Artists

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Cartoonists   TOP OF PAGE
Marie Louise Gay Born Quebec City, Quebec June 17, 1952. A professional illustrator and editorial cartoon artist she eventually took an interest in working on books for young readers. She soon found that she preferred to illustrate her own writings so that the pictures and words would flow together to tell a story. She does a lot of research prior to putting pen, ink and watercolours to paper. Many of her books have won awards such as the Amelia Frances Howard-Gibbon Award, the Governor General's Award, Mr. Christie's Book Award, the Ruth Schwartz Award and the Elizabeth Mrazik-Cleaver Award!!
 
Lynn Johnston. Born Collingwood, Ontario May 28, 1947. The creator of the comic strip that appears in newspapers across Canada and around the world called “For Better or Worse” The storyline and the characters lead real lives with friends admitting to being gay and the family dog dies after rescuing a child. Lynn continues to work from her home. She became the first woman to win the Reuben Award for outstanding cartoonist of the year in 1985 from the Cartoonist Society and in 1988 she became the first woman to be president of this society. She was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1992 and nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1994.
 
Sandra Bell-Lundy. Born April 3, 1958. She studied French at Brock University but it would be her talent as an cartoonist that would become her profession. She actually created comics for her university newspaper when she was a student.  She is the author of the worldwide syndicated comic strip Between Friends.  In 1994 her work caught the attention of King Features and the cartoon strip became syndicated in 175 newspapers internationally. She is married to Tim Lundy and the couple have 2 daughters. Her work has garnered notice from various organizations such as the North American Council on Adoptable Children and the Cancer society for featuring stories. To date her comic strips have been collected and published in 3 books. (Posted May 2016)
 
Jean Maclean Reed Born Soures, Prince Edward Island, 1910. She earned a degree in Fine Arts at Mount Allison University. In 1960 she created the winning design for the provincial tartan.  The design encompassed the warmth and glow of the fertile soil, the green of the fields and trees, the yellow and brown of the autumn and the life giving sun and the white of the surf on a summer sea. In 1938 she attended the Ottawa Civic Hospital to study nursing. In 1941 she was an army Lieutenant Nursing Sister serving in the European theatre of World War II. She joined the Red Cross Arts and Crafts League after the war and engaged in pottery and weaving while she worked at the P.E.I. Hospital. Source: Outstanding women of Prince Edward Island Compiled by the Zonta Club of Charlottetown, 1981.
 
Designers        See also Fashion Designers.   TOP OF PAGE
Sigrun Bulow-Hube Born Linkoping, Sweden January 31, 1913. Died May 30, 1994. She studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Art, School of Architecture, Interior and Furniture Design. She was active in housing research and worked to further the recognition and professional status of designers within Canada. Coming to Canada in 1950 she won a dozen design awards in recognition of her work by the National Industry Design Council of Canada. In 1973 she was elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in recognition of her outstanding contribution to the development of modern interior design in Canada.
 
Sylvia Tennisco Born Pembroke, Ontario 1970. Her family moved to Ottawa where Sylvia grew up. She studied and received her graphic design diploma at St Lawrence College, Kingston Campus in 1997. Moving to Montreal she pursued her art career by illustrating several children’s books in the Cree language. She did spot illustrations for various magazines and worked as a Graphic Designer. She moved back to the Ottawa Valley where she promotes Native Awareness and Cultural Diversity. Her works show various mediums such as acrylic/oil pints to mix media and acrylic/computer designs and inks. She has had sever Art Exhibits at various Powwows in Ontario, community centers such as at Golden Lake and surrounding areas, Queen’s University, Kingston , Ontario, and the New Edinburgh area in Ottawa. Source: Art Card purchased at Golden Lake, Ontario.
 
Fashion Designers   TOP OF PAGE
Hilary Corbett Summerset, England 1929. Died December 5, 2004. She worked as a costume cutter in England prior to 1964 when she moved to Stratford, Ontario to work as a cutter in the costume department of the city's famous theatre. By 1967 she was principal costume designer for the fledgling Shat Theatre Festival. He work became acclaimed across the country. From 1975-1995 she was a costume designer for CBC- TV. At the end of the 1980's, not knowing how to convince her to retire, the CBC challenged her with a new show. "The Kids in the Hall. Her work was a success and there was even a new character named after her! Her talents were timeless.
 
Dorothy Grant As a fashion designer she made the decision to attempt to combine high fashion with elements of her own traditional Hida native culture. The result is a new style that was once described as 'wearable art" and since the 1980's her fashion business has bee a leader in the Aboriginal fashion industry. Her works and designs are in the collections of the National Gallery of Canada, were featured at the world EXPO 86 in Vancouver and have been successful in the international fashion scene.
 
Illustrators   TOP OF PAGE
Ginette Anfousse Born Montreal, Quebec 1944. She studied art at the L'Ecole de beaux arts in Montreal. As an illustrator of Children's books she is perhaps best known for her character JOJO (JIJI en française) and her lovable toy aardvark Pichou. These delightful characters first appeared in the mid 1970's. A friend sent her first two books to a publisher. The Mon Ami Pichou is a series of illustrated stories for young children published in both English and French. She was one of the first picture book artists in Quebec to receive national recognition. In 1978 she earned the Canada Council Children's Literature award and again in 1982. In 1987 she was awarded Le Prix Fleury Mesplet for the best children's author of the decade. Her works have also won the 1989 Mr. Christie's Book Award.
 
Carol Biberstein Evan as a youth she enjoyed drawing. She followed her passions and studied art fundamentals and illustration at Sheridan College in Oakville, Ontario. She enjoys working from life, photos and her imagination. While she prefers watercolours as a medium she also works in pen & ink, pastel and acrylics. From 1998 to 1996 she taught English as Second language to adult immigrants . She has done educational book illustrations for many large publishers including Scholastic Press and Oxford, Harcourt Brace, Nelson and Addison Wesley. In 2001 she wrote and illustrated her first picture book Great Grandma's Rocking Chair.
 
Ann Blades Born Vancouver, British Columbia 1947. She studied for her teaching certificate at the University of British Columbia in 1967 and taught in northern regions of British Columbia. It was during this time that she began to write and illustrate stories for her students. There were very few stories written about children of northern regions of Canada and she would use some of her students as models for the characters in her books. In 1972 she wrote, illustrated and published Mary of Mile 18 which won the Children's Book of the Year Award from the Canadian Library Association. In 1974 she returned to school and became a registered nurse, never dreaming that her talent as an author and illustrator would be anything more than a hobby. In 1978 she won the Canadian Council Children's Literature award and it also won in 1979 the Amelia Frances Howard-Gibbon Award. In 1986 By the sea : an alphabet book (Toronto, 1985) won the Elizabeth Mrazlik-Cleaver Canadian Picture Book Award. Now an established author and illustrator she could do her work full time. She continues to write and illustrate her own works and has illustrated over a dozen books by other Canadian authors.
 
Brenda Clark Born Toronto, Ontario February 10, 1955. She studied the art of illustration at Sheridan College, Oakville, Ontario and has perused a successful career as an illustrator of books and magazines. Her works have been published by Ginn & Co., Macmillan, Gage, Prentice-Hall, Hold Rinehart and other well established publishers. Her first published illustrations in a book were for school readers and textbooks. While she has used various medium such as pencil crayons and chalks she finds that watercolours reproduce best in publishing. She has illustrated modern children's classics such as Franklin the Turtle in his various adventures and in his own comic strip. Her books are read to children around the world even in China and Australia.
 
Maryann Kovalski

Born New York City, U.S.A. June 4, 1951. After studying art in New York she moved to Canada in the 1970’s. She applied her profession by working for agencies, magazines and newspapers before she began illustrating books. She writes and illustrates her own books as well as illustrating books of other authors, such as Margaret Atwood.  Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia online Accessed November 2003. 
 

Christine Tripp Christine has always enjoyed drawing even when she was a young girl. Christine is dyslexic, which means that when she reads numbers and letters appear all jumbled. Drawing was a much better way to enjoy life. She lives in Ottawa with her husband and the couple have three adult daughter. She also admits to being owned by a scruffy dog, some cats and a pond full of goldfish! She is self taught n her art and is proud of her successful career to dat. She illustrated her first book in 1985. In 2005 her illustrations in the book Penelope and the Humongous Burp helped the book to win the Gold in the Mom’s Choice Award. Her works have appeared in publications of over 30 different publishers and organizations throughout North America. Source: Friend of the fiend 6: Christina Tripp in The Cartoon Fiend. Online accessed June 2008.
 
   
Interior Designers  
Madeleine Arbour

Born March 3, 1923 Granby, Quebec. She worked as a journalist in television and also as a set and costume designer for television and theatre. She has taught at the Institute of Applied Arts, Montreal, Quebec and College du Vieux-Montreal. In 1965 she maintained her own interior design company and worked designing interiors for such companies as Via Rail, Air Canada and the Governor General of Canada. In 1984 her work was recognized by the Council nationale du design. In 1986 she was inducted into the Order of Canada. In 1998 her works received the Prix Condorcet. In 1999 she became a Chevalier in the National Order of Quebec. In 2001 she was named to the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.

   
Native Crafts     TOP OF PAGE
Marie Alfreda "Freda" Diesing

Born June 2, 1925 Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Died December 4, 2002 Terrace, British Columbia. Her Haida name was  Skil Kew Wet which means “Magical little woman” She learned her love of Native Arts from her grandmother. She studied at the Vancouver College of Art and the School of Northwest Indian Art. She enjoyed the traditional arts of the Haida women, button blankets and jeweler but it was in the tradition male art world of carving totem poles that she excelled and in which she would leave a lasting legacy. Some of her totem poles erected in Terrace, British Columbia were the first in the area in over 150 years. In March of 2002 the was presented with a National Aboriginal Achievement Award. Northwest Community College created the Freda Diesing School of Northwest Coast Art in her honour in Terrace, British Columbia.  Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women’s Calendar 2006. Saskatoon: Coteau Books, 2005.
 

Mary Christianne Morris née Paul Born Steweacke, Nova Scotia (?) ca 1804. Died 1886. With an invalid husband an two young adopted children it was up to her to provide your her family. She used her knowledge of her native crafts to produce award winning needlework, quillwork and basketry. Her fine artwork on clothing was sold to leading citizens in Halifax and provided the family to a comfortable farm house in Dartmouth. In 1860 a portrait of her by William Gush was presented as a gift to the Prince of Wales by the city of Halifax. She was a favored model as several portraits by known artists have survived. It is unfortunate that only a few pieces of her own artwork survive today in Maritime Museums.
 
Painters     TOP OF PAGE
Betty "Wabinmeguil" Albert-Lincez

Betty was adopted and raised by French Canadian parents in Northern Ontario. She spent some time on Vancouver Island and learned to be in touch with her spiritually. Eventually she came to find her aboriginal father, Lindy Louttit, and also discovered her Cree heritage. Her father named her Wabinmeguil (White feather) and encouraged her to follow her artistic desires. In 2005 she opened her own Ehkwateh Art Gallery in Cochrane, Ontario. In the 1990’s her works focused on women’s art and as she began to learn more of her heritage she grew into drawing features on her clan mother art works. Her studio prints have found a worldwide audience. In 1998 she published Moon Journal and Dream Log which featured her clan mother art. She also produced, with Emily Faries, works which were aimed at native organizations, school and educational authorities. By 2011 she found herself overworked so she closed her Cochrane gallery and  began to focus on original works with nature themes featuring geese and wolves. Her husband  Lawrence Martin, a former mayor of Cochrane, helped promote her original works. By 2012 she had become separated from her husband and relocated to Winnipeg, Manitoba. Sources: “Cree artist changes focus”  in Onotassiniik , Wawatay News vol. 38 no. 26 December 21, 2011. ; personal knowledge.
 

