporation was incorporated and a Board of governors was established. The prestigious school is a proud 100 year old institution of Montreal.
 
Anne Goodman Born November 29, 1950, Johannesburg, South Africa. Died August 1, 2013, Toronto, Ontario. In 1972 she graduated in Occupational Therapy from the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. That same year she married Michael Anderson and the couple immigrated to Canada in 1978 where they could raise their three children. They settled 1st in Leamington, Ontario and then moved to Toronto. In 1988 Anne returned to School and earned her Master’s in Education  and began to teach in adult education and community development at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE). By 1995 she had earned her PhD from the University of Toronto. A year later her marriage ended and she turned even more to her work. In 2003 she Married Michael Wheeler. She became President and co-founder of Interchange: International Institute for Community-based Peace Building Collaborating on Educational and Research projects with likeminded activists around the world. Her work took her to Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Slovakia, Israel, Croatia and other countries. She was also a teacher at the Centre of Peace Studies ad McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. She also co-founded the Voice of Somali Women for Peach, Reconciliation and Political Rights, helping Somali mothers in Toronto. Source: “Building and living in a culture of peace” by Noreen Shanahan. The Globe and Mail, September 19, 2013. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Marie Therese Goulet

Born May 27, 1912 St Boniface, Manitoba. Died 1971. At convent school as a girl her gift for learning languages was noted. She continued her education and earned her teaching degree from Manitoba Normal School. She taught school until her marriage to Joseph H. Courchaine. The couple had five children. During the Great Depression in the 1930’s Marie began teaching again and she spent ten years at public schools and another 12 years at Métis and Indian Schools run by the Oblate Fathers. She also worked for a time at CFRC radio in Gravelbourg, Saskatchewan. She suffered from diabetes losing one of her legs to the disease and it also affected her eyesight. Undaunted she began writing for numerous French and English newspapers who were pleased to publish her works. She even told in one of her articles about how she could write being blind. She was well read in both official languages of her country often under the pen name Marie-Tobie. Source:  Hall of Fame, History of Metropolitan Vancouver web site Accessed April 2013.
 

Alice Maud Dunning Grant

née Fitch. Born 1865 New Minas, Nova Scotia. Died March 1946 Wolfville, Nova Scotia. On June 4, 1885 she became the second woman to graduate from Acadia University. The following year she was the 1st woman to receive a Master’s Degree from Acadia University. From 1989 to 1893 she taught at Acadia Ladies Seminary. In 1893 she moved to Toronto serving as Principal of Moulton College. On June 17, 1896 she married Rev. Donald Grant and the couple moved to Quebec City where their two children were born. In 1904 there were in Strafford, Ontario but soon moved to Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. for Donald’s failing health. By 1906 Alice and her children were settled in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Alice taught Latin and History at Acadia Ladies Seminary until she retired in 1925. After retirement she became librarian at Morse Library at Acadia University. She would become the first woman to serve on the Senate of Acadia University. Source: Biography, Esther Clark Wright Archives, Acadia University online. Accessed April 2013.
 

Marion Elder Grant

Born March 18, 1900 Quebec City, Quebec. Died 1989 Wolfville, Nova Scotia. In 1906 the family moved to Wolfville, Nova Scotia and Marion graduated from Acadia Ladies College in 1921. She taught for a short period of time before returning to school earning her M.A. in Psychology at the University of Toronto.  By 1926 she was professor of education at Baylor College for Women in Texas, U. S. A.  It was during this time that she worked towards her PhD which she received in 1931 from the University of Toronto. The following year she studied at the University of London, England. She returned to work at Acadia Ladies College in the Education Department. By 1939 she was Dean of Women at Acadia and expanded her duties in 1939 to teach in the Psychology Department and by 1960 she was Head of the Department.  She was a founder of the Fundy Medical Health Clinic and practiced at the clinic until 1975. 1949-1953 she was national President of the Canadian Federation of University Women. She later served on the Senate and the Board of Governors for Acadia Ladies College. In 1985 Acadia University named her Woman of the Century to celebrate 100 years of women graduates. The Federation of University Women offers the annual Marion Elder Grant Fellowship Sources: Herstory, the Canadian Women’s Calendar 2006 Coteau Books, 2005 ; Biography, Esther Clark Wright Archives, Acadia University online. Accessed April 2013.
 

Shelagh Dawn Grant. Born June 28,  1938. She completed her studies at the University of Western Ontario, and Trent University. A mother of three children she is a professor of History and Canadian Studies at Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario. She has written numerous articles for various scholastic journals and reviews and a couple of books on the modern history of government policy. She has been editor of various reviews and co-editor for Federalism in Canada and Australia published in 1989.
 
Joan Green Born June 26, 1947, Windsor, Ontario . She did all of her post secondary school studies at the University of Toronto, obtaining a Masters in Education in 1977. She established a career as a teacher, consultant, lecturer, co-ordinator and leader in education . During her career she took time to have two children, and return effort to her community with charity work such as United Way of Greater Toronto. She has received several awards and honours including Woman of the Year for Women in Leadership 1990, Distinguished Educator OISI, 1994, and the Helen Horn Leadership Award 1995, As an author she has published several development works for youth.
 
Frances Hawkins Born 1891, Meaford, Ontario. Died 1979, Hamilton, Ontario. Frances was a missionary for the Anglican Church of Canada out of Hamilton, Ontario. In 1920 she went to serve in Japan where she taught kindergarten in Toyohashi, Matsumoto and Nagaya where she started a kindergarten train school In 1941 with the gathering storm of war she was one of the last foreigner to leave Japan. Returning to Canada she taught in British Columbia at Japanese internment camps. In 1948 she was once again in Japan helping to rebuild kindergartens and a kindergarten training school for teachers. This would become the Ryujo Junior College where she served as the 1st principal. She retired to Hamilton in 1961. Her students continued to write to her long after her retirement a testament of the affection and esteem that she had earned during her Career. Source: It happened in Canada by Emily-Jane Hills Orford. Online Accessed June 2014)
 
Ruth Haythorn

née Richan. Born August 1911, Montreal, Quebec. Died June 2010, Ottawa, Ontario. As a child she had a dream of being a teacher. She attended McGill University, Montreal and 1933 she earned her teaching certificate. In 1938 she married George Haythorn, a Canadian Government official and the couple had two children. She was elected to the Home and School Association of Ottawa and of Ontario as well as the Ottawa Board of Education. She helped establish Algonquin College of the Applied Arts and Technology and served on its’ first board of governors as chair 1967- 69. Also during the 1960’s and 70’s she accompanied her husband on his foreign service positions in Europe, Gabonne and Botswana. In Botswana she helped establish an education program for children and adults. Source: Herstory: Canadian Women’s Calendar 2012 ,Coteau Books, 2011.
 

Helen Battles Hogg-Priestley. née Sawyer. Born Lowell, Massachusetts U.S.A. August 1, 1905. Died January 28, 1993.  An astronomer who joined the teaching staff of the University of Toronto in 1936, she was nominated professor emeritus in 1976.  A world expert who receive numerous honours including being a Companion in the Order of Canada, she took her profession to radio and TV in a clear and understandable manner for all listeners.  She wrote a book, “The Stars Belong to Everyone” .  For her efforts to bring information to the public she was the 1st person to with the Klumpke-Roberts Award and she is also the only Canadian woman to have a minor planet (#2917) named after her!
Frances Esther (Hester) How Born January 29, 1848, Ireland . Died September 22, 1915. She emigrated from Ireland with her family in 1849. In 1866 she graduated from the Toronto Normal School and began teaching in Toronto. In 1881 she was chosen to work at a school for delinquent boys. The school and its students blossomed under her strict but kind leadership and by 1892 classes for girls and 1/2 day classes for newsboys were opened. She started a crèche for baby care, a free lunch Programme, summer camps and arranged health and dental services. She became known as Aunt Hessie. She worked with the Temperance League and anti-tobacco League. In 1912 a new school was called the Hester How School. Upon her retirement she was described as the Jane Addams of Toronto, referring to a famous Chicago reformer in the United States.
 
Anna Gertrude Ingham Born October 15, 1911, Seeleys Bay, Ontario. At 12 she and her family moved to the Canadian west. In 1933-1934 she attended Normal School (Teachers’ College) in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan . She married Austin Ingram and the couple had two children. Her 1st job as teacher in 1934 was in a one room rural Saskatchewan school with 40 students from grade 1 through grade 10. The family moved several times throughout Saskatchewan and Anna taught whenever she could. They finally settled in 1956 in Yorkton, Saskatchewan. In order to help her students she created visual and verbal jingles so that the children could leant tricky rules of English spelling. In 1967 she published a book, The Blended Sound-Sight Method of learning. Her work encouraged generations of students. She retired from teaching in the classroom in 1972 but continued to spread the word about her teaching methods. The Blend Sight-Sound method spread throughout Canada, the rest of North America and even to Japan. In 1973 she was asked to teach her method at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1993 she received the Canada 125 Commemorative medal and in 1994 she was inducted into the Order of Canada. In 2007 she received the Saskatchewan Order of Merit. She continued presenting workshops well into her 90’s. She is the definition of true dedication to the profession of teaching. Sources; Herstory 2006. The Canadian Women’s Calendar (Coteau Books, 2005) ; Good spirit School Division, Yorkton Saskatchewan. Anna Gertrude Ingham Biography. http://gssd.ca (Accessed November 2014.
 
Anna "Annie" Bruce Jamieson

Born. 1871, Leeds, Quebec. Died January 23, 1952, Vancouver, British Columbia. In 1904 she earned her BA at the University of Manitoba.  She taught in Manitoba before moving to Vancouver's Dawson School in 1907. From 1908-27, taught at King Edward High School where she served as vice principal for ten years. She was elected to the Vancouver School Board and served from 1929 through 46. She also served as a member of the Senate of the University of British Columbia and the Board of Governors  from 1936 to 1942). She was a member of the British Columbia Library Board and was awarded a life membership for her 30 years of service. Annie was a founding member, University Women's Club. A Vancouver elementary school is named in her honour.  Source: The Vancouver Hall of Fame online (Accessed November 2012)
 

June Caroline Kander née Worsley. Born 1927? New Zealand. Died December 26, 2004. An accomplished professional with thirty years experience in the areas of linguistics, education and curriculum development she made education her lifetime avocation. She earned several post graduate degrees including PhD courses in 1994. Long after most professionals retired to a more inactive lifestyle she continued to use and share her knowledge and life energies with those in need. Her endeavors would take her to Laos, Kuwait, Yemen, Egypt, and Hong Kong. As a volunteer for two years for the World University Service of Canada (WUSC) she developed Literature Resource materials and Writing Resources for the National University in Laos in addition to the regular English Language teaching duties. She assisted in the reestablishment of programs at Kuwait University after the Gulf War and worked in her home Canada in the design and delivery of the Curriculum for McGill University Intensive Language Program. She was also a counselor to Canadian Immigrants for the Government of Quebec. Ms Kinder died in the tsunami in Asia in 2004.
 
Verna Jane Kirkness

Born 1935 Fisher River Reserve, New Brunswick. Her Haida Name is Ni-Jing-Jada which translates as Longhouse Lady. After High School she attended summer school for her teacher’s permit. Her first teaching position was with a Métis community in a one room school in Manitoba. After taking additional courses she returned to the Fisher River Reserve where she became principal . In 1959 through 1961 she taught at a residential school in Western Manitoba but soon became a counselor for aboriginal students in Winnipeg. She collaborated in the publication of  an Aboriginal Based Social Studies for primary grades. By 1970 she was with the Manitoba Department of Education working to allow primary education in Aboriginal languages and forced development of Cree and Ojibwa readers. The following year she was educational director for the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and contributed to a national committee publishing a report aiding in launching education reforms and closure of residential schools. In 1974 she was in Ottawa, helping to implement the report. By 1975 she had earned her B.A. at the University of Manitoba followed by her Bachelor of Education and Master’s of Education. In 1984 she became Director of Native Education and by 1987 had founded the First Nations House of Learning at the University of British Columbia and in the following years a longhouse was built to house the First Nations Centre dedicated May 25, 1993. The University of British Columbia offers an award in Aboriginal Education in her honour. She was invested as a member of the Order of Canada in 1999. Sources: Honor Song: A Tribute by Barbara Hagar Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1996. : Order of Canada Online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Mary Ellen Knox Born England October 4,1858. Died January 24,1924. A well established teacher in the United Kingdom she came to Canada in 1894 to be the first principal of the newly established Havergal Ladies College, a private school in Toronto. This administrator , who laid the foundation for one of the most prestigious ladies colleges in Canada, remained at her position until her death in 1924. She wrote test books and educational works entitled Bible Lessons for Schools. (three volumes) (London 1907-1908) and The Girl of the New Day (Toronto, 1919).
 
