Cartoonists TOP OF PAGE
Marie Louise Gay
Born Quebec City, Quebec June 17, 1952. A
professional illustrator and editorial cartoon artist she eventually took an
interest in working on books for young readers. She soon found that she
preferred to illustrate her own writings so that the pictures and words
would flow together to tell a story. She does a lot of research prior to
putting pen, ink and watercolours to paper. Many of her books have won
awards such as the Amelia Frances Howard-Gibbon Award, the Governor
General's Award, Mr. Christie's Book Award, the Ruth Schwartz Award and the
Elizabeth Mrazik-Cleaver Award!!
May 28, 1947 Collingwood, Ontario. Lynn
grew up in North Vancouver British Columbia and studied at the Vancouver
School of art, now the Emily Carr University of Art and Design. In 1969 she
married and the couple relocated back to Ontario where she worked as a
medical artist at the McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. Pregnant
with her 1st child she presented her obstetrician with drawings which he
could place on his otherwise boring ceiling. These drawings were the bas of
her 1st boo, David We're Pregnant in 1973. After her divorce she published
Hi Mom! Hi Dad! in 1975. She then married dentist Rod Johnston and the
family relocated to the remote community of Lynn Lake, Manitoba. When she
submitted panels for a comic strip to the Universal Press Syndicate she was
offered a 20 year contract. For Better For Worse was a Canadian hit and was
carried by about 2000 newspapers internationally.
The storyline and the characters lead real lives
with friends admitting to being gay and the family dog dies after
rescuing a child. Lynn continued to work from her home in Corbeil, Northern
Ontario. She became the first woman to win the Reuben Award for outstanding
cartoonist of the year in 1985 from the national Cartoonist Society
In 1987 she earned a Gemini Award for Best Cartoon Series and
in 1988 she became the 1st woman to be president of
the Cartoonist Society.
In 1991 she received the National Cartoonist
Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award.
She was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1992 and nominated
for a Pulitzer Prize in 1994 for the story o Lawrence's coming out.
in 2001 she was the winner of the Comic of the Year, Editor and Publisher.
In 2003 she was honoured with a Star on Canada's Walk of Fame, Toronto.
In 2007 she was inducted into the Order of Manitoba and she and her husband
became separated. In 2008 she was inducted into the Canadian Cartoonist Hall
of Fame and the National Cartoon Museum Hall of Fame. In 2015 she relocated
back to North Vancouver. The Library and Archives Canada holds a large
collection of her original works. Now semi retired she continues her comic
strip in newspapers using a mixture of new and older stories.
Born April 3, 1958. She
studied French at Brock University but it would be her talent as an
cartoonist that would become her profession. She actually created comics for
her university newspaper when she was a student. She is the author of the
worldwide syndicated comic strip Between Friends. In 1994 her
work caught the attention of King Features and the cartoon strip became
syndicated in 175 newspapers internationally. She is married to Tim Lundy
and the couple have 2 daughters. Her work has garnered notice from various
organizations such as the North American Council on Adoptable Children and
the Cancer society for featuring stories. To date her comic strips have been
collected and published in 3 books. (Posted May 2016)
Jean Maclean Reed
Born Soures, Prince Edward Island, 1910. She earned a degree
in Fine Arts at Mount Allison University. In 1960 she created the winning
design for the provincial tartan. The design encompassed the warmth and
glow of the fertile soil, the green of the fields and trees, the yellow and
brown of the autumn and the life giving sun and the white of the surf on a
summer sea. In 1938 she attended the Ottawa Civic Hospital to study nursing.
In 1941 she was an army Lieutenant Nursing Sister serving in the European
theatre of World War II. She joined the Red Cross Arts and Crafts League
after the war and engaged in pottery and weaving while she worked at the
Source: Outstanding women of Prince Edward Island Compiled by the
Zonta Club of Charlottetown, 1981.
Born Linkoping, Sweden January 31, 1913.
Died May 30, 1994. She studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Art, School of
Architecture, Interior and Furniture Design. She was active in housing
research and worked to further the recognition and professional status of
designers within Canada. Coming to Canada in 1950 she won a dozen design
awards in recognition of her work by the National Industry Design Council of
Canada. In 1973 she was elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in recognition
of her outstanding contribution to the development of modern interior design
Born Pembroke, Ontario 1970. Her family moved to Ottawa where Sylvia grew
up. She studied and received her graphic design diploma at St Lawrence
College, Kingston Campus in 1997. Moving to Montreal she pursued her art
career by illustrating several children’s books in the Cree language. She
did spot illustrations for various magazines and worked as a Graphic
Designer. She moved back to the Ottawa Valley where she promotes Native
Awareness and Cultural Diversity. Her works show various mediums such as
acrylic/oil pints to mix media and acrylic/computer designs and inks. She
has had sever Art Exhibits at various Powwows in Ontario, community centers
such as at Golden Lake and surrounding areas, Queen’s University, Kingston ,
Ontario, and the New Edinburgh area in Ottawa.
Source: Art Card purchased at Golden Lake, Ontario.
Fashion Designers TOP OF PAGE
Summerset, England 1929. Died December 5,
2004. She worked as a costume cutter in England prior to 1964 when she moved
to Stratford, Ontario to work as a cutter in the costume department of the
city's famous theatre. By 1967 she was principal costume designer for the
fledgling Shat Theatre Festival. He work became acclaimed across the
country. From 1975-1995 she was a costume designer for CBC- TV. At the end
of the 1980's, not knowing how to convince her to retire, the CBC challenged
her with a new show. "The Kids in the Hall. Her work was a success and there
was even a new character named after her! Her talents were timeless.
As a fashion designer she made the
decision to attempt to combine high fashion with elements of her own
traditional Hida native culture. The result is a new style that was once
described as 'wearable art" and since the 1980's her fashion business has
bee a leader in the Aboriginal fashion industry. Her works and designs are in
the collections of the National Gallery of Canada, were featured at the
world EXPO 86 in Vancouver and have been successful in the international
Illustrators TOP OF PAGE
Born Montreal, Quebec 1944. She studied
art at the L'Ecole de beaux arts in Montreal. As an illustrator of
Children's books she is perhaps best known for her character JOJO (JIJI en
française) and her lovable toy aardvark Pichou. These delightful characters
first appeared in the mid 1970's. A friend sent her first two books to a
publisher. The Mon Ami Pichou is a series of illustrated stories for young
children published in both English and French. She was one of the first
picture book artists in Quebec to receive national recognition. In 1978 she
earned the Canada Council Children's Literature award and again in 1982. In
1987 she was awarded Le Prix Fleury Mesplet for the best children's author
of the decade. Her works have also won the 1989 Mr. Christie's Book Award.
Evan as a youth she enjoyed drawing. She
followed her passions and studied art fundamentals and illustration at
Sheridan College in Oakville, Ontario. She enjoys working from life, photos
and her imagination. While she prefers watercolours as a medium she also
works in pen & ink, pastel and acrylics. From 1998 to 1996 she taught
English as Second language to adult immigrants . She has done educational
book illustrations for many large publishers including Scholastic Press and
Oxford, Harcourt Brace, Nelson and Addison Wesley. In 2001 she wrote and
illustrated her first picture book Great Grandma's Rocking Chair.
Born Vancouver, British Columbia 1947. She
studied for her teaching certificate at the University of British Columbia
in 1967 and taught in northern regions of British Columbia. It was during
this time that she began to write and illustrate stories for her students.
There were very few stories written about children of northern regions of
Canada and she would use some of her students as models for the characters
in her books. In 1972 she wrote, illustrated and published Mary of Mile 18
which won the Children's Book of the Year Award from the Canadian Library
Association. In 1974 she returned to school and became a registered nurse,
never dreaming that her talent as an author and illustrator would be
anything more than a hobby. In 1978 she won the Canadian Council Children's
Literature award and it also won in 1979 the Amelia Frances Howard-Gibbon
Award. In 1986 By the sea : an alphabet book (Toronto, 1985) won the
Elizabeth Mrazlik-Cleaver Canadian Picture Book Award. Now an established
author and illustrator she could do her work full time. She continues to
write and illustrate her own works and has illustrated over a dozen books by
other Canadian authors.
Born Toronto, Ontario February 10, 1955.
She studied the art of illustration at Sheridan College, Oakville, Ontario
and has perused a successful career as an illustrator of books and
magazines. Her works have been published by Ginn & Co., Macmillan, Gage,
Prentice-Hall, Hold Rinehart and other well established publishers. Her
first published illustrations in a book were for school readers and
textbooks. While she has used various medium such as pencil crayons and
chalks she finds that watercolours reproduce best in publishing. She has
illustrated modern children's classics such as Franklin the Turtle in his
various adventures and in his own comic strip. Her books are read to
children around the world even in China and Australia.
Born New York City, U.S.A. June 4, 1951. After studying art in New
York she moved to Canada in the 1970’s. She applied her profession by
working for agencies, magazines and newspapers before she began illustrating
books. She writes and illustrates her own books as well as illustrating
books of other authors, such as Margaret Atwood.
Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia online Accessed November 2003.
always enjoyed drawing even when she was a young girl. Christine is
dyslexic, which means that when she reads numbers and letters appear all
jumbled. Drawing was a much better way to enjoy life. She lives in Ottawa
with her husband and the couple have three adult daughter. She also admits
to being owned by a scruffy dog, some cats and a pond full of goldfish! She
is self taught n her art and is proud of her successful career to dat. She
illustrated her first book in 1985. In 2005 her illustrations in the book
Penelope and the Humongous Burp helped the book to win the Gold in the
Mom’s Choice Award. Her works have appeared in publications of over 30
different publishers and organizations throughout North America.
Friend of the fiend 6: Christina Tripp in The Cartoon Fiend. Online
accessed June 2008.
Born March 3, 1923 Granby, Quebec. She worked as a journalist in television
and also as a set and costume designer for television and theatre. She has
taught at the Institute of Applied Arts, Montreal, Quebec and College du
Vieux-Montreal. In 1965 she maintained her own interior design company and
worked designing interiors for such companies as Via Rail, Air Canada and
the Governor General of Canada. In 1984 her work was recognized by the
Council nationale du design. In 1986 she was inducted into the Order of
Canada. In 1998 her works received the Prix Condorcet. In 1999 she became a
Chevalier in the National Order of Quebec. In 2001 she was named to the
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
Marie Alfreda "Freda" Diesing
Born June 2,
1925 Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Died December 4, 2002 Terrace, British
Columbia. Her Haida name was Skil Kew Wet which means “Magical little
woman” She learned her love of Native Arts from her grandmother. She studied
at the Vancouver College of Art and the School of Northwest Indian Art. She
enjoyed the traditional arts of the Haida women, button blankets and jeweler
but it was in the tradition male art world of carving totem poles that she
excelled and in which she would leave a lasting legacy. Some of her totem
poles erected in Terrace, British Columbia were the first in the area in
over 150 years. In March of 2002 the was presented with a National
Aboriginal Achievement Award. Northwest Community College created the Freda
Diesing School of Northwest Coast Art in her honour in Terrace, British
Herstory: The Canadian Women’s Calendar 2006. Saskatoon: Coteau
née Paul Born Steweacke, Nova Scotia (?)
ca 1804. Died 1886. With an invalid husband an two young adopted children it
was up to her to provide your her family. She used her knowledge of her
native crafts to produce award winning needlework, quillwork and basketry.
Her fine artwork on clothing was sold to leading citizens in Halifax and
provided the family to a comfortable farm house in Dartmouth. In 1860 a
portrait of her by William Gush was presented as a gift to the Prince of
Wales by the city of Halifax. She was a favored model as several portraits
by known artists have survived. It is unfortunate that only a few pieces of
her own artwork survive today in Maritime Museums.
Painters TOP OF PAGE
Betty "Wabinmeguil" Albert-Lincez
adopted and raised by French Canadian parents in Northern Ontario. She spent
some time on Vancouver Island and learned to be in touch with her
spiritually. Eventually she came to find her aboriginal father, Lindy
Louttit, and also discovered her Cree heritage. Her father named her
Wabinmeguil (White feather) and encouraged her to follow her artistic
desires. In 2005 she opened her own Ehkwateh Art Gallery in Cochrane,
Ontario. In the 1990’s her works focused on women’s art and as she began to
learn more of her heritage she grew into drawing features on her clan mother
art works. Her studio prints have found a worldwide audience. In 1998 she
published Moon Journal and Dream Log which featured her clan
mother art. She also produced, with Emily Faries, works which were aimed at
native organizations, school and educational authorities. By 2011 she found
herself overworked so she closed her Cochrane gallery and began to focus on
original works with nature themes featuring geese and wolves. Her husband,
Lawrence Martin, a former mayor of Cochrane, helped promote her original
works. By 2012 she had become separated from her husband and relocated to
Sources: “Cree artist changes focus” in Onotassiniik , Wawatay
News vol. 38 no. 26 December 21, 2011. ; personal knowledge.
Born 1880. Died 1946, Vancouver, British Columbia. She studied at the
Winnipeg School of Art from 1913 to 1917 and was secretary of the Winnipeg
Art Students Sketch Club from 1914 to 1916, later serving as vice-president
in 1927 and president in 1928.Alexander came to specialize in
portraiture, winning first prize in a Sketch Club exhibition in 1920 and
exhibiting at the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts exhibition in 1924, both
with portraits. She solicited and received a number of commissions for
portraits of Winnipeg mayors.
Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumsted (University of
Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough.
Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
Barbara Alice West Jefferys Allen
Jefferys. Born June 7, 1916. Died January 17, 2014, Edmonton Alberta.
Barbara studied at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto. She was mentored
by several well known artists of the day including her own father, C. W. Jefferys (1869-1951) the well known Canadian historical illustrator. In fact
several of her black and white sketches were sued in her father’s
publication The Picture Gallery of Canadian History. After her
marriage to Orval Allen, the couple settled in Edmonton Alberta where they
would raise their five children. After the death of her husband in 1982,
Barbara began filling her time by painting watercolour landscapes. She would
mount 8 exhibitions of her works which appear in private and corporate
Source: Obituary, The Globe and Mail January 26, 2014.
submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
Lillian Beatrice Allen
Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 9 November 1904, Died 1985, Victoria British
Columbia. Graduating in arts from the
Manitoba in 1926, she then enrolled at the Winnipeg School of Art
until 1928, teaching there in the Saturday morning classes in 1927-28., she
also studied in Toronto at the Ontario College of Education. She earned a
Masters of Science at Syracuse University, New York, U.S.A. In 1934 she
began lecturing at the University of Manitoba, Faculty of Agriculture and
Home Economics, teaching housing and design, and retiring in 1971. She
helped found the Volunteer Committee of the Winnipeg Art Gallery and was
awarded “Woman of the Year” by the YWCA in 1980. She retired to Victoria,
British Columbia in 1981. Her papers are held at the
Manitoba Archives and Special Collections.