Louise Alexander Born 1880. Died 1946, Vancouver, British Columbia.  She studied at the Winnipeg School of Art from 1913 to 1917 and was secretary of the Winnipeg Art Students Sketch Club from 1914 to 1916, later serving as vice-president in 1927 and president in 1928.Alexander came to specialize in portraiture, winning first prize in a Sketch Club exhibition in 1920 and exhibiting at the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts exhibition in 1924, both with portraits. She solicited and received a number of commissions for portraits of Winnipeg mayors. Sources: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumsted (University of Manitoba, 1999) Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough. Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
 
Barbara Alice West Jefferys Allen née Jefferys. Born June 7, 1916. Died January 17, 2014, Edmonton Alberta. Barbara studied at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto. She was mentored by several well known artists of the day including her own father, C. W. Jefferys (    ) the well known Canadian historical illustrator. In fact several of her black and white sketches were sued in her father’s publication The Picture Gallery of Canadian History. After her marriage to Orval Allen, the couple settled in Edmonton Alberta where they would raise their five children. After the death of her husband in 1982, Barbara began filling her time by painting watercolour landscapes. She would mount 8 exhibitions of her works which appear in private and corporate collections. Source: Obituary, The Globe and Mail January 26, 2014. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Lillian Beatrice Allen Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba  on 9 November 1904, Died 1985, Victoria British Columbia. . Graduating in arts from the University of Manitoba in 1926, she then enrolled at the Winnipeg School of Art until 1928, teaching there in the Saturday morning classes in 1927-28., she also studied in Toronto at the Ontario College of Education. She earned a Masters of Science at Syracuse University, New York, U.S.A. In 1934 she began lecturing at the University of Manitoba, Faculty of Agriculture and Home Economics, teaching housing and design, and retiring in 1971. She helped found the Volunteer Committee of the Winnipeg Art Gallery and was awarded “Woman of the Year” by the YWCA in 1980. She retired to Victoria, British Columbia in 1981. Her papers are held at the University of Manitoba Archives and Special Collections. Sources: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumsted (University of Manitoba, 1999) Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough. Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
 
Marie Elmina Anger.  Born December 24,  1844.  Educated as a teenager with the Sisters of the Good Shepard in Quebec City, she entered the order and took vows and became Sister Marie de Jésus. While she became a good teacher herself she was better known for her talents in painting. She was particularly good as a portrait artist and would, in her lifetime, produce some 50 portraits of religious colleagues of her day. People who would sit for portraits included Elisabeth Bryière, Archbishop Baillagon, Cardinal Tachereau and Vicar General Cazeau. Through her own canvases and her teachings, Sister Marie de Jésus left a rich cultural and religious heritage to Quebec.
 
Kateryna Antonovych née Serebriakova. Born October 23, 1887,Kharkiv,Ukraine,  Died February 22, 1975. , Winnipeg, Manitoba. She studied at the St. Petersburg Medical Academy before completing her studies at the Kiev Academy of Art.  She became an internationally known artist who studying in several western European countries. She married art historian Dmytro Antonovych and the family immigrated to Prague in 1923. She worked in Prague at the Museum of Ukrainian National Struggle for Liberation and was also a director of an Ukrainian Orphanage. She joined her daughter in Winnipeg in 1949. She opened an art school in 1954 while she exhibited her own works across Canada.  Antonovych was active in Ukrainian women’s and various community organizations. Her papers are at Library and Archives Canada. Source: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumstead (University of Manitoba, 1999) Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough. Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
 
Ashevak Kenojuak. Born Ikerrasak Camp, Baffin Island, Northwest Territories October 3, 1927. This Inuit Artist of Baffin Island is famous for the prints made of her work. Graphic art is only one of her chosen medium. She also carves sculptures.  She prefers birds as subjects of her works. She is a fellow of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and a Companion of the Order of Canada.
 
Margaret Ruth Bagnall née Burns. Born Darnley, Prince Edward Island June 28, 1900. Died 1994. She graduated from Prince of Wales College and became a teacher. January 19, 1920 she married Frank Bagnall and the couple had two daughters. For 26 years he worked for the Island Telephone Company but still found time beyond career and family to participate in her avocation of writing and painting as well as being active in the Women’s Institute. She was awarded a life membership in the WI in recognition of her contributions to the organization. She wrote short stories and historical events and also wrote plays for the entertainment of the local area. She had dabbled in oils since the 1950’s and in 1973 in celebration of the PEI Centennial she researcher the history and painted 15 paintings of houses and 4 churches that were build of local PEI stone. Source: Outstanding women of Prince Edward Island Compiled by the Zonta Club of Charlottetown, 1981.
 
Patricia Bates née Martin. Born June 25, 1927, Saint John, New Brunswick. A highly innovative artist, she brought imagination to her artistic prints. Some of her works are two sided! She limits her colours to black, white, and silver and is inspired by the art of the Islamic Middle East and Zen Buddhists. 
 
Shirley Bear Born Negootgook Reserve, New Brunswick. Shirley attended the College Maillet in Saint-Basile, New Brunswick and followed this with studies in photography and painting in New Hampshire. U.S.A. Her paintings had appeared in exhibitions throughout North America. In 1990 she served as curator for a touring exhibition of art by Aboriginal women, Changers: A Spiritual Renaissance. Catherine Martin made Shirley the subject of her short film for the National Film Board. In 2011 she was inducted into the Order of Canada. Shirley has authored 6 books
 
Molly Lamb Bobak. Born February 25, 1920 Vancouver, British Columbia. Died March 2, 2014.  Her father was a geologist by profession but he also had a profound interest in the arts and the circle of family friends included many Canadian artists. This family association was no doubt a welcoming atmosphere for a young artist who studied at the Vancouver School of Art. In November 1942 she enlisted in the Canadian Women's Army Corp. Her talents did not go unnoticed and she became the first woman to be officially designated as a Canadian war artist. During the War in London she met her husband Bruno Bobak. The couple would have two children. After VE-Day she went to Holland to record the devastation of the war. It was during her service years of World War II that she met her future husband. In 1950, with a grant from the French government she painted her impressions of this European country. In She would return often to paint in France. At home in Canada, she is busy at the design department at the Vancouver School of Art, the University of British Columbia and the Art Centre at the University of New Brunswick. She has also used her artistic talents to illustrate several books including her own Wild Flowers of Canada. 1995 she and her artist husband Bruno were inducted with the Order of Canada.  Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online Accessed 2007)
 
Pauline Boutal (née LeGoff). Born 1894, Britanny, France. Died Saint Boniface, Manitoba, 1992. Her family immigrated to Manitoba in 1907, settling first on Lake Manitoba and later in Winnipeg. Her family members were active workers in stained glass, and she learned to draw in childhood. In 1918 she joined Brigden’s as a fashion artist, and she remained there until 1941, in charge of designs for the Eaton’s catalogue where all items sold were drawn by artists. She joined Le Cercle Molière Theatre with her husband in 1925, and the couple soon became responsible for most of the design work.  She replaced her husband as artistic director upon his death in 1941. Her works were exhibited annually from 1932 to 1975 with the Manitoba Society of Artists, in various group shows at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, and in four solo exhibitions at the Centre Cultural franco-manitobain in Saint-Boniface. In 1941 she retired from commercial art work to concentrate on her landscape and portrait paintings. She was commissioned to paint the Mayors of Saint Boniface.  In 1963 she was awarded a Golden Boy Award, in 1970 from the Manitoba Historical Society she received the Manitoba Centennial Medal . She was inducted into the Order of Canada  in 1973.  She also received the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal in 1992. Sources: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J. M. Bumsted  (University of Manitoba Press, 1999) ; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. (Accessed December 2011)
 
Henrietta Hancock Britton Born May 20, 1873, Ealing West England. Died  July 27, 1963, Toronto, Ontario. She immigrated to Canada with her parents in 1874, where she lived in both Brandon, Manitoba and Toronto, Ontario. She trained in art in Toronto for three years before becoming an apprentice in the private studio of William Cruickshank R.C.A. She taught art at the Bishop Strachan School and Moulton College in Toronto. In 1901 she studied painting in Europe for three months. In 1906 she came to Brandon, Manitoba, and taught at Brandon College as Director of Art, where she remained until 1911. While in Brandon she founded the Brandon Art Club. In 1911 she went for another year of study in England, and upon her return she decided to give up teaching art, and devote her time to painting. While in England she married artist Harry Britton. After settling in Cornwall for a number of years the couple returned to Canada, moving to Toronto in 1914. . Her commissions include a mural at the Ossington Avenue Church and one at Scott Mission, both in Toronto. Britton exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy from 1905-1946 and the Art Association of Montreal in 1945 and 1946. Her works are owned by several institutions including the National Gallery of Canada. Source: Memorable Manitobans Profile by Angela Graham. Online. (Accessed December 2011). ; Canadian Women Artists History Initiative. Online (Accessed December 2011)
 
Rebecca Ann Burke. Born October 26, 1946.  This artist has shown her works in exhibitions in the Canadian Maritimes, Alberta, Quebec, British Columbia and the United States.  She is currently a professor with the Department of Fine Arts at Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick.
 
Ghitta Calserman-Roth. Born 1923. A very talented artist she is considered an outstanding example of creativity of women artists that have characterized a century of art in Montreal.
Florence Carlyle Born 1864, Galt, Canada West (Now Ontario) Died 1923, Crowborough Sussex, England. As a young student she studied in Paris, France. In 1983 she exhibited her works in Paris and at the Chicago World’s Fair. Back in Canada by 1896 she taught at the Toronto Girl’s School Havergal College. in 1897 became the first woman to be elected an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy. In 1898 she had established studios in London, Ontario and Woodstock, Ontario. She was well known for her landscapes, domestic interior and her portraiture. In 1899 she relocated to New York City, New York, U.S.A. where she opened a successful studio. During World War l she volunteered for hospital work in England and sold some of her paintings to aid the Red Cross Society. She continued to exhibit her works at notable centres including the Royal Academy, the Royal Academy of Canada, the Canadian National Exhibition and the Pan Am Exhitibition. In 1912 she settled in England after having travelled throughout Europe. Some of her works are owned by the National Gallery of Canada. Source: Waterloo Region Hall of Fame. Online. (Accessed July 2014)
 
Emily Carr. Born Victoria, British Columbia December 13, 1871. Died March 2,1945. Emily is perhaps one of the most famous women painters in Canada.  Her works bring alive the beautiful West Coast scenes with vibrant and distinct images. The swirling stokes of her brush created unique images of her paintings. Her canvases hang in many art galleries including the National Gallery in Ottawa. Totem poles of West Coast native peoples were also one of her favourite studies. Did you know she also wrote books? You will find books showing her art and the books she wrote at your local public library.
 
Jane Margaret Carson Champaign Born Toronto, Ontario 1930. She obtained her Bachelor of Fine Arts at the University of Toronto and continued her studies at the Atelier d'Art Sacré in Paris, France. Her works are landscapes in watercolour and acrylic. She has had numerous solo shows and her works grace several private collections. She is also an editor and writer having worked for several Canadian publications including being assistant Editor for the Canadian Composer/Le Compositeur Canadien form 1971-1978. She contributed numerous articles to this and other publications on Canadian composers and musicians. She is a founding member of the Toronto Watercolour Society and enjoys bicycling, travel and gardening when she is not writing or painting.
 
Shirley Cheechoo. (Stage name Cactus Rose). Born June 18, 1952. She is an artist, actor, writer, director, singer and a producer who has been successful in reaching back to her native roots for inspiration. She has participated in several exhibitions of her art work of acrylic, oils and mixed medium on canvas and stained glass. Her works have been used for Christmas cards by both UNICEF and Amnesty International. She has appeared in film, TV, radio and theater productions. In 1995 Laurentian University gave her an Honorary Doctorate. 
 