Elizabeth Legge. Born March 25, 1952. After university studies in Toronto and England she became a curator of Fine Arts and worked at in Winnipeg before returning to the University of Toronto to teach post 1945 art and be curator at the U of T Art College. She is also and author and editor in her field. Her personal recreation is to create soft sculpture  caricatures.  
 
Anna Harriette Leonowens. née Crawford. Born Caernarvon, Wales November 5, 1834. Died January 19, 1915.  As a young widow she established a school in Singapore, then in Siam she was teacher at court.  She wrote 2 novels based on her experience and the 2nd novel would become the basis for the book “Anna and the King of Siam” which in turn became the base for the 1951 play “The King and I”. She moved to Halifax in 1976 and was the founding secretary of the Halifax Council of Women.  She eventually retired to Montreal.
 
Martha Hamm Lewis Born October 4, 1831 Lewisville (Moncton), New Brunswick. Died November 20, 1892, Saint John, New Brunswick. Her father died when she was an infant and she and her brothers and sisters were brought up by their loyalist grandfather. At this time it was the custom that only men became teachers and attended Normal School (Teachers college) in either Fredericton or Saint John in New Brunswick. Martha’s 1st application to the Saint John Training School (teachers College) was turned down but she countered with a letter to Sir Edmund Walker Head who was the 1st civilian lieutenant governor of the province of New Brunswick.  Head ruled that Martha was eligible and an order-in-council was passed directing that Miss Lewis be admitted to the school. She graduated in 1849.  She was however warned that the Executive Council would not be responsible for any adverse effects of her decision. It was felt that having a woman in the classroom would disrupt the students, Martha was ordered to enter the call ten minutes before the male students and to leave five minutes before the class ended. She was also told to sit at the back of the classroom and wear a veil and not to speak to any of the young male student teachers! She completed her Normal School in 1850 and became licensed to teach outside of the city of Saint John. It took three years for her to be licensed to teach in the city itself. Martha married a grocery retailer, Alexander Nevers Peters on May 15, 1856 thus retiring from teaching. By 1856, there were almost twice as many female students as male students at the school. The couple would have 4 daughters. In 1852 49 of the 92 students at the Normal School in Saint John were women. Sources: Elizabeth W. McGahan, “LEWIS, MARTHA HAMM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 12, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed December 21, 2015, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/lewis_martha_hamm_12E.html. ; New Brunswick Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Celebrating Achievers; Behind Every Successful Woman Are All the Women Who Came Before Her., September 2002. Online (accessed January 2016)
 
Nellie Margaret Lewis Born Orangeville, Ontario 1892. Died May 18, 1956. She was on the staff of the Ontario Council of Christian Education for 40 years. She became an expert in recreation and wrote several books on games and playing including Games and Parties the Year Round (Toronto, 1938) and Boys and Girls at Play (Toronto, 1946).
 
Terry Litovitz Born Poland 1949. Died March 2005. After her father had fallen out of favor with Moscow communists the family moved to Israel and in 1960 settled in Canada. It is said that she took coursed in accounting because it meant less time in school than to study law. Yet after later in life she would go on to take her Masters in Business Administration. After working as a chartered accountant she discovered that she enjoyed teaching and she settled and spent 25 years at Scarborough campus of the University of Toronto. Most often students found her very strict and demanding. However, the stronger students could see beyond the intimidation to become aware of a professor who cared enough to provide students with a strong foundation required by their chosen profession. Her students, like her family, were always her main concerns. Before her death she created the Terry Litovitz Merit Award in management for students.
 
Meg Luxton. Born February 28, 1946. She is a professor in women's studies who co-founded the excellent Women's Studies Program at the University of Toronto. She has served on various committees including the National Action Committee on the Status of Women. Her writings on the history of women include: More than a Labour of Love : Three Generations of Women's Work in the Home . Check out her books at your local library. 
 
Blanche Macdonald

née Brillon. Born May 11, 1931, Faust, Alberta. Died June 8, 1985, Vancouver, British Columbia.  A busy housewife and mother of two in 1961 she took on the job of opening a modeling agency and self-improvement school which she later expanded to include fashion, esthetics and make-up artistry training. As CEO of the Native Communications Society of B.C. she launched a journalism program for Native students which produced it’s own newspaper for the aboriginal community. She was a founding member, Vancouver's First Woman's Network and a board member of the Better Business Bureau, the Modeling Association of America, the Professional Native Woman's Association and the Vancouver Indian Centre. In 1985 she received the YWCA Woman of Distinction Award for Business and the Professions. After her death the new owner of the school operates it under the name of The Blanche Macdonald Center, a private college with tow campus’ in Vancouver.  Source: the Vancouver Hall of Fame Online  ; The Blanche Macdonald Centre. (accessed November 2012.)
 

Isabel Frances Leith Macdonald Born January 17, 1917, Tamsui, Taiwan. Died January 16, 2013. Her medical father took the family with him on his international work trips. Her first language was actually Chinese learned from her Chinese nanny. She took an interest in acting while studying at the University of Toronto. Shortly after she married Ross Macdonald. In 1938 she spent three seasons with the Mohawk Drama Festival, Schenectady, New York, U.S.A.. From 1940 thought 1950 she acted, directed with the Ottawa (Ontario) Drama League. She then began a long 24 year career sharing her love of drama with students at East York Collegiate , Toronto, where she became Department Head. She also worked with the College Drama Festival sponsored by Simpson’s department stores. Plays were presented at Hart House on the University of Toronto Campus. She established the 1st Grade 13 Theatre Art Program in Ontario as well as the 1st television and film courses in the borough of East York (Now Greater Toronto) She produced a documentary on the 1930’s Korea. Her television, theatre and film work has been preserved by the Canadian Broadcast Museum Foundation. Source: Lives Lived by Stephanie Macdonald, The Globe and Mail June 12, 2013.
 
Aletta Elise Marty Born Mitchell, Ontario 1865. Died May 10, 1929. She earned her B.A. at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario and her M.A in 1895 with an L.L.D in 1921. She was a school teacher who was interested in the administration of her profession in became the first woman appointed inspector of Public Schools in Toronto. She wrote for her profession The Principles and Practice of Oral Reading (Toronto, 1904) and An Education Creed (Toronto, 1921.
 
Sister Dorothy Moore Born Sydney, Nova Scotia October 13, 1933. She earned her BA at St. Francis Xavier University and then on to her Bachelor in Education and a M Ed in 1984 at Mount St Vincent University. She has earned a position of an respected Elder of the Mi’kmaw (Mi’Kmaq) devoting a life time of service in education, preservation and restoration of the Mi’kmaw language and culture. She taught in public and reserve schools for many years before joining University College of Cape Breton as native education coordinator and native studies consultant. The school grew from 9 to 200 native students in just 10 years. She has served on numerous committees and boards including the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission. She enjoys theatre as both an actor, costume director and Mi’kmaw singer. In 1989 she received the Stephen Hamilton Award for outstanding achievement in education. In 1990 she was the Atlantic Educator of Innovation of the year. She is proud to have the Eagle Feather Award as well as honorary degrees from Mount St. Vincent and University College of Cape Breton. In 2003 she received the Order of Nova Scotia. Sources: The order of Nova Scotia http://www.gov.ns.ca/prot.2006recipients.htm (accessed August 12, 2008; Canadian Who’s Who 2005 ; University of Toronto Press, 2006.
 
Mary Hrnchuk Pankiw Born 1923, Brooklands, Manitoba. In 1942, after high school she earned a First Class Teaching Certificate beginning a 40 year love affaire with teaching. In 1950 she married another teacher, Alexander Pankiw. The couple had 5 children. While she was raising her family she earned her Bachelor of Arts from the University of Manitoba in 1965. In 1967 she received the Canada Centennial Medal. Although widowed in 1968 she earned her Bachelor of Education followed by a Master’s Degree in Education. Next she earned a PhD from the Ukraine Free University. She also taught music and found time to be president of the Winnipeg Council of Women and volunteer with the Ukrainian Canadian Women’s Council. She would also serve on the Senate of the University of Manitoba from 1982-1988. In 1998 she won the Woman of Distinction Award from the Winnipeg YWCA and was listed in Chatelaine’s Who’s Who of Canadian Women. In 2006 she travelled to Kyiv, Ukraine to the International Conference of women. In her spare time she wrote a successful children’s book. In 2011 she received the Eira “Babs” Friesen Award for lifetime achievement from the YWCA in Winnipeg. Source: Herstory 2008: The Canadian Women’s Calendar (Coteau Books, 2007) : Winnipeg YWCA Online (Accessed January 2013)
 
Elizabeth Parr-Johnston

née Parr.  Born New York, N.Y. U.S.A. 1939. “Liz” earned her B.A. at Wellesley College and went on to earn her M.A. in Economics at Yale University in 1962.She moved to Canada and taught at the University of Western Ontario, the University of British Columbia and Carleton University. In 1971 she went to the U.S.A. briefly to teach at Wesleyan University. Returning to Canada she worked at several positions in the Federal Civil Service. In 1974 she received her PhD in Economics from Yale University. She served in senior administrative posts at Inco and Shell Canada. In 1982 she married Archibald F. Johnston (died January 23, 2010). The couple had a total of six children from previous marriages. In 1991 through 1996 she served as the 8th President and Vice-Chancellor of Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1996 through 2002 she was the first woman and 16th President of the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton. In 2005 she was appointed to a senior position by the Minister of Finance for Canada. February 22, 2008 she was installed as a member of the Order of Canada for her important contributions to educational and volunteer sectors , creating increased opportunities for women . Sources: Canadian Who’s Who (University of Toronto, 2006) : Council of Canadian Academies online. Web site of Order of Canada. (Accessed October 2011)
 

Nellie Lyle Pattinson Born October 24, 1878, Bowmanville, Ontario. Died 1953. In 1907 she attended courses at the University of Toronto in Household Sciences. She was a physiological chemistry instructor until 1915 when she began to teach at Central Technical School in Domestic Sciences, Toronto, Ontario. In 1917 she wrote a book of recipes developed at the Central Technical School. By 1920 she was the Director of Domestic Sciences at the school. The book royalties she received were a welcome boost to her rather low teaching salary. For a short time she worked endorsing Quaker Oats Cake Flower. An annual award, in her name, was presented to students intending to teach home economics. Since she was established in her field it is easy to see why in 1923 she was chosen to edit the Canadian Cook Book published by Ryerson Press. It would see 20 printings from 1923 through 1951. It was Canada’s 1s mass-produced cookbook. It emphasized good nutrition and informed readers of the development of household science and economic courses. Chicken was an expensive purchase during this era so there were very few chicken recipes. It is interesting to note that the word “Cookie” was American and recipes for these were listed under “Small Cakes”. Helen included lots of colourful pickling and chili sauce recipes to brighten up the winter table. Nellie’s work was updated 1953 but she felt that she was too old to face the rather large task. She was replaced as Editor by two women, Helen Wattie and Elinor Donaldson. Some of the later printings used the title Nellie Lyle Pattinson’s Canadian Cook Book. Source: “Cooking with Nellie” by Susan Goldenberg, The Beaver, October/November 2005.
 