Sources: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumsted (University
of Manitoba, 1999)
Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough.
Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
Marie Elmina Anger.
December 24, 1844 Pointe-aux-Trembles (Neuville) Lower Canada (Now
Quebec). Died Novemebr 5, 1901, Quebec City, Quebec. Educated as a teenager with the Sisters of the Good Shepard
in Quebec City, she entered the order and took vows and became Sister
Marie de Jésus July 20, 1860. While she became a good teacher herself she
was better known for her talents in painting. She was particularly
good as a portrait artist and would, in her lifetime, produce some
50 portraits of religious colleagues of her day. People who would
sit for portraits included Elisabeth Bryière, Archbishop Baillagon,
Cardinal Tachereau and Vicar General Cazeau. Through her own canvases
and her teachings, Sister Marie de Jésus left a rich cultural
and religious heritage to Quebec.
née Serebriakova. Born October 23, 1887,Kharkiv,Ukraine, Died February 22,
1975. , Winnipeg, Manitoba. She studied at the St. Petersburg Medical
Academy before completing her studies at the Kiev Academy of Art. She
became an internationally known artist who studying in several western
European countries. She married art historian Dmytro Antonovych and the
family immigrated to Prague in 1923. She worked in Prague at the Museum of
Ukrainian National Struggle for Liberation and was also a director of an
Ukrainian Orphanage. She joined her daughter in Winnipeg in 1949. She opened
an art school in 1954 while she exhibited her own works across Canada.
Antonovych was active in Ukrainian women’s and various community
organizations. Her papers are at
Library and Archives
Source: Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J.M. Bumstead (University of
Manitoba, 1999) Memorable Manitobans by Gordon Goldsborough.
Manitoba Historical Society Online (Accessed December 2011)
Born October 3, 1927 Ikerrasak Camp, Baffin Island, Northwest Territories.
Died January 8, 2013 Cape Dorset, Northwest Territories.
Kenojuak was born in an igloo to a
traditional life of her peoples. Her grandmother taught her traditional
crafts and she could repair sealskins for trade with the Hudson's Bay
Company. At 19 she married Johnniebo Ashevak (1923-1972) in an arranged
marriage. In 1950 she tested positive with tuberculosis and was sent to
hospital in Quebec City for 3 years leaving her baby to be adopted by a
neighbouring family. While away from her home she learned to make dolls and
do beadwork crafts. In 1960 the family moved to Kinngait (Cape Dorset)
Several of her children died from disease including 3 daughters, and four
sons. Kenojuak became on of the 1st Inuit woman in Cape Dorset to begin
drawing. She also created many carvings from soapstone. In 1963 she was the
subject of a documentary film from the National Film Board. The money earned
from the film allowed the family to purchase a canoe to help Johnniebo
provide for his family by hunting. In 1967 she was inducted as a Member into
the Order of Canada and in 1982 was promoted to Companion. . After her
husband's death she married Etyguyakuua Pee (d 1977) and in 1978 she married
Joanassie Igiu. She is best known is famous for the
prints made of her work.
She preferred birds as subjects of her works. She designed several
drawings for Canadian stamps and coins and in 2004 she created the 1st
Inuit-designed stained glass window for the John Bell Chapel at Appleby
College, Oakville, Ontario. In 2001 she became the 1st Inuit to have a star
on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto. She was a fellow of the Royal
Canadian Academy of Arts. In 2008 she received the Governor General's Award
in Visual and Media Arts from the Canada Council of the Arts. In 2017 the
$10.00 bank note in honour of Canada's 150th celebration featured Kenojuak's
Owl's Bouquet. 
Margaret Ruth Bagnall
née Burns. Born Darnley, Prince Edward Island June 28, 1900. Died 1994. She
graduated from Prince of Wales College and became a teacher. January 19,
1920 she married Frank Bagnall and the couple had two daughters. For 26
years he worked for the Island Telephone Company but still found time beyond
career and family to participate in her avocation of writing and painting as
well as being active in the Women’s Institute. She was awarded a life
membership in the WI in recognition of her contributions to the
organization. She wrote short stories and historical events and also wrote
plays for the entertainment of the local area. She had dabbled in oils since
the 1950’s and in 1973 in celebration of the PEI Centennial she researcher
the history and painted 15 paintings of houses and 4 churches that were
build of local PEI stone.
Source: Outstanding women of Prince Edward Island Compiled by the Zonta Club
of Charlottetown, 1981.
Born Negootgook Reserve, New Brunswick. Shirley attended the College Maillet
in Saint-Basile, New Brunswick and followed this with studies in photography
and painting in New Hampshire. U.S.A. Her paintings had appeared in
exhibitions throughout North America. In 1990 she served as curator for a
touring exhibition of art by Aboriginal women, Changers: A Spiritual
Renaissance. Catherine Martin made Shirley the subject of her short film for
the National Film Board. In 2011 she was inducted into the Order of Canada.
Shirley has authored 6 books
Molly Lamb Bobak.
February 25, 1920 Vancouver, British Columbia. Died March 2, 2014. Her father was a geologist by
profession but he also had a profound interest in the arts and the circle of
family friends included many Canadian artists. This family association was
no doubt a welcoming atmosphere for a young artist who studied at the
Vancouver School of Art. In November 1942 she enlisted in the Canadian
Women's Army Corp. Her talents did not go unnoticed and she became the first
woman to be officially designated as a Canadian war artist. During the War
in London she met her husband Bruno Bobak. The couple would have two
children. After VE-Day she
went to Holland to record the devastation of the war. It was during her
service years of World War II that she met her future husband. In 1950, with
a grant from the French government she painted her impressions of this
European country. In She would return often to paint in France. At home in
Canada, she is busy at the design department at the Vancouver School of Art,
the University of British Columbia and the Art Centre at the University of
New Brunswick. She has also used her artistic talents to illustrate several
books including her own Wild Flowers of Canada. 1995 she and her artist
husband Bruno were inducted with the Order of Canada.
Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online
(née LeGoff). Born 1894, Britanny, France. Died Saint Boniface, Manitoba,
1992. Her family immigrated to Manitoba in 1907, settling first on Lake
Manitoba and later in Winnipeg. Her family members were active workers in
stained glass, and she learned to draw in childhood. In 1918 she joined
Brigden’s as a fashion artist, and she remained there until 1941, in charge
of designs for the Eaton’s catalogue where all items sold were drawn by
artists. She joined Le Cercle Molière Theatre with her husband in 1925, and
the couple soon became responsible for most of the design work. She
replaced her husband as artistic director upon his death in 1941. Her works
were exhibited annually from 1932 to 1975 with the Manitoba Society of
Artists, in various group shows at the Winnipeg Art Gallery, and in four
solo exhibitions at the Centre Cultural franco-manitobain in Saint-Boniface.
In 1941 she retired from commercial art work to concentrate on her landscape
and portrait paintings. She was commissioned to paint the Mayors of Saint
Boniface. In 1963 she was awarded a
Golden Boy Award,
in 1970 from the Manitoba Historical Society she received the
Medal . She was inducted into the
Order of Canada
in 1973. She also received the
Queen Elizabeth II
Silver Jubilee Medal in 1992.
Manitoba Biography by
J. M. Bumsted
(University of Manitoba Press, 1999) ; Memorable Manitobans. Profile by
Gordon Goldsborough. (Accessed December 2011)
Henrietta Hancock Britton
Born May 20, 1873, Ealing West England. Died July 27, 1963, Toronto,
Ontario. She immigrated to Canada with her parents in 1874, where she lived
in both Brandon, Manitoba and Toronto, Ontario. She trained in art in
Toronto for three years before becoming an apprentice in the private studio
of William Cruickshank R.C.A. She taught art at the Bishop Strachan School
and Moulton College in Toronto. In 1901 she studied painting in Europe for
three months. In 1906 she came to Brandon, Manitoba, and taught at
as Director of Art, where she remained until 1911. While in Brandon she
founded the Brandon Art Club. In 1911 she went for another year of study in
England, and upon her return she decided to give up teaching art, and devote
her time to painting. While in England she married artist Harry Britton.
After settling in Cornwall for a number of years the couple returned to
Canada, moving to Toronto in 1914. . Her commissions include a mural at the
Ossington Avenue Church and one at Scott Mission, both in Toronto. Britton
exhibited with the Royal Canadian Academy from 1905-1946 and the Art
Association of Montreal in 1945 and 1946. Her works are owned by several
institutions including the National Gallery of Canada.
Manitobans Profile by Angela Graham. Online. (Accessed December 2011). ;
Canadian Women Artists History Initiative. Online (Accessed December 2011)
Rebecca Ann Burke.
October 26, 1946. This artist has
shown her works in exhibitions in the Canadian Maritimes, Alberta, Quebec, British
Columbia and the United States. She
is currently a professor with the Department of Fine Arts at Mount Allison University,
Sackville, New Brunswick.
Born March 2, 1923 Montreal, Quebec. Died November 25, 2005. Ghitta
attended the Parsons School of Design, New York, U.S.A. from 1939-1943.
Returning to Montreal in 1947 she opened the Montreal Artists School.
She served as school principal with the school accommodating many
returned war veterans until it was sold in 1952. At the beginning of the
1960's she studied at the Ecole des beaux arts, Montreal. Here she mixed her
appreciation of art she had seen during trips to Mexico where she studied
murals. A very talented artist she is considered an outstanding
example of creativity of women artists that have characterized a century
of art in Montreal. She was a member of the Royal Canadian
Academy. She was part of the Jewish Painters of Montreal which have left a
legacy depicting expressionistic images of social realism of the 1930's and
1940's. She received the Canadian Centennial Medal in 1967 and in 1975 she
earned the Purchase Prize and Best Graphic Imaage Award from the Ontario
Society of Artists. In 200 she became the 1st artist to win the Governor
Galt, Canada West (Now Ontario) Died 1923, Crowborough Sussex, England. As a
young student she studied in Paris, France. In 1983 she exhibited her works
in Paris and at the Chicago World’s Fair. Back in Canada by 1896 she taught
at the Toronto Girl’s School Havergal College. in 1897 became the first
woman to be elected an Associate of the
Academy. In 1898 she had established studios in London, Ontario
and Woodstock, Ontario. She was well known for her landscapes, domestic
interior and her portraiture. In 1899 she relocated to New York City, New
York, U.S.A. where she opened a successful studio. During World War l she
volunteered for hospital work in England and sold some of her paintings to
aid the Red Cross Society. She continued to exhibit her works at notable
centres including the Royal Academy, the Royal Academy of Canada, the
Canadian National Exhibition and the Pan Am Exhitibition. In 1912 she
settled in England after having travelled throughout Europe. Some of her
works are owned by the National Gallery of Canada.
Waterloo Region Hall of Fame. Online. (Accessed July 2014)
December 13, 1871 Victoria, British Columbia. Died March 2,1945 Victoria,
British Columbia. . Emily is perhaps one of the most famous women painters
in Canada. Her works bring alive the beautiful West Coast scenes with
vibrant and distinct images. The swirling stokes of her brush created unique
images of her paintings. Her canvases hang in many art galleries including
the National Gallery in Ottawa. Totem poles of West Coast native peoples
were also one of her favourite studies. Did you know she also wrote books?
After suffering a couple of heart attacks in the late 1930's Emily lived
with her sister Alice to recover. In 1940 and 1942 she suffered a stroke and
anther heart attack. She turned her attention to writing with her 1st book
Klee Wyck, published in 1941, garnered her the Governor-General's
Award for non-fiction. You will find books showing her art and the books she
wrote at your local public library.
Toronto, Ontario 1930. She obtained her Bachelor of Fine Arts at the
University of Toronto and continued her studies at the Atelier d'Art Sacré
in Paris, France. Her works are landscapes in watercolour and acrylic. She
has had numerous solo shows and her works grace several private collections.
She is also an editor and writer having worked for several Canadian
publications including being assistant Editor for the Canadian Composer/Le
Compositeur Canadien form 1971-1978. She contributed numerous articles to
this and other publications on Canadian composers and musicians. She is a
founding member of the Toronto Watercolour Society and enjoys bicycling,
travel and gardening when she is not writing or painting.
(Stage name Cactus Rose). Born
June 18, 1952. She is an artist, actor, writer, director, singer and a
producer who has been successful in reaching back to her native roots for
inspiration. She has participated in several exhibitions of her art work of
acrylic, oils and mixed medium on canvas and stained glass. Her works have
been used for Christmas cards by both UNICEF and Amnesty International. She
has appeared in film, TV, radio and theater productions. In 1995 Laurentian
University gave her an Honorary Doctorate.
Anna Gertrude Lawson Cheney
Born Windsor, Nova Scotia June 22, 1897. Died November 3, 1985. Evan as a
child Nan had an interest in art and the form of the human body. She would
soon earn her place as a portrait painter and the first medical artist in
British Columbia. A friend of Emily Carr, the famous west coast artist, they
were encouraging one another well before Carr’s works became generally
accepted as the art treasures that they were. She gathered information on
Emily until Dece4mber 1979. Suggested reading: Dear Nan: Letters of Emily
Carr by Nan Cheney and Humphrey Toms.
Source: The History of Metropolitan Vancouver.
www.vancouverhistory.ca (accessed June 19, 2009)
née Plistik. Born St Petersburg, Russia. Died August 10. 1986.
This accomplished painter studied in the Soviet Free Studios in Russia from
1917-1921 but left Russia for Paris, France on the death of her husband. She
moved to Canada with her new Canadian husband Philip Clark in 1931. Settling
in the Toronto area she brought some real flair to the Toronto art scene in
the 1930's and 1940's.
Born Montreal, Quebec. She has been
drawing since she was very young. She has illustrated over forty children’s
books over the past twenty years. She is the recipient of the 1995
Information Book Award and the 1995 Ruth Schwartz Children’s Book Award
(Picture Book Category) for A Pioneer Story: The Daily Life of a Canadian
Family in 1840. Heather Collins lives in Toronto with her husband and
Irma Sophia Coucill.
Born August 8, 1918. An
artist and editor, she began her career by working as artistic editor for various
Canadian newspapers. She is mainly known for her portraits of Canadian sports
figures. ( 310 completed works), prominent business figures , broadcasters and
physicians. Her portraits number in the hundreds and are displayed in several
Halls of Fame . Her works have been used to produce commemorative coins
and are also considered prominent pieces in several museums.
