Roberta Lynn Bondar
Sault Ste Marie, Ontario December 4, 1945. Canada’s 1st woman astronaut
had flair. She took her favourite food, Girl Guide cookies, into space with
her in January 1992. She brought from space a real sense of just how delicate our
small blue planet really is and is now using her photography to help show
and save our earth’s environment. She has several university degrees. As
Chancellor of Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario she continued to be
an inspiration to Canadian youth. Check out how many schools she went to in
the “Canadian Who’s Who” at your library. Check out Dr. Bondar's web page:
Born Montreal, Quebec
October 20. 1963. Did you know that
this Canadian astronaut plays piano and has sung with the Montreal symphonic Orchestra
Chamber Choir? She speaks 4 languages besides English and French. She enjoys triathlon,
skiing, racquet sports and scuba diving.
This young engineer was chosen as an astronaut in 1992 and went into space
in 1999. Read her Biography from the Canadian Space Agency at :
Dormer M. Ellis
22, 1925. She must have been an independent child. As a teen she was the
only youth working as a “Sales girl” at her Woolworth’s 5 and 10 cent store.
She could do math and calculate the correct change for customers when there
were no cash registers! She told her High School Teacher she wanted to learn
engineering but the teacher told her to attend university orientation with
all the other girls. She studied engineering anyhow earning a PhD! In 1950
she was a professor of electrical engineering at Ryerson Institute of
Technology in Toronto, the 1st (and only women) of her time to
hold such a position. She shocked her family when she married in 1952 by
retaining her maiden name. She interested women in the Business and
Professional Women’s Club of Toronto when she told them that she had worked
all during her pregnancy because her students wanted to learn from her. She
marked student exam papers in the maternity word after giving birth to her
daughter. In 1982 she was the President of the BPW of Toronto herself. In
1983 she was honoured with the Woman of Distinction Award of the
Metropolitan Toronto YWCA. In 1984 she became the 1st
woman to receive the Ontario Professional Engineers Citizenship Award. And
in 1988 she received the Elsie Gregory McGill award from BPW of Canada. In
1991 she was the 1st woman to be awarded the University of
Toronto Engineering alumni gold medal. In 1992 she became
Professor Emeritus of the University of Toronto. In 2002 she was the only
Canadian among pioneers honoured by the International Congress of Women
Engineers and Scientists.
Toronto Business and Processional Women’s Club. Online Accessed February
Elizabeth Muriel Gregory (Elsie) MacGill.
Vancouver, British Columbia 1905. Died November 4, 1980. She became Canada’s
first woman graduate to hold a degree in electrical engineering. She also
held a master’s degree in aeronautical engineering from the U.S. During WW
II her primary responsibility was the production of the Hawker Hurricane
fighter aircraft. Her staff of 4,500 people produced more than 2000
aircraft. In 1937 she was the first woman to be admitted corporate
membership in the Engineering Institute of Canada. She is a member of
Canada’s Aviation Hall of Fame. She is considered the first woman to be a
designer of airplanes.
Indira Vasanti Samarasekera
Born Colombo, Sri Lanka April 11, 1952. A graduate of the Ladies College of
Colombo, Sri Lanka in 1968 she obtained the B.Sc, honouring in Mechanical
Engineering in 1974. Married in 1975 she studied in the U.S.A and by 1976
she had earned her masters in Mechanical Engineering from the University of
California. Moving to Canada she earned her PhD at the University of British
Columbia. As she began to raise her two children she lectured at the
University of British Columbia. Her research was recognized with the Killam
Prize in 1986. She earned the Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal in both 1983 and
1993. She was elected President of the Metallurgical Society in 1995. A
Fellow in the Canadian Academy of Engineers in 1997, the same that year her
work won her the John Chipman Medal. This was followed the Science Council
Gold Medal in 1998. In 2002 she became an officer in the Order of Canada.
Suggested sources: Canadian Who’s Who (Toronto: University of
Toronto Press) 2004.