Mabel Phoebe Peters Born Saint John, New Brunswick June 12, 1861. Died August 30, 1914. In 1847 she and her sister became the proprietors of the family hotel. By 1900 she was a known lecturer and gave a paper at the 1901 National Council of Women on vacation schools and playgrounds and the benefits of these on the lives of young students. From 1902 to 1914 she was the convener of the Committee to Promote Playgrounds and Vacation Schools. She was also and active member of the Playground Association of America. She was also known for her strong suffragist attitude.
 
Martha C. Piper

Born Lorain, Ohio, U.S.A. She studied for the B.Sc at the University of Michigan in 1967. Moving to the University of Connecticut she earned her MA and in 1979 she received her PhD at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec. Her distinguished career would lead her to western Canada to work at the University of Alberta and then as President and Vice Chancellor at the University of British Columbia in 1997. She also has served on numerous boards and committees including the Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation. She became an Officer in the Order of Canada in 2003. In 2004 she was awarded the Educator of the Year and recognized as one of Canada’s most powerful Top 100 women. In 2005 she received the Order of British Columbia. Suggested Resources: Canadian Who’s Who 2006 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press) 
 

Nancy Purvis Born ca 1790. Died April 9, 1839, Bridgetown, Nova Scotia. Little is known of Nancy’s early life. She married James Purvis and the couple had three daughters. Nancy became a widow with the death of her husband on April 15, 1830. Left with no option but to work to support her daughters Nancy 1st attempted a millenary business but it was short lived. Soon after she advertised the opening of a school where she and her daughters would teach young ladies. She would open later the Purvis School, again with the help of her daughters as teachers. It was noted at the time that it was a model of its time. The 4 women provided opportunity for girls to be educated at a time when education opportunities were lacking in Nova Scotia. Nancy’s history shows the efforts that widows were forced to make in order to make a life for themselves. Source: Wendy L. Thorpe and Julie Morris, “PURVIS, NANCY,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 7, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed January 30, 2015, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/purvis_nancy_7E.html.
 
Alice Ravenhill Born Epping Forrest, Essex , England March 31, 1859. Died May 27, 1954. Before emigrating to Canada she had built up a sold reputation as a lecturer and author on public health. She was co-author of Household Administration ( New York, 19110. She arrived in Canada in 1911 on the west coast as a welfare worker with aboriginals. She became extremely interested in the lives of the people she worked with, their spirits, their crafts and their very way of life. She would produce several books on west coast Indian lore including Native Tribes of Pacific Canada (Victoria, 1938) and A corner Stone of Canadian Culture: an Outline of the Arts and Crafts of the Indian Tribes of British Columbia (Victoria, 1953. She would receive an honorary degree from the University of British Columbia in 1948 as recognition of her efforts on behalf of the native peoples.
 
Eliza Ritchie. Born Halifax, Nova Scotia May 20, 1856. Died September 5, 1935. An educator, feminist and author in 1889 Eliza received her Ph.D. from Cornell University in the United States. She is probably the first Canadian woman to have received a doctor of letters. Her appointment to the Dalhousie University board of governors in 1919 is also a first for Canadian women.
 
Anne Douglas Savage. Born Montreal, Quebec July 27, 1896. Died March 25, 1971. She was a pioneer in teaching children’s art. Her own works matured showing a lyrical quality and late in life she was attracted to the abstract form of painting. She was a teacher to several rising young Canadian artists.
 
Ruth Schiller. (née Boswell)  Born October 29, 1931.   This mother of three children has been a leader and music specialist for over 30 years. A conductor, adjudicator and lecturer she has represented Canada numerous times at the International Society of Music Education. She has been awarded the André Thadée Bourque and Louise Manny Award for Excellence in Music, the Centennial Award, the Leslie Bell Choral Award, the Paul Harris Fellow Award and recognized by the New Brunswick Teachers Association for outstanding contribution to education in the province. She was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1992.
 
Hide H. Shimizu Hide was the first Japanese Canadian to teach in a public School. World War ll was a dark period of Canadian history when Canadians of Japanese descent were placed in detention camps. Hide was one of the detainees. Living in the camps, Hide organized classes for the children of the camps to ensure they received an education. Later as a supervisor of trencher training she assisted in assuring proper social adjustment of Japanese evacuees in the Toronto area. On June 21, 1982, Hide was awarded the Order of Canada for her dedication to teaching and helping others. Source: Japanese Canadian Timeline online. (Accessed June 2012)
 
Janice Gross Stein

Born 1943. Janice earned her B.A. at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec then attended Yale University in the U.S.A. for her masters degrees before returning to Montreal and McGill for her PhD. In 1982 she joined the faculty at the University of Toronto. She is Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is also Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management, Department of Political Science, University of Toronto. She has received the Monson prize from the Canada Council for outstanding contributions by a social scientist in public debate. In 2003 she was awarded the Trudeau Fellow Mershon Prize. She as authored over 80 books, book chapters, and articles on intelligence, international security, negotiation, peace-making and public policy. She is regularly consulted by CBC news broadcasting. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada she has served on many international boards and advisory groups including memberships in the working group on Middle East Negotiations and the U.S. Institute of Peace. She is n honourary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a member of the Order of Canada (2006) and in 2007 received the Order of Ontario. Sources: Order of Canada : Order of Ontario: University of Toronto.
 

Emoke Jolan Ezsebet Szathmary

Born Ungvar, Hungary January 25, 1944. She emigrated to Canada and studied for her BA at the University of Toronto. By 1974 she had received her PhD. That same year she married George Alexander. The couple have two children. Her academic career began at Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario and then to McMaster University, Hamilton Ontario. By 1989 she was Dean of Faculty, School of Social Sciences at the University of Western Ontario , London, Ontario where she went on to hold positions of Provost and Vice President (Academic). The family settled in Manitoba in 1996 where Emoke is President and Vice Chancellor of the University of Manitoba. While working full time as a mother and academic administrator she was editor for the Journal of Physical Anthropology (1995-2001) and President of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthology as well as writing numerous published articles and papers. In 2003 she became a member of the Order of Canada. The next year she was named one of Canada’s top 100 most powerful women by the Women’s Executive Network and the Richard Ivy School of Business. She was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2005. Suggested sources : Canadian Who’s Who 2006 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press)
 

Elizabeth Hillman Waterston Born Montreal, Quebec April 18, 1922. She received both her BA and her PhD at the University of Toronto. She has been a teacher at Sir George Williams University, Montreal, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, and the University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario where she held most recently the status of Professor Emeritus. She was a founding member of the Association of Canadian University Teachers of English and of the Association for Canadian and Quebec Literatures. In the late 1970's she was the president of the Humanities Association of Canada and is the founding editor of Canadian Children's Literature. She is also well known for her editorial expertise from working on the Selected Journals of L. M. Montgomery (1985, 1987 and 1992) as well as co-author of Writing a life: L. M. Montgomery (1994). She also shred authoring of Silenced sextet:  six 19th Century women novelists (1993)
 
Helen Pauline Wattie Born September 1, 1911, Bracebridge, Ontario. Died October 22, 2009. After earning her B.A. and her Master’s in Education, Helen taught food, nutrition and home management (Home Economics) at various schools throughout Ontario including Weston, and St. Catharines. At Kirkland Lake, Ontario she was Vice-principal at the local high school. She also participated in a teaching exchange which took her to Edmonton, Alberta. Helen also taught at Ryerson Community College, (Now Ryerson University). In 1953 she and Eleanor Donaldson revised the Canadian Cookbook, taking over from Nellie Lyle Pattinson (1878-1953). This new edition was reprinted well into the 1970’s. When she retired from teaching in Ontario she signed up with the Canadian University Students Overseas (CUSO) and taught in Ghana, West Africa. Source: Obituary, The Globe and Mail October, 2009.
 
Lorna B. Williams Born September 27, 1947, Mount Currie, British Columbia. Born prematurely she was a sickly child but grew up in a happy large often extended family filled with sounds of instruction and laughter. She registered in nursing school but soon found western methods rather cold and clinical and knew it was not for her. Instead of nursing she worked as a home school co-ordinatior between school districts and the community. She learned that there was little to no understanding of different cultures. She worked at the University of British Columbia finding homes for Aboriginal Students. She then worked with Canada World Youth which helped young people to learn employable skills. This job took her for a time to Malaysia. Once more at home, she decided to live off the land and come to the conclusion that she needed to help Aboriginal youth. She created a program to help teachers relate to Aboriginal students and encouraged teaching of native culture. She found success with her program by working with Simon Fraser University, British Columbia. She earned a position as assistant professor and director of Aboriginal Teacher Education at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. She also holds a Canada Research Chair in indigenous knowledge and learning. She has written a social studies book, Exploring Mount Currie for primary grades. She has co-directed an educational video First Nations: the Circle Unbroken. She earned the Outstanding teacher Award, the Dedicated to Kids Award and has been inducted into the Order of British Columbia. Source: Great Women from our First Nations by Kelly Fournel (Second Story Press, 2003)
 
Alice Evelyn Wilson. Born August 26, 1881, Coberg, Ontario. Died April 15, 1964. A paleontologist who worked at the Geological Survey of Canada, where she described fossils in papers and books.  She lectured and traveled to bring geology to the public, especially children. In 1937 she was the 1st woman to be elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
 
Mary Matilda Winslow Born Fredericton, New Brunswick. In 1901 Tillie /Tilly became the 1st Black woman to attend a university  in New Brunswick, graduating from the University of New Brunswick in 1905. She earned a Bachelor of Arts, and the Montgomery Campbell Prize for excellence in classics. Unable to get a teaching position in New Brunswick she went on to teach in Halifax, Nova Scotia for a short time before moving to the United States. She married Frances P. MacAlpine and became a music teacher and Dean of the Normal Department at Central College in Birmingham, Alabama in 1906. By 1916 she had settled in Springfield, Massacheutts teaching at Springfield College. In 1950 she relocated to Detroit Michigan, U.S.A.  Source: New Brunswick Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Celebrating Achievers; Behind Every Successful Woman Are All the Women Who Came Before Her., September 2002. Online (accessed January 2016)
 
Historians and Archivists    TOP OF PAGE
Kathleen Barrett Blanchard
Music Historian

Born 1872,  England. Died 1954, Vancouver, British Columbia.  she came to Winnipeg with her husband around 1920. In 1940 she began writing for the Winnipeg Free Press about the history of church music; her column was called “Romance of Our Hymns.” She ultimately published five books, including The Gossamer Thread (1937) and Stories of Popular Hymns (c1939).She moved to Vancouver in 1953. Source: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J. M. Bumsted University of Manitoba Press, 1999: Memorable Manitobans. Online (accessed December 2011)

Mary Lile Benham Born October 8, 1914, Winnipeg, Manitoba.  Died Winnipeg  January 26, 1991. She started writing for the Winnipeg Free Press during World War ll writing a column entitled “What Can I Do?”. After retirement, she wrote a number of biographies of famous Canadians for schoolchildren, as well as much local history, including a history of St. George’s Church in the Winnipeg neighborhood of Crescentwood. She won the 1984 YWCA Woman of the Year award. Her papers are held in the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections. Sources: Obituary, Winnipeg Free Press, 29 January 1991, page 32. Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J. M. Bumsted University of Manitoba Press, 1999
 