Roselyn 'Rody' Margaret Courtice
née Kenny. Born 1891, Renfrew County, Ontario. Died 1973. 1920-1924 she was
one of the 1st women to attend the Ontario College of Art,
Toronto on scholarship, where she studied under the Arthur Lismer
(1895-1969). The next year she worked in the library at the college. She
would go on to study at the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois,
U.S.A. in 1927 and then continued studies in New York, U.S.A., London ,
England and Paris France. She was an assistant instructor at the Port Hope
Summer School and taught at the Doon School of Art. In 1950 she took summer
studies at the Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Her 1st
husband Henry Lloyd Hammond was killed in action on August 4, 1918. She
later married Andrew Roy Courtice. Rody was one of the 1st women
in the Canadian modernist movement. When she painted landscapes she was
invited to exhibit with the famous Group of Seven painters. In 1933 she
became a member of the newly founded Canadian Group of Painters. During a
tour of the near north in Ontario in the 1930’s she painted industrial
subjects. Her paintings have not only been shown in North America but also
in London, England, Brazil, and Paris, France and in 1939 at the New York
World’s Fair. She was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, The
Ontario Society of Artists, the Canadian Society of Painters oin Water
Colours and the Canadian Society of Graphic Art. In 1945/6 she werved as
President of the Ontario Branch of the Federation of Canadian Artists.
Source: Canadian Women of Note, Canadian Womens Press Club, 1994.
Born Kingston, New Brunswick 1896. Died 1968. She began her
working career as a teacher but soon entered the Pratt Institute in Boston
in the United States in 1925. While at the Institute show would win honours
for her Design. She returned to Saint John, New Brunswick to teach at
the city's Vocational school from 1928 through 1944. While she painted in
various medium perhaps her favourite was water colour.
Marion Margaret Cuming.
Born June 26, 1936. She would
do her post graduate studies in teaching but chose to study art in France,
Mexico and Italy before returning to Canada. She has used her artistic
talents to help emotionally disturbed children and has worked with Canadian
street kids. She has worked closely with UNESCO related activities. For her
personal artistic expression she enjoys drawing Canadian heritage subjects.
Kate Livingston Cumming
Born 1889 , Chatham, Ontario (?). Died 1971, London, Ontario. At the Chatham
High School her talents in art were recognized with the Pile Gold Medal for
promise in art. In 1910-1911 she attended the Detroit College of Art and
here, for the first time she saw miniature paintings. While she would enjoy
painting landscapes and gardens it would be her specialization in portraits
that is remembered. In 1912 she attended the Ontario College of Art where
she learned from such notable artists as Arthur Lismer. Upon graduation the
Ontario College of Art appointed her as an associate in the Department of
Drawing and Painting. From 1915-1917 her works were shown at the Royal
Canadian Academy exhibition. In 1922 here paintings were shown at the
Canadian National Exhibition. It was about this time that she married a
Methodist Minister, Robert Cumming. There was little time for her artistic
pursuits as she settled down to the busy life as a minister’s wife and
raising three children. The family moved often, living in numerous small
Ontario towns. Kate began painting again to supplement the family income but
was unable to maintain a Gallery she had opened in St Catherines, Ontario.
Theft and loss of numerous works plagued her career at this time. In 1938
the Federated Women’s Institutes of Canada commissioned her to do a portrait
of Lady Tweedsmuir, wife of the Governor General. This portrait is on
display at Governor General residence. In 1951 and again in 1956 she
exhibited at the Annual Western Ontario Exhibition, London, Ontario. In 1953
she had a solo exhibition at the London Public Library and Museum followed
several years latter whit shared showings at the McIntosh Gallery. In the
1960’s she was bedridden with poor health and stroke left unable to paint.
from which she never recovered.
forgotten artist” by Tom Spears, Ottawa Citizen October 5, 2013 ;
Correspondence with Tom Spears; Canadian Women Artists History Initiative
Online (Accessed November 2013)
Marian Mildred Dale -Scott.
Born June 26, 1906 Montreal, Quebec. Died November 28, 1993.Montreal, Quebec.
Marion enjoyed art as a youth and actually had her 1st show of her works in
1918. Marion studied at the Ecole des beaux arts, Montreal, Quebec and
the Slade School of Art, London, England. In 1928
she married lawyer and poet F. R. Scott (1899-1985) and the couple had
one son. In the 1930's they were both active in the Co-operative
Commonwealth Federation (CCF). Mainly a painter of landscapes she also painted the people of Montreal in
the depression era. Her works showed people up against machines and hard times.
Her works were organized geometrically as she experimented with fresh art
forms. She taught from 1935-1938 at the Children's Art Centre set up by Dr.
Norman Bethune (1822-1939) and joined the Contemporary Arts Society in 1939.
Between 1948 and 1977 she held nine solo exhibitions of her work at
galleries in Montreal, Toronto and Quebec City. A pacifist she campaigned
for nuclear disarmament in the 1950's and against the war in Vietnam in the
1960's. In 200 a biography was published, Marian Dale Scott: Pioneer of
Modern Art by Esther Trepanier. .
Gertrude E. Cutts
née Spurr. Born England 1858. Died 1941. She studied in
England at the Scarborough School of Art and the Lambeth Art Schools as well
as in New York. This accomplished artist moved to Canada in 1891. She
married Toronto Artist William Cutts in 1909. She was a member of the
Ontario Society of Art and an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy.
Jean Bruce Dawson.
née Anderson. Born
August 23, 1912. Died 1999. She
studied as a nurse when the depression intervened with her plans to become a doctor.
Her marriage to Douglas Dawson would lead to a family of four children and a relationship
of some 60 years. While traveling in the tropics she gained an interest
in painting. At 74 years she earned her BA in Fine Arts. She enjoyed her
art but seldom showed her work. She continued her humanitarian efforts by
working for Meals on Wheels in her home community.
Kathleen Frances Daly
Born Nappanee, Ontario May 28, 1889. Died
August 31, 1994. As young artist she attended the University of
Toronto and the Ontario College of Art in 1924. She continued her education
in Europe at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere in Paris , France and in
the United States at the Parsons’ School of Design in New York City. In 1929
she married a fellow artist, George Pepper and the two spent a life of
travel and painting together. She is well known for her paintings of
Montagnais, the Charlevoix and the Stoney Indians of Alberta. She also
painted landscapes. Her paintings may be found in the Legislative Buildings
in Edmonton, Alberta, the Banff Public Library, and the London Public
Library as well as in major galleries such as the National Gallery in
Ottawa, the Lord Beaverbrook Museum in Fredericton and in the Canadian
Embassy in Denmark.
Born Paris, Ontario October 2, 1917. Died Ottawa, Ontario December 15, 2004.
She studied in Hamilton, Ontario and at McGill University in Montreal,
Quebec. From 1936-1943 she worked at a Montreal advertising firm. By 1943
she officially documented the lives of war workers and members of the
Canadian Women’s Army Corps considered her their unofficial artist. Alma and
Audrey McLaren, an Ottawa photographer produced animated films under the
name of Dunclaren Productions. One of their first productions, Folksong
Fantasy was nominated for a British Film Award. Alma participated in
numerous national and international art exhibition. She also sat on juries
for the Canadian Film Award. From the 1960’s she devoted her energies mainly
to her paintings. She taught art to school children of and on from 1949
through the 1980’s. In the 1970’s she designed two series of postage stamps
for Canada Post. Maple in four seasons in 1971 and Floral Aerogramme in
1973. She travelled an honed her craft wherever she went in Europe, Japan,
Hong Kong, the Caribbean, Costa Rica as well she spent some time in the
Canadian Arctic. Her works reside innumerous local, provincial and national
galleries including the National Gallery of Canada.
Sources: Alma Duncan, Visual Artist by Valerie Knowles; D & E Lake
http://delake.com accessed August 2011.
Evelyn 'Eve' Alberta Cleverly Dunn
29, 1900, Fleming, Saskatchewan. Died July 7, 1994, Wawanesa, Manitoba. As a
young girl of 14 with her father serving overseas in World War l, Eve began
working at the Audit Department of the T. Eaton Department Store in order to
help support her family. He boss noticed some of her sketches and gave her
additional work hours drawing for the famous Eaton’s catalogue. Encouraged
in her art she attended art schools in Mexico and Canada. She married Henry
Dunn, a Canadian National Railroad worker and the couple lived at various
cities, towns and villages throughout Manitoba. Eve transformed her love of
the prairie landscape onto her canvas. Her works were shown throughout
Manitoba and Canada. In 1974 she received a Good Citizen Award from the
Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba.
Goldsborough, Gordon. ‘Evelyn Alberta Cleverly “Eve” Dunn’ in Memorable
Manitobans. Online. (Accessed September 2014.)
Mary Ella Digham.
Born Port Burwell, Ontario January 30, 1857. Died
September 6,1938. She studied
art at the Ontario Western School of Art and Design with subsequent studies
in New York and Paris. In addition to exhibiting her work in North America
and abroad she was the first Head of the Department of Art at McMaster
University in Hamilton, Ontario, founder of the Women's Art Association of
Canada and founder of the first International Society of Women Painters and
Sculptors. She was the first to bring live nude models into a woman's studio
in Canada. She worked tirelessly for women's equal opportunities in the art
world. She spearheaded the creation of the "State Diner Service" of the
Governor General, a 192 piece china dinnerware hand painted by Canadian
women artists and presented to Lady Aberdeen.
Nominated by the Women's Association of Canada. Source: Mary Ella
Dignam, biography Women's Art Association of Canada - History
accessed July 2011
Mary Alexandra Eastlake
née Bell. Born Ontario 1864. Died 1951. She
studied art in Montréal, New York and Paris. She returned to Montreal to
teach art and married British landscape painter Charles Herbert Eastlake.
She exhibited frequently in Canada, London and other places. Her works are
signed with both her maiden name and her married name. Her portrait of Maude
Abbott was the basis for a Canadian postage stamp tribute to Abbott.
||Born January 31, 1928
Alexander, Manitoba. In 1930 the family moved to southern Manitoba before
finally settling in Winnipeg, Manitoba. At 16 she left school to work to
help her family. She would complete her high school education with
correspondence courses. At 19 she and her mover relocated to Vancouver,
British Columbia. She taught elementary school until 1965 when she
decided to make her career in art. An artist
who works with multimedia producing works in ceramics, painting and
papier-mâché. She took her subjects from daily life such as a ceramic
sculpture of fruit pies. She has has had group and solo exhibitions of her
works across North America, France and Japan. Her works are collected by the
Vancouver Art Gallery, the Winnipeg Art Gallery, the National Art Gallery in
Ottawa as well as by private collectors. In 2002 she was inducted into the
Order of British Columbia. In 2013 she earned the Audain Prize for Lifetime
Achievement in the Visual Arts. (2017)
Philippa Mary Faulkner
Born 1917 Belleville, Ontario. Died February 3, 2001.
She studied at the Parsons School of Fine and Applied Art, Advertising &
Design, New York City, New York, U.S.A. in 1940. From 1942-1947 she studied
at the The Doon School of Fine Art under Carl Shaefer and F.H. Varley.
She worked with acrylic paints,
mixed media, multi media and watercolours. Here works reflected the
modernist movement. She held solo shows at the Eaton's Fine Art
Gallery in Toronto. She has won international awards. Her work is in many
public and private collections. Philippa married Dr. George
Faulkner (1908-1955) and the couple had two children. (2018)
Betty Roodish Goodwin.
Born March 19, 1928
Montreal, Quebec. After graduating
High school she studied design at Valentine's Commercial School of art,
Montreal. By the 1940's she had a career as a painter and printmaker. In the
1960's she studied printmaking at Sir George William University, Montreal.
She went on to represent Canada at leading international events. Even after
participating in numerous exhibitions and solo shows of her art she became
dissatisfied with her own work she destroyed much of her pieces and began in
1968 to limit herself to drawings. Betty
received several awards, including the Prix Paul-Émile Borduas in 1986, the
Gershon Iskowitz Prize of the Gershon Iskowitz Foundation and the Art
Gallery of Ontario in 1995, the Victor Martyn Lynch-Staunton Award of the
Canada Council for the Arts in 1981, the Harold Town Prize in 1998, John
Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship in 1988. She married a civil engineer
Martin Goodwin and the couple had one son.
artist who trained in Canada and Europe, her works are represented
in the collections of the National Gallery in Ottawa.
In 1996 Goodwin donated 150 of her works to the Art Gallery
of Ontario, which has the largest collection of her work. That same year she
earned the Harold Town Prize. In 2003, she was honored with the Governor
General's Award and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
Hortense Crompton Gordon
Mattice. Born November 24, 1886, (some sources report the year as 1887 or
1889) Hamilton, Ontario. Died November 6, 1961, Hamilton, Ontario. As a
child she attended Saturday morning art classes at the Hamilton Art School.
After the retirement of her father in 1903 she lived with relatives in
Chatham, Ontario where she began to study and paint china. Her 1st
exhibition of china was on December 14-16, 1908 at a local Chatham hotel.
In 1916, after the death of her father she returned to Hamilton and in the
fall of 1918 she began work at the Hamilton Technical School as an assistant
to John Gordon whom she married August 3, 1920. She continued teaching at
the school until 1951, the last twenty years as head of the Art Department,
succeeding her husband. The husband and wife would travel to Europe in the
summers and Hortense began to exclusively paint landscapes. In the 1930’s
she began experimenting with abstract painting, becoming one of the 1st
abstract artists probably in Canada. From 1941-1945 she studied at the
Cranbrook Academy of Art Gloucester, Massachusetts, U.S.A. and she abandoned
realism to concentrate on non-objective painting. In 1948 she had garnered
national interest in her works and she was named honorary president of the
Contemporary Artists of Hamilton. In 1952 she became the oldest member of
the group known as Painters Eleven. She was a member of the Canadian
Society of Graphic Artists and the Royal Canadian Academy of Art, the
Ontario Society of Artists, The North Shore Arts Association of Gloucester,
Massachusetts, the international Federation of Art, Zurich, Germany and the
Art Teachers Guild, London, England. She was also one of the founders of The
Women’s Art Association of Hamilton. Hortense was inducted into the Hamilton
Gallery of Distinction in 1989. She is considered a trail blazer of the
popularization of modern art in Canada and is featured in the book;
Painters Eleven; The Wild Ones of Canadian Art published in Vancouver by
Douglas & McIntyre in 2010.