Anna Gertrude Lawson Cheney Born Windsor, Nova Scotia June 22, 1897. Died November 3, 1985. Evan as a child Nan had an interest in art and the form of the human body. She would soon earn her place as a portrait painter and the first medical artist in British Columbia. A friend of Emily Carr, the famous west coast artist, they were encouraging one another well before Carr’s works became generally accepted as the art treasures that they were. She gathered information on Emily until Dece4mber 1979. Suggested reading: Dear Nan: Letters of Emily Carr by Nan Cheney and Humphrey Toms. Source: The History of Metropolitan Vancouver. www.vancouverhistory.ca (accessed June 19, 2009)
 
Paraskeva Clark (née Plistik).  Born St Petersburg, Russia. Died August 10. 1986. This accomplished painter studied in the Soviet Free Studios in Russia from 1917-1921 but left Russia for Paris, France on the death of her husband. She moved to Canada with her new Canadian husband Philip Clark in 1931. Settling in the Toronto area she brought some real flair to the Toronto art scene in the 1930's and 1940's.
 
Heather Collins Born Montreal, Quebec. She has been drawing since she was very young. She has illustrated over forty children’s books over the past twenty years. She is the recipient of the 1995 Information Book Award and the 1995 Ruth Schwartz Children’s Book Award (Picture Book Category) for A Pioneer Story: The Daily Life of a Canadian Family in 1840. Heather Collins lives in Toronto with her husband and two children.
 
Irma Sophia Coucill.  Born August 8, 1918. An artist and editor, she began her career by working as artistic editor for various Canadian newspapers. She is mainly known for her portraits of Canadian sports figures. ( 310 completed works), prominent business figures , broadcasters and physicians. Her portraits number in the hundreds and are displayed in several Halls of Fame .  Her works have been used to produce commemorative coins and are also considered prominent pieces in several museums. 
 
Julia Crawford Born Kingston, New Brunswick 1896. Died 1968. She began her working career as a teacher but soon entered the Pratt Institute in Boston in the United States in 1925. While at the Institute show would win honours for her Design.  She returned to Saint John, New Brunswick to teach at the city's Vocational school from 1928 through 1944. While she painted in various medium perhaps her favourite was water colour.
 
Marion Margaret Cuming. Born June 26, 1936.  She would do her post graduate studies in teaching but chose to study art in France, Mexico and Italy before returning to Canada. She has used her artistic talents to help emotionally disturbed children and has worked with Canadian street kids. She has worked closely with UNESCO related activities.  For her personal artistic expression she enjoys drawing Canadian heritage subjects. 
 
Kate Livingston Cumming (née Taylor) Born 1889 , Chatham, Ontario (?). Died 1971, London, Ontario. At the Chatham High School her talents in art were recognized with the Pile Gold Medal for promise in art. In 1910-1911 she attended the Detroit College of Art and here, for the first time she saw miniature paintings. While she would enjoy painting landscapes and gardens it would be her specialization in portraits that is remembered. In 1912 she attended the Ontario College of Art where she learned from such notable artists as Arthur Lismer. Upon graduation the Ontario College of Art appointed her as an associate in the Department of Drawing and Painting. From 1915-1917 her works were shown at the Royal Canadian Academy exhibition. In 1922 here paintings were shown at the Canadian National Exhibition. It was about this time that she married a Methodist Minister, Robert Cumming. There was little time for her artistic pursuits as she settled down to the busy life as a minister’s wife and raising three children. The family moved often, living in numerous small Ontario towns. Kate began painting again to supplement the family income but was unable to maintain  a Gallery she had opened in St Catherines, Ontario. Theft and loss of numerous works plagued her career at this time. In 1938 the Federated Women’s Institutes of Canada commissioned her to do a portrait of Lady Tweedsmuir, wife of the Governor General. This portrait is on display at Governor General residence. In 1951 and again in 1956 she exhibited at the Annual Western Ontario Exhibition, London, Ontario. In 1953 she had a solo exhibition at the London Public Library and Museum followed several years latter whit shared showings at the McIntosh Gallery. In the 1960’s she was bedridden with poor health and stroke left unable to paint. from which she never recovered. Sources: “Our forgotten artist” by Tom Spears, Ottawa Citizen October 5, 2013 ; Correspondence with Tom Spears; Canadian Women Artists History Initiative Online (Accessed November 2013)
 
Gertrude E. Cutts (née Spurr). Born England 1858. Died 1941. She studied in England at the Scarborough School of Art and the Lambeth Art Schools as well as in New York. This accomplished artist moved to Canada in 1891. She married Toronto Artist William Cutts in 1909. She was a member of the Ontario Society of Art and an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy.
 
Kathleen Frances Daly

Born Nappanee, Ontario May 28, 1889. Died August 31, 1994. As young artist she attended the University of Toronto and the Ontario College of Art in 1924. She continued her education in Europe at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere in Paris , France and in the United States at the Parsons’ School of Design in New York City. In 1929 she married a fellow artist, George Pepper and the two spent a life of travel and painting together. She is well known for her paintings of Montagnais, the Charlevoix and the Stoney Indians of Alberta. She also painted landscapes. Her paintings may be found in the Legislative Buildings in Edmonton, Alberta, the Banff Public Library, and the London Public Library as well as in major galleries such as the National Gallery in Ottawa, the Lord Beaverbrook Museum in Fredericton and in the Canadian Embassy in Denmark.
 

Alma Duncan Born Paris, Ontario October 2, 1917. Died Ottawa, Ontario December 15, 2004. She studied in Hamilton, Ontario and at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. From 1936-1943 she worked at a Montreal advertising firm. By 1943 she officially documented the lives of war workers and members of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps considered her their unofficial artist. Alma and Audrey McLaren, an Ottawa photographer produced animated films under the name of Dunclaren Productions. One of their first productions, Folksong Fantasy was nominated for a British Film Award. Alma participated in numerous national and international art exhibition. She also sat on juries for the Canadian Film Award. From the 1960’s she devoted her energies mainly to her paintings. She taught art to school children of and on from 1949 through the 1980’s. In the 1970’s she designed two series of postage stamps for Canada Post. Maple in four seasons in 1971 and Floral Aerogramme in 1973. She travelled an honed her craft wherever she went in Europe, Japan, Hong Kong, the Caribbean, Costa Rica as well she spent some time in the Canadian Arctic. Her works reside innumerous local, provincial and national galleries including the National Gallery of Canada. Sources: Alma Duncan, Visual Artist by Valerie Knowles; D & E Lake http://delake.com accessed August 2011.
 
Evelyn 'Eve' Alberta Cleverly Dunn Born October 29, 1900, Fleming, Saskatchewan. Died July 7, 1994, Wawanesa, Manitoba. As a young girl of 14 with her father serving overseas in World War l, Eve began working at the Audit Department of the T. Eaton Department Store in order to help support her family. He boss noticed some of her sketches and gave her additional work hours drawing for the famous Eaton’s catalogue. Encouraged in her art she attended art schools in Mexico and Canada. She married Henry Dunn, a Canadian National Railroad worker and the couple lived at various cities, towns and villages throughout Manitoba.  Eve transformed her love of the prairie landscape onto her canvas. Her works were shown throughout Manitoba and Canada. In 1974 she received a Good Citizen Award from the Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba.  Source: Goldsborough, Gordon. ‘Evelyn Alberta Cleverly “Eve” Dunn’ in Memorable Manitobans. Online. (Accessed September 2014.)
 
Jean Bruce Dawson. (née Anderson). Born August 23, 1912. Died 1999. She studied as a nurse when the depression intervened with her plans to become a doctor.  Her marriage to Douglas Dawson would lead to a family of four children and a relationship of some 60 years.  While traveling in the tropics she gained an interest in painting. At 74 years she earned her BA in Fine Arts.  She enjoyed her art but seldom showed her work.  She continued her humanitarian efforts by working for Meals on Wheels in her home community.
 
Mary Ella Digham. Born Port Burwell, Ontario January 30, 1857. Died September 6,1938. She studied art at the Ontario Western School of Art and Design with subsequent studies in New York and Paris. In addition to exhibiting her work in North America and abroad she was the first Head of the Department of Art at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, founder of the Women's Art Association of Canada and founder of the first International Society of Women Painters and Sculptors. She was the first to bring live nude models into a woman's studio in Canada. She worked tirelessly for women's equal opportunities in the art world. She spearheaded the creation of the "State Diner Service" of the Governor General, a 192 piece china dinnerware hand painted by Canadian women artists and presented to Lady Aberdeen. Nominated by the  Women's Association of Canada. Source: Mary Ella Dignam, biography Women's Art Association of Canada - History http;//www.womensartofcanada.ca/history  accessed July 2011
 
Mary Alexandra Eastlake (née Bell) Born Ontario 1864. Died 1951. She studied art in Montréal, New York and Paris. She returned to Montreal to teach art and married British landscape painter Charles Herbert Eastlake. She exhibited frequently in Canada, London and other places. Her works are signed with both her maiden name and her married name. Her portrait of Maude Abbott was the basis for a Canadian postage stamp tribute to Abbott.
 
Gathie Falk Born January 31, 1928 An artist who works with multimedia. Her home base is in Western Canada, but she has a national reputation.
 
Betty Roodish Goodwin. née Roodish. Born March 19, 1928.  Evan as a young child she loved to draw and paint. She is self taught through constant reading and visiting of museums and galleries. Encouraged to express her art by her mother and then her husband when has worked with collage, assemblage, sculpture, print making, and painting. All of her works revolve around the images of an emotional human form. She is one of Canada's important and respected artists with works in the National Gallery in Ottawa, many U.S. Galleries as well as some in England and Switzerland.
 
Hortense Crompton Gordon née Mattice. Born November 24, 1886, (some sources report the year as 1887 or 1889) Hamilton, Ontario. Died November 6, 1961, Hamilton, Ontario. As a child she attended Saturday morning art classes at the Hamilton Art School. After the retirement of her father in 1903 she lived with relatives in Chatham, Ontario where she began to study and paint china. Her 1st exhibition of china was on December 14-16, 1908 at a local Chatham hotel.  In 1916, after the death of her father she returned to Hamilton and in the fall of 1918 she began work at the Hamilton Technical School as an assistant to John Gordon whom she married August 3, 1920. She continued teaching at the school until 1951, the last twenty years as head of the Art Department, succeeding her husband. The husband and wife would travel to Europe in the summers and Hortense began to exclusively paint landscapes.  In the 1930’s she began experimenting with abstract painting, becoming one of the 1st abstract artists probably in Canada. From 1941-1945 she studied at the Cranbrook Academy of Art Gloucester, Massachusetts, U.S.A. and she abandoned realism to concentrate on non-objective painting.  In 1948 she had garnered national interest in her works and she was named honorary president of the Contemporary Artists of Hamilton. In 1952 she became the oldest member of the group known as Painters Eleven.  She was a member of the Canadian Society of Graphic Artists and the Royal Canadian Academy of Art, the Ontario Society of Artists, The North Shore Arts Association of Gloucester, Massachusetts, the international Federation of Art, Zurich, Germany and the Art Teachers Guild, London, England. She was also one of the founders of The Women’s Art Association of Hamilton. Hortense was inducted into the Hamilton Gallery of Distinction in 1989. She is considered a trail blazer of the popularization of modern art in Canada and is featured in the book; Painters Eleven; The Wild Ones of Canadian Art published in Vancouver by Douglas & McIntyre in 2010.  
 
Elizabeth Frances Hall née Amherst. Born 1774, England. Died June 18, 1826, Quebec. On April 3, 1799 she Married John Hale in London, England. The couple had 4 daughters and 8 sons. In June 1799 she husband was appointed deputy paymaster general of the British troops stationed in the Canadas. She accompanied her husband and the couple settled in Quebec City. Elizabeth took up painting in watercolours. She enjoyed painting urban and rural landscapes. She left her adopted country with works which focused on interesting structures and natural sites such as waterfalls. One print which has circulated widely depicts York (Toronto) in 1804 just shortly after it had been founded. She left a small sketchbook of various landscapes depicting the surroundings in which she lived including scenes of their seigneury of Sainte Anne de la Pérade where the family spent summers. Some of her drawings are in the collections of the Public Archives of Canada. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Vol. 6. Page 9.
 