Lorna Lucille Bergey (née Shantz) Born May 29,1921, Wilmot, Township, Wellington County, Ontario. Died March 22, 2009, Cambridge, Ontario. Lorna was a Mennonite Historian who gathered the local oral history and wrote about the stories she was told. Lorna Married David D. Bergey. The couple had two sons. She was active not only in local historical groups such as the Waterloo Historical Society and the Doon Heritage Crossroads but also with the Historical Committee of the Mennonite Church of North America and the Pennsylvania German Folklore Society of Ontario. In 1965 she was a founding Board Member of the Mennonite Historical Society of Ontario where she served as secretary for 32 years. She assisted in the production of several films and plays, and the production of the Mennonites in Ontario booklets by J. Winfield Fretz and Marlene Epp. Lorna developed and led many tours of "Mennonite country" for individuals and bus groups, including the tours led during the Mennonite Bicentennial in 1986. She also served as secretary of the Mennonite Bicentennial Commission, and was historian for the Mennonite Conference of Ontario for many years. She took an active role in establishing and setting up the Brubacher House Museum on the University of Waterloo Campus. She was the 1st archivist of the Mennonite Archives of Ontario located at Conrad Grebel College. She authored numerous article on Mennonite history for the publications of the organizations to which she was active as well as for the Mennonite Encyclopedia. In 1993 she was presented with the Joseph Schneider Haus Volunteer Award. In 1999 she was the recipient of the Kitchener Seniors Advisory Award of Distinction. In 2001 she earned the Waterloo Regional Heritage Foundation Award of Excellence followed in 2007 with the Mennonite Historical Society of Canada’s Award of Excellence. Family and friends raised funds to have the Archives Office named in her honour. Source: Waterloo Regional Hall of Fame. Online. (Accessed July 2014) ; Find a grave. Online Accessed July 2014)
 
Phyllis Ruth Blakeley Born August 2, 1922 Halifax, Nova Scotia. Died October 25, 1986.  Phyllis attended Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia where she earned her Bachelor of Education, and  her Master of Arts degrees. In 1945 she began working as a research assistant at the Public Archives of Nova Scotia. She published Glimpses of Halifax: a Brief History in 1956. She also contributed 31 historical biographies to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography. In 1978 she was inducted as a Member of the Order of Canada and the following year she was made Rising through the ranks she became the 1st woman to be Provincial Archivist in 1982. She retired in 1985. In 1988 the DR. Phyllis R. Blakeley Award for Archival Excellence, granted to member institutions and organizations in good standing with the Council of Nova Scotia Archives was created. Source: Obituary, Archivaria, Association of Canadian Archivists.
 
Evelyn Laura Brandon Born May 11, 1911, Souris, Manitoba. Died December 18, 1998, Souris, Manitoba. She was the daughter of a farmers John and Mildred Brandon. In 1967 she helped to set up the Hillcrest Museum, Souris, and wrote six books on local history, including two about the Souris area. She left the farm in 1980 and moved into a house in Souris where she resided until 1997. Sources: Obituary, Brandon Sun, 7 January 1999, page 15.; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online. Accessed December 2011)
 
Ruth Matheson Buck (née Matheson) Born November 24, 1905, St Barnabas Anglican Mission, Onion Lake First Nations, Saskatchewan. Died July 6, 2009, Pilot Butte, Saskatchewan. In 1928 she graduated from the University of Manitoba and earned her teaching certificate. She taught in Manitoba and later in Saskatchewan. In 1933 she married Geoffrey J. Buck and the couple had one daughter. In 1946 the family settled in Regina, Saskatchewan. In 1953 she was elected to the Regina Collegeate Board and served as Chair when the board amalgamated in 1966 with the Public School Board. In 1967 she was elected to Regina’ 1st Board of Education. After her retirement from teaching she turned her energies toward writing. She wrote articles telling of the history of Saskatchewan and the prairies. In 1973 she published the book, Voices of the Plains Cree followed the next year by a biography of her mother, The Doctor Rode Sidesaddle. In 1974 a Regina elementary school was named in her honour. Source: Ruth M. Buck Fonds. Saskatchewan Archival Information Network. Online (Accessed April 2014)
 
Janet Carnochan Born Stamford, Ontario November 14, 1839. Died March 31, 1926. A teacher and historian She worked tirelessly for the Niagara Historical Society in Ontario. She would author several local church histories in the 1890's before publishing the History of Niagara (Toronto, 1914.
 
Margaret Conrad Margaret attended Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia earning her B.A. in 1967. She continued her studies at the University of Toronto where she earned her M.A. She earned her PhD while working at Acadia University in 1971. She continued teaching at Acadia until 2002. IN 1973 she co-founded the women’s study program at Acadia. She helped found ATLANTIS which fought for use of non-sexist language . She also served on the Historic Sites and Monuments Board and sought to have women and visible minorities included as persons of Historical Significance. She served as president of the Canadian History Association and also on the Board of directors of Canada’s National History Society. She authored a biography on Ellen Fairclough, the first woman cabinet minister , and published diaries of rural Nova Scotia women. In 2002 she was awarded the Canada Research Chair in Atlantic Studies at the University of New Brunswick. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and has received the Order of Canada. Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008  (Saskatoon Women's Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007)
 
Afua Cooper

Born November 8, 1957, Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica. She emigrated to Canada in 1980 and settled in Toronto, Ontario. She earned her BA at the University of Toronto, her MA at OISIE (Ontario Institute for Studies in Education) and returned to the University of Toronto for her PhD in Canadian History. She specializes in history of slavery and abolition and is recognized as an expert on Women’s history in New France. She was the winner of the Harry Jerome Award for Professional Excellence and in 1994 she won the Joseph Brant Award for History for her book. We’re Rooted Here and They Can’t Pull U Up: Essays in African Canadian Women’s History. She also an accomplished poet and has published four books of poetry before 2014. In 2009 she held the Chair of the Wynn Woodward Endowed chair of the Department of Women’s Studies, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia. IN May 2009 she founded the Black Canadian Studies Association and became the interim Chair. She is the chair of the James Robinson Johnson Black Canadian Studies at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
 

Catherine Matilda Day née Townsend. Born East Farnham, Lower Canada (Quebec) January 1, 1815. Died August 24, 1899. A well known area historian she would write the "Pioneers of the Eastern Townships (Montreal, 1863) and "History of the Eastern Townships (Montreal, 1869).
 
Cora Alida de Jong Greenaway Born Medan, Indonesia July 4, 1921. Her senior schooling which was in Italy and The Netherlands was interrupted in World War ll when Cora became an active member o the Dutch resistance to the Germans , taking many dangerous assignments. She and her husband Major William Greenaway settled in Nova Scotia where the journalist/broadcaster took an active interest in preserving the history of her adopted home province. She discovered the Croscup Painted Parlour” the finest sample of decorative decor painting and spent 20 years fighting for its preservation. It is now housed in the National Gallery of Canada. It was one of many preservation projects that she would touch. In 1959 she spearheaded the first Heritage Trust in Canada and paved the path for the formation of Heritage Canada in 1973. She is a welcome lecturer through the International Committee of sites and Monuments. In 1995 she received the order of Canada which was followed by numerous additional awards including the Cultural Life Award and the Order of Nova Scotia. She has received honourary degrees from St. Mary’s University, Halifax, Mount St. Vincent University and the Dartmouth Heritage Award. She was honoured with the silver medal from the Royal Society of Arts of the United Kingdom as well as the Canada 125 medal and the Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal. Sources. Protocol Office – Order of Nova Scotia Http://www.gov.ns.ca/prot/2006recipients.html (Accessed August 12, 2008. ; Canadian Who’s Who 2006 Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.
 
Olive Patricia Dickason Born Winnipeg, Manitoba  March 6, 1920. Died March 12, 2011. A child of an English father and Métis mother, she was raised in the remote Northern Manitoba woods. Completing  her high school via correspondence, she continued and received her B.A. at Notre Dame College, Wilcox, Saskatchewan. She became a journalist and a reporter, working her way to women’s editor for the Montreal Gazette and the Toronto Globe and Mail. At 50 years of age, with her three daughters grown, she returned to academic studies earning a M.A. and then in 1977 her PhD in history. She then became a professor and scholar, and is considered one of Canada’s foremost historians contributing greatly to understanding of Aboriginal and Métis peoples. The prestigious work Canada’s First Nations: a history of founding peoples was in its 4th edition in 2009. In 1996 she became a member of the Order of Canada and in 1997 she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation in 1977. Source: Personal knowledge also Obituary, The Ottawa Citizen March 2011.
 
Matilda Edgar née Ridout. Born Toronto, Ontario September 29, 1844. Died September 29, 1910. She became Lady Edgar upon her marriage to Sir James David Edgar but she was on her own a well established historian who would pen such works as Ten years of Upper Canada, in peace and war (Toronto, 1904) and A colonial Governor in Maryland which was published after her death.
 
Marie B. Elwood She studied at Victoria College and Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. As Chief Curator of History 1973-1992 she added significant historic houses to the Nova Scotia Museum. She also located and worked to repatriate important artifacts, paintings and documents from England, Scotland and the United States. She was an instructor at the Nova Scotia College of Art where she willingly shared her knowledge of ceramics. She catalogued and published the King’s College Weldon Collection, one of the oldest collections of ceramics in Canada and a catalogue of the contents of Government House in Nova Scotia. She served as President of the American Ceramic Circle of the Metropolitan Museum, New York City, New York, U.S.A. She published The Egyptian Album of John Elliot Wolford: Original Watercolours, (2009). This collection resides at the National Gallery of Canada. She also served as a Research Associate of the Canadian Museum of Civilization. Source: Protocol Office – Order of Nova Scotia Past Recipients, 2012. Online (Accessed March 2013)
 
Georgiana "Gina" Danielle Feldberg Born April 30, 1956, Calcutta, India. Died Toronto, Ontario, July 10, 2010. Her father’s job took the family to multiple homes. The moved to England, New York, U.S.A., Brazil Switzerland and Belgium. For her university studies she chose Harvard University and graduated in 1989 with a doctorate in the history of Science. She married Robert Vipond, a political science professor at the University of Toronto, and the couple had one daughter. Gina was passionate about the social aspect of health and heath care. She felt strongly that in order to move forward you had to first know the complete history. The social effects on TB was one of her long term studies. She taught at York University where she headed the Centre for Health Studies. In 1994 along with some colleagues she published Take Care: warning signals for Canada’s health care system. The following year she published Disease and Class. Source: “Researcher Studied how Class Differences Influence health-care Policy” by Ron Csllag. The Globe and Mail. July 23, 2010
 
Mary Frances Fraser née McArthur.  Born June 2, 1921 London, Ontario. Died December 23, 2011 Burlington, Ontario. She graduated from Havergal College and earned her Master’s in Food Science at the University of Toronto. She had a passion for history and he unflagging documenting of local history resulted in a provincial award for outstanding achievement in volunteerism. She supported the Burlington Historical Society and the Joseph Brant Museum. She was a driving force leading to the purchase of the Historical Ireland House and other historic buildings many of which currently bear historical plaques. She received the Woman of the Year Award from the University Women’s Club and the Queen’s Jubilee Medal. She also received the Zonta ll founders Award. . She was named Burlington’s Citizen of the Year in 1984 for her work in documenting and preserving local history. She married Duncan Dewar Fraser and the couple had four children. Source: Obituary Globe and Mail December 26, 2011 Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa Ontario.
 
Charlotte Judith Gray Born Sheffield, United Kingdom 1948. She studied at Oxford University in England and received her BA in 1969. She followed this with a diploma of Social Administration from the London School of Economics in 1970. In 1978 she was presented with the Pakenham Award for the most promising young woman journalist. In 1979 she moved to Canada. Before becoming a full time book author she wrote for several Canadian Magazines including Saturday Night where she penned a monthly column on  the Canadian political scene. She has published several books including biographies on some of Canada leading female figures in history, Catherine Parr Trail, Susanna Moodie and Pauline Johnston. She is also well known  for her Canadian history works which have been presented in award winning works in the 'popular' history writing style. She is an Adjunct Research Professor at the Department of History at Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Mary Emma Quayle Innis Born St Mary's, Ontario 1899. Died January 10, 1972. The wife of noted scholar H. A. Innis she sad a strong established career of her own as an economic historian, writer of novels and short stories and poet. She wrote a history of the YMCA, an economic history of Canada, and edited Essays in Canadian economic history . She also presided as Dean of Women at University College, part of the University of Toronto.
 