Elizabeth Frances Hall
née Amherst. Born 1774, England. Died June 18, 1826, Quebec. On April 3,
1799 she Married John Hale in London, England. The couple had 4 daughters
and 8 sons. In June 1799 she husband was appointed deputy paymaster general
of the British troops stationed in the Canadas. She accompanied her husband
and the couple settled in Quebec City. Elizabeth took up painting in
watercolours. She enjoyed painting urban and rural landscapes. She left her
adopted country with works which focused on interesting structures and
natural sites such as waterfalls. One print which has circulated widely
depicts York (Toronto) in 1804 just shortly after it had been founded. She
left a small sketchbook of various landscapes depicting the surroundings in
which she lived including scenes of their seigneury of Sainte Anne de la
Pérade where the family spent summers. Some of her drawings are in the
collections of the Public Archives of Canada.
Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Vol. 6. Page 9.
Mary Riter Hamilton
Born 1873 Teeswater, Ontario. Died 1954 Vancouver, British Columbia. Shortly
after her birth her family relocated to Clearwater, Manitoba. At 18 in 1889
she married Charles W. Hamilton and the couple settled in Port Arthur
(Thunder Bay), Ontario. After the death of her husband in 1893 she returned
to Manitoba and began painting china. She studied art in Toronto and then in
Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain and France. She returned to Winnipeg
in 1906. In 1911 she had a gallery show in Toronto and in 1914 she moved to
Victoria, Ontario. Living in British Columbia at the end of World War l she
was commissioned by the Amputation Club of B.C. to do paintings of French
battlefields. From 1919-1922 she painted with whatever materials she could
find recording over 300 paintings the destruction of the war. In 1988 The
War Amps would produce an award-winning documentary film, No Man’s Land, on
her experiences. In 1926 she donated 227 works to the Public Archives of
Canada. Partially blind she retired to Vancouver, British Columbia where she
died in poverty.
Source: Susan Merritt, Her Story II: Women from Canada’s Past, 1995.
Born 1896, Montreal, Quebec. Died March 19,
1947. She studied art at the Art Association of Montreal and the Académie Colarossi in Paris, France. Known for her impressive figure painting she was
a member of the Canadian Group of Painters in 1933 and became a member of
the Contemporary Arts Society in 1939. The National Gallery of Canada is
pleased to own four of her oil paintings.
née Bothing. Born 1932, Hamilton, Ontario. She showed an interest
in art as a youth and attended the Ontario College of Art. She married
Joshua Hodgson (1950 ) and the couple have 3 children. Her paintings are
known and have been shown internationally having been displayed in Japan,
Mexico and England. She enjoys teaching watercolour art at various private
and public colleges. 1974-75 she was Director, Canadian Society of Artists
in Water Colour and 1977-78 she was Director of the Ontario Society of
Source: Canadian Who’s Who 2006 (University of Toronto Press) page
Born May 5,
1945, Flensburg, Schleswig/Holstein, Germany. Gunhild emigrated to Canada in
1957. She settled in Northern Ontario near Cochrane, Ontario and took
courses in Visual Arts and Crafts Diploma from Northern College in Timmons,
Ontario, in 1984. She earned her Bachelor in Fine arts in 1988 and a
Bachelor of Education in 1989 from Queens University, Kingston, Ontario. She
then attended the University of Windsor in southern Ontario and earned a MFA
in 1992. She takes much of inspiration fro nature and the uniqueness of the
Northern Canadian landscape. She has participated in numerous art shows and
won Best of show the Scarab Club, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. in 1992. Her
acrylic and oil works have won Best in Show in 1995 and 2002 at the Northern
Impressions and Northern Telephone Exhibitions, Timmins. Her works are
included in the Art Bank of Canada, Queens University, Windsor University,
Essex Board of Education, Northern Ontario Railway, St. Michael’s Printshop
St. John’s , Newfoundland, Northern College and the Timmins Museum National
Exhibition Centre to name a few. Gunhild takes an active interest in her
home community and is a moving force behind the Cochrane Art Guild and the
Northern Ontario Art Group. Source:
Gunhild Hotte, Cochrane, Ontario
Yvonne McKague Housser
4, 1898, Toronto, Ontario. Died January 26, 1996, Toronto, Ontario. She
began her studies in art at the Ontario College of Art (OCA) from 1915-1920.
In 1921 she took one of what would be several year long trips to continue
studies in art. Returning from France she turned to teaching at OCA. She had
her first exhibition of her works at the Royal Canadian Academy which was
followed in 1924 with an exhibition with the Ontario Society of Artists.
After another year in France she was back teaching and from 1928-1931 she
exhibited in 3 Group of Seven showings. In 1933 she was a founding member of
the Canadian Group of Painters and the Federation of Canadian Artists. In
1935 she married Frederick Hauser, an author who wrote about the famous
Group of Seven painters. In 1949 she retired from the OCA and taught in
Kitchener at the Doon School of Fine Arts as well as at the Ryerson
Polytechnical Institute (now Ryerson University) in Toronto. She also
continued her trips to continue learning in Cape Cod, Mexico and the West
Indies. She received the Baxter Purchase Award at the Ontario Society of
Artists. In 1984 she was inducted into the Order of Canada. Her paintings
are in the permanent collections of the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto,
the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, the Art Gallery of
Hamilton, Ontario, the McMichael Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario, the
University of Toronto and Victoria University, Ontario, the Public Library
and Art Museum in London, Ontario, and in many private collections.
Sources: Yvonne McKague Hauser Collection. E.J. Pratt Library, University of
Victoria Campus, University of Toronto. Online. Accessed July 2013. Yvonne
McKague Housser Collections. Nationa Gallery of Canada. Online Accessed July
submitted by Jeanne Ouellette, Ottawa, Ontario.
Tahiryuak, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories. Died May 7, 1984 Holman,
Northwest Territories. She lived a traditional nomadic life of her peoples.
In 1960 her husband , Edward Manayak, died and she and her daughter settled
In Holman, Northwest Territories. She worked to establish the Holman Eskimo
Co-operative and began to take an interest in art. In 1965 her art works
were turned prints and became a popular purchase from the co-op. Her works
depicted her people in traditional life and roles. In 1975 she was inducted
into the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts followed in 1978 with induction
into the Order of Canada. In 1976 Canada Post used one of her works on a 17
cent postage stamp. The School in Holman is named in her honour; By 1978 she
had produced over an estimated 2000 works of arts with prints being sold
Kalvak, Spiritwriter online accessed 2008.
Partial Edith Fanny Kirk
Born July 16, 1858 Sheffield, England. Died December 3, 1953 Lethbridge,
Alberta. Edith did not get along with her step mother and this allowed the
younger woman to follow training as an artist traveling and studying
through the United Kingdom and France before she immigrated to Vancouver,
British Columbia in 1905. Aside from her water colour landscape paintings
she also supported herself as nurse’s helper in a gold mining hospital, and
a teacher in ranching country. At the age of 60 she relocated to Lethbridge,
Alberta. Here she continued her art and joined the Alpine Club and the
Traveler’s Aid Society. She taught art classes at the local YMCA for a few
dollars a month and continued to sell her art. She was a member of the
Alberta Society of Artists and was paramount in the creation of the
Lethbridge Sketch Club in 1936. Her biography by Wendy Aitkens is called:
Adventure and art: The life of Edith Fanny Kirk.
Elsie Dorothy Knowles.
Born April 7,1927. She is an artist who
enjoys water colour landscapes as her form of expression. She has been able
to have her works shown in Vancouver; Edmonton; London, England; Paris,
France, Chicago; Los Angeles and more recently in a 1994 traveling
exhibition by the Mendel Art Gallery in Saskatoon.
Elizabeth Annie McGillivray Knowles
née Beach. Born Ottawa, Ontario January 8, 1866 Died October
4, 1928. A painted of considerable recognition she specialized in nature
studies. She was elected an associate of the Royal Academy of Art in 1908.
Samples of her works are preserved in the National Gallery of Canada and Parkwood Museum, the home of Sam McLaughlin, Oshawa.
Karen Gay Kulyk
Born July 19,
1920, Toronto, Ontario. She earned her Bachelor of Fine Arts from Your
University in 1973. After graduation she established and ran Seedlings, a
Toronto gallery for emerging artists while continuing her own studio work.
In 1975 she joined the Marianne Friedland Gallery and began exhibiting her
won works around the world in the Mediterranean, Caribbean, Asia,
Scandinavia, East and West Europe as well as North and South America. In
1983 she was awarded the Grollo d’Oro for her unique use of colour at the
Treviso International Art Competition and the Sheila-Hugh Mackay Foundation
Grant in 1997. She has been Artist in residence at universities and museums
around the world and was the 1st Canadian invited to exhibit solo
at the National Gallery of Thailand. Source: The Canadian Who’s who,
(Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997)
Born December 1956 Spiritwood, Saskatchewan. She originally
attended the University of Saskatchewan for the B.A. in 1979. She returned
in 2004 to the university where she received her Bachelor of Fine Arts “with
Great Distinction”. She received the University Medal for Fine Arts and the
Judith Poole Award. After dedicating one of her works to a child who was
murdered in her home province she has dedicated her energies and talents and
works of art to raise monies and awareness of community groups such as
Saskatchewan food banks, Community Health Education Programs, Planned
Parenthood and internationally Women 4 Women Afghanistan. She also has
created art to depict the contributions and support to society of the
grandmothers and women from our heritage.
Source: Saskatoon Women’s Calendar Collective. Herstory 2007: the
Canadian Women’s Calendar (Regina: Couteau Books, 2006) pg. 42
Born June 24, 1804, Yorkshire Dales, England. Died May 10, 1893, Toronto,
Canada. Anne was educated at home as was the habit of wealthy families at
the time. As a teen she traveled about Europe as a finale to her education.
A reverse in finances found the family living a more modest live in smaller
accommodations and with fewer servants. Anne was however able to continue
learning sketching and painting which she loved and with which she showed
some talent. In 1834, Anne, her parents and an unmarried Aunt moved to the
backwoods of Fenelon Falls Upper Canada to support a son, John, who had
taken up farming in Canada. Anne wrote letter home to another brother in
England and also kept a diary of family activities and living conditions in
1830’s and 1840’s. Family letters home and Anne’s diary entries were
published as the book A Gentlewomen in Upper Canada in 1966. Anne’s
brother John, as he prospered, became interested in politics and was elected
to parliament in the colony. John moved his family with him as the Canadian
Capital moved from place to place. Anne continued sketching and drawing and
her works have provided historical insight to the Canadian backwoods, early
Toronto, Quebec City and Ottawa as the family settled in each town. Her
artistic works are located in the National Archives of Canada.
A public School in Fenelon Fall, Ontario is named in her honor.
Born November 1, 1928 Drummondville, Quebec. As
a child she lived with her maternal grandmother in Saint-Francois-du-lac. In
1935 she moved with her family to Saint-Majorique -de-Grantham. but life was
difficult with she and her siblings experiencing prejudices because of their
Abenaki First Nations Heritage. She preferred solitude and loved to draw.
When the family relocated to Montreal she was required to take care of her
siblings while her parents worked. In 1946 she worked at a factory and a
restaurant cashier to earn money to leave home to live with her boyfriend.
The couple had one son who would be raised by his maternal grandmother. At
19 she enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. By 1951 she was embracing
abstract art and exhibited her works with the famed group called Les
Originally this painter and printmaker was interested in simple
shapes but as she matured her work became more austere, with large
geometric forms. She is known for large interior and exterior murals. In 2005
she was inducted into the Order of Canada. In 2010 she won the Governor
Generals Award and in 2012 she received the Queen Elizabeth ll Diamond
Jubilee Medal. She was still exhibiting her works in 2014.
Born Toronto, Ontario 1882. Died August
17, 1970. She studied art at the Ontario College of Art and in New York
City. She gained a good reputation as a portrait artist and in 1913 opened
her own studio in Toronto. In 1922 she became an associate of the Royal
Canadian Academy and a fully elected member in 1933. She also became well
known for her paintings of Toronto city life. Her works are owned y the Art
Gallery of Ontario and the National Gallery of Canada.
Baptized Halifax, Nova Scotia June 25, 1806. Died January 13, 1866.
She was educated in England and continued her studies in art. She began
drawing in the 1820’s She married Lieutenant Colonel James Frederick Love
July 16, 1825 while he was stationed in New Brunswick. It was after her
marriage that her interest in art deepened. In 1826 her works were
reproduced by lithographs in the U.S.A. She is considered the first Canadian
born artist to have works lithographed. (drawn on stone for printing and
reproduction) Her husband was posted to Great Britain and the Mediterranean
before returning to settle with his wife in Lower Canada. In 1856 Mary
joined her husband in England where he was Knighted for his military career
achievements in 1856,and she became Lady Love.
Suggested source: The Dictionary of Canadian Biography (Toronto: The
University of Toronto Press) Vol. lX..
née Muntz. Born Radford England June 18,1860. Died
December 9,1930. As a
child she immigrated to Ontario with her family in 1869 and as a young woman she
became a school teacher but soon was studying art in Paris where she was
exposed to the impressionist style. She was one of the first Canadian
artists to receive recognition abroad and the first woman asked to exhibit
with the Canadian Art club. Portraits of children were a special pleasure
for her. Since women could not become elected members to
the Royal Canadian Academy she became an associate in the academy in 1895 At
the age of 55, she gave up her art to raise the family of eleven children of
her deceased sister. She returned to painting only at 64.
Sarah Mary Blake Lynch-Staunton
Blake. Born 1864? Galway, Ireland. Died 1933, Pintcher Creek, Alberta. Sara
attended St Leonard’s-on-the-Sea, England and later she lived in France with
her mother and sisters where she may have obtained addition training in art.
In 1890 Sarah married Alfred Hardwick Lynch-Staunton (1860-1932) a member of
the Northwest Mounted Police and later a rancher at Deer Horn Ranch, North
Fork, Alberta. Sarah had immigrated in 1887 to see her brothers ranch. The
couple had 8 children, 3 of whom died early. Sara painted landscapes and
small sketches. She decorated her home by painting doors with local outdoor
scenes. Her watercolour ‘Deer Horn Ranch’ is part of the Collections of the
Glenbow Museum, Alberta.
Source: Canadian Women Artists History Initiative, 2007 Concordia
'Pegi' Nicol MacLeod
née Nicol. Born
Listowel, Ontario January 4, 1904. Died February 12, 1949. A painter she
was among the first wave of artists of Canadian modernism. She painted many
works of the women’s division of the Armed Forces at the end of World War
ll. She left over 1000 works of art in many media including designs for
Doris Jean McCarthy
Born July 7,
1910, Calgary, Alberta. Died November 25, 2010. Her talent was noted early
and she began taking art classes at 15. In 1926 noted artist Arthur Lismer
gave her a scholarship to the Ontario Collage of Art where she was coached
by several members of the famous Canadian painters known as the Group of
Seven. She began teaching and providing encouragement to others. She taught
high school students of her avocation for 40 years retiring only in 1972.