Mary Riter Hamilton Born 1873 Teeswater, Ontario. Died 1954 Vancouver, British Columbia. Shortly after her birth her family relocated to Clearwater, Manitoba. At 18 in 1889 she married Charles W. Hamilton and the couple settled in Port Arthur (Thunder Bay), Ontario. After the death of her husband in 1893 she returned to Manitoba and began painting china. She studied art in Toronto and then in Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain and France. She returned to Winnipeg in 1906. In 1911 she had a gallery show in Toronto and in 1914 she moved to Victoria, Ontario. Living in British Columbia at the end of World War l she was commissioned by the Amputation Club of B.C. to do paintings of French battlefields. From 1919-1922 she painted with whatever materials she could find recording over 300 paintings the destruction of the war. In 1988 The War Amps would produce an award-winning documentary film, No Man’s Land, on her experiences. In 1926 she donated 227 works to the Public Archives of Canada. Partially blind she retired to Vancouver, British Columbia where she died in poverty. Source: Susan Merritt, Her Story II: Women from Canada’s Past, 1995.
 
Prudence Heward Born 1896, Montreal, Quebec. Died March 19, 1947. She studied art at the Art Association of Montreal and the Académie Colarossi in Paris, France. Known for her impressive figure painting she was a member of the Canadian Group of Painters in 1933 and became a member of the Contemporary Arts Society in 1939. The National Gallery of Canada is pleased to own four of her oil paintings.
 
Marjorie Hodgson

née Bothing. Born 1932, Hamilton, Ontario.  She showed an interest in art as a youth and attended the Ontario College of Art. She married Joshua Hodgson (1950   ) and the couple have 3 children. Her paintings are known and have been shown internationally having been displayed in Japan, Mexico and England. She enjoys teaching watercolour art at various private and public colleges. 1974-75 she was Director, Canadian Society of Artists in Water Colour and 1977-78 she was Director of the Ontario Society of Artists.  Source: Canadian Who’s Who 2006 (University of Toronto Press) page 602.
 

Gunhild Hotte Born May 5, 1945, Flensburg, Schleswig/Holstein, Germany. Gunhild emigrated to Canada in 1957. She settled in Northern Ontario near Cochrane, Ontario and took courses in Visual Arts and Crafts Diploma from Northern College in Timmons, Ontario, in 1984.  She earned her Bachelor in Fine arts in 1988 and a Bachelor of Education in 1989 from Queens University, Kingston, Ontario. She then attended the University of Windsor in southern Ontario and earned a MFA in 1992. She takes much of inspiration fro nature and the uniqueness of the Northern Canadian landscape. She has participated in numerous art shows and won Best of show the Scarab Club, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. in 1992. Her acrylic and oil works have won Best in Show in 1995 and 2002 at the Northern Impressions and Northern Telephone Exhibitions, Timmins. Her works are included in the Art Bank of Canada, Queens University, Windsor University, Essex Board of Education, Northern Ontario Railway, St. Michael’s Printshop St. John’s , Newfoundland, Northern College and the Timmins Museum National Exhibition Centre to name a few. Gunhild takes an active interest in her home community and is a moving force behind the Cochrane Art Guild and the Northern Ontario Art Group.  Source: Gunhild Hotte, Cochrane, Ontario
 
Yvonne McKague Housser

Born August 4, 1898, Toronto, Ontario. Died January 26, 1996, Toronto, Ontario. She began her studies in art at the Ontario College of Art (OCA) from 1915-1920. In 1921 she took one of what would be several year long trips to continue studies in art. Returning from France she turned to teaching at OCA. She had her first exhibition of her works at the Royal Canadian Academy which was followed in 1924 with an exhibition with the Ontario Society of Artists. After another year in France she was back teaching and from 1928-1931 she exhibited in 3 Group of Seven showings. In 1933 she was a founding member of the Canadian Group of Painters and the Federation of Canadian Artists. In 1935 she married Frederick Hauser, an author who wrote about the famous Group of Seven painters. In 1949 she retired from the OCA and taught in Kitchener at the Doon School of Fine Arts as well as at the Ryerson Polytechnical Institute (now Ryerson University) in Toronto. She also continued her trips to continue learning in Cape Cod, Mexico and the West Indies. She received the Baxter Purchase Award at the Ontario Society of Artists. In 1984 she was inducted into the Order of Canada. Her paintings are in the permanent collections of the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ontario, the McMichael Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario, the University of Toronto and Victoria University, Ontario, the Public Library and Art Museum in London, Ontario, and in many private collections. Sources: Yvonne McKague Hauser Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Yvonne McKague Housser Collections. Nationa Gallery of Canada. Online Accessed July 2013  Suggestion submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.

Helen Kalvak Born 1901, Tahiryuak, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Died May 7, 1984 Holman, Northwest Territories. She lived a traditional nomadic life of her peoples. In 1960 her husband , Edward Manayak, died and she and her daughter settled In Holman, Northwest Territories. She worked to establish the Holman Eskimo Co-operative  and began to take an interest in art. In 1965 her art works were turned prints and became a popular purchase from the co-op. Her works depicted her people in traditional life and roles. In 1975 she was inducted into the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts followed in 1978 with induction into the Order of Canada. In 1976 Canada Post used one of her works on a 17 cent postage stamp. The School in Holman is named in her honour; By 1978 she had produced over an estimated 2000 works of arts with prints being sold worldwide.  Source: Helen Kalvak, Spiritwriter  online accessed 2008.
 
Elsie Dorothy Knowles. Born  April 7,1927.  She is an artist who enjoys water colour landscapes as her form of expression.  She has been able to have her works shown in Vancouver; Edmonton; London, England; Paris, France, Chicago; Los Angeles  and more recently in a 1994 traveling exhibition by the Mendel Art Gallery in Saskatoon. 
 
Elizabeth Annie McGillivray Knowles (née Beach) Born Ottawa, Ontario January 8, 1866 Died October 4, 1928. A painted of considerable recognition she specialized in nature studies. She was elected an associate of the Royal Academy of Art in 1908. Samples of her works are preserved in the National Gallery of Canada and Parkwood Museum, the home of Sam McLaughlin, Oshawa.
Karen Gay Kulyk Born July 19, 1920, Toronto, Ontario. She earned her Bachelor of Fine Arts from Your University in 1973. After graduation she established and ran Seedlings, a Toronto gallery for emerging artists while continuing her own studio work. In 1975 she joined the Marianne Friedland Gallery and began exhibiting her won works around the world in the Mediterranean, Caribbean, Asia, Scandinavia, East and West Europe as well as North and South America. In 1983 she was awarded the Grollo d’Oro for her unique use of colour at the Treviso International Art Competition and the Sheila-Hugh Mackay Foundation Grant in 1997. She has been Artist in residence at universities and museums around the world and was the 1st Canadian invited to exhibit solo at the National Gallery of Thailand.  Source: The Canadian Who’s who, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997)
 
Cathy Lacey

Born December 1956 Spiritwood, Saskatchewan. She originally attended the University of Saskatchewan for the B.A. in 1979. She returned in 2004 to the university where she received her Bachelor of Fine Arts “with Great Distinction”. She received the University Medal for Fine Arts and the Judith Poole Award. After dedicating one of her works to a child who was murdered in her home province she has dedicated her energies and talents and works of art to raise monies and awareness of community groups such as Saskatchewan food banks, Community Health Education Programs, Planned Parenthood and internationally Women 4 Women Afghanistan. She also has created art to depict the contributions and support to society of the grandmothers and women from our heritage. Source: Saskatoon Women’s Calendar Collective. Herstory 2007: the Canadian Women’s Calendar (Regina: Couteau Books, 2006)  pg. 42
 

Anne Langton Born June 24, 1804, Yorkshire Dales, England. Died May 10, 1893, Toronto, Canada. Anne was educated at home as was the habit of wealthy families at the time. As a teen she traveled about Europe as a finale to her education. A reverse in finances found the family living a more modest live in smaller accommodations and with fewer servants. Anne was however able to continue learning sketching and painting which she loved and with which she showed some talent. In 1834, Anne, her parents and an unmarried Aunt moved to the backwoods of Fenelon Falls Upper Canada to support a son, John, who had taken up farming in Canada. Anne wrote letter home to another brother in England and also kept a diary of family activities and living conditions in 1830’s and 1840’s. Family letters home and Anne’s diary entries were published as the book A Gentlewomen in Upper Canada in 1966.  Anne’s brother John, as he prospered, became interested in politics and was elected to parliament in the colony. John moved his family with him as the Canadian Capital moved from place to place. Anne continued sketching and drawing and her works have provided historical insight to the Canadian backwoods, early Toronto, Quebec City and Ottawa as the family settled in each town. Her artistic works are located in the National Archives of Canada. A public School in Fenelon Fall, Ontario is named in her honor.
 
Rita Letendre. Born Drummondville, Quebec November 1,1928.  Originally this painter and printmaker was interested in simple shapes but as she matured her work became more austere, with large geometric forms.  She is known for large interior and exterior murals.
 
Marion Long Born Toronto, Ontario 1882. Died August 17, 1970. She studied art at the Ontario College of Art and in New York City. She gained a good reputation as a portrait artist and in 1913 opened her own studio in Toronto. In 1922 she became an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy and a fully elected member in 1933. She also became well known for her paintings of Toronto city life. Her works are owned y the Art Gallery of Ontario and the National Gallery of Canada.
 
Mary Love

Baptized Halifax, Nova Scotia June 25, 1806. Died January 13, 1866. She was educated in England and continued her studies in art. She began drawing in the 1820’s She married Lieutenant Colonel James Frederick Love July 16, 1825 while he was stationed in New Brunswick. It was after her marriage that her interest in art deepened. In 1826 her works were reproduced by lithographs in the U.S.A. She is considered the first Canadian born artist to have works lithographed. (drawn on stone for printing and reproduction)  Her husband was posted to Great Britain and the Mediterranean before returning to settle with his wife in Lower Canada. In 1856 Mary joined her husband in England where he was Knighted for his military career achievements in 1856,and she became Lady Love. Suggested source: The Dictionary of Canadian Biography (Toronto:  The University of Toronto  Press) Vol. lX..
 

Laura Lyall (née Muntz). Born Radford England June 18,1860. Died December 9,1930. As a child she immigrated to Ontario with her family in 1869 and as a young woman she became a school teacher but soon was studying art in Paris where she was exposed to the impressionist style. She was one of the first Canadian artists to receive recognition abroad and the first woman asked to exhibit with the Canadian Art club. Portraits of children were a special pleasure for her.  Since women could not become elected members to the Royal Canadian Academy she became an associate in the academy in 1895 At the age of 55, she gave up her art to raise the family of eleven children of her deceased sister. She returned to painting only at 64.
 
Sarah Mary Blake Lynch-Staunton née Blake. Born 1864? Galway, Ireland. Died 1933, Pintcher Creek, Alberta. Sara attended St Leonard’s-on-the-Sea, England and later she lived in France with her mother and sisters where she may have obtained addition training in art. In 1890 Sarah married Alfred Hardwick Lynch-Staunton (1860-1932) a member of the Northwest Mounted Police and later a rancher at Deer Horn Ranch, North Fork, Alberta. Sarah had immigrated in 1887 to see her brothers ranch. The couple had 8 children, 3 of whom died early. Sara painted landscapes and small sketches. She decorated her home by painting doors with local outdoor scenes. Her watercolour ‘Deer Horn Ranch’ is part of the Collections of the Glenbow Museum, Alberta. Source: Canadian Women Artists History Initiative, 2007 Concordia University.
 
Pegi Nicol MacLeod (née Margaret Kathleen Nicol).  Born Listowel, Ontario January 4, 1904.  Died February 12, 1949. A painter she was among the first wave of artists of Canadian modernism.  She painted many works of the women’s division of the Armed Forces at the end of World War ll.  She left over 1000 works of art in many media including designs for hooked rugs.
 