Louise Elizabeth Manny Born February 1890, Gilead, Maine, U.S.A. Died August 17, 1970, Newcastle, New Brunswick. At 3 she moved with her family to the Miramiche area of New Brunswick. Always a smart person she was able to read by the time she was 4 years old. She attended McGill University, Montreal, Quebec and earned her B.A.  in 1913. Returning to the Maritimes she taught at her previous school, Halifax Ladies College.  When her father became ill she decided to return home to the Miramiche and worked at her father’s business. She enjoyed history and spent time not only enjoying badminton and tennis but also researching and gathering local historical information and stories. In later years she would publish several local history books from her work. Max Aiken, Lord Beaverbrook asked her in 1947 to collect and record songs of the lumbermen and fishermen of the Miramiche. With funds from Lord Beaverbrook she established the Old Manse Library in Newcastle and continued her work. She published the Songs of the Miramiche but continued to collect additional folk songs. From 1947 through 1965 she shared her findings on CKMR Radio with weekly broadcasts and also a weekly newspaper column “Scenes from Early Days. In 1957 she founded the Miramiche Folksong Festival which she directed until 1969. She worked closely with rebound folklorist Helen Creighton. In 1967 she was presented with the Woman of the Century from the National Council of Jewish Women of Canada. In 1969 Mount Manny was named in her honour in the New Brunswick Historian’s range. In 1974, for the 75 Anniversary celebration of the town of Newcastle a plaque was erected on the Old manse Library in her honour. Sources: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online accessed June 2013 ; Louise Manny by Donna Herriman, Miramiche Literacy Writers, 1985, Online. Accessed Jun 2013. Louise Manny, New Brunswick Literary Encyclopedia Online Accessed June 2013.
 
Katherine McLennan Born 1892. Died 1975. Katharine was a member of a wealthy well connected family who vacationed on land called Petersfield near the 18th century Cape Breton Fortress Louisbourg. She served as a nurse’s aid in World War 1, first in France 1916-1918 and then in Germany in 1919. She inherited her passion for the great Fortress of Louisbourg from her father. She established a museum, personally collected artifacts relating to the Fortress and constructed a scale model of the Fortress with its town site. She lobbied for federal recognition for the ruins so that the Fortress could take its rightful place in historical landmarks. She spent a great deal of time piecing together pieces of chinaware found in the Louisbourg archeological digs. In 1935 she was honoured with the King’s Silver Jubilee Medal.  In 1940 the Federal Government raised the status of the Fortress to a National Historic Site/Park Katharine worked in support of the Red Cross in WW ll establishing a blood donor clinic and making prisoner of war parcels to the troops. In 1946 she was earned the Red Cross Award of Merit. She continued to encourage recognition of local history and in 1958 the Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire in Louisburg placed a plaque to honour General Wolfe’s landing in Nova Scotia. She was also a member of the Regional Cape Breton Library Board and when the Sydney Library burned in 1959 she was a main force in collections development of the new library and even donated land to build the new library. In the 1960’s the government began restoration of the great fortress and Katherine was a permanent knowledgeable volunteer. In 1971 she was granted an honourary degree from St. Francis Xavier University and was called the First Lady of Louisburg. In 1972 she was invested with the Order of Canada. Sources: The McLennan’s Cape Breton Regional Library www.cbrl.ca (accessed December 2011) : Heroes of Historical Preservation, Canada’s History June/July
 
Edith Louise Marsh. Died July 10, 1960. She enjoyed history and through her published works she shared her love and knowledge of the subject with the youth of Canada. She wrote: Where the buffalo roamed; the story of the Canadian west (Toronto, 1908) ; Birds of peasemarsh (Toronto, 1919); The Story of Canada (Toronto,1919rev. 1927)) ; The History of the County of Grey (Owen Sound,1931) and With the Birds (Toronto,1935).
 
Elizabeth Ann Pacey Born April 28, 1944 Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1965 Elizabeth obtained her B.A. from Carleton University in Ottawa. Two years later she married Philip Pacey.  Interested in architectural history she became an active advocate for the older buildings and historic sites. in her home province. She helped preserve landmarks such as the Halifax Public Gardens and the Old Town Clock.  In 1988 she published Historic Halifax and her efforts garnered her the Environment Canada’s Parks Heritage Award. In 1991 she earned the Heritage Canada Medal for outstanding contributions to conservation. That same year she took on the position of Research Director for the Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia. In 1993 she was presented with the Gabrielle Leger Medal from Heritage Canada. In 1994 her book : Landmarks; Historic Buildings of Nova Scotia was winner of the Richardson Award from the Writers Federation of Nova Scotia. In 2000 her work Miracle on Brunswick Street chronicled the stories of two local historic churches.  May 4, 2006 she was invested as a member of the Order of Canada.
 
Margaret Evelyn Prang

Born January 23, 1921, Stratford, Ontario. Died January 12, 2013, Vancouver, British Columbia. She graduated first from the University of Manitoba where she 1st became active in the Student Christian Movement. She earned her PhD in History form the University of Toronto. From 1957 through 1986 she taught as a professor of Canadian History at the University of British Columbia. She would raise two daughters. In 1969 she became on of the 1st single women in British Columbia to adopt a child and she became a pioneer and innovator in developing a new concept of family which did not necessarily include a husband. With Walter Young she founded the journal of BC Studies and served as editor for some time.  In 1975 she was awarded the UBC Medal for popular biography for her work N.W. Rowell: Ontario nationalist. In 1976/1977 she served as president of the Canadian Historical Society. After her retirement she published A Heart at Leisure From Itself; Caroline Macdonald of Japan. In 2012 she was the recipient of the Queen’s Jubilee Medal. Sources: Lois M. Wilson, I want to be in that number; cool saints I have known. (Self published, 2014) ; Obituary,  Vancouver Sun January 18, 2013.
 

Isabel Skelton (née Murphy) Born Carleton, County, Ontario 1877. Died August 23, 1956. She obtained her Masters at Queen's University in 1901. In 1904 she married professor O. D. Skelton, one of Canada's foremost writers of history. She is largely overshadowed by the shadow of the work of her husband. She was the first historian to treat women of Canadian history as individuals in their own right instead of their being part of a generalized coverage. Her works also promoted and portrayed Canada a strong independent country separate from British colonialism. The works and lives of these historians are covered in Marriage of minds: Isabel and Oscar Skelton, reinventing Canada. by Terry Crowley (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2003)
 
Evelyn Robson Strahlendorf

Born Hamilton, Ontario April 23, 1931. In 1951 Evelyn married engineer Carl Peter Strahlendorf (1928)-2004) . The couple had a family of four children. After living in Montreal the couple settled in Ottawa in 1971. Evelyn worked in the Cataloguing Department of the National Library of Canada. Her passion was doll collecting and over the years she not only gathered a large collection of Canadian dolls but she also amassed an enormous amount of research on Canadian dolls. The couple traveled across the country gathering information with Carl taking photographs of Canadian dolls not in Evelyn’s own collection. In 1996 the University of Toronto Press published Evelyn’s book Dolls of Canada: a Reference Guide. It remains the best and most complete guide to Canadian dolls. In 1999 the couple retired to Hamilton, Ontario. Evelyn was back in Ottawa the next year to see the fruits of her labours in encouraging the Canadian Museum of Civilization to create a display of Canadian Dolls. Collectors came from all over to see the largest display of Canadian Dolls produced to date. Evelyn still maintains a small portion of her collection in her home but many of her dolls have been donated to the Bomanville Museum which maintains the largest privately owned collection of Canadian dolls in the country. In the 1990’s Evelyn promoted the art of doll collecting through her own doll production company, Distinctive Dolls of Canada, which produced short run artistic dolls of such historical characters as Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald and Olympic medal winner Elizabeth Manley. She was an executive member of the Canadian Doll Guild and edited for a time:  Doll Creators: A Canadian Doll Guild Publication. She produced by herself the Canadian Doll Journal  (Ottawa, Booklore Publishing) from 1994-1998. Source :Personal  Interview with Evelyn Strahlendorf. (August 2012)
 

Barbara Mary Wilson

Born 1931, Ottawa, Ontario. Died March 21, 2014, Ottawa, Ontario.
In 1968  Barbara began her long career as an archivist with the Public/National Archives of Canada (Now Library and Archives Canada0 She was in fact a model archivist who had a true knowledge and was deeply committed to the records for which she was responsible. She was always willing to share her knowledge with researchers in her field of Canadian military history. Well before the era of technology she researched and compiled the Guide to Records Relating to the Canadian Expeditionary Forces. She published the Military General Service 1783-1814 (Canadian Recipients) (London, Spink, 1975) and  followed it with Ontario and the First World War (Toronto, Champlain Society/University of Toronto, 1977) In 1987 she co-authored with Charles p. Stacey (1906-1989) The Half Million which showed the impact of the Canadian troops on the lives of people in the United Kingdom during World War ll. After her retirement from the National Archives Barbara could be found volunteering at the Archives of the Canadian War Museum.  
Source: Obituary Legacy Obituaries Online (Accessed April 2014) ; Personal acquaintance knowledge.
 

Ester Isabelle Clark Wright

Born 1895 Fredericton, New Brunswick. Died June 17, 1990. She attended Acadia University in Wolfville Nova Scotia where she enjoyed the atmosphere of the small university and successfully participated in the active women’s sports program. She graduated with her BA in 1916. In that same year she published her first work Public Opinion which was followed in 1918 by The Challenge to Canadian Womanhood. In 1919 she became the first woman in the province to become a Pastor in the Baptist Church. She continued her studies at the University of Toronto, Oxford University, England, Stratford University, U.S.A. and at Radcliffe, Harvard University where she earned her PHD in 1931. While she enjoyed her studies she found all the Universities outside of her home province were at that era very male oriented. On July 31, 1924 she married Conrad Payling Wright, a marriage that lasted 65 years. From 1943-1947 she lectured at Acadia University. She served as president of the New Brunswick Association of Consumers and would also serve as vice president of the National Council of Women and Vice President of the Canadian Federation of University Women. She was inducted into the Order of Canada in 1987. Acadia University has names their University Archives in her honour. Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women’s Calendar 2006. Saskatoon, Coteau Books, 2005.
 

Librarians  TOP OF PAGE
Karen Adams Born Eriksdale, Manitoba. May 3, 1946. She studied for her B.A. at the University of Manitoba and then followed her dream to the Library School at the University of Western Ontario where she earned her Masters in Library Science in 1975.  Married with with two children, Karen worked at several library positions including being a cataloguer, a public services librarian, a library consultant and an instructor at Red River Community College. In the late 1970's she moved from the position of acting director of Public Library Services in Manitoba and by the mid 1980's was Provincial Librarian for the province of Saskatchewan. In 1991 she was appointed as Executive Director of the Canadian Library Association.
 