She shared her joie de vivre though her paintings of landscapes she viewed
around the world. She is considered perhaps Canada’s best landscape artist.
She was the 1st woman to be president of the Ontario Society of
artists. In 1983 she was named Canadian Woman Artist of the year. At the age
of 79 she graduated from the University of Toronto with a B.A. in English.
She named her home “Fools Paradise” and bequeathed it to the Ontario
Heritage Foundation to be sued as a retreat for artists. Her landscapes for
which she is best known have been exhibited around the world and some of her
works are owned by the National Gallery of Canada. In 2004 the Doris
McCarthy Gallery opened on the Scarborough Campus of the University of
Toronto. She authored a 3 volume set of her autobiography. She was a member
of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, recipient of the Order of Ontario and
the Order of Canada.
Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008 (Saskatoon Women's
Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007) : Obituary, The Toronto Star,
November 2010 Online accessed November 2013
Oshawa, Ontario October 10, 1903. Died November 26, 2002. An important early
modernist painter in Canada she used bright colours in her highly subjective
paintings. In 1939 she was the first woman to hold the position of president
of the Canadian Group of Painters
Maufils dit de St Louis.
Baptized December 21, 1671. She was one of the religious Hospitallers at the Hôtel-Dieu.
She was known as Mother Maufils. She was a talented painter and artist
who is credited with some of the artistic panels in the Chapel of
the Hôpital Générale in Quebec city.
Born Macklin, Saskatchewan 1912. Died December 16,
2004. She grew up in Vancouver, then moved to Bellingham, Washington,
in 1932. She earned a BA in 1942 and an MA in 1952 from the Teachers
College at Columbia University, New York. She relocated to Coenties Slip in
Lower Manhattan, and had her first one-person exhibition in 1958 at
the Betty Parsons Gallery, New York City. Surveys of her work have
been presented at venues including the Institute of Contemporary Art at the
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (1973), the Stedelijk Museum,
Amsterdam (1991), the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1992), and
the Menil Collection, Houston (2002). Martin continued to live and work in
Taos, New Mexico, until her death. Some critics have labeled her one of the
world's foremost abstract painters.
Birth name Madeleine R Packham.
Born Regina, Saskatchewan. September 10, 1929. She married in 1952 a
little less than a year after she had received her Bachelor of Fine Arts
from McGill University in Montreal. James and Mimi would have two daughters.
A commercial artist she began exhibiting her works only in 1974. She has had
group and solo showing across North America. Several renowned collections
house her works including : Imperial Oil: Shell Oil: Marcil Trust: and
Westin Hotels. The incentive for her works comes from anywhere, even an over
heard snippet of conversations. She applies bright colours and provides a
distinctive presentation of her ideas and subjects.
Source: Canadian who’s who (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005)
Maria Frances Ann Miller.
née Morris. Born February 12, 1813 Country Harbour, Nova Scotia. Died
October 29, 1875, Nova Scotia. She enjoyed drawing and took instructions in
both drawing and painting. In 1830 she opened her own art school teaching
drawing to the young ladies of Halifax. She herself produced 146 paintings
of Nova Scotia wildflowers. The images were published with the patronage of
Sir Colin Campbell, Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. In 1836 she was
named Painter of the Year by the North British Society of Halifax. In 1840
she married Garrett Miller. In 1856 she and her sister Catherine published a
book of their poetry. Her works were displayed at the Paris Exhibition of
1867 in France. She considered to be the 1st professional
woman artist in Nova Scotia.
Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Vol. X Online : Marie
Morris Miller. National Gallery of Canada. Online (Accessed January
Kathleen Jean Munn
Toronto, Ontario.. Died October 1974. Her mother managed the family of six
and the family jewelry business after the death of her husband in 1890. Her
grandmother was an accomplished amateur painter and encouraged young
Kathleen’s drawing and she was sent to study at the Westbourne School with
F. McGillivray Knowles from 1904 to 1907 where Kathleen thrived. In 1909
she began to exhibit Barbizon-inspired landscapes at the Ontario Society of
Art (OSA) and the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE). In 1912 she was in New
York City to study at eh Art Students League and in 1914 she was awarded
first prize at the Summer School in Woodstock New York, U.S.A. She toured
Britain and the major art centres of continental Europe with her sister in
1920. In the 1920’s she established her studio in the family home in Toronto
and she began to work on a series of paintings that explored Christian
themes. She devoted the 1930’s to the subject of the Passion. She exhibited
a number of these drawings at the Malloney Galleries in Toronto in 1935.
Discouraged by the lack of response to her works and facing the death of a
brother and living with a disabled sister she stopped producing her work
about 1939. Most of her work remained in family hands. The Art Gallery of
Toronto exhibited her Passion drawings in several group shows in the 1940’s
and the Willistead Art Gallery in Windsor included her Ascension in a 1954
show of drawings.
Born November 12, 1925 Baillie Island Northwest Territories.
(married name Agnes
Nanogak Goose) Died May 5, 2001 Ulukhaktok, Northwest
Territories. In 1943 Nanogak married Wallace Goose and the couple had seven
children. This Inuit artist is known for her energetic and colourful
representations of native myths and legends. Her early drawings were done
using graphite pencils but she soon opted to use colourful felt-tip pens.
Many of her works on themes of Inuit life were later produced as prints.
Nanogak contributed to every print collection by the Homan artists'
co-operative beginning in 1967. In 1985 she
was the 1st Inuit artist to receive an honorary degree from a university in
Canada. In 2002 the Winnipeg Art Gallery held a solo exhibition
of her works. You can see her work in the book
she illustrated Tales From the Igloo, a book of Inuit stories.,
published in 1972 and More Tales From the Igloo published in 1986.
Her artwork is found in collections of some 15 institutions across Canada
and the United States.
Lilias Torrance Newton
Lachine, Quebec. Died 1980, Cowansville, Quebec. At the arge of 12 Lilias
began taking lessons at the Art Association of Montreal. During World War l
she went to England with her mother and became a Red Cross nurse. She also
studied art in London. Returning to Canada she shared an art studio with
colleagues who would become known as the Beaver Hall Group. In 1921 she
married Frederick Newton who would later abandon her. In 1923 she was
elected as the youngest member to the Royal Canadian Academy and the same
year she received honorable mention at an art show in Paris, France. She
would continue her work after her divorce in order to support herself and
her son. In 1934 her nude painting caused uproar at the Art Gallery in
Toronto. During WW ll she was hired to paint portraits of military officers
and illustrated recruiting posters. Portraits became her preferred genre and
in 1957 she was the 1st Canadian to produce an official portrait
of Queen Elizabeth and H.R.H. Prince Philip for Government House in Ottawa.
She would paint until 1975 when she suffered from a serious fall.
Source: Herstory 2008: A Canadian Woman’s Calendar (Coteau Books,
2007) ; National Gallery of Canada Online (Accessed February 2014)
September 11, 1919 Wikwemikong, Manitoulin Island, Ontario. Died
October 1, 2016 Kelowna, British Columbia. This artist
draws on her Potawatomi native heritage for her inner artistic strength and
credits her grandfather Jonas for nurturing her spirit as a child. Daphne
moved to Ottawa for formal art training and continued her education in
Sweden. During World War II, she relocated to Toronto for work and there she
met her first husband, Paul Somerville (d 1962) . Paul was moved to the West
Coast for military duty and this is where Daphne raised their two sons. It
was only once her sons where in school that Daphne found time to devote to
painting. In the 1960’s her sister encouraged her to paint scenes from
Manitoulin Island mythology and Daphne produced several children’s books
based on Ojibwa culture. IN 1962 she married Chester Beavon and the couple
settled in northern Manitoba. In 1972 exhibited her works in Winnipeg, the
1st time that Native artists were featured in an Art Gallery.
Her own works have been exhibited in Europe, Israel and Japan. She painted
a large mural at the national Arts Center in Ottawa. In 1973 she was a
founding member of the Professional Native Indian Artists Association. In
1987 she was made a Member of the Order of Canada and two years later she
was elected to the Royal Academy of Art. In 1992 she received the
Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation.
In 1998 she won a National Aboriginal Achievement Award. She has also
published her memoirs “Paintbrush in My Hand” (1993) One of her
paintings was used for Canada's Christmas stamp in 2002. In 2007 she
received the Governor General’s Award in Visual and Media Arts and was made
a Member of the Order of British Columbia. In February 2011 Canada Post
again chose some of her art works to appear on Canadian Stamps.
Canadian Encyclopedia Online. Accessed 2002) Updated 2015. Daphne
Odjig: The Art History Archive. Online (Accessed October 2015)
Marie "Mimi" Parent
Born Montreal, Quebec September 8, 1924.
When she was at art school in Montreal she was considered undisciplined and
was expelled in 1947. That same year she held her first solo exhibition in
Montreal. In 1948 she married fellow art student Jean Benoit and moved
permanently to Paris. She has participated in many European and North
American exhibitions of her surrealist work both with colleagues and solo
exhibits. She is considered on the the most original Canadian artists in the
Pitseolak Ashoona. Born
Nottingham Island, Northwest Territories circa 1904. Died May 28, 1983. She
was brought up in a traditional Inuit lifestyle, traveling from camp to camp
with her people. In 1922 she married and with her husband she would have 17
children. Sadly only 6 of her children would live to adulthood. After the
death of her husband life became in difficult. A local civil administrator
encouraged the widow to carve, sew and draw scenes from her memories of the
traditional way of life. Her clothing, with telling scenes, sold and she
began to work with pen, and coloured pencils. At her home in Cape Dorset she
produced drawings of monsters and spirits of Inuit tales, scenes of early
Inuit life and other memories from her heart. These works are now located in
galleries and private collections around the world. As well as leaving her
own personal works, three of her sons became gifted stone carvers and a
daughter, Napadive Poottoogook, a graphic artist. In 1971 she told her story
in the book : Pitseolak : Pictures out of my life. The National Film Board
of Canada turned the illustrations from the book into an animated film.
Pitseolak was a member of the Royal Academy of the Arts and in 1977 she
received the Order of Canada. Canada Post issued a stamp in her honour March
Jane Ash Poitras
Born Fort Chipewyan 1951. After the death of her mother she was
adopted as a orphaned toddler by Marguerite Runck a German-Canadian widow.
Her life quickly adapted to a Canadian mainstream way of life. She began
studding sciences but soon switched to her primary love of art. She earned
Bachelor of Fine arts in print making at the University of Alberta . After
the breakup of her marriage she followed up with a BFA at Yale and a MFA at
Columbia University in New Your City. As a teen she had begun the
reconnection to her Native roots and as an adult artist she found her
ancestry a strong influence in her work. Her paintings show a merging of
European and North American Native cultures. She is also a well known
wordsmith and welcomed public speaker. Her works have been shown across
North America and are part of the holdings of such institutions as the Royal
Ontario Museum and the National Gallery of Canada. Her works and biography
have been published in Cultural memories and imagined futures: The art of
Jane Ash Poitras by Pam McCallum (2011). In 2011 she was the
co-recipient of the Lieutenants Governor of Alberta award for Distinguished
Artists. Her life partner is Clint Buehler. The couple have two sons.
Honor Song: A tribute by Barbara Hagan Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1996.
Born May 11,
1969, Cape Dorset, Baffin Island. Died September 19, 2016. Ottawa, Ontario
She began drawing in 1997 with the encouragement of the West Baffin Eskimo
Cooperative. Her pencil works reflect her own personal experiences of
everyday life. She has produced images of prefabricated housing and video
games and television sets. She has also tackled mental illness, alcoholism
and domestic abuse. She has produced works for group shows and solo
exhibitions across Canada. In 2006 she won the Sobey Art Award the
pre-eminent prize for Canadian artists under 40 years of age. After winning
this award she had numerous solo exhibitions and group exhibitions of her
work throughout North America. She was accepted into the Artists at
Glenfiddich residency program in Scotland. In 2007 she became the 1st
Inuit artist invited to participate in the International art exhibition in
Kassel, Germany. While drawing provides living wage, Annie also likes to
draw because it gives her a lift in life. Source: Herstory; The Canadian
Women’s Calendar 2010; Robert Everett-Green and Gloria Galloway, A
remarkable life; Annie Pootoogook’s detailed, colourful work helped lead to
a profound shift in what Inuit art should look like. In the Globe and
Mail October 2016.
Annie Louisa Prat
Died 1960, Nova Scotia. In 1877 through 1879 she lived with relatives in
Halifax, Nova Scotia. She earned honorable mention for her watercolour
painting in the 1879 Provincial Exhibition. In the 188’s she served as
secretary to Charles C.D. Roberts
the man who
would become known as the Father of Canadian poetry. In 1896 she was
painting miniature portraits for friends and she enrolled in the Chicago Art
Institute. She moved to New York for a short time to help with her sisters’
book binding business before returning to Nova Scotia by 1900. From
1917-1920 she was Dean of Women at King’s College. In 1926 she lost sight in
one eye in an accident and gave up miniature painting but she continued her
war with painting wildflowers. These works proved to be an historical record
of native plants of the province.
Herstory: Canadian Women’s Calendar 2012 ,Coteau Books, 2011.
née West. Born March 15, 1935 Fredericton, New Brunswick. Mary
studied Fine Arts at Mount Allison University It was while at
university she met Christopher Pratt. The couple married September 12, 1957
and relocated to Scotland were their first two children were born. Upon
returning to Newfoundland Mary completed her Fine Arts Degree and two more
children rounded out the family. This artist is perhaps best described as a photo
realist. Her paintings of common household items look so real, you might think that there were
a photograph! Many of the subjects of her works are thins found in
the kitchen of her home, like the work entitled ”Christmas Turkey”
Her works have been exhibited since 1967 in major
Canadian galleries and form part of the collections of the National Gallery
of Canada, the Rooms, the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, the New Brunswick
Museum, Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Vancouver Art Gallery, the Art Gallery of
Ontario and Canada House, London England. Her works have often toured
including the 2013-2015 solo exhibition simply entitled Mary Pratt.
Mary has served her community by holding positions on the Government Task
Force on Education in 1973 Newfoundland, the Federal cultural Policy Review
Committee. She chaired the Sir Wilfred Grenfel College, Corner Brook,
Newfoundland Committee to advise the creation of the School of Fine Arts.
She has also held position on the Canada Council 1987-1993 and being a
member of the Board of Regents of Mount Allison University 1983-1991. In
1996 Mary was inducted a Companion of the Order of Canada. Sadly she and her
husband Christopher separated in 2004. In 2007 Canada Post honored Mary with
a series of postage stamps. In 2013 she became a member of the Royal
Canadian Academy of Arts.