Doris Jean McCarthy Born July 7, 1910, Calgary, Alberta. Died November 25, 2010.  Her talent was noted early and she began taking art classes at 15. In 1926 noted artist Arthur Lismer gave her a scholarship to the Ontario Collage of Art where she was coached by several members of the famous Canadian painters known as the Group of Seven. She began teaching and providing encouragement to others. She taught high school students of her avocation for 40 years retiring only in 1972. She shared her joie de vivre though her paintings of landscapes she viewed around the world. She is considered perhaps Canada’s best landscape artist.  She was the 1st woman to be president of the Ontario Society of artists. In 1983 she was named Canadian Woman Artist of the year. At the age of 79 she graduated from the University of Toronto with a B.A. in English. She named her home “Fools Paradise” and bequeathed it to the Ontario Heritage Foundation to be sued as a retreat for artists. Her landscapes for which she is best known have been exhibited around the world and some of her works are owned by the National Gallery of Canada.  In 2004 the Doris McCarthy Gallery opened on the Scarborough Campus of the University of Toronto. She authored a 3 volume set of her autobiography. She was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, recipient of the Order of Ontario and the Order of Canada. Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008  (Saskatoon Women's Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007) : Obituary, The Toronto Star, November 2010  Online accessed November 2013
 
Isabel McLaughlin. Born Oshawa, Ontario October 10, 1903. Died November 26, 2002. An important early modernist painter in Canada she used bright colours in her highly subjective paintings. In 1939 she was the first woman to hold the position of president of the Canadian Group of Painters
 
Marie Madeleine
Maufils dit de St Louis.
Baptized December 21, 1671. She was one of the religious Hospitallers at the Hôtel-Dieu. She was known as Mother Maufils. She was a talented painter and artist who is credited with some of the artistic panels in the Chapel of the Hôpital Générale in Quebec city. 
Agnes Martin Born Macklin, Saskatchewan  1912. Died December 16, 2004.  She grew up in Vancouver, then moved to Bellingham, Washington, in 1932. She earned  a BA in 1942 and an MA in 1952 from the Teachers College at Columbia University, New York. She relocated to Coenties Slip in Lower Manhattan, and  had her first one-person exhibition in 1958 at the Betty Parsons Gallery, New York City.  Surveys of her work have been presented at venues including the Institute of Contemporary Art at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (1973), the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (1991), the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1992), and the Menil Collection, Houston (2002). Martin continued to live and work in Taos, New Mexico, until her death. Some critics have labeled her one of the world's foremost abstract painters.
 
Mimi Matte Birth name Madeleine R Packham. Born Regina,  Saskatchewan.  September 10, 1929.  She married in 1952 a little less than a year after she had received her Bachelor of Fine Arts from McGill University in Montreal. James and Mimi would have two daughters. A commercial artist she began exhibiting her works only in 1974. She has had group and solo showing across North America. Several renowned collections house her works including : Imperial Oil: Shell Oil: Marcil Trust: and Westin Hotels. The incentive for her works comes from anywhere, even an over heard snippet of conversations. She applies bright colours and provides a distinctive presentation of her ideas and subjects. Source: Canadian who’s who (Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 2005) 
 
Maria Frances Ann  Miller.

née Morris. Born February 12, 1813 Country Harbour, Nova Scotia. Died October 29, 1875, Nova Scotia. She enjoyed drawing and took instructions in both drawing and painting. In 1830 she opened her own art school teaching drawing to the young ladies of Halifax. She herself produced 146 paintings of Nova Scotia wildflowers. The images were published with the patronage of Sir Colin Campbell, Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. In 1836 she was named Painter of the Year by the North British Society of Halifax. In 1840 she married Garrett Miller. In 1856 she and her sister Catherine published a book of their poetry. Her works were displayed at the Paris Exhibition of 1867 in France. She  considered to be the 1st professional woman artist in Nova Scotia. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Vol. X Online : Marie Morris Miller. National Gallery of Canada. Online (Accessed January 2014)
 

Kathleen Jean Munn

Born 1887 Toronto, Ontario.. Died October 1974. Her mother managed the family of six and the family jewelry business after the death of her husband in 1890. Her grandmother was an accomplished amateur painter and encouraged young Kathleen’s drawing and she was sent to study at the Westbourne School with F. McGillivray Knowles from 1904 to 1907 where Kathleen thrived.  In 1909 she began to exhibit Barbizon-inspired landscapes at the Ontario Society of Art (OSA) and the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE). In 1912 she was in New York City to study at eh Art Students League and in 1914 she was awarded first prize at the Summer School in Woodstock New York, U.S.A.  She toured Britain and the major art centres of continental Europe with her sister in 1920. In the 1920’s she established her studio in the family home in Toronto and she began to work on a series of paintings that explored Christian themes. She devoted the 1930’s to the subject of the Passion. She exhibited a number of these drawings at the Malloney Galleries in Toronto in 1935. Discouraged by the lack of response to her works and facing the death of a brother and living with a disabled sister she stopped producing her work about 1939. Most of her work remained in family hands. The Art Gallery of Toronto exhibited her Passion drawings in several group shows in the 1940’s and the Willistead Art Gallery in Windsor included her Ascension in a 1954 show of drawings.
 

Agnes Nanogak. (married name Agnes Nanogak Goose) Born Baillie Island, Northwest Territories, November 12, 1925. Died May 5, 2001. This Inuit artist is known for her energetic and colourful representations of native myths and legends. She was the first Inuit to receive an honorary degree from a university in Canada. You can see her work in the book she illustrated Tales from the Igloo, a book of Inuit stories.
 
Lilias Torrance Newton Born 1896, Lachine, Quebec. Died 1980, Cowansville, Quebec. At the arge of 12 Lilias began taking lessons at the Art Association of Montreal. During World War l she went to England with her mother and became a Red Cross nurse. She also studied art in London. Returning to Canada she shared an art studio with colleagues who would become known as the Beaver Hall Group. In 1921 she married Frederick Newton who would later abandon her. In 1923 she was elected as the youngest member to the Royal Canadian Academy and the same year she received honorable mention at an art show in Paris, France. She would continue her work after her divorce in order to support herself and her son. In 1934 her nude painting caused uproar at the Art Gallery in Toronto. During WW ll she was hired to paint portraits of military officers and illustrated recruiting posters. Portraits became her preferred genre and in 1957 she was the 1st Canadian to produce an official portrait of Queen Elizabeth and H.R.H. Prince Philip for Government House in Ottawa. She would paint until 1975 when she suffered from a serious fall. Source: Herstory 2008: A Canadian Woman’s Calendar (Coteau Books, 2007) ; National Gallery of Canada Online (Accessed February 2014)
 
Daphne Odjig.  Born September 11, 1919 Wikwemikong, Manitoulin Island, Ontario.  This artist draws on her Potawatomi native heritage for her inner artistic strength and credits her grandfather Jonas for nurturing her spirit as a child. Daphne moved to Ottawa for formal art training and continued her education in Sweden. During World War II, she relocated to Toronto for work and there she met her first husband, Paul Somerville (d 1962) . Paul was moved to the West Coast for military duty and this is where Daphne raised their two sons. It was only once her sons where in school that Daphne found time to devote to painting. In the 1960’s her sister encouraged her to paint scenes from Manitoulin Island mythology and Daphne produced several children’s books based on Ojibwa culture.  IN 1962 she married Chester Beavon and the couple settled in northern Manitoba.  In 1972 exhibited her works in Winnipeg, the 1st time that Native artists were featured in an Art Gallery.  Her own works have been exhibited in Europe, Israel and Japan.  She painted a large mural at the national Arts Center in Ottawa. In 1973 she was a founding member of the Professional Native Indian Artists Association. In 1987 she was made a Member of the Order of Canada and two years later she was elected to the Royal Academy of Art. In 1992 she received the Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation. In 1998 she won a National Aboriginal Achievement Award. She has also published her memoirs “Paintbrush in My Hand” (1993) One of her paintings was used for Canada's Christmas stamp in 2002. In 2007 she received the Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts and was made a Member of the Order of British Columbia.  In February 2011 Canada Post again chose some of her art works to appear on Canadian Stamps. Sources: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online. Accessed 2002) Updated 2015. Daphne Odjig: The Art History Archive. Online (Accessed October 2015)
 
Marie "Mimi" Parent Born Montreal, Quebec September 8, 1924. When she was at art school in Montreal she was considered undisciplined and was expelled in 1947. That same year she held her first solo exhibition in Montreal. In 1948 she married fellow art student Jean Benoit and moved permanently to Paris. She has participated in many European and North American exhibitions of her surrealist work both with colleagues and solo exhibits. She is considered on the the most original Canadian artists in the 20th Century.
 
Pitseolak Pitseolak Ashoona. Born Nottingham Island, Northwest Territories circa 1904. Died May 28, 1983. She was brought up in a traditional Inuit lifestyle, traveling from camp to camp with her people. In 1922 she married and with her husband she would have 17 children. Sadly only 6 of her children would live to adulthood. After the death of her husband life became in difficult. A local civil administrator encouraged the widow to carve, sew and draw scenes from her memories of the traditional way of life. Her clothing, with telling scenes, sold and she began to work with pen, and coloured pencils. At her home in Cape Dorset she produced drawings of monsters and spirits of Inuit tales, scenes of early Inuit life and other memories from her heart. These works are now located in galleries and private collections around the world. As well as leaving her own personal works, three of her sons became gifted stone carvers and a daughter, Napadive Poottoogook, a graphic artist. In 1971 she told her story in the book : Pitseolak : Pictures out of my life. The National Film Board of Canada turned the illustrations from the book into an animated film. Pitseolak was a member of the Royal Academy of the Arts and in 1977 she received the Order of Canada. Canada Post issued a stamp in her honour March 8, 1993.
 
Jane Ash Poitras

Born Fort Chipewyan 1951. After the death of her mother she was adopted as a orphaned toddler by Marguerite Runck a German-Canadian widow. Her life quickly adapted to a Canadian mainstream way of life. She began studding sciences but soon switched to her primary love of art. She earned Bachelor of Fine arts in print making at the University of Alberta . After the breakup of her marriage she  followed up with a BFA at Yale and a MFA at Columbia University in New Your City. As a teen she had begun the reconnection to her Native roots and as an adult artist she found her ancestry a strong influence in her work. Her paintings show a merging of European and North American Native cultures. She is also a well known wordsmith and welcomed public speaker.  Her works have been shown across North America and are part of the holdings of such institutions as the Royal Ontario Museum and the National Gallery of Canada. Her works and biography have been published in Cultural memories and imagined futures: The art of Jane Ash Poitras by Pam McCallum (2011). In 2011 she was the co-recipient of the Lieutenants Governor of Alberta award for Distinguished Artists.  Her life partner is Clint Buehler. The couple have two sons. Sources: Honor Song: A tribute by Barbara Hagan Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1996.
 

Annie Pootoogook Born 1969, Cape Dorset, Baffin Island. She began drawing in 1997 with the encouragement of the West Baffin Eskimo Cooperative. Her pencil works reflect her own personal experiences of everyday life. She has produced images of prefabricated housing and video games and television sets. She has also tackled mental illness, alcoholism and domestic abuse. She has produced works for group shows and solo exhibitions across Canada. In 2006 she won the Sobey Art Award the pre-eminent prize for Canadian artists under 40 years of age. She was accepted into the Artists at Glenfiddich residency program in Scotland. In 2007 she became the 1st Inuit artist invited to participate in the International art exhibition in Kassel, Germany. While drawing provides living wage, Annie also likes to draw because it gives her a lift in life. Source: Herstory; The Canadian Women’s Calendar 2010.
 
Annie Louisa Prat

Born 1861. Died 1960, Nova Scotia. In 1877 through 1879 she lived with relatives in Halifax, Nova Scotia. She earned honorable mention for her watercolour painting in the 1879 Provincial Exhibition. In the 188’s she served as secretary to Charles C.D. Roberts (1860-1943 ), the man who would become known as the Father of Canadian poetry.  In 1896 she was painting miniature portraits for friends and she enrolled in the Chicago Art Institute. She moved to New York for a short time to help with her sisters’ book binding business before returning to Nova Scotia by 1900. From 1917-1920 she was Dean of Women at King’s College. In 1926 she lost sight in one eye in an accident and gave up miniature painting but she continued her war with painting wildflowers. These works proved to be an historical record of native plants of the province. Source: Herstory: Canadian Women’s Calendar 2012 ,Coteau Books, 2011.
 