Effie Constance Astbury

Born Montreal , Quebec  December 9, 1916. Died Montreal , Quebec May 22, 2008.In 1934 she graduated with 4 medals from Outremont’s Stratcona Academy. In 1938 she earned her B.A. in Classics from McGill University, Montreal and her Bachelor of Library Science from McGill in 1939. In 1956 she returned to the University of Toronto for her Masters in Library Science. She worked at the beginning of her career as a reference librarian at the Medical Library at McGill university until 1949. She then moved to teaching at McGill University Library School as a teaching assistant, lecturer, assistant professor, associate professor and professor before become Director, Graduate School of Library Science at McGill in 1972 through 1976. From 1982 to 2008 she held the title of professor emeriti. She also served the academic community through the Senate at McGill and membership in the Canadian Library Association and Quebec Library Association. Her specialties were library science education, reference service and bibliography. She had high standards and organized her courses with contemporary materials making her a role model for generations to come. Source: Effie Constance Astbury. Biography collection Ex Libris Association online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Ethel Weiss Auster

Born 1942 Montreal Quebec. Died  September 2005 Toronto, Ontario. She earned her B.A. in Boston and went on to Simmons College to earn her Masters in Library Science. She began her career as a high school librarian  before moving to the Toronto Board of Education and the Ontario Institute of Education and then she was a professor with the Faculty of Information Studies at the University of Toronto. She served as Chair of the Committee on Doctoral Studies at the Faculty of Information and was an elected member of the University of Toronto Governing Council. She received the Miles Blackwell Award for Outstanding Academic Librarian from the Canadian Association of Colleges and University Libraries. Her research and publications was in the area of Library and information education, online searching and management of bibliographical retrieval services as well as the administrative problems and academic libraries. Source: Ethel Weiss Auster Biography collection  Ex Libris Association online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Mary Noel Balke (née Schoales) Born December 25, 1918 Londonderry, Ireland. Died December 24, 2011 Denman Island. She graduated from Sheffield University in 1939 and went on to Library School. During the War she worked as a librarian and information officer at Signals Research and Development Establishment Christchurch Hampshire. It was here she met and married Royal Canadian Corp of Signals officer Nicholas Balke. In 1945 she came to Canada with her two young children. She worked as a free lance writer and broadcaster for the CBC and various newspapers. She earned the Memorial Award from the Canadian Women’s Press Club in 1956. Later she worked as a reference librarian at Ottawa Public Library before becoming Chief Librarian of the National Gallery of Canada from 1964-1979. She was a founding member and chairman of the Art Library Committee of the Canadian Library Association. She and her husband retired to Nanoose, British Columbia where she was active with the local peace group. She received the Commemorative medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation. Source: Obituary Ottawa Citizen January 21, 2012. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Katherine Lucy Ball

Born 1904 Toronto, Ontario. Died April 1991, Toronto, Ontario. She earned her B.A. in 1926 at the University of Toronto. From 1928 she worked in the Circulation and Reference Department of the Library at the University of Toronto. In 1942 to 1945 she served in the Women’s Division of the Royal Canadian Air Force. By the end of the war she had achieved the rank of Squadron Officer with the position of Staff officer in the RCAF Women’s Division, with no. 6 Canadian Bomber Group. After the war she returned to catalogue at the University of Toronto Library  and obtained her Bachelor of Library Science in 1947. Becoming in 1951 an Assistant Professor at the Library School she worked her way to full professor from 1964-1970. She was professor Emeritus 1970-1991. In the 1950’s and 1960’s she was a member of the Advisory Board for Cataloguing Code Revision with the American Library Association. In 1961 she was the Official Delegate from the Canadian Library Association to the International Conference of Cataloguing Principles in Paris, France. She also worked for additional committees concerning cataloguing for the Canadian Library Association and the American Library Association. In 1967 she received the Government of Canada Centennial Medal. She was the first Canadian to be awarded the American Library Association Margaret Mann Citation in Cataloguing and Classification for distinguished service to librarianship. In 1968/9 she was President of the Canadian Library Association and served as well as Chair, of the Cataloguing and Classification Section of CLA. Source: Katherine Lucy Ball Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Charlotte Bastien Born Sault Ste. Marie de Beauce, Quebec, October 9, 1913. Died July 28, 2005. Educated at the convent de la Congregation de Notre Dame she studied Spanish and German at Laval University in the 1950’s and earned a Bachelor of Library Science at Ottawa University. She married Robert Bastien in 1940 but was soon separated and divorced and  moving to Ottawa in  1944 to work at the French Embassy where her knowledge of French and German languages was helpful in the war effort. In January 1954 she worked at the Library of Parliament and served as private secretary to Guy Sylvester the future National Librarian. In 1977 she was presented with the Queen’s Jubilee Medal. Source: Ottawa Citizen “Remembering” August 7, 2005.
 
Nora Bateson

Born 1896 Westhoughton, England Died January 1956 Rhyl, Wales, United Kingdom. In 1917 she earned her B.A. in History at Manchester and in 1929 she received her Diploma in Librarianship from Pratt. She also earned her Masters in History in 1933 from McGill University in Montreal. In 1920 she became a teacher in Compton, Quebec but soon moved on to become a Library Clerk at the Library of the Ontario Legislature in Toronto. By 1929 she was a reference librarian at the University of British Columbia returning to McGill University she became a Professor at the Library School in 1932. From here she moved to Prince Edward Island as a Director. She worked for a short time at Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore returning to the Canadian Maritimes as Director of Libraries in Nova Scotia from 1938-1945. Off to Detroit as Director of Home Reading Department she travelled further in 1947 as a senior Lecturer at the New Zealand Library School and from 1948-1953 she served as Acting Director and Director of the New Zealand Library School. Her work in Prince Edward Island established more than 20 public Libraries from 1933-1936. She had an enduring passion for adult education which no doubt drew her to working in Library Schools around the globe. During WW ll she was  seconded to the Canadian Legion Education Service to establish libraries for armed forces personnel in the Atlantic command. She was an active member of the committee set up to investigate the establishment of a national library association for Canada which led to the Canadian Library Association being formed. Source: Nora Bateman Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Margaret Lilas Beckman (née Armstrong)  Born Hartford Connecticut, U.S.A. 1926. Died February 28, 2008. She studied at Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario and on to  graduate work in Library Science with a BLS from the University of Toronto , 1946. She would return when the master’s program was introduced and earn a MLS, 1969. She married Arthur Beckman in 1950 and raised 3 children. A staunch career woman, she hid during her first pregnancy so she could continue working instead of being fired because of her “condition” as was the norm for the era. Her career would take her to the University of Guelph where she would become Head Librarian in 1971. She was the only woman at this time in Ontario to hold such a position. She became internationally respected for her world in library management, automation and building design. She convinced committees and boards that librarians were a valuable and knowledgeable resource when it came to input for building modern library facilities. She saw automation as a valuable path for the future of libraries and lead the way. She was the first Canadian and first woman to receive an honourary professorship form the University of Essen Germany and the first Canadian to receive the American Academic Librarian of the Year Award. She served on a number of provincial, national and international library bodies as member, advisor or on the executive. In 1975 she was recognized as one of the top 25 outstanding women of Ontario. In 1911 the University of Western Ontario endowed the Margaret Beckman Gold Medal in Library and Information Science for the highest Academic standing. Source: Celebrating Women’s Achievements – Margaret Beckman. Library and Archives Canada (Accessed May 2008) ; Special info & musings for Ottawa IM Professionals 2008-03-03 html (accessed May 2008); Personal acquaintance of autho
 
Mary Evelyn "Molly" Cameron Died January 22, 2012, Halifax, Nova Scotia. She earned her BA at the University of Saskatchewan and her BLA at the University of Toronto. In 1935 she was appointed Librarian at Regina College, cataloguing and setting up the library when it was a junior college before it was taken over by the University of Saskatchewan. In 1941 she was appointed first assistant cataloguer at Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A. By 1944 she had returned to Canada as Chief Librarian at the Galt Public Library in Ontario. In 1950 became the first Chief Librarian of Halifax Memorial Library which became in 1954, the Halifax City Regional Library. After she retired she served as a part-time consultant on Public Libraries for the Nova Scotia Provincial Library.  She retired in 1974 leaving the new North Branch Library, tow bookmobiles and an extension of the main library building in progress. In 1975, when she was past president, she received the Merit Award of the Atlantic Provinces Library Association for outstanding contribution to library service in the Atlantic Provinces. She joined the Canadian Library Association as a founding member in 1946 and was elected twice to serve on council.  Source: Alvin M. Schrader, PhD. Director of Research, University of Alberta Libraries.
 
Margaret Ridley Charlton Born December 10, 1858, Laprairie, Canada East. Died May 1, 1931, Montreal, Quebec. Christened Margaret Anne Charlton she changed her middle name to Ridley to honour a 1555 in martyred family ancestor. As a young woman she and her friend Charlotte Fraser wrote children’s books including A wonder web of stories, the 1st book of fairy tales to be published in Canada. She later completed a summer course at Amherst College in Massachusetts, U.S.A. in the new field of librarianship. She joined the McGill Medical Library in Montreal in 1895 and a year later was appointed 1st assistant Librarian, a position she retained until 1914. She is considered probably the 1st person with formal library training at McGill University. She relocated to Toronto and served as librarian of the Academy of Medicine. By 1922 she was living back in Montreal with her sisters. May 2, 1898, along with help of Dr. William Osler, she helped for the Association of Medical Librarians centered in Philadelphia, Penslyvania, U.S.A. She served as Secretary to the group from inception until 1903 and again from 1909 to 1911 when it was remained the Medical Library Association. She wrote a series of articles exploring the medical history of New France from 1608 to 1759. In 2003 as a result of a recommendation from the Historic Sites and Monument Board of Canada she was named a “Person of National Historic Significance. A Government of Canada plaque honoring her accomplishments was erected outside of the McIntire Medical Sciences Building, McGill University. Source: Margaret Ridley Charlton (1858-1931) News Releases and Backgrounders. Parks Canada. 2006 (Modified 2013) Online (Accessed May 2014)
 
Sherrill "Shay" Cheda

(née Schneider) Born Osgood, Indiana, U.S.A.  February 15,1936. Died June 7, 2008. Valedictorian in high school she was the first family member to attend university. In the 1950’s she was told not to become an academic only to marry and have children. Marry she did, one Noel Parry, June 1958.  While she followed her husband around the country for jobs, they had two sons. However the moving and good mothering did not stop the fire for more. Library work was an acceptable job for young women. She earned a Maters degree in Library Science. By the mid 1960’s  she had followed her draft dodging partner, Mike Cheda, to Canada. In Toronto, she settled to work at Seneca College. She also wrote  feminist articles in publications like Chatelaine. In 1972, at the Canadian Library Association, she made a presentation entitled That Little Mechanism, referring to the fact that male librarians got most of the library management jobs.  Along with Phyllis Yaffe and Barbara Clubb she worked producing the Emergency Librarian to continue the empowerment of women librarians. She worked endlessly to form the Canadian Periodical Publishers Association. She was also developed the Ontario Ministry of Culture’s publishing policy. She continued writing.. The New Feminist movement of the 1970’s had been well established and nourished by her efforts. She also found time to marry Karl Jaffrary and enjoyed being a grandmother. After retirement she worked with the administration of the Ex Libris Association for retired librarians. Suggested sources Obituaries in both the online editions of the Globe and Mail and the Toronto Star (accessed June 2008)
 

Julia Annette Elizabeth Dafoe Born October 22, 1900, Montreal, Quebec. Died April 25, 1960, Winnipeg Manitoba. . She studied for her B.A. at the University of Manitoba in 1923. She continued her studies at the Library schools at Columbia University in New York and the University of Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. . In 1937 she became the Chief Librarian at the University of Manitoba. She helped establish both the Manitoba Library Association and the Canadian Library Association and served as elected president in 1948. She also served as a member of the Canadaian National Library Committee in 1948. From 1949-1954 she served on the Council of the American Library Association.  In 1953 the University of Manitoba named its new central library , the Elizabeth Dafoe Library in honour of her many years of service. Source: Information from Elizabeth Dafoe Library staff.
 