Born 1915? Sugluk, Quebec. Died September 10, 1982 Cape Dorset, North West
Territories. Lucy began to draw in the 1950’s just when Inuit printmaking
was beginning to take shape in Cape Dorset. Lucy is best known for her
fanciful Arctic birds. Over 100 of her original works became prints.
Source: Canadian Encyclopedia online Accessed 2017.
Hilary Celia Radcliffe Kilbourn
Born 1953? Toronto, Ontario. Died February 2, 2006 Toronto, Ontario. Hilary
always loved to draw even as a child. After a religious retreat in Scotland
she became ill and was hospitalized to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder
with which she would struggle for the rest of her life. Eventually she would
settle in one of the original older homes on Toronto Island. She often
opened her home to others needing a place to live. In 1994 she created an
half hour film about life on Toronto Island which was aired on cable TV. On
the Toronto Island she applied her art which she often would give away. She
enjoyed painting views of the Toronto Island. Her sister felt that one of
her best works was a larger-than-life portrait of their father looking like
the Toronto rebel leader of 1837, William Lyon Mackenzie King.
Mary Augusta Reid
née Hiester. Born 1854 Reading, Pennsylvania,
U.S.A. Died October 4, 1921. While studying art at the Pennsylvania
Academy of Art in the USA she met her future husband, Canadian artist George
A. Reid. There was time to study in Paris before the Reid settled in
Toronto. She was an elected member of the Ontario Society of Artists, an
associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (women were not allowed to be
elected to the Academy) in 1896, and was the first woman painter to have a
solo show. Her art legacy includes interiors and murals as well as her
Patricia Irene Rideout
March 16. She is an opera singer who has performed exclusively in Canada.
She has performed major choral works with most of Canada’s leading
orchestras and choral societies. .She specializes in contemporary Canadian
music. Bruce Mather wrote Madrigals Three for her. She is a fine and
committed performer of modern music.
Sarah Margaret Armor Robertson.
Born June 16, 1891 Montreal, Quebec. Died December 6, 1948 Montreal, Quebec.
From 1909 through 1924 she studied at the Art Association of Montreal. It
was during this time that she became part of the Modernist movement in
Canada. She joined the Beaver Hall Group of painters in 1922 in time for
their 2nd showing. Most of the members of the Hall shared studio
space and were rejected by the mainstream galleries. The women of Beaver
Hall continued after the main group had disbanded in 1923. In 1924-1925 she
was showing her paintings in Great Britain to positive reviews. After her
father’s death in 1926 she painted so that she could pay her living with her
mother. In 1928 on of her paintings, The Blue Sleigh appeared in a Group of
Seven Art Show. (2018)
Charlotte Mount Brock Schreiber.
Woodham, England 1834. Died 1922. A painter of the Victorian sentimental era
she painted landscapes and figures. Her works exhibited In London, England
and Paris, France. She was the loan woman charter member of the Royal
Canadian Academy. One of the first women book illustrators in Canada, three
children’s books were published in Toronto. She was the first woman on the
board of the Ontario School of Art and Design.
Tobie Thelma Steinhouse.
née Davis. Born April 1, 1925 Montreal, Quebec. She studied in New York,
U.S.A. before 1948 to 1957 when she lived in Paris France where she
continued studies in graphics and painting. Just prior to leaving Paris she
held a solo exhibition of her works. Returning to Montreal she was a
founding member in 1965 at Altelier Libre de Recherches Graphics.
became a member of the Canadian Group of Painters and was its last president
before it dissolved. In 1967 she was awarded the Jessie Dow Prize for her
Tobie also has an interest in Japanese calligraphy and exhibits with the
school of Suiha Hiroko Okata in Quebec. Her works form part of the
collections of the National Gallery of Canada and the Museum of Fine Arts,
Montreal. In 1972 she published
Songes et lumière huit eaux-fortes de Tobie Steinhouse [portfolio].
Montreal: La Guilde Graphique. Posted May 2016.
Born Toronto, Ontario September 2, 1888. Died June 5, 1966. This portrait and figure painter studied in London and
Paris. Her early works were etchings
and later she was known for her oils and pastel portraits of women in Toronto,
Mexico and the West Indies. She taught
children’s art classes for 15 years in Toronto but, may have been better remembered
as throwing the best parties in the city of Toronto!
(Married name Ewan) Born
Montreal, Quebec June 10, 1925. This artist was part of the famous
Automatists group of Montreal. As well as her art, she pursued a career in
dance after studying in New York City. After her marriage in 1949 she
started a family and found it more difficult to keep up her successful dance
career. She turned her artistic talents to welded metal sculptures. She
created a monumental sculpture for Expo 67 in Montreal. Plexiglas was her
next medium of choice. By 1980 she returned to expressing her artistic
talents in her painting.
Mildred Valley Thornton
Born 1890, Dresden, Ontario. Died July 27, 1967, Vancouver, British
Columbia. The family moved to Regina, Saskatchewan in 1913
By 1926 she was married with children, nevertheless she
spent weeks at a time away from home, living with different native
communities across the prairies, gaining the trust and acceptance of her
subjects, who permitted her to attend ceremonies and rituals seldom seen by
non-Natives. She captured Canada's Native history in written word and in
paintings. She settled in Vancouver in 1934, and continued her
interest with aboriginal peoples. The Kwakiutl tribe of British Columbia
made her a princess of the Clan Eagle and named her "Ah-ou-Mookht," meaning
"the one who wears the blanket because she is of noble birth," and the Crees
named her "Owas-ka-esk-ean" or "putting your best ability for us
Indians. "She created more than 300 paintings of ceremonies, dances and
Native people. She was art critic for the Vancouver Sun newspaper for
16 years until retirement in 1959. She served on the executive of the
Canadian Women's Press Club and was a member of the Canadian Authors'
Association. In 1960 she became Fellow in the Royal Academy of Arts.
Sources: The Thornton Archives, Westbridge Publications Online
(Accessed December 2012)
née Mikkelsaar. Born December 29, 1930, Estonia. Ruth came to Canada while
still a young teenager. In 1950 she married Endel Tulving . The couple have
two children. She attended the Ontario College of Art graduating in 1962
winning the Lieutenant Governor Medal. She continued her education at
L’academie de la grande Chaumére, Paris and the University of California at
Berkley, California, U.S.A. From 1965-through 1973 she taught at the Ontario
College of Art, Toronto, Ontario. In 1966 she received the National Academy
of Design Award. She has exhibited her works throughout North and South
America, Europe and China with many solo exhibits. In 1977 she was elected a
member of the Royal Academy of Arts. From 1983-1984 she served as President
of the Ontario Society of Artists.
Sources: International Who’s Who of Women (2002) ; Ruth-Tulving.com
(accessed August 2014)
June 30, 1931 Toronto, Ontario. Died
June 27, 1998 Toronto, Ontario. Joyce studied commercial art and graphic
design at Central Technical School in Toronto graduating in 1948. By 1953
she was working at Graphic Associates animation studio. She married
filmmaker Michael Snow in 1956 and the marriage lasted until 1976. This artist had
her 1st exhibition in 1960. She went to New York City with her husband and experimented
with films. She took her inspiration
from Canadian history, politics and ecology.
Her artistic works covered a multitude of media from canvas, quilting,
and embroidery to film of which sh would make 20. In 1987 a film Artist
on Fire was made about her.
Born November 24, 1881. Died January 14,1968. A sculptor,
she preferred to work in her studio, which was once a church. She was a
founding member of the Sculptor's Society of Canada in 1928. She was the
first woman sculptor to become a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of
Arts. She worked on numerous Canadian War Memorials for WW 1 and designed
the Edith Cavel memorial. She had a love of nature that was reflected in her published poems.
Photographers TOP OF PAGE
Rochester, New York U.S.A. July 12, 1950. As a photographer and multimedia
artist, she is fascinated by current technological developments, which she
mixes with a variety of traditional art forms. She is in the forefront of
post-modern art activity.
Born Toronto, Ontario May 10, 1913. Died January 24, 2004. She had
a short working career as a secretary before she met and married a young
artist Leonard Brooks in 1936. During World War ll, Leonard was an official
artist with the Canadian Navy. In 1947 the couple used a veteran Affairs
grant to travel to Mexico for a year to focus on Leonard’s painting. For the
next 50 years, Mexico would remain their base of operations where they
played a pinnacle role in establishing a world renounced artist colony at
San Miguel de Allenade. At 34 years of age Reva picked up a camera and with
a natural eye began taking photos of the people and the countryside in
Mexico. Her works achieved critical acclaim in the U.S. and Europe. The
photographs have appeared in shows and galleries around the world. Canada
was always a part of their soul and the couple served as unique cultural
ambassadors for both counties. In 1992 the formed, at Queen’s University in
Kingston, Ontario, The Leonard and Reva Brooks foundation to house records
of their lives and works. It also promotes the arts in Canada and funds
scholarships for Mexican students to study music.
Source suggested: Leonard and Riva Brooks: a biography of Canadian
artists in exile. By John Virtu, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001.
Margaret Jane "Nellie" Bryant
2, 1864 (1865?) Iroquois, Canada West (Ontario). Died July 14, 1947
Winnipeg, Manitoba. Although she intended to be a school teacher when a
photographer saw some sketches he offered to teach her photograph retouching
methods. This led to a life-long career as a photographer. She started doing
tintype and daguerreotype photographs in Ontario at Morrisburg, Augustburg,
and the Thousand Islands. After working at a studio in the Thousand Islands
for seven years, she started her own studio at Iroquois, later moving to
Brockville, Ontario. In 1901, following her marriage, she moved to Winnipeg
with her salesman husband,
Harry H. Bryant,
and opened a studio on Fort Street. She is possibly the first photographer
to use dry plates in a camera.
Sources: “Mrs. H. H. Bryant dies, aged 82”,
Winnipeg Free Press,
16 July 1947, page 7. Memorable Manitobans. Profile by Gordon
Goldsborough. Online (Accessed December 2011).
Born July 17, 1955. She is an artist who uses
large photographic pieces as her medium of expression. She is also a
sculptor. Her work has been chosen to represent Canada at 3 international
expositions. She also had solo exhibitions in Europe. She has been a guest
professor in Paris and Grenoble, France. (1997).
January 20, 1924 Louiseville, Quebec. Died November 19, 2001. A member of a
group of artists known as les Automatistes she has worked in medium such as
stained glass. She is primarily known for her dynamic paintings. She uses
vibrant colours and fluid forms to cover her canvases.
Dawn Elaine Goss
Born St Catherines, Ontario June 27, 1961.After her
university studies at Brock and Guelph she began her career of travel and
photojournalism. She co-ordinated and co-authored an 18 month photographic
journey along the Trans Canada Highway. Many of her photos were displayed at
the Canadian Pavilion at the World Expo '86. She was the photographer /
writer of the storey of the 1987 Canadian Olympic torch relay. She has
presented articles and photos for such magazines as Maclean's, Equinox,
Canadian Geographic, National Geographic, Newsweek as well as being featured
in several Canadian newspapers. As well as a love for travel she enjoys
playing the piano and cross country skiing.
Born Hamburg, Germany January 10, 1952. This artistic
photographer has an international reputation with major exhibitions in
Canada, U.S.A. and Europe. Her works include portraits, scenes, interiors
and exteriors, all with a sense of timelessness. Her works raise a question
of "What is beneath the obvious". (source: the
Canadian Encyclopedia Online accessed May 2003)
Born Shiraz, Iran 1949. Died July 10, 2003. She moved to
France in 1974 to study literature and cinema at the University of Paris.
She worked in Africa, Latin-America, the Caribbean and the mid east
including Israel, Iraq and Afghanistan. She became a well established in
film documentaries who's themes were poverty, destitution forced exile
and oppression wherever it appeared in the world. She emigrated with her
family to Canada in 1993. June 23, 2003 she was arrested taking photos
outside Evin Prison in Tehran, Iran. She was subjected to severe torture in
the prison that she was photographing. the Iranian judiciary declared her
death an accident and effectively closed the case. Continued pressure from
individuals and the Canadian government on behalf of its citizen finally, in
February 2005, brought Iran to admit that she had been murdered.
née Bergman Born Arolsen,
Germany April 5,1861. Died November 1943. A self taught photographer in the
pioneering days of photography she was the first woman to become a fellow to
the Royal Photographic Society. She came to Canada in 1913 where
commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to photograph the Rockies. She
opened her studio in Toronto and was recognized with awards from Japan,
South Africa, and Australia. The National Archives of Canada and the
Smithsonian Institution in the U.S.A. collect her works.
née Lambly. Mrs. John Martyn. Born Quebec
City 1808. She is the first Canadian woman to be active with the early
photographic daguerreotype process. She worked with her husband in his
studio in 1847 until his death in 1850. After the death of her husband she
began to advertise under her own name that year until 1853 when she
remarried and gave up the business. She falls from commercial records after
her second marriage, indicating that she devoted herself to her new family
Née Hatherly Born Bude, England January 17,
1834. Died May 15, 1918. She and her husband, Richard, immigrated to
Canada in 1852. Hannah learned photography and followed her gold
prospecting husband to British Columbia where she began her own gallery.
Richard leaned the trade from her and became a landscape photographer.
Hannah was well known for her portraits.
Helen Barnard McCall.
Born February 7, 1899 British Columbia. Died May 1957. As an only
child she grew up with an independent spirit out of the necessity of
executing the daily physical tasks of life. She loved to hike and enjoyed
the beauty of nature. After the “boys” returned home from World War l she
married a practically disabled veteran, Hector McCall. Her independence and
strength of spirit allowed her the fortitude to adapt a career to support
herself and her family. There was not a lot of work in the small town of
Gibson’s Landing, British Columbia. She learned photography as self
employment. Living without such luxuries as electricity she processed family
photos of the locals as well as her won work. She showed pioneering spirit
and followed her ideas to produce clear professional works of local evens
and landscapes into popular post cards. Events depicted on her post cards
made local lives seem important. She was the sole supporter of her two
children during the Great Depression, providing not only for her family but
leaving a legacy of recorded regional history from her own
self-determination and common sense.