Mary Pratt (née West) Born March 15, 1935. This artist is perhaps best described as a photo realist. Her paintings look so real, you might think that there were a photograph! Many of the subjects of her works are thins found in the kitchen of her home, like the work entitled ”Christmas Turkey” (1980).
 
Mary Augusta Reid née Hiester. Born Reading, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. 1854. Died October 4, 1921. While studying art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art in the USA she met her future husband, Canadian artist George A. Reid. There was time to study in Paris before the Reid settled in Toronto. She was an elected member of the Ontario Society of Artists, an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (women were not allowed to be elected to the Academy) in 1896, and was the first woman painter to have a solo show. Her art legacy includes interiors and murals as well as her landscape paintings.
 
Patricia Irene Rideout Born March 16. She is an opera singer who has performed exclusively in Canada. She has performed major choral works with most of Canada’s leading orchestras and choral societies. .She specializes in contemporary Canadian music. Bruce Mather wrote Madrigals Three for her.  She is a fine and committed performer of modern music.  
 
Sarah Margaret Armor Robertson. Born Montreal, Quebec June 16, 1891. Died December 6, 1948.  This artist became a member of a group of women painters of Montreal who would study with the top Canadian painters of the day.  She would be a colleague of the members of the famous Group of Seven but her approach to art was different and individualistic.
 
Charlotte Mount Brock Schreiber. Born Woodham, England 1834. Died 1922. A painter of the Victorian sentimental era she painted landscapes and figures. Her works exhibited In London, England and Paris, France. She was the loan woman charter member of the Royal Canadian Academy. One of the first women book illustrators in Canada, three children’s books were published in Toronto. She was the first woman on the board of the Ontario School of Art and Design.
 
Marian Mildred Dale Scott. Born Montreal, Quebec June 26, 1906. Died November 28, 1993. A painter of landscapes she also painted the people of Montreal in the depression era. Her works showed people up against machines and hard times.
Tobie Thelma Steinhouse. née Davis.  Born April 1, 1925 Montreal, Quebec. She studied in New York, U.S.A. before 1948 to 1957 when she lived in Paris France where she continued studies in graphics and painting. Just prior to leaving Paris she held a solo exhibition of her works. Returning to Montreal she was a founding member in 1965 at Altelier Libre de Recherches Graphics. She became a member of the Canadian Group of Painters and was its last president before it dissolved. In 1967 she was awarded the Jessie Dow Prize for her painting. Tobie also has an interest in Japanese calligraphy and exhibits with the school of Suiha Hiroko Okata in Quebec. Her works form part of the collections of the National Gallery of Canada and the Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal. In 1972 she published Songes et lumière huit eaux-fortes de Tobie Steinhouse [portfolio]. Montreal: La Guilde Graphique. Posted May 2016.
 
Dorothy Stevens. Born Toronto, Ontario September 2, 1888. Died June 5,  1966. This portrait and figure painter studied in London and Paris.  Her early works were etchings and later she was known for her oils and pastel portraits of women in Toronto, Mexico and the West Indies.  She taught children’s art classes for 15 years in Toronto but, may have been better remembered as throwing the best parties in the city of Toronto!
 
Françoise Sullivan (Married name Ewan) Born Montreal, Quebec June 10, 1925. This artist was part of the famous Automatists group of Montreal.  As well as her art, she pursued a career in dance after studying in New York City.  After her marriage in 1949 she started a family and found it more difficult to keep up her successful dance career.  She turned her artistic talents to welded metal sculptures.  She created a monumental sculpture for Expo 67 in Montreal. Plexiglas was her next medium of choice. By 1980 she returned to expressing her artistic talents in her painting. 
 
Mildred Valley Thornton

Born 1890, Dresden, Ontario. Died July 27, 1967, Vancouver, British Columbia. The family moved to Regina, Saskatchewan in 1913 By 1926 she was married with children, nevertheless she spent weeks at a time away from home, living with different native communities across the prairies, gaining the trust and acceptance of her subjects, who permitted her to attend ceremonies and rituals seldom seen by non-Natives. She captured Canada's Native history in written word and in paintings. She settled in Vancouver in 1934, and continued her interest with aboriginal peoples. The Kwakiutl tribe of British Columbia made her a princess of the Clan Eagle and named her "Ah-ou-Mookht," meaning "the one who wears the blanket because she is of noble birth," and the Crees named her "Owas-ka-esk-ean" or "putting your best ability for us Indians. "She created more than 300 paintings of ceremonies, dances and Native people. She was art critic for the Vancouver Sun newspaper for 16 years until retirement in 1959. She served on the executive of the Canadian Women's Press Club and was a member of the Canadian Authors' Association. In 1960 she became Fellow in the Royal Academy of Arts. Sources: The Thornton Archives, Westbridge Publications Online (Accessed December 2012)
 

Ruth Tulving (née Mikkelsaar) Born December 29, 1930, Estonia. Ruth came to Canada while still a young teenager. In 1950 she married Endel Tulving . The couple have two children. She attended the Ontario College of Art graduating in 1962 winning the Lieutenant Governor Medal. She continued her education at L’academie de la grande Chaumére, Paris and the University of California at Berkley, California, U.S.A. From 1965-through 1973 she taught at the Ontario College of Art, Toronto, Ontario. In 1966 she received the National Academy of Design Award. She has exhibited her works throughout North and South America, Europe and China with many solo exhibits. In 1977 she was elected a member of the Royal Academy of Arts. From 1983-1984 she served as President of the Ontario Society of Artists. Sources: International Who’s Who of Women (2002) ; Ruth-Tulving.com (accessed August 2014)
 
Joyce Wieland. Born Toronto, Ontario June 30, 1931. Died June 27, 1998. This artist had her first exhibition in 1960. She went to New York City with her husband and experimented with films. She took her inspiration from Canadian history, politics and ecology. Her artistic works covered a multitude of media from canvas, quilting, and embroidery to film. Her works came in all sizes from large murals to a commissioned Canada Post World Health postage stamp. While she exhibited her works all over the world she was the first living Canadian woman artist to have a solo exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada (1971).
 
Florence Wyle. Born November 24, 1881. Died January 14,1968. A sculptor, she preferred to work in her studio, which was once a church. She was a founding member of the Sculptor's Society of Canada in 1928. She was the first woman sculptor to become a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. She worked on numerous Canadian War Memorials for WW 1 and designed the Edith Cavel memorial. She had a love of nature that was reflected in her published poems.
 
Photographers    TOP OF PAGE
Barbara Astman. Born Rochester, New York U.S.A. July 12, 1950. As a photographer and multimedia artist, she is fascinated by current technological developments, which she mixes with a variety of traditional art forms. She is in the forefront of post-modern art activity.
 
Reva Brooks

Born Toronto, Ontario May 10, 1913. Died January 24, 2004. She had a short working career as a secretary before she met and married a young artist Leonard Brooks in 1936. During World War ll, Leonard was an official artist with the Canadian Navy. In 1947 the couple used a veteran Affairs grant to travel to Mexico for a year to focus on Leonard’s painting. For the next 50 years, Mexico would remain their base of operations where they played a pinnacle role in establishing a world renounced artist colony at San Miguel de Allenade. At 34 years of age Reva picked up a camera and with a natural eye began taking photos of the people and the countryside in Mexico. Her works achieved critical acclaim in the U.S. and Europe. The photographs have appeared in shows and galleries around the world. Canada was always a part of their soul and the couple served as unique cultural ambassadors for both counties. In 1992 the formed, at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, The Leonard and Reva Brooks foundation to house records of their lives and works. It also promotes the arts in Canada and funds scholarships for Mexican students to study music. Source suggested: Leonard and Riva Brooks: a biography of Canadian artists in exile. By John Virtu, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001.
 

Margaret Jane "Nellie" Bryant Born October 2, 1864 (1865?) Iroquois, Canada West (Ontario). Died July 14, 1947 Winnipeg, Manitoba. Although she intended to be a school teacher when a  photographer saw some sketches he offered to teach her photograph retouching methods. This led to a life-long career as a photographer. She started doing tintype and daguerreotype photographs in Ontario at Morrisburg, Augustburg, and the Thousand Islands. After working at a studio in the Thousand Islands for seven years, she started her own studio at Iroquois, later moving to Brockville, Ontario. In 1901, following her marriage, she moved to Winnipeg with her salesman husband, Harry H. Bryant, and opened a studio on Fort Street. She is possibly the first photographer to use dry plates in a camera. Sources: “Mrs. H. H. Bryant dies, aged 82”, Winnipeg Free Press, 16 July 1947, page 7. Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011).
 
Geneviére Cadieux. Born July 17, 1955.  She is an artist who uses large photographic pieces as her medium of expression.  She is also a sculptor.  Her work has been chosen to represent Canada at 3 international expositions.  She also had solo exhibitions in Europe.  She has been a guest professor in Paris and Grenoble, France. (1997).
 
Marcelle Ferron Born January 20, 1924 Louiseville, Quebec. Died November 19, 2001. A member of a group of artists known as les Automatistes she has worked in medium such as stained glass. She is primarily known for her dynamic paintings. She uses vibrant colours and fluid forms to cover her canvases.
 
Dawn Elaine Goss Born St Catherines, Ontario June 27, 1961.After her university studies at Brock and Guelph she began her career of travel and photojournalism. She co-ordinated and co-authored an 18 month photographic journey along the Trans Canada Highway. Many of her photos were displayed at the Canadian Pavilion at the World Expo '86. She was the photographer / writer of the storey of the 1987 Canadian Olympic torch relay. She has presented articles and photos for such magazines as Maclean's, Equinox, Canadian Geographic, National Geographic, Newsweek as well as being featured in several Canadian newspapers. As well as a love for travel she enjoys playing the piano and cross country skiing.
 
Angela Grauerholz Born Hamburg, Germany January 10, 1952. This artistic photographer has an international reputation with major exhibitions in Canada, U.S.A. and Europe. Her works include portraits, scenes, interiors and exteriors, all with a sense of timelessness. Her works raise a question of "What is beneath the obvious". (source: the Canadian Encyclopedia Online accessed May 2003)
 
Zahra Kazeml Born Shiraz, Iran 1949. Died July 10, 2003. She moved to France in 1974 to study literature and cinema at the University of Paris. She worked in Africa, Latin-America, the Caribbean and the mid east including Israel, Iraq and Afghanistan. She became a well established in film documentaries  who's themes were poverty, destitution forced exile and oppression wherever it appeared in the world. She emigrated with her family to Canada in 1993. June 23, 2003 she was arrested taking photos outside Evin Prison in Tehran, Iran. She was subjected to severe torture in the prison that she was photographing. the Iranian judiciary declared her death an accident and effectively closed the case. Continued pressure from individuals and the Canadian government on behalf of its citizen finally, in February 2005, brought Iran to admit that she had been murdered.
 
Minna Keen. née Bergman Born Arolsen, Germany April 5,1861. Died November 1943. A self taught photographer in the pioneering days of photography she was the first woman to become a fellow to the Royal Photographic Society. She came to Canada in 1913 where commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to photograph the Rockies. She opened her studio in Toronto and was recognized with awards from Japan, South Africa, and Australia. The National Archives of Canada and the Smithsonian Institution in the U.S.A. collect her works.
 
Ann Martyn née Lambly. Mrs. John Martyn. Born Quebec City 1808. She is the first Canadian woman to be active with the early photographic daguerreotype process. She worked with her husband in his studio in 1847 until his death in 1850. After the death of her husband she began to advertise under her own name that year until 1853 when she remarried and gave up the business. She falls from commercial records after her second marriage, indicating that she devoted herself to her new family life.
 
Hannah Maynard Née Hatherly  Born Bude, England January 17, 1834.  Died May 15, 1918.  She and her husband, Richard, immigrated to Canada in 1852.  Hannah learned photography and followed her gold prospecting husband to British Columbia where she began her own gallery.  Richard leaned the trade from her and became a landscape photographer.  Hannah was well known for her portraits.
 