Bertha Mabel Dunham Born May 29, 1881, Harrison, Ontario. Died June 21, 1957, Kitchener, Ontario. Bertha attended Normal School (Teacher’s College) and taught from 1898 to 1904 saving enough funds to allow her to earn a B.A. at the University of Toronto. She then earned a post graduate degree in Library Science at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec. In 1908 she was appointed to the position of Chief Librarian at the Kitchener Public Library, a position she retained until her retirement in 1944. She  may have bee the 1st female trained Librarian in Canada. She established the children’s section at the KPL and founded the Waterloo County Co-operative Library Association. She also established a picture collection at KPL, the 1st of its kind in Ontario. In 1920-21 she served as President of the Ontario Library Association. In 1922 she helped found the University Women’s Club and served at president. She also was President of the Canadian Club. She was appointed  the 1st instructor-in-charge of the Ontario Provincial Library Summer courses which helped small town library workers earn certificates of learning. She also had an avid interest in history and served as president of the Waterloo Historical Society. In 1926 she published a well respected history: Trail of the Conestoga. It was the 1st of her five books. In 1931 she became the 1st lecturer in Library Science at Waterloo College (Now Wilfrid Laurier University). She lectured in this position for 13 years. Sources: Guide to Literary Heritage of Waterloo and Wellington Ontario Counties. 1985. : Waterloo Region Hall of Fame Online (Accessed July 2014)
 
Cynthia Jean Durance

Born October 3,1940 Sarnia, Ontario Died September 7, 2005 Ottawa, Ontario. Attending both the University of Victoria and the University of Toronto she earned her BA in 1962. In 1963 she worked at the Dalhousie University Library and served as a Reference Librarian at Sir George Williams University while she earned her Masters in Library Science at McGill University in 1967. In 1969 she began her love of working with serials by working as Head of the Serials Department first at Carleton University, Ottawa and then at the Library at the University of Waterloo In 1974 she moved to the National Library of Canada as Director of the Cataloguing Branch. She would hold various positions at the National Library before moving as Assistant Director General, Government Records Branch, and National Archives of Canada from 1988-2000. She was an active member in the Canadian Library Association, the American Library Association, the American Society for Information Science, the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA.) and International Serials Datasystems (ISDS) In retirement she enjoyed membership in the Zonta Club of Ottawa and hosed foreign students in her home introducing them to life in Canada. Sources: Cynthia Jean Durance Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)  : Personal Knowledge
 

June Dutka Born Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1964 she earned her BA from the University of Manitoba and follow it with a Bachelor of Library Science from the University of British Columbia in 1966. She would pursue her avocation as an academic librarian for the next 32 years. Even though she was an university librarian she had an active interest in pre-college youth and developed library orientation programs for high school students. She earned the University of Manitoba’s President’s Award for University outreach and became the school’s 1st Librarian Emeritus after she retired.  After retirement she became involved in research Ukrainian Canadian history. Her research resulted in two books and 3 biographies. Source: Herstory 2008: A Canadian Women’s Calendar. (Coteau Books, 2007)
 
Shirley Burnham Elliott  Born June 4, 1916. Died October 15, 2004. In high school she had already decided to be a librarian and even received an award for her high school library work. She attended Acadia University for her undergraduate studies and took her library post graduate studies at Simmons College, Boston Massachusetts, U.S.A.  She worked in libraries in the New England area before returning to Nova Scotia to work in public libraries. In 1954 through 1982 she was appointed as the Provincial Legislative Librarian. She provided the legislators with efficient research library services. She even had the foresight to introduce modern devices such as the typewriter to the Legislative library! With a keen interest in history she left a legacy of a vast collection of historical documents for the province. When she retired she turned her energies and skills to working with several historical organizations and even powered the movement to turn Wolfeville’s defunct railway station into a Pubic Library. She authored a half dozen books including the Nova Scotia Book of Days. In 2003 she received the Order of Nova Scotia. Source: Canadian Who’s Who (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000) pg. 396 and personal acquaintance knowledge.
 
Adèle de Guerry Languedoc Born Tadoussac, Quebec 1904. Died December 1993. She completed her university studies at McGill and went on to earn Librarian's diploma in 1929. She  began her career as a cataloguer at McGill University Libraries and then worked with the McLennan Traveling Libraries where from 1940-1945 she was the program director. After World War ll she studied at Columbia University in New York for her Bachelor's degree in Librarianship. She left New York city to work in France where she helped rehabilitate war ravaged regional libraries and she also established the first children's library outside of Paris.  She returned to Canada and worked in the early days of establishment of the National Library of Canada where in 1964 she was appointed Assistant National Librarian. After retirement from the National Library she returned to her roots and worked part time cataloguing the historical  pamphlet collection of the National Archives of Canada. She had a fantastic sense of humour that she could express in both official languages and she brought a pride of professionalism and honesty of opinion in all that she accomplished. Source: Personal acquaintance.
 
Sheila Agnes Egoff Born 1918, Auburn, Maine, U.S.A. Died May 22, 2005. She loved to go to the public library in Galt, Ontario as a child. She read everything she could. At 15 she had a part-time job at the the library. While taking night classed to earn her university degree, she worked in the children's department at the Toronto Public Library. She continued her education at University College in London, England. When She returned to Toronto Public Libraries she came with the famous Osborne Collection or rare children's books and became the first curator of the collection. Her career would take her to work as a reference librarian as to work with the Canadian Library Association and a founding faculty member at the Library School at the University of British Columbia,  but her love of children's books remained with her.  In 1964 she was commissioned by the Children's Recreational Reading Council of Ontario to write the firs comprehensive study of Canadian children's boos in time for the Canada's Centennial:  The Republic of Childhood (1967). In 1981 she published a children's book of her own, Thursday's Child. She has been presented with numerous awards honouring her career and the British Columbia Book Prize in Children's Literature is named in her honour. In 1994 she was awarded the Order of Canada. Her autobiography is entitled: My Life with children's books (2005).
 
Edith Grace Firth Born Lindsay, Ontario January 27, 1927. Died July 23, 2005. In the 1940's she studied at the University of Toronto graduating with honours in modern history and a degree in library sciences. Upon graduation she worked as a reference librarian at the Toronto Public Library. In 1952 she was put in charge of the Treasure Room with rare books and manuscripts. At Toronto Public Library  for some 30 years she would build the collection of 'treasures' into a major resource including books, manuscripts, broadsides/posters and other ephemera that is considered a basic research area for all early Canadian historians and writers. She would publish scholarly catalogues and listings of the collections which are historical resources of their own. She also produced a book : The Town of York 1793-1815 ( University of Toronto Press/Champlain Society, 1962). She not only used materials at Toronto Public Library but she also scoured institutions throughout North America searching for early documentation on Toronto. In 1967 volume on further documents of early Toronto was also published. She took early retirement at age 55 and used her early retirement years to research and publish Toronto Art: 150 years through artists eyes (1983) winning the City of Toronto Book Award.
 
Mary Tryhosa Kinley-Ingrham In 1899 Mary attended Acadia Ladies Seminary. In 1906 she married John Ingram. By 1909 she was a widow and taught for awhile in the U.S.A. Returning to Canada she studied as a mature student as Acadia University earning her BA in 1915 and her Master’s degree the following year. In 1917 she attended Simmons College School of Library Science in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. From 1917 through 1941 she was Chief Librarian at Acadia University and from 1918 through 1944 she was an instructor of Library Science at the university. In the early 1930’s she inaugurated bookmobile services for rural areas in the Maritimes. She also published 2 volumes of verse and plays. That same periods she served as secretary-treasurer of the Maritime Library Association.
 
Catherine Mallory Knowles née Rous Born December 15, 1919, Toronto, Ontario. Died April 26, 2014, Victoria, British Columbia. In 1940 she earned her BA from the University of Toronto and went on to achieve a Post Graduate degree in Library Sciences . During the second world war Catherine worked in Ottawa for the federal War Time Information Bureau. In 1946-1947 she worked at Canada House in England. In 1947 she married Robert J. Moyse. The couple had three children.  In the late 1950’s while in Calcutta, India she worked with Mother Theresa. 1964/5 she worked for UNICEF offices in Montreal. In the 1970’s she was working for the Montreal Star newspaper prior to relocating to Halifax to work at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography.  In 1978 she married Douglas W. Knowles (////-1984) becoming mother to three step children. Source: Obituary. Globe & Mail May 3, 2014, Suggestion from June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario
 
Alberta Letts

Born British Columbia. Died November 1973, Nova Scotia. She earned her B.A. At the University of Western Ontario, London and her Bachelor of Library Science at the University of Toronto. She taught a “Librarians course in 1949 at Kitchener Public Library. And would become a lecturer at the School of Library Science in Toronto.  She worked as Children’s Librarian, London Public Library, and for  a short period worked at Warder Public Library in Springfield, Ohio, U.S.A. Moving to the Canadian Maritimes she was Assistant Director for the Nova Scotia Provincial Library and from 1954-1973 she was the Director of the N S P L. She was an active member of the Atlantic Provinces Library Association, serving as President 1967/8,  the Canadian Library Association, serving as president in 1958, the American Library Association and the International Federation of Library Associations.  In the late 1950’s she was a consultant on libraries to the Indian Government and served as a member of the delegation of Canadian librarians visiting West Germany as guests of the German Government. Dalhousie University, School of Librarianship ahs established the Alberta Letts Memorial Lecture and the Dalhousie University , School of Information Management has established the Alberta Letts Travel Award to ensure her memory is honoured for future generations.  Source: Alberta Letts Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)  : Personal Knowledge
 

Pat Lotz Born October 20, 1930 Brighton, England. Died February 13, 2012, Halifax, Nova Scotia. As a child  she survived bombings in Great Britain but mourned the loss of her teddy bear. She worked as an au pair (Nanny) in Carcassonne, France and soon found herself on her way to Canada. She put herself though Sir George Williams University, Montreal and won the Governor General’s medal in English. She followed with graduate studies in Library Science at McGill University, Montreal. She married James Lotz in 1959. The couple had two daughters. The family moved across the country and even lived in Italy, Scotland before settling in Nova Scotia. In 1973 Pat was supervisor of inquiry officers at Information Canada until it closed in 1976. She joined Atlantic Insight as an editor. All the senior staff, Pat included, resigned in 1984 concerned that the new owners were treating ads as editorial material.  Pat enrolled in the Master of Theological Studies program at the Atlantic School of Theology graduating in 1995. When the family  moved into an old house known as Thordean, Pat researched the first owner James Forman and polished a book on his life in 2002. Source: Lives Lived by Jim Lotz The Globe and Mail May 17, 2012. Suggestion from June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Alice Elizabeth Jean Lunn

Born June 10, 1910 , Montreal, Quebec. Died Ottawa, Ontario April 24, 1998. She earned her B.A. in history at McGill University, Montreal and went on for her M.A. in 1934 followed by her BLS in 1940 and her PhD in History in 1942 at McGill. She began her working career as a cataloguer at McGill University Library from 1940-1946 after which she worked as Chief Librarian at the Fraser Institute in Montreal. In 1950 she worked as bibliographer and Editor of Canadiana at the Centre Bibliographic Centre in Ottawa. With the establishment of the National Library of Canada in 1952 she became Director of the Cataloguing Branch until 1973. For the last two years prior to retirement she was Director of the Office of Library Standards at the National Library. She was a prolific publisher  in both Canadian history and in Library Science Her creation of the national bibliography, Canadiana is one of her most noteworthy achievements. She also participated in the development of the first edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. Another project of which she was extremely proud was the building of her own home. One of her retirement gifts as a skill saw to allow her to work on her home. Sources: Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)  ; personal knowledge
 

Joanne Gard Marshall. Born December 19, 1945. Dr. Marshall is a librarian and professor at the Faculty of Information Studies at the University of Toronto. She also holds cross appointments with the Department of Health Administration at the Centre for Health Promotion and Institute for Human Development, Life Course and Aging. While librarians are often seen as holding a special contributive role in a community, Dr. Marshall has earned special recognition within her profession. She is the recipient of several awards including the Eliot Prize from the Medical Library Association and the Award of Outstanding Achievement from the Canadian Health Library Association.
 
Marjorie Mews Born 1902 Saint John’s , Newfoundland. Died 1965, Saint John’s, Newfoundland. Marjorie attended a summer library course at McGill University in 1935 and that same year was hired as second assistant librarian working at the Gosling Memorial Library which opened in 1936. In 1942 she was back studying for a Diploma of Library Studies at the University of Toronto. Marjorie would take more studies in 1951 at the University of British Columbia. She took the library to the radio with bedtime stories and talks of all kinds. She would eventually serve as Saint John’s Chief Librarian. She was vice president of the Maritime Library Association in 1957/8 and the Atlantic Provinces Library Association in 1964/5. She was also and active committee member with the Canadian Library Association. As well as her love and support of libraries she had an interest in collecting folksongs and traditional costumes and she was a welcome resource the National Museum’s folksong research program in Newfoundland. She was also active in her United Church and enjoyed writing articles for various publications including the Newfoundland Quarterly. In 1966 the City of Saint John’s named a library branch , the Marjorie Mews Library in her honour. Source: Giles, Suzette ‘Libraries named after Librarians in ELAN: Ex Libris Association Newsletter  No. 56 Fall 2014.
 