Saskatoon Women’s Calendar Collective. Herstory 2007: the Canadian Women’s
Calendar (Regina: Couteau Books, 2006) pg. 22
Born Toronto, Ontario. 1961. As a child he
loved to draw but it was soon through the eye of a camera that she would
show her artistic tendencies. Her camera is always ready by her side. Her
photographic works have appeared in North American and European
publications. She is the firs Canadian woman to hold an exhibition in the
former Soviet Union. She has also had her works exhibited in Germany, Italy
and Australia as well as at home in Canada. She enjoys portraiture and is
well known for her photographs of sport figures. Her interest in sport led
her to complete a short documentary on boxing. In 1994 she was introduced to
the Canadian arctic when doing a documentary shoot. Finding that the child
did not seem to have much for entertainment she launched an effort to
collect hockey equipment for the children of northern Canada. In turn this
led to her first book Hockey across Canada (Mini Mundus Publishing, 2003)
that includes images digitally created by combining her photographs with
painting. It has since been translated into Inuktitut. Who knows what books
Born April 14,1941. Choosing a career as a
photographer, by 1964 she was doing freelance work for the National Film
Board of Canada. She first expanded her photographic expression by hand
colouring sepia prints and then began to create oil paintings based on
photographs. She is perhaps best known for her formal full figure
portraits. She is an Officer in the Order of Canada.
Born January 8. She studied photography at Algonquin College and then at the
University of Ottawa. She owns and operates a combined photography gallery
and studio in Ottawa. She is a self published author of several books
including Dare to Dream: a Celebration of Canadian women,
which showcases 100 inspirational women. Her volunteer work includes being a
board member of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) and the
SCO Health Services Foundation. She is also co-chair of Capital Talk, an
Ottawa based group that organizes local charity fundraisers. In 2000 she was
the YMCA/YWCA Woman of Distinction in the arts category for Ottawa. In 2003
the Women’s Business Network named her as Ottawa’s Businesswoman of the
Year. The following year she received recognition of the Ottawa Business
Journal as a member of 40 under 40 Award. In 2005 she was given St. Joe’s
Women’s Shelter Quality of Life Award and was Algonquin Colleges’ Alumnus of
www.valberimaging.com accessed June2011; Women in Ottawa: Mentors
http://womeninottawa.blogspot.com Accessed June 2011.
Sculptors and carvers TOP OF PAGE
Ontario. She studied at Malaspine College/university, Nanaimo, British
Columbia. She worked at 21 as head of Props at the Royal Manitoba Theatre
Center. In 1981, while working at the Stratford Theatre in Ontario she
earned the Guthrie Award. In 1985 the Canada Council allowed her to pursue
arts explorations in Japan and Europe. She designed the famous bronze statue
of Glen Gould sitting on a bench displayed outside the CBC building in
Toronto in 1999. She has since sculpted numerous well known personalities
such as former Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, poet John McCrae,
renowned golfer Arnold Palmer, actor Al Waxman, and jazz great Oscar
Peterson which was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth in 2010. Her works have been
exhibited throughout North America, Australia and Europe. Many of her full
body life size statues include room for people to sit next to the statue so
that fans can be photographed beside their favourite personality. She has
also worked in textiles, lace and stainless steel. Source:
(accessed September 2005).
Born Okak Bay, Labrador May 10, 1956. As a
child she remembers that her family were part of a native relocation program
that took them to Goose Bay, Labrador. Here they were taught English in
school and even today she suffers from the loss of her maternal native
language. She would go to Memorial University in Newfoundland to take the
Teacher Education Program and this wetted her appetite for more education.
She graduated in Fine Arts from the University of Ottawa in 1994. During her
summers she had done some carving with soapstone but it was not until she
began working at the Nain Carving workshop the she became dedicated to
Lois Etherington Betteridge
Born 1928 Drummondville, Quebec. Lois spend her youth in Hamilton, Ontario
and attended the Ontario College of Art and went on to study at the
University of Kansas to earn a Bachelor of Fine Art in 1951. Back home in
Ontario she took classes at what is now Ryerson University, Toronto and from
1954-1956 she attended the Cranbrook Academy of art to complete a Master’s
degree in Fine Art. After graduation with $500.00 funding from her father
she opened a small studio in Oakville, Ontario. By 1953 she had relocated
her studio to Toronto. She made custom-designed jewellery and hollowware for
her clients. for three years taught weaving, design and metal arts at the
MacDonald Institute (now part of the
University of Guelph).
Resigning from teaching she planned to study in England but instead met and
married Keith Betteridge , a student at the Ontario Veterinary College,
Guelph, Ontario. The couple moved to England in 1961 where they started
their family and she established a studio. The family were back in Canada in
1967 and Lois began to work more with hollowware. She taught and lectured
and began offering apprenticeships at her studio. By the 1970 her work
shifted to more organic forms. Her works were shown throughout Canada and
Europe. She has taught and mentored numerous Canadian metal artists who have
achieved prominence. In 1974 she became a Distinguished Member of the
Society of North American Goldsmiths and the following year she received
Distinguished Professional Achievement at the University of Kansas. In 1978
she became a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and was the
recipient of the Saidye Bronfman Award for Excellence in Crafts. In 1997 she
was inducted into the Order of Canada. 2002 YM/WYCA Woman of Distinction
Award for Lifetime Achievement. In 2002 she received the Queen Elizabeth II
Golden Jubilee Medal, Government of Canada and in 2010 she earned the
Lifetime Achievement Award, from the Society of North American Goldsmiths.
In 2012 she received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal and in
2014 she won the John and Barbara Mather Award for Lifetime Achievement,
A multidisciplinary artist who's works
have appeared in solo and group exhibitions in Europe, Asia and North
America. She graduated from the University of Alberta in 1979 with a
Bachelor of Fine arts with distinction in sculpture. She has received
numerous awards throughout her career, including the 2000 Salute to
Excellence arts Award from the City of Edmonton and the 2002/3 Canadian
Consortium on Human Security Non-academic Fellowship which she is using to
create artwork on women and children in post-conflict countries.
Regina Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan. While still a young teen she decided that
she would be an artist. During her high school years she was encouraged by
her teachers. She earned a Bachelor in Fine Arts at the University of
Washington in Seattle, U.S.A. Returning to Canada in 1970 she moved to
Toronto where she worked as slide librarian at the Fine Arts Department of
the University of Toronto. She earned her bachelor of education and went on
to teach art at a Toronto high school. By 1976 she was back in Saskatchewan
wanting to work part time as a teacher and take time for her art. She
purchased an old church in Disley, a town of 48 people just outside of
Regina. She began sewing artistic works. In 1984 she had her 1st
fabric based exhibition in Regina. In 1956 she became fascinated with
artistic books, binding for the sake of art.
Herstory; A Canadian Woman’s Calendar 2000. Coteau Books, 1999. ; Martha
Cole.ca accessed August 2011.
Born 1902, Montréal, Québec. In1915-1916
she studied at Montreal and also studied for her teaching diploma. In 1929
she was awarded a provincial government scholarship to study her art in
France. While in Europe she gained a respect and deep interest in religious
art carvings for altar-pieces and architectural decorations used in church
ceremonies. She returned to Canada to teach at the Ecole des beaux-arts in
Montreal and Ville de Québec. In 1944 she became a member of the Sculptor's
Society of Canada and in 1951 she was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy
of Art. Her liturgical carvings capture drama with grace and simplicity. She
is also a talented portrait artist and has completed works in plaster and
bronze. Her life-sized bronze sculpture of Nicholas Viel is part of the
facade of the Quebec Assemblée Nationale.
Dora de Pédery-Hunt
November 16, 1913
Hungary. Died Toronto, September 29,2008. She studied at the Royal School for Applied Art graduating with a
Master of Fine Arts in 1943. A sculptor and
designer of medals she came to
Canada in 1948. She has been honoured with the Order of Ontario and the
Order of Canada for her works. The Canada Centennial Medal. The Olympic Gold
coin in 1976 and the Canadian National Arts Centre Medal are among her many
artistic achievements. The Ontario College of Art presents an award named in
her honour. She has lectured
internationally for Art galleries and similar
groups. Canadians carry some of her creations with them in the form of
Canadian coins with the image of the Queen.
Sinclair. Born 1943. Died November 2011. In 1963 she met and went on to
marry Gerry Elford and the couple had 2 daughters. At 23,
received a grant to study glass making in Egypt and celebrated her birthday
on the Nile.
Shirley attended Dundas Valley School of Art, and after her family set off
for high school she set off studying glass-making at the Ontario College of
Art and Sheridan College. An artist and creator of unique works in glass she
received national acclaim for her new design of the Juno - Canada’s most
prestigious music award - for the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and
Sciences. She has served as president of the Theatre Aquarius and the Glass
Art Association of Canada. She also served as chair of acquisitions for the
Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ontario. She was honorary co-chair of
Strengthening Hamilton’s Community Initiative. She was a board member of
Hamilton Health Sciences Foundation and Hamilton Community Foundation. She
has also served as chair of art for the Hamilton Public Library. She has
represented Canada on the international Glass Art Society board. In
2001-2006 she served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Hamilton
Community Foundation. In 2003 she founded the Angel Fund in support of
mental health. In 2010 she created the Gift for Today Fund for those
experiencing ovarian cancer.
Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook
Born November 7, 1913, Hamilton, Ontario. Died February 23, 2009, Hamilton,
Ontario. While she could draw at an early age it was only when she was in
High school that she became cognizant of her artistic spirit. She attended
the Ontario College of Art from 1932-1935 where graduated winning the
Lieutenant Governor's Medal for Sculpture. She followed up with training
spending a year at the Royal College of Art in London England. She married
John ‘Jack’ Grant, a dentist on. The couple had 3 children. Elizabeth also
studied at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, U.S.A.
in 1948.’Her works include the busts of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and
Hon. Ellen Fairclough commissioned for the Parliament Buildings. One of her
crowning achievements to date has been a bronze bust portrait for St. John's
Newfoundland of the late Sir Winston Churchill. She has received numerous
medals of honour including one of Ken Taylor encircled in American and
Canadian flags. She has received the National Sculpture Society of New York
Gold Medal and the accolades of art critics worldwide. She participated in
annual exhibitions in the Royal Canadian Academy, Montreal Museum of Fine
Arts, Ontario Society of Artists and Art Gallery of Hamilton. Her work is
also in public collections in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington,
D.C., National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa as well as such local venues as
the Art Gallery of Hamilton, McMaster University, Royal Botanical Gardens
and St John's Church in Ancaster. She was a lecturer at the Dundas Valley
School of Art from 1965-1969 at the Burlington, Ontario Cultural Centre from
1990-1993 and at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario from 1995-1999. She
was also a gifted equestrian and breeder of New Forest Ponies. In 1977 she
was awarded the Queen Elizabeth ll Silver Jubilee Medal and in 1987 she was
Woman of the Year in the Arts from the City of Hamilton. In 1992 she
received the Ontario Society of Arts Award. She also received the 1992 125th
Anniversary of Confederation Medal. She has been appointed as Fellow with
the Ontario College of Art, and in 1997 was inducted into the Order of
Ontario and the Order of Canada.
Born March 1, 1926 Vienna, Austria.
Anne immigrated to Montreal with her parents when she was 5 years old. It
was at the Montreal Ecole des beaux arts that she took her early formal art
sculptor emigrated from Austria with her parents in 1925. During the
mid 1940's Anne studied at Cooper Union School, New York City, U.S.A. In 1953
she was the only Canadian winning international prizes for her3-dimensional
figures carved in wood, works. Her woodcarvings
are the decorative panels for the Winnipeg airport, Winnipeg General
Hospital, and Montreal’s Place des Arts. Her work
has been shown nationally and internationally, representing Canada at the
Canadian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, the Canadian Pavilion at the
Worlds Fair, Brussels, and at Expo 67 in Montreal Abandoning
wood in the late 1970's she began to work with sheets of aluminum with her
first showing of this new medium at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario
November 20, 1933. This sculptor has had showings of her works in Toronto,
Los Angeles, Milan (Italy) and Japan. One of her sculptures was chosen
to be installed in the Canadian Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. She opened
and maintained her own foundry for 14 years. Her works have been recognized
with awards from the Sculptor's Society of Canada and she was the
YMCA Woman of Distinction in 1992. A supporter of the feminist movement
she has contributed articles on art and feminists. She is a founding
member of the Toronto New Feminists and is a passionate speaker on
this subject as well as the subject of art history. While she may
be best known for her rather large cast art works she also had created
some limited edition jewelry.
Bylee Fay Lang
Born Didsbury, Alberta 1908. Died 1963. A sculptor of
significance she studied art at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto and
later studied in Munich , Germany. In 1936 she established a private school
of sculpture in Winnipeg and in 1939 she joined staff at the Winnipeg School
of Art. She transplanted herself to Bermuda where she is remembered for a
figure of Christ and the apostles in the Cathedral of Bermuda.
née Hayes. Born December 22, 1935 Medicine Hat, Alberta. Died April 10,
2005. Even though her parents were interested in art, she chose to earn her
B.A. in Chemistry at the University of Alberta. Her Masters in Science
followed in 1959. That same year she married chemist Sydney Levine and the
couple relocated to Regina, Saskatchewan. It was here that she regained an
interest in art taking various courses at the University of Saskatchewan.
She also taught Chemistry at the Campton College in Regina. After her first
solo art showing in 1966, she never looked back and embraced her art career
and shortly after moved to California. While in California Marilyn joined
the Graduate Sculpture Program at the University of California, Berkley and
received a Master of Arts in 1970 and a Master of Fine Arts in sculpture in
1971. She returned to the University of Saskatchewan, Regina and taught
ceramics and pottery for two years. She left for Utah , Salt Lake City in
1973 and also taught at the University of California. Her works She became
internationally acclaimed as a sculptor and artist working with ceramics to
create hyper-realistic art that looks like leather or canvas. She created a
process that added chopped nylon fibre to a stoneware base for her unique
Sources: “Marilyn Levine dies at 69…” by Roberta Smith, New York Times
April 10, 2005 ; City of Regina. Heritage and History. Online Accessed
Rose Eleanor Milne
Born May 14,
1925, St John, New Brunswick. . Died May 17, 2014. Her primary education was
at convents and then she attended Montreal Museum School of Fine Arts.
McGill University Laboratory of Anatomy, Montreal, Quebec and then the
Central College of Arts and Crafts, London , England. Returning home she
attended the L’Ecole des beaux arts, Montreal and then Syracuse University
in New York State, U.S.A. She received numerous awards for her artistry
including honorary doctorates from 4 universities and the Order of Canada.
1962-to 1993 she was the Dominion Sculptor with works displayed in the halls
of the House of Commons, Ottawa. She also designed a stained glass window
at the Parliament buildings. . After her retirement as Dominion Sculptor she
accepted private commissions and worked with computer art.
Obituary, Ottawa Citizen June 6, 2012.
Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
Frances Norma Loring.