Helen McCall Helen Barnard McCall. Born February 7, 1899 British Columbia. Died May 1957. As an only child she grew up with an independent spirit out of the necessity of executing the daily physical tasks of life. She loved to hike and enjoyed the beauty of nature. After the “boys” returned home from World War l she married a practically disabled veteran, Hector McCall. Her independence and strength of spirit allowed her the fortitude to adapt a career to support herself and her family. There was not a lot of work in the small town of Gibson’s Landing, British Columbia. She learned photography as self employment. Living without such luxuries as electricity she processed family photos of the locals as well as her won work. She showed pioneering spirit and followed her ideas to produce clear professional works of local evens and landscapes into popular post cards. Events depicted on her post cards made local lives seem important. She was the sole supporter of her two children during the Great Depression, providing not only for her family but leaving a legacy of recorded regional history from her own self-determination and common sense. Source: Saskatoon Women’s Calendar Collective. Herstory 2007: the Canadian Women’s Calendar (Regina: Couteau Books, 2006)  pg. 22
 
Silvia Pecota Born Toronto, Ontario. 1961. As a child he loved to draw but it was soon through the eye of a camera that she would show her artistic tendencies. Her camera is always ready by her side. Her photographic works have appeared in North American and European publications. She is the firs Canadian woman to hold an exhibition in the former Soviet Union. She has also had her works exhibited in Germany, Italy and Australia as well as at home in Canada. She enjoys portraiture and is well known for her photographs of sport figures. Her interest in sport led her to complete a short documentary on boxing. In 1994 she was introduced to the Canadian arctic when doing a documentary shoot. Finding that the child did not seem to have much for entertainment she launched an effort to collect hockey equipment for the children of northern Canada. In turn this led to her first book Hockey across Canada (Mini Mundus Publishing, 2003) that includes images digitally created by combining her photographs with painting. It has since been translated into Inuktitut. Who knows what books will follow. 
 
Nina Raginsky. Born April 14,1941.  Choosing a career as a photographer, by 1964 she was doing freelance work for the National Film Board of Canada. She first expanded her photographic expression by hand colouring sepia prints and then began to create oil paintings based on photographs.  She is perhaps best known for her formal full figure portraits.  She is an Officer in the Order of Canada.
 
Michelle Valberg

Born January 8. She studied photography at Algonquin College and then at the University of Ottawa. She owns and operates a combined photography gallery and studio in Ottawa. She is a self published author of several books including Dare to Dream: a Celebration of Canadian women, which showcases 100 inspirational women. Her volunteer work includes being a board member of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) and the SCO Health Services Foundation. She is also co-chair of Capital Talk, an Ottawa based group that organizes local charity fundraisers. In 2000 she was the YMCA/YWCA Woman of Distinction in the arts category for Ottawa. In 2003 the Women’s Business Network named her as Ottawa’s Businesswoman of the Year. The following year she received recognition of the Ottawa Business Journal as  a member of 40 under 40 Award. In 2005 she was given St. Joe’s Women’s Shelter Quality of Life Award and was Algonquin Colleges’ Alumnus of the Year. Sources:  www.valberimaging.com accessed June2011;  Women in Ottawa: Mentors and Milestones http://womeninottawa.blogspot.com Accessed June 2011.
 

Sculptors and carvers    TOP OF PAGE
Ruth Abernathy Born Lindsay, Ontario. She studied at Malaspine College/university, Nanaimo, British Columbia. She worked at 21 as head of Props at the Royal Manitoba Theatre Center. In 1981, while working at the Stratford Theatre in Ontario she earned the Guthrie Award. In 1985 the Canada Council allowed her to pursue arts explorations in Japan and Europe. She designed the famous bronze statue of Glen Gould sitting on a bench displayed outside the CBC building in Toronto in 1999. She has since sculpted numerous well known personalities such as former Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, poet John McCrae, renowned golfer Arnold Palmer, actor Al Waxman, and jazz great Oscar Peterson which was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth in 2010. Her works have been exhibited throughout North America, Australia and Europe. Many of her full body life size statues include room for people to sit next to the statue so that fans can be photographed beside their favourite personality. She has also worked in textiles, lace and stainless steel.   Source: Ruth Abernethy, www.Ruthabernethy.com (accessed September 2005).
 
Dinah Anderson Born Okak Bay, Labrador May 10, 1956. As a child she remembers that her family were part of a native relocation program that took them to Goose Bay, Labrador. Here they were taught English in school and even today she suffers from the loss of her maternal native language. She would go to Memorial University in Newfoundland to take the Teacher Education Program and this wetted her appetite for more education. She graduated in Fine Arts from the University of Ottawa in 1994. During her summers she had done some carving with soapstone but it was not until she began working at the Nain Carving workshop the she became dedicated to sculpting.
 
Sandra Bromley A multidisciplinary artist who's works have appeared in solo and group exhibitions in Europe, Asia and North America. She graduated from the University of Alberta in 1979 with a Bachelor of Fine arts with distinction in sculpture. She has received numerous awards throughout her career, including the 2000 Salute to Excellence arts Award from the City of Edmonton and the 2002/3 Canadian Consortium on Human Security Non-academic Fellowship which she is using to create artwork on women and children in post-conflict countries.
 
Martha Cole Born 1946, Regina Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan. While still a young teen she decided that she would be an artist. During her high school years she was encouraged by her teachers. She earned a Bachelor in Fine Arts at the University of Washington in Seattle, U.S.A.  Returning to Canada in 1970 she moved to Toronto where she worked as slide librarian at the Fine Arts Department of the University of Toronto. She earned her bachelor of education and went on to teach art at a Toronto high school. By 1976 she was back in Saskatchewan wanting to work part time as a teacher and take time for her art. She purchased an old church in Disley, a town of 48 people just outside of Regina. She began sewing artistic works. In 1984 she had her 1st fabric based exhibition in Regina. In 1956 she became fascinated with artistic books, binding for the sake of art. Sources: Herstory; A Canadian Woman’s Calendar 2000. Coteau Books, 1999. ; Martha Cole.ca accessed August 2011.
 
Sylvia Daoust Born 1902, Montréal, Québec. In1915-1916 she studied at Montreal and also studied for her teaching diploma. In 1929 she was awarded a provincial government scholarship to study her art in France. While in Europe she gained a respect and deep interest in religious art carvings for altar-pieces and architectural decorations used in church ceremonies. She returned to Canada to teach at the Ecole des beaux-arts in Montreal and Ville de Québec. In 1944 she became a member of the Sculptor's Society of Canada and in 1951 she was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy of Art. Her liturgical carvings capture drama with grace and simplicity. She is also a talented portrait artist and has completed works in plaster and bronze. Her life-sized bronze sculpture of Nicholas Viel is part of the facade of the Quebec Assemblée Nationale.
 
Dora de Pédery-Hunt

Born November 16, 1913 Budapest, Hungary. Died Toronto, September 29,2008. She studied at the Royal School for Applied Art graduating with a Master of Fine Arts in 1943. A sculptor and designer of medals she came to Canada in 1948. She has been honoured with the Order of Ontario and the Order of Canada for her works. The Canada Centennial Medal. The Olympic Gold coin in 1976 and the Canadian National Arts Centre Medal are among her  many artistic achievements. The Ontario College of Art presents an award named in her honour. She has lectured internationally for Art galleries and similar groups. Canadians carry some of her creations with them in the form of Canadian coins with the image of the Queen.  Source: doradepederyhunt.ca
 

Shirley Elford

née Sinclair. Born 1943. Died November 2011. In 1963 she met and went on to marry Gerry Elford and the couple had 2 daughters. At 23, she received a grant to study glass making in Egypt and celebrated her birthday on the Nile. Shirley attended Dundas Valley School of Art, and after her family set off for high school she set off studying glass-making at the Ontario College of Art and Sheridan College. An artist and creator of unique works in glass she received national acclaim for her new design of the Juno - Canada’s most prestigious music award - for the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. She has served as president of the Theatre Aquarius and the Glass Art Association of Canada. She also served as chair of acquisitions for the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ontario.  She was honorary co-chair of Strengthening Hamilton’s Community Initiative. She was a board member of Hamilton Health Sciences Foundation and Hamilton Community Foundation. She has also served as chair of art for the Hamilton Public Library. She has represented Canada on the international Glass Art Society board. In 2001-2006 she served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Hamilton Community Foundation.  In 2003 she founded the Angel Fund in support of mental health. In 2010 she created the Gift for Today Fund for those experiencing ovarian cancer.

Vera Frenkel. Born November 10, 1938.  She is recognized internationally for her artistic prints and sculptures.  Since 1974 she has experimented with video as an artistic medium writing and producing notable works. She is an innovative teacher and has published her poetry illustrated with her own artwork.
 
Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook

Born November 7, 1913, Hamilton, Ontario. Died February 23, 2009, Hamilton, Ontario.   While she could draw at an early age it was only when she was in High school that she became cognizant of her artistic spirit.  She attended the Ontario College of Art from 1932-1935 where graduated winning the Lieutenant Governor's Medal for Sculpture. She followed up with training spending a year at the Royal College of Art in London England. She married John ‘Jack’ Grant, a dentist on. The couple had 3 children. Elizabeth also studied at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, U.S.A. in 1948.’Her works include the busts of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and Hon. Ellen Fairclough commissioned for the Parliament Buildings. One of her crowning achievements to date has been a bronze bust portrait for St. John's Newfoundland of the late Sir Winston Churchill. She has received numerous medals of honour including one of Ken Taylor encircled in American and Canadian flags. She has received the National Sculpture Society of New York Gold Medal and the accolades of art critics worldwide. She participated in annual exhibitions in the Royal Canadian Academy, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Ontario Society of Artists and Art Gallery of Hamilton. Her work is also in public collections in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa as well as such local venues as the Art Gallery of Hamilton, McMaster University, Royal Botanical Gardens and St John's Church in Ancaster. She was a lecturer at the Dundas Valley School of Art from 1965-1969 at the Burlington, Ontario Cultural Centre from 1990-1993 and at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario from 1995-1999. She was also a gifted equestrian and breeder of New Forest Ponies. In 1977 she was awarded the Queen Elizabeth ll Silver Jubilee Medal and in 1987 she was Woman of the Year in the Arts from the City of Hamilton. In 1992 she received the Ontario Society of Arts Award. She also received the 1992 125th Anniversary of Confederation Medal.  She has been appointed as Fellow with the Ontario College of Art, and in 1997 was inducted into the Order of Ontario and the Order of Canada.

Anne Kahane Born 1926, Vienna, Austria.  This sculptor emigrated from Austria with her parents in 1925. In 1953 she was winning international prizes for her works. Her woodcarvings are the decorative panels for the Winnipeg airport, Winnipeg General Hospital, and Montreal’s Place des Arts.
 
Maryon Kantaroff. Born November 20, 1933. This sculptor has had showings of her works in Toronto, Los Angeles, Milan (Italy) and Japan. One of her sculptures was chosen to be installed in the Canadian Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. She opened and maintained her own foundry for 14 years. Her works have been recognized with awards from the Sculptor's Society of Canada and she was the YMCA Woman of Distinction in 1992. A supporter of the feminist movement she has contributed articles on art and feminists. She is a founding member of the Toronto New Feminists and is a passionate speaker on this subject as well as the subject of art history. While she may be best known for her rather large cast art works she also had created some limited edition jewelry.
 
Bylee Fay Lang Born Didsbury, Alberta 1908. Died 1963. A sculptor of significance she studied art at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto and later studied in Munich , Germany. In 1936 she established a private school of sculpture in Winnipeg and in 1939 she joined staff at the Winnipeg School of Art. She transplanted herself to Bermuda where she is remembered for a figure of Christ and the apostles in the Cathedral of Bermuda.
 
