
Mathematicians 
Agnes Baxter 
Born Halifax, Nova Scotia March 18, 1879 Died
March 9, 1917. In 1891 she was the first woman to receive a degree from
Dalhousie University in Mathematics. She also won the Sir William Young Gold
Medal. She continued her studies and earned her Masters degree in
mathematics at Dalhousie before winning a fellowship and earning her PhD at
Cornell University in the U.S.A. She was the fourth woman to receive a PhD.
in Mathematics in North America and the second woman to do so in Canada. In
1988 Dalhousie University dedicated the Agnes Baxter Reading Room in the
Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing Science. 
Louise Duffield Cummings 
Born Hamilton, Ontario 1870. Died 1947.
Following her education at the University of Toronto she continued her
studies in mathematics on a fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania,
the University of Chicago and Bryn Mawr College in the U.S.A. where she
would earn her PhD in mathematics in 1914. She was a full professor at
Vassar from 1902 until her retirement in 1936. She contributed some dozen
research papers in leading mathematics journals during her career. 
Katherine Heinrich 
(née Roderick) Born Murwillumbah, New South Wales, Australia
February 21, 1954. She earned her B. Math and her PhD at the University of
Newcastle. She started her teaching career at the University of Arizona and
moved to British Columbia in 1980 to work at Simon Fraser University. She is
active in promoting the importance of mathematics and the need of numerate
citizens and encouraging and supporting women in mathematics and the
sciences. She was Chair of the Education committee of the Canadian
Mathematics Society and moved up to be Vice President in 1993 and President
in 19961998. She is the author of various reports and numerous articles in
her chosen field. in 1995 she received the Vancouver YWCA Woman of
Distinction Award for Health and Education. 
Annie MacKinnon Fitch 
Born Woodstock, Ontario 1868. Died September 12,
1940. She completed her studies at the masters level at the University of
Kansas and continued in her education in mathematics earning a PhD. from
Cornell University in 1894. Returning from studies in Europe in 1896 she
began her career at Wells College as professor and Registrar. She was
elected to the American mathematics Society in 1897. She was also a member
of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the League of
Women Voters. She devoted time and energy to encouraging women to take a
spirited interest in local, state and national communities. 
Yoshiko Kasahara 
Born Tokyo, Japan March 25, 1912. Died December 6, 1966. In
1950 she received a scholarship to work in post graduate studies at the
University of Texas. She also received an MA in mathematics at the
University of Michigan and worked for her PhD in sociology at the University
of Michigan. Dr Kasahara moved to Canada in 1956 where she joined the
Census Division of Statistics Canada and then the Central Research and
Development Staff. She specialized in demographic research but participated
actively in a large variety of projects. She published numerous
papers, distinctive reports and represented Canada at a number of
international conferences with distinction. The high professional standards
that she applied to her work were also evident in her hobby of photography.
An accomplished linguist she was also a stimulating conversationalist.

Cecilia Krieger 
Born Jaslo, Poland April 9, 1894. Died August
17, 1974. She began her studies at the University of Vienna but moved to the
University of Toronto and earned her B.A., M.A. and PhD by 1930. She was the
first Canadian woman to earn a mathematics doctorate. She was a instructor,
lecturer and assistant professor at the University of Toronto retiring only
in 1962. She continued teaching at Upper Canada College until her death. The
Canadian Mathematical Society now awards the CMS KriegerNelson Prize
lectureship for Distinguished Research by Women in Mathematics in honour of
Cecilia Krieger and Evalyn Nelson. She encouraged her students in their
studies in mathematics and engineering and was an active participant in the
Canadian Association of University Women. 
Cathleen Morawetz 
(née Synge) Born Toronto, Ontario May 5, 1923. She
began her studies in mathematics by obtaining her B.A. at the University of
Toronto. She continued her studies by earning a master's degree at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1946 and she earned her PhD. at New
York University in 1951. She has contributed to several esteemed
scientific associations and was the first woman to belong to the Applied
Mathematics Section of the National Academy of Sciences in the United
States. In 1997 she received the KriegerNelson Award from the Canadian
Mathematical Society in recognition of her outstanding research.
Married with four children she has been recognized by the National
Organization for Women for combining a successful career and family. In 2004
she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American
Mathematical Society to recognize the cumulative influence of her total
mathematical work. 
Evelyn Merle
Nelson 
(née Roden) Born Hamilton, Ontario November 25, 1943. Died August 1,
1987. Her parents were Russian immigrants who supported their daughter all
the way through her studies. She began her undergraduate studies at the
University of Toronto in Mathematicsphysicschemistry honours program then
transferred to McMaster University in Hamilton. Shortly after she married
Mort Nelson. She graduated in 1965 at the top of her class and began her
post graduated studies receiving her Master’s degree in 1967 followed in
1970 with a PhD from McMaster. She gave birth to her first child while
writing her thesis which was published in the Canadian Journal of
Mathematics. She began a teaching career at McMaster and was promoted to
full professor in 1983. She served as editor of Algebra Universalis. She
also chaired, 19821984 the Unit of Computer Science within the mathematics
department at the University. The Canadian Mathematical Society now awards
the CMS KriegerNelson Prize for Distinguished Research by Women in
Mathematics in honour of Cecilia Krieger and Evelyn Nelson.
^{
Source: Evelyn
M. Nelson
www.agnescott.edu accessed November 2002.}

Nancy Margaret Reid 
Born September 17, 1952. Starting out in
computer studies she soon learned that she preferred statistics. She earned
her B.A. from The University of Waterloo in Ontario, her masters' from the
University of British Columbia and her PhD. from Stanford University
(U.S.A.) in 1979. She is currently a Professor of Statistics at the
University of Toronto where she has taught since 1986 and served as Chair of
the department from 19972002. an elected member of several distinguished
societies and associations in her field she was the winner of the
President's Award of the Committee of Statistical Societies in 1992. The
award recognized outstanding contribution to the profession of statistics.
In 1995 she was the first recipient of the KriegerNelson Prize lectureship
for distinguished research by a woman in mathematics. She has produced over
50 journal publications in statistics as well as three major books in the
field. All of this while being an mother of two active children!. 