Born Wardner, Idaho October
14, 1887. Died
February 5, 1968. Educated in Switzerland,
Germany, Paris, Chicago, New York, and Boston she to a studio in Toronto in 1913
to show her sculptures. The National
Gallery in Ottawa has obtained her works as well as the Art Gallery of Ontario
and some are on the grounds of the parliament Buildings in Ottawa. She was co-founder
of the Sculptors Society of Canada in 1928.
Albert Bay, Cormorant Island, British Columbia. Died February 1966. Her
grandfather Kwakwaka’wakus, was a famous totem pole carver. It was by
working at his side when she was young that she gained a love for this art.
As a youngster she had actually carved small totem poles for tourists to
purchase. Ellen Married Edward Neal and the couple had six children. In 1993
the family moved to Vancouver, British Columbia. Her husband suffered a
stroke and was unable to work so Ellen carved more of her miniature totem
poles for tourists. She taught her own children the techniques she had
learned from her grandfather. Soon the City of Vancouver provided them with
space for a workshop in the famous Stanley Park, In the park Ellen was
enticed to restore and carve full-size totem poles. In 1955 she carved a
thunderbird totem for Woodward’s Department Stores. Depressed by the
accidental death of a son and ill herself she sold her carving tools and
family heirlooms. Ellen played a crucial role in establishing Native arts as
a viable way for Natives to support their communities and continue their
heritage. She had also served as a mentor and role model for future women
carvers. In 1985 the University if British Columbia Museum of Anthropology
erected one of the totem poles they had commissioned from Ellen Neal in
Stanley Park, where it is still on display. The totem pole she donated to
the University of British Columbia was recreated by master carvers and
rededicated in 2004 with an elaborate ceremony presided over by the
Kwakwaka’wakw Chief of the Heiltsuk Nation. Her family tradition handed to
her by her grandfather is alive today as Ellen’s grandson,
is a carver, jeweler, painter, photographer, and author active today in
Source: Herstory: and Canadian Woman’s Calendar. 2012. Coteau Books,
Barbara A. Paterson
Born 1936 Edmonton, Alberta. Barbara followed her love of art to earn a
diploma in Fine Arts from the University of Alberta. She went on to earn her
BA in Fine arts from the same institution. As a sculptor she is perhaps best
known for her bronze statue of the Famous Five which was commissioned to
honour the Persons Case of 1927. The statue was unveiled by Governor General
Adrienne Clarkson in Calgary’s Olympic Square on October 18, 1999. A second
copy of the monument was unveiled on October 18, 2000 on Parliament Hill,
the 1st statue on the Hill dedicated to Canadian Women. The
larger of life statue shows the members of the Famous Five group of women,
Nellie McClung (1873-1951), Emily Murphy (1868-1933), Henrietta Muir Edwards
(1849-1931), Louise McKinney (1868-1931) and Irene Parleby (1868-1965)
having tea and looking at the declaration of the ‘persons Case’. Her works
have been exhibited from Singapore to New York City, U.S.A. and are held in
collections across Canada and abroad. She has also sculpted larger than life
statues of Emily Carr in Victoria British Columbia, Father Coady in
Antagonist, Nova Scotia and former Alberta Governor General Lois Hole in St
Albert, Alberta. In 2000 she received the Distinguished Alumni Award from
the University of Alberta.
Aiko Geraldine Suzuki
December 31, 2005. As a young child she and her family lived in
internment camp in
Her parents gave their children both North American and Japanese names. In
the late 1950’s , Gerry began to mesh her love of art and her family
heritage, using the name Aiko. A sculptor, painter, printmaker, dance set
designer, curator and teacher, her works are in private and public
collections across the country. Her fabric art was a fixture at the Toronto
Reference Library from 1981-2004 when the hanging was removed for cleaning.
In 1994 she was given the Woman of Distinction Award (arts) from the
Toronto YWCA. Always independent and strong, she raised her daughter as a
single parent. Even though she suffered constant pain from rheumatoid
arthritis, she worked and produced works of great beauty. She worked right
to the end of her life, with her last show of her paintings opening the day
of her memorial service.
Lucy Tasseor Tutsweetok
Born 1934 Nunalla, Manitoba. Died April 12, 2012 Arviat Nunavut. Lucy began
carving in the 1960’s and is best known for multiple head images. In 1960
she married Richard Tutsweetok in Rankin Inlet and the couple settled in
Arviat. The images were inspired by a drawing in the sand by her
grandfather. She also produced family images of mothers and children and
expanded families. She chose her materials carefully and enjoyed the initial
shape of the material carving heads and or arms using the natural shape of
the stone providing an austere minimalist style. Her sculptures were
included in the 1970 Sculpture exhibit for the Centennial of the Northwest
Territories. Her works were exhibited nationally and internationally and
twice at the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Ottawa in 1988 and 1992.
Katherine Elizabeth Wallis
Born Peterborough, Canada West (Ontario)
1860. Died December 14, 1957. She studied art in Scotland and England
as a young woman. It was her that she would come to love sculpting.
She moved to Paris and continued her studies. Her art career was interrupted
during World War l when she served as a nurse in the Canadian Hospital in
Paris. She was honoured and decorated by both the French and British
governments for her services. Her first Canadian exhibition of her
work was in 1920. She returned to Paris and in 1929 she received her highest
recognition as an artist when she was the first Canadian to be elected
Societaire of the Societé Nationale de Beaux Arts for her sculpture titled
"La Lutte pour la Vie". She fled from France at the beginning of World War
II and settled in Santa Cruz, California in the United States. Samples of
her work are held at the National Gallery in Ottawa. She also enjoyed
writing verse and published Chips From the Block: Poems in New York
Mississauga, Ontario. Growing up she learned to love and respect nature
while on long walks in the woods with her Dad. She studied at McMaster
University, Hamilton, Ontario and went on to the University of British
Columbia, Vancouver to study forestry. She became a registered professional
forester. In 2001 she began courses at Selkirk College in British Columbia
in fine wood working. While still a student, one of her projects won the
National Furniture Design Completion in Toronto. She now runs her own shop
in Revelstoke, British Columbia featuring unique furniture. She has helped
to organize a community woodworking studio to share her knowledge and
skills. She has also worked with municipal officials to develop an urban
forestry plan. In 2006 she was names Woodworker of the year for the Canadian
Workshop Magazine, the 1st woman to earn this accolade.
Source: Herstory: The Canadian Women's calendar. 2008 (Saskatoon
Women's Calendar Collective / Coteau Books, 2007)
Born Birmingham, England. February 7, 1945. In 1972 this
author won the Governor General's Medal when she graduated from the Ontario
College of Art. Her works have been exhibited across Canada and the U.S.A.
as well as Europe and Brazil. She teaches at the Ontario College of art and
was a teacher at York University in Toronto. Her commissioned sculptures
have included a wall construction with figurative cutouts for the Mental
Health centre in 1978, the 1988 Olympics in Calgary, Weathervanes or the
Bankers Hall in Calgary in 1991 and Tender at the Workman's Compensation
Office in Toronto.
Irene F. Whittome.
Born March 6, 1942 Vancouver,
British Columbia. After her early studies at the Vancouver School of
Art in British Columbia she went on study in Paris France where
she chose etchings as her 1st major form of artistic expression.
Returning to Canada she attended Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec.
By 1975 she had produced a series of sculptures and went on to use
the medium of hand made paper relief and sculptures to produce several
one-woman shows in many Canadian galleries and museums. Her modern
works continue to receive acclaim and awards, including the Victor-Martyn-Staunton
Award in 1991. In 1992, she received an
award from the Gershon-Iskowitz Foundation. In 1997 she was awarded Québec's
Prix Paul Émile Borduas and in 2002 she received a Governor General's Visual
and Media Arts Award. in 2005 she became an officer in the Order of Canada.
Elizabeth Wyn Wood.
Orillia, Ontario October 8, 1903. Died January 27,
She studied art a the Ontario College of
Art in Toronto and also in New York City.
As a sculptor she became involved with the Federation of Canadian Artists
and the Canadian Arts Council. She toured and lectured on the subject of
Canadian art throughout North America.
Her own works included a bust of premier of Ontario, Leslie Frost, a
monument to King George VI at Niagara Falls and several fountains including
one at the Canadian National Institute for the Blind. The National Gallery
of Canada also holds samples of her work.
She worked in “modern” materials like tin for her
November 24, 1881. Died
1968. A sculptor who preferred to work in her studio, which
was once a church. She was a founding member of the Sculptor's Society
of Canada in 1928. She was the first woman sculptor to become a member
of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. She had a love of nature
that was reflected in her published poems.
Tapestry TOP OF PAGE
Longeuil, Quebec October 24, 1930. One of Canada's foremost tapestry weavers.
Her works are in Place des Arts (Montreal) National Arts Center (Ottawa),
Tokyo, and San Francisco.
née Martin. Born June 25, 1927 Saint John, New Brunswick.
Patricia's artistic talents were recognized while she
was quite young and she was given formal private studies
in art when she was just 12. She went on to study at the
Academie Royale des beaus-arts, the royal Academy of
fine arts in Belgium at the Sorbonne, Paris, France and
the Pratt Graphic Centre in New York, U.S.A. A highly innovative artist, she brought imagination to
her artistic prints. Some of her works are two sided! She is primarily known for
her printmaking and her embossing techniques. She limits her colours to
black, white, and silver and is inspired by the art of the Islamic Middle East
and Zen Buddhists. In the 1960's she became
known for her Plexiglas cube sculptures. She taught from
1965 at the University of Victoria, British Columbia
where she became a full professor in 1977. That same
year she was presented the Queen Elizabeth ll Silver
Jubilee Medal. She has also earned the Zachenta Medal
from Poland and the International Print Art of Norway
Gold Medal. She had exhibited her works in China, Chile,
Yugoslavia. Poland, Great Britain, Norway, Japan,
France, Argentina, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Austral
is and the United States.
The Pat Martin Bates Scholarship in Visual Arts
was established by
Canadian Federation of University Women of Victoria. Her
biography has been written by Patricia Bovey, Pat
Martin Bates: Balancing on a Thread.
Diana Zoe Coop
Born Chicago Illinois, U.S.A. April 9,
1952. She earned her fine arts degree at the University of Manitoba in 1972
and then was off to England for post graduate studies and took her masters
in fine art at Syracuse University. She has designed many of the colourful
street banners that have graced the streets of Vancouver. She has had
exhibits of her works across Canada. She is also an enthusiastic supporter
of Rhythmic Gymnastics and is a Canadian National Judge in the sport. She
enjoys a hobby of designing a painting costumes for competitors in the sport
of Rhythmic Gymnastics and has produced costumes for groups in the Olympic
Games and world championships.
nee Macintyre Born
Dutton, Ontario 1897. Died November 19, 1969. Known by
the nickname “Mackie” She was trained in commercial art
and interior decorating in both Winnipeg, Manitoba and
Detroit Michigan, U.S.A. In 1927 she established the
first art department for high schools in London,
Ontario. The school was the first to use plastic as a
medium for art projects. She set up courses in stone
cutting and polishing to produce fine jewellery. In 1962
she set up and supervised the Visual Arts Department at
Fanshaw College in London. Not only did she design
unusual jewellery, she loved rings, but she also
designed and made her own furniture. She is also known
for her fine water colour paintings and prints.
Born September 17, 1936 Piet Retief, South Africa. She
studied art at Goldsmiths College at the University of
London, England and Atelier 17 in Paris, France. She
earned the Prix de jeunes artistes pour gravure in
1962 She has lived in England, France, Jamaica and the
United States before 1969 when she immigrated to Canada
settling at first in Montreal, Quebec. She soon was
deeply involved with the local artist community and in
1976 she was elected as a Royal Academician, which
consists of 80 practicing artists elected by the General
Assembly of the Royal Academy. She relocated to Ottawa,
Ontario in 1974 and joined the faculty of the University
of Ottawa. In 1980 she was awarded the Biennale Prize of
the fifth Norwegian International Print Biennale. She
has also been a guest lecturer at 9 universities in the
U.S.A. Travelling the world she is known for her
photographs of natural and manmade landscapes. She is
known for her printmaking techniques combining
silkscreen, etching, aquatint and collograph. In 1988
her book, the Hospital for Wounded Angels was chosen by
the Association of Canadian Publishers to represent
Canada at the London Book Fare. In 1995 she was
inducted as a Member in the Order of Canada. In April
2002 her works considered to have national significance
were deposited in the National Archives of Canada.
Born 1921, Beauport, Quebec. Died 1998 Beauport, Quebec.
In 1942 she attended the L’Ecole des beaux-arts de
Quebec. In 1948 she traveled to France and Italy to
learn more of ceramics and enameling. In Canada she
became a pioneer of enameling as an art. In 1949 she
took additional courses from L’Ecole des Beaux-arts de
Quebec and opened her own studio. In 1951 she had a sols
exhibition of her works. In 1954 she earned a prize in
the Decorative Arts category from the Province of
Quebec. She married Jean Paul Drolet.
Source: Canadian Women Artists Initiative. Accessed
Born November 10, 1938
Her family 1st settled in England prior to Vera find her
way to Canada. Vera holds a degree in Fine Arts from
McGill University, Montreal. Since the early 1970's she
has shown her works in group and solo exhibitions.
including exhibitions at the National Gallery of Canada,
the Museum of Contemporary Art, Toronto, Ontario, the
Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan, the Museum of
Modern Art, New York, U.S.A. and the Biennale di
Venezia, Venice, Italy. She
is recognized internationally for her artistic prints and sculptures.
Since 1974 she has experimented with video as an artistic medium
writing and producing notable works. She is an innovative teacher
and has published her poetry illustrated with her own artwork. In
1989 she received the Canada Council Molson Prize and in
1993 the Gershon Iskowitz Prize. This was followed in
1994 with the Toronto Arts Foundation Visual Arts Award.
That same year she co-authored Vera-Frenkel: From the
Transit Bar =--du transitbar. In 2005 she
earned the Governor General's Awards in Visual Media
Arts. In 2007 she received the iDMAa Pioneering
née Harmunderjit Kaur Brar. Born India,1959. She arrived to live
on the west coast of Canada with her family when she was
9 years old and adopted the name Mandy. She excelled in
studying sciences at the University of British Columbia.
Long fascinated with France and things French she and
her husband Hervé now live with their two children in a
castle in France. She enjoys working with fine textiles
embroidering bed, table and bath linens out of company
workshop near Beaune, France where she and her staff
prepare custom works. Some of her works have been
featured in Architecture Digest and have been showcased
in centres such as New York City. Her clientele includes
the Royal family of Jordan, supermodels and wealthy
entrepreneurs around the globe.
Source: Dream (job) weaver by Peter O’Neil, Ottawa
Citizen Saturday June 7, 2008 pg. B8