Carole R. Moore Born August 15, 1944 Berkley, California, U.S.A. She completed her under graduated her under graduate studies at Stanford University, California, U.S.A. in 1966 and her Masters At Columbia University, New York City, New York, U.S.A. in 1967. She began her library career in the reference Department at Columbia University and relocated to work at the University of Toronto in 1968. She worked in the U of T Reference Department, the bibliography and Processing Department before becoming Chief Librarian at U of T in 1986. In 1987 she received the Centenary Distinguished Alumni Award in 1987.  She is a member of the American Library Association, the Canadian Library Association and the Canadian Association of Research Libraries. From 1991-4 she served on the National Library of Canada Advisory Board. Source: Canadian Who’s Who, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997-2006)
 
Frances Morrison

(née Harrington) Born September 28, 1918. Died August 14, 2011.  She obtained her degree in home economics at the University of Saskatchewan before she married Rev. Harvey Morrison in 1939. Mr. Morrison died in 1943 leaving Frances a single mother with their son. She joined the staff of the Saskatoon Public Library as an assistant. In 1946 she went to Toronto to earn her Bachelor in Library Science. She returned to Saskatoon to serve as Children’s Librarian then head of reference before becoming assistant Chief Librarian. In 1961 she was named Chief Librarian a position she retained until retirement in 1980. She treated staff as family and was noted for her ability to delegate and draw the best from her staff. She created the audiovisual and fine arts departments, a local history room and enhanced programming. She was an active member in the Saskatchewan and Canadian Library Association where she served as president. She also served the public through the Saskatchewan Arts Baord as chair, the Saskatchewan Business and Professional Women’s Club, the University Women’s Club, the YWCA, and the Saskatchewan Heritage Society. The Main Library she had build was named in her honour. In 1977 she received the Queen’s Jubilee Medal and in 1981 the Outstanding Service to Librarianship Award of the Canadian Library Association. In 1982 the Saskatchewan Library Association established an Award in her honour. Source: “She turned the Saskatoon library into a regional force”  by Chris Ewing-Weiss , The Globe and Mail August 29, 2011. Suggested by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario
 

Alice Moulton Born September 1911 Carbonear, Newfoundland. Died January 25, 2012, Toronto, Ontario. Her mother died giving Alice birth and the child was brought up by her grandparents. At 18 it was recommended by her school principal that she attend university so she attended the University of Toronto. She graduated with a B.A. in 1933 and worked as a clerk fro a local hydro company in Barrie, Ontario. Moving back to Toronto she took a job with the Library, University of Toronto. After working at the library for 22 years , her supervisor, felt that Alice could not be promoted any more without having the proper educational credentials. Alice returned to the classroom and obtained her degree in Library Science. In 1973 she was put in charge of moving the one million volume collection to the new Robarts Library ! In 1977 she was awarded the University of Toronto’s 150th anniversary sesquicentennial medal for her services to the institution. In the Sigmund Samuel Library ( nor the Gerstein Science Information Center( the Alice Moulton Reading Room is a reminder of her contribution to the university and the students she served. Sources: “Alice Moulton dies at 100” Gerstein Science Information Center. Online. Accessed February 2012; “When lady librarians always wore skirts and you didn’t make noise “ by Judy Stoffman. Globe and Mail. February 20, 2012. Online accessed February 2012.
 
June Munro Born June 20, 1921 Echo Bay, ON. Died May 15, 2010 Hamilton, On. After Graduating from high school, she worked at the Public Library in Sault Ste Marie from 1941-1951 in the Children’s Department. She moved to London Ontario to be Head of the Children’s Department at the Public Library until 1953. And then on to the Children’s Department at Leaside Public Library (now part of Toronto) In 1956  she was in Ottawa as Executive Assistant at the Canadian Library Association before moving to the Ontario Library Association as Supervisor of Extension Services and Education. It was during this time that she earned a Bachelor of Journalism in 1961 at Carleton University, Ottawa and her post graduate degree in Library Science at the University of Toronto 1962.
By 1970 she was at the Toronto College Bibliocentre. It was while working in Toronto that her works was recognized when she was names Librarian of the Year  by the Ontario Library Trustees Association. For two years, 1972-73 she served as Public Relations Director at the National Library of Canada. Leaving Ottawa she moved to St. Catharines where she served as Chief Librarian of the Public Library where she presided over the building of a new facility. She retired in 1983 but continued in the profession as a sectional lecturer at the University of British Columbia in 1983.  In 1986 St Catharines YWCA named the recipient of the Award for Women in Business an Professions.
Source: Biographies, Ex-Libris Association Online Accessed May 2013. Obituary, The Globe and Mail, May 18, 2010.
 
Vera Alexandra Robinson

Born 1897? . Died 1979. Vera studied law and was called to the Ontario Bar in 1920. She originally went into partnership with a another woman lawyer, Helen Currie. Later she became a law librarian with the Philips Stewart Library at Osgood Hall Law school in 1927. In 1928 she served as the 7th president of the Women’s Law Association. In 1930 she replaced law librarian Verona Taylor at the York County Law Library. In 1935 she married Henry L. Cartwright, a lawyer from Kingston, Ontario. She joined her husband as a partner in his law firm. Source: Diversifying the bar: Lawyers Make history. Law Society of Upper Canada Online.
 

Mary Sollace Saxe Born St Albans, Vermont, U.S.A. February 23, 1868. Died May 27, 1943. She originally studied journalism but then began work in a library and apprenticed under such leaders in the field as Charles Cutter. She became librarian of Westmont Public Library in 1901 and remained until her retirement in 1931. When she began her position she had a staff of a part time janitor. There was bell in a tall elm tree outside the library which could be run to attract the attention of the local police in case of trouble. She built the small library into an institution for a growing community that included a well stocked reference room and a fully separate children's room. She also enjoyed writing, often using the pen name Sollace. She was the author of several one act plays that were produced locally as well as articles, novels and a children's book entitled Our Little Quebec Cousins (Boston, 1919) . She was a welcome lecturer at several Library Schools in North America including Toronto, Montreal, Syracuse, New York and St Louis, Missouri.
 
Marianne Florence Scott Born Toronto December 4 1928. She studied at McGill University where she earned her Bachelor in Library Sciences. During her career she would receive several LLD honours. She started her career as a law librarian and was the cofounder of the Index to Canadian Legal Periodical Literature which began in 1963. She was awarded the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. She was the first woman to be appointed as National Librarian of Canada , a position she held from 1984-1999. In 1995 was received the Order of Canada. She was active on boards and executives of various professional library associations at both the national and international levels.
 
Martha Shepard

Born December 12, 1911 Toronto, Ontario. Died August 1,  2009, Victoria British Columbia. She earned her B.A. in 1935 from Quinn’s University, Kingston, Ontario and went on to the University of Toronto for her Masters in Library Science in 1936. She began her professional career as a cataloguer at the Toronto Public Library and then moved to Reference Services at Toronto Public. In 1950 she became one of the first and Director of the Canadian Bibliographic Centre, the predecessor to the National Library of Canada. She was responsible for planning and organizing the Canadian Union Catalogue and visited libraries across Canada microfilming catalogue cards using a 16 mm camera. This work formed the nucleus of the current automated AMICUS database. From 1966-1968 she was president of the Bibliographical Society of Canada and from 1970-1971 she was president of the Canadian Library Association. Charming and gracious she was one of Canada’s most distinguished librarians. She had far – seeing leadership and a strong sense of professionalism that served as a role model for the next generations. Sources: Personal knowledge : Martha Shepard Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)
 

Lillian Helena Smith. Born March 17. She was the first trained children's librarian in Canada. She devoted 40 years of her working life to the development of the children's collection within the Toronto Public Library. It is in her honor that the Toronto main children's library is named ; The Lillian H. Smith Library. It houses an electronic resource center, the Osborne Collection of Early Children's books, the Lillian H. Smith Collection, the science fiction fantasy and horror  collection (known as the Merrit Collection), the Bagshaw collection of puppetry and children's drama, videos, CD's and lots and lots of children's books to be read and loved. 
 
Judith St. John

The work of Judith St. John became the benchmark for cataloguing unique children’s collections around the world. The work also led to teaching appointments for courses in children’s literature at the University of Toronto and internationally in Britain, Japan and the U.S.A. Her optimism, down to earth approach revealed a totally dedicated librarian with a rich sense of humour who imparted enthusiasm to all those who listened and learned. In 1965 she helped arrange the International Colloquium of the Children’s Book Collections at the Osborne Collection in Toronto. This inspired the founding of an Osborne Friends group, the oldest Friends group in Canada. In 1966 following a trip to Britain she heard of the foundation of a British Branch of Friends for the Children’s collections. Judith held the Osborne and Lillian H. Smith Children’s collections and indeed children’s literature close to her hears until her death. Source: Judith St. John by Leslie McGrath ELAN Number 43 Spring 2008. Pg. 10-11
 

Florence Daly Thompson. (née Lucas) Born Hitchin, England September 13,  1865. Died August 4, 1915.  Florence emigrated from England with her family. She was the oldest of ten children. Well educated, she was also an accomplished artist. She married William Henry in 1892 but continued to work for pay outside the home. Before World War 1 it was quite unusual for women to work for salary after they were married. .She was a successful and published science researcher and a librarian at the University of Manitoba. In addition to her job she was a busy lecturer in the local arts community of Winnipeg, a charter member of the Women's Canadian Club and an honourary member of the University Women's Club.
 
Mary Eileen Travis

née Connolly. Born March 16, 1931, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Died December 21, 2005, Rothsay, New Brunswick. She earned her B.A. at St. Frances Xavier University, Nova Scotia and Her Masters in Library Science at McGill University, Montreal. She worked from 1960-69 as Head, Children’s Department, Saint John Regional Library and from 1969-1997 as Head, Saint John Regional Library. She was also a role model for single mothers, raising her two children alone after her husband , Art, was killed in a plane crash in 1970. She was an active member in the Atlantic Provinces Library Association, serving as president from 1967-1969, the Canadian Library Association and a member of the National Library of Canada Advisory Board. In 1972 she was honoured with the Saint John Woman of the Year. In 1977 she was a recipient of the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Medal. In 1982 she earned the Merit Award, from the Atlantic Provinces Library Association. In 1983 she became the first woman to head the Saint John Board of Trade. In 1985 she was Vice-President of Ceremonies for the Canada Summer Games. She was involved the the founding of Hestia House Women’s Shelter and President of Opera New Brunswick and was on the Board of Governors of St. Francis Xavier University.  She was honoured by the YMCA with the Red Triangle Award and in 2003 she was recipient of the Queen’s Jubilee Award. After a stroke  confined to a wheelchair she wanted to develop a cross-country so she could go fishing ! In 2004 she was presented with the Chairman’s Award from the Saint Jon Board of Trade and was invested as a Member of the Order of Canada. Source: Mary Eileen Travis Biography Collection Ex Libris Association Online (Accessed November 2011)  : Personal Knowledge;  Literary champion Eileen Travis dies by Grant Kerr Saint John Telegraph Journal December 23, 2005
 

Freda Farrell Waldon Born Winnipeg, Manitoba August 29, 1898. Died 1973. After obtaining her BA at the University of Toronto, Freda did post graduate studies in English at Columbia University in the U.S.A. and studied Librarianship in England. She began her career in the cataloguing section of Hamilton Public Library. Head Librarian by 1940, she would help her library become one of the top urban public libraries. She worked towards the establishment of the National Library of Canada and served as the first president of the Canadian Library Association. She also served as the first president of the Programme Planners Institute in Canada. She was the recipient of the United Nations Award for Meritorious Service.
 
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