Marilyn Levine née Hayes. Born December 22, 1935 Medicine Hat, Alberta. Died April 10, 2005. Even though her parents were interested in art, she chose to earn her B.A. in Chemistry at the University of Alberta. Her Masters in Science followed in 1959. That same year she married chemist Sydney Levine and the couple relocated to Regina, Saskatchewan. It was here that she regained an interest in art taking various courses at the University of Saskatchewan. She also taught Chemistry at the Campton College in Regina. After her first solo art showing in 1966, she never looked back and embraced her art career and shortly after moved to California. While in California Marilyn joined the Graduate Sculpture Program at the University of California, Berkley and received a Master of Arts in 1970 and a Master of Fine Arts in sculpture in 1971. She returned to the University of Saskatchewan, Regina and taught ceramics and pottery for two years. She left for Utah , Salt Lake City  in 1973 and also taught at the University of California. Her works  She became internationally acclaimed as a sculptor and artist working with ceramics to create hyper-realistic art that looks like leather or canvas. She created a process that added chopped nylon fibre to a stoneware base for her unique works. Sources: “Marilyn Levine dies at 69…” by Roberta Smith, New York Times April 10, 2005 ; City of Regina. Heritage and History. Online Accessed January 2012.
 
Rose Eleanor Milne Born May 14, 1925, St John, New Brunswick. . Died May 17, 2014. Her primary education was at convents and then she attended Montreal Museum School of Fine Arts.  McGill University Laboratory of Anatomy, Montreal, Quebec and then the Central College of Arts and Crafts, London , England. Returning home she attended the L’Ecole des beaux arts, Montreal and then Syracuse University  in New York State, U.S.A.  She received numerous awards for her artistry including honorary doctorates from 4 universities and the Order of Canada. 1962-to 1993 she was the Dominion Sculptor with works displayed in the halls of the House of Commons, Ottawa.  She also designed a stained glass window at the Parliament buildings. . After her retirement as Dominion Sculptor she accepted private commissions and worked with computer art. Source: Obituary, Ottawa Citizen June 6, 2012. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
 
Frances Norma Loring. Born Wardner, Idaho October 14, 1887. Died February 5, 1968.  Educated in Switzerland, Germany, Paris, Chicago, New York, and Boston she to a studio in Toronto in 1913 to show her sculptures.  The National Gallery in Ottawa has obtained her works as well as the Art Gallery of Ontario and some are on the grounds of the parliament Buildings in Ottawa. She was co-founder of the Sculptors Society of Canada in 1928.
 
Ellen Neel Born 1916, Albert Bay, Cormorant Island, British Columbia. Died February 1966. Her grandfather Kwakwaka’wakus, was a famous totem pole carver. It was by working at his side when she was young that she gained a love for this art. As a youngster she had actually carved small totem poles for tourists to purchase. Ellen Married Edward Neal and the couple had six children. In 1993 the family moved to Vancouver, British Columbia. Her husband suffered a stroke and was unable to work so Ellen carved more of her miniature totem poles for tourists. She taught her own children the techniques she had learned from her grandfather. Soon the City of Vancouver provided them with space for a workshop in the famous Stanley Park, In the park Ellen was enticed to restore and carve full-size totem poles. In 1955 she carved a thunderbird totem for Woodward’s Department Stores. Depressed by the accidental death of a son and ill herself she sold her carving tools and family heirlooms. Ellen played a crucial role in establishing Native arts as a viable way for Natives to support their communities and continue their heritage. She had also served as a mentor and role model for future women carvers. In 1985 the University if British Columbia Museum of Anthropology erected one of the totem poles they had commissioned from Ellen Neal in Stanley Park, where it is still on display. The totem pole she donated to the University of British Columbia was recreated by master carvers and rededicated in 2004 with an elaborate ceremony presided over by the Kwakwaka’wakw Chief of the Heiltsuk Nation. Her family tradition handed to her by her grandfather is alive today as Ellen’s grandson, David Neel, is a carver, jeweler, painter, photographer, and author active today in British Columbia. Source: Herstory: and Canadian Woman’s Calendar. 2012. Coteau Books, 2011
 
Aiko Geraldine Suzuki

Born Vancouver, British Columbia 1937. Died December 31, 2005. As a young child she and her family lived in internment camp in British Columbia. Her parents gave their children both North American and Japanese names. In the late 1950’s , Gerry began to mesh her love of art and her family heritage, using the name Aiko. A sculptor, painter, printmaker, dance set designer, curator and teacher, her works are in private and public collections across the country. Her fabric art was a fixture at the Toronto Reference Library from 1981-2004 when the hanging was removed for cleaning. In 1994 she was  given the Woman of Distinction Award (arts) from the Toronto YWCA. Always independent and strong, she raised her daughter as a single parent. Even though she suffered constant pain from rheumatoid arthritis, she worked and produced works of great beauty. She worked right to the end of her life, with her last show of her paintings opening the day of her memorial service.
 

Katherine Elizabeth Wallis Born Peterborough, Canada West (Ontario) 1860.  Died December 14, 1957. She studied art in Scotland and England as a young woman. It was her that she would come to love sculpting.  She moved to Paris and continued her studies. Her art career was interrupted during World War l when she served as a nurse in the Canadian Hospital in Paris. She was honoured and decorated by both the French and British governments for her services.  Her first Canadian exhibition of her work was in 1920. She returned to Paris and in 1929 she received her highest recognition as an artist when she was the first Canadian to be elected Societaire of the Societé Nationale de Beaux Arts for her sculpture titled "La Lutte pour la Vie". She fled from France at the beginning of World War II and settled in Santa Cruz, California in the United States. Samples of her work are held at the National Gallery in Ottawa. She also enjoyed writing verse and published Chips From the Block: Poems in New York in 1955.
 
Lauren Waters

Born 1960, Mississauga, Ontario. Growing up she learned to love and respect nature while on long walks in the woods with her Dad. She studied at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario and went on to the University of British Columbia, Vancouver to study forestry. She became a registered professional forester. In 2001 she began courses at Selkirk College in British Columbia in fine wood working. While still a student, one of her projects won the National Furniture Design Completion in Toronto. She now runs her own shop in Revelstoke, British Columbia featuring unique furniture. She has helped to organize a community woodworking studio to share her knowledge and skills. She has also worked with municipal officials to develop an urban forestry plan. In 2006 she was names Woodworker of the year for the Canadian Workshop Magazine, the 1st woman to earn this accolade. . Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008  (Saskatoon Women's Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007)
 

Colette Whiten Born Birmingham, England. February 7, 1945. In 1972 this author won the Governor General's Medal when she graduated from the Ontario College of Art. Her works have been exhibited across Canada and the U.S.A. as well as Europe and Brazil. She teaches at the Ontario College of art and was a teacher at York University in Toronto. Her commissioned sculptures have included a wall construction with figurative cutouts for the Mental Health centre in 1978, the 1988 Olympics in Calgary, Weathervanes or the Bankers Hall in Calgary in 1991 and Tender at the Workman's Compensation Office in Toronto.
 
Irene F. Whittome. Born March 6, 1942.  After her early studies in Canada and Paris, France, she chose etchings as her first major form of artistic expression.  By 1975 she had produced a series of sculptures and went on to use the medium of hand made paper relief and sculptures to produce several one-woman shows in many Canadian galleries and museums. Her modern works continue to receive acclaim and awards, including the Victor-Martyn-Staunton Award in 1991. 
 
Elizabeth Wyn Wood. Born Orillia, Ontario October 8, 1903.  Died January 27, 1966.  She studied art a the Ontario College of Art in Toronto and also in New York City. As a sculptor she became involved with the Federation of Canadian Artists and the Canadian Arts Council. She toured and lectured on the subject of Canadian art throughout North America.  Her own works included a bust of premier of Ontario, Leslie Frost, a monument to King George VI at Niagara Falls and several fountains including one at the Canadian National Institute for the Blind. The National Gallery of Canada also holds samples of her work. She worked in “modern” materials like tin for her sculptures. 
 
Florence Wyle. Born November 24, 1881. Died 1968.  A sculptor who preferred to work in her studio, which was once a church. She was a founding member of the Sculptor's Society of Canada in 1928. She was the first woman sculptor to become a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.  She had a love of nature that was reflected in her published poems. 
 
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Micheline Beauchemin. Born Longeuil, Quebec October 24, 1930. One of Canada's foremost tapestry weavers.  Her works are in Place des Arts (Montreal) National Arts Center (Ottawa), Tokyo, and San Francisco.
 
Visual Artists
Diana Zoe Coop Born Chicago Illinois, U.S.A. April 9, 1952. She earned her fine arts degree at the University of Manitoba in 1972 and then was off to England for post graduate studies and took her masters in fine art at Syracuse University. She has designed many of the colourful street banners that have graced the streets of Vancouver. She has had exhibits of her works across Canada. She is also an enthusiastic supporter of Rhythmic Gymnastics and is a Canadian National Judge in the sport. She enjoys a hobby of designing a painting costumes for competitors in the sport of Rhythmic Gymnastics and has produced costumes for groups in the Olympic Games and world championships.
 
Vera Cryderman

nee Macintyre Born Dutton, Ontario 1897. Died November 19, 1969. Known by the nickname “Mackie” She was trained in commercial art and interior decorating in both Winnipeg, Manitoba and Detroit Michigan, U.S.A. In 1927 she established the first art department for high schools in London, Ontario. The school was the first to use plastic as a medium for art projects.  She set up courses in stone cutting and polishing to produce fine jewellery. In 1962 she set up and supervised the Visual Arts Department at Fanshaw College in London. Not only did she design unusual jewellery, she loved rings, but she also designed and made her own furniture. She is also known for her fine water colour paintings and prints.
 

Francoise Desrochers-Drolet Born 1921, Beauport, Quebec. Died 1998 Beauport, Quebec. In 1942 she attended the L’Ecole des beaux-arts de Quebec. In 1948 she traveled to France and Italy to learn more of ceramics and enameling. In Canada she became a pioneer of enameling as an art. In 1949 she took additional courses from L’Ecole des Beaux-arts de Quebec and opened her own studio. In 1951 she had a sols exhibition of her works. In 1954 she earned a prize in the Decorative Arts category from the Province of Quebec. She married Jean Paul Drolet.  Source: Canadian Women Artists Initiative. Accessed September 2014
 
Vera Frenkel

Born Bratislava, Czechoslovakia  November 10, 1938. She loved to be involved in art and was always ready to think beyond the media. She has embraced modern media in her works. A multidisciplinary artist she has worked with video, drawings, audio works, new media projects photographs and more. She has had major showing around the world and in 1996 a major exhibition of her works was mounted in the National Gallery of Canada. She also enjoys working with students and has been artist in residence around the world including a the Slade School of Art, London, England; the Schools of Chicago Art Institute; Banff Arts Centre; the Royal University of Stockholm; and the University of Leeds. England. She also enjoys writing and her articles have been well received by readers of various art and scholarly journals. Her efforts have won additional recognition with the Canada Council Molson Prize in 1989, the Gershon Iskowitz Prize in 1995, the Bell Canada Award in Video Art in 2001 and the 2006 Governor’s General Award in Visual Art 2006. Her works have been shown around the world in Ottawa, New York, Venice, Tokyo to name a few showings. She is a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. . Suggested sources; Vera Freckle’s personal web site ( originally accessed 2004 and October 2008)
 

Mandy Kerlann

née  Harmunderjit Kaur Brar. Born India,1959. She arrived to live on the west coast of Canada with her family when she was 9 years old and adopted the name Mandy. She excelled in studying sciences at the University of British Columbia. Long fascinated with France and things French she and her husband Hervé now live with their two children in a castle in France. She enjoys working with fine textiles embroidering bed, table and bath linens out of company workshop near Beaune, France where she and her staff prepare custom works. Some of her works have been featured in Architecture Digest and have been showcased in centres such as New York City. Her clientele includes the Royal family of Jordan, supermodels and wealthy entrepreneurs around the globe.  Source: Dream (job) weaver by Peter O’Neil, Ottawa Citizen Saturday June 7, 2008 pg. B8
 

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