Claudia Joan Alexander
Born May 30, 1959, Vancouver, British Columbia. She was raised in
California, where her father was a social worker and her mother worked as a
librarian. Died July 11, 2015, Arcadia, California, U.S.A. As a youth she
attended a high-school summer internship at NASA. After attending and
graduation from the Berkley and went on to earn her Master’s degree at the
University of California, Los Angeles She joined the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration after earning her doctorate in plasma physics from
the University of Michigan. As a Black woman working in a largely man’s work
field she was used to surviving in two different cultures. To her loving her
work was important. She was project manager of the 14 year 1.5 billion
dollar U.S. Galileo mission which ended in 2003. In 2015 she was the project
scientist for NASA on the European Space Agency’s Rosetta Project which
marked the 1st time a spacecraft rendezvoused with a comet. As
may be expected she authored numerous research papers but it should be noted
that she also wrote books for children including publications in the Windows
to Adventure series helping children to have fun with science. Source: Sam
Roberts Trailblazer let Masa Mission to Jupiter. Globe and Mail July
21, 2015. Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa, Ontario.
Helen Irene Battle.
Born August 31,
1903,London, Ontario. Died June 17, 1994, London, Ontario. She earned her BA
at the University of Western Ontario in 1923.One of the first women to enter
the male dominated field of zoology. she earned her PhD at the University
Of Toronto in 1929 and was the
1st woman in Canada
to earn a PhD in marine biology. She
pioneered the use of fertilized fish eggs to study the effects of
carcinogenic substances on development. The penetrating insights of her
published papers were often accompanied with detailed pen and ink drawings
done by her own hand. In 1949 she became a full professor. She always stated
that her 1st love was teaching and many of her students visited
their old professor years after their graduation. In 1961, she co-founded
the Canadian Society of Zoologists and became its President in 1962-1963.In
1967 she was presented with the Canada Centennial medal. In
the 1970’s Battle took on the role of Associate Editor of the Canadian
Journal of Zoology. She did her research for the National Fisheries
Research Board, the Ohio State Fisheries Lab, the Atlantic Biological
Station in St. Andrews, N.B., and the Marine Biological Lab in Plymouth,
England. In 1975 she was selected by the National Museum of Natural Sciences
in Ottawa as one of 19 outstanding women scientists in Canada and was
represented in a travelling exhibit to mark International Women's Year. In
1977 Prof. Battle was the first woman to be awarded the F. E. J. Fry medal
from the Canadian Society of Zoologists and within a few weeks she received
the first J. C. B. Grant award from the Canadian Association of Anatomists.
Many student awards and a memorial lecture
are named in her honour at the University of Western Ontario.
Sources: Canadian Encyclopedia Online.
(accessed June 2010; University of Western Ontario, A part of our
History: Helen Irene Battle.
www.uwo.ca (accessed July 2015)
graduated from McGill University in 1888 and began research with the
renowned Dr. Ernest Rutherford as Canada’s first woman nuclear physicist. In
1901 she was the first woman to stud at the Cavendish Laboratory at
Cambridge University in England. After she earned her Masters degree she
worked for a short period of time in the Laboratory of Dr. Marie Curie. She
returned to Canada to resume her work with Dr. Rutherford until 1907 when
she married Frank Pitcher. Since protocol of the day was for women not to
work once they were married, Harriet was forced to give up her work as a
physicist. She turned her energies to raising her three children and
remained active in the Federation of University women.
Donna Arlene Chow.
Born March 9, 1941. After her studies in science
at university she entered the field of research. She also has an interest in
recognizing women's work and has contributed to Women In Science. She has
herself become a teacher at the Department of Immunology at the University
of Manitoba and has been recognized at the YWCA Woman of Distinction in
1992. She is also a recipient of the the Canada 125 medal.
Ada Mary Courtice
née Brown Born Pickering, Canada West (Ontario) 1860. Died
1923. She attended Whitby Ladies College and settled down with her husband.
However after his untimely death she found the need to support herself. She
opened a private school in Toronto. Turning her energies to the
administration of education she became a member of the Toronto Board of
Education. In 1914 she founded the Home and School Movement in Toronto and
by 1916 she laid the foundation for the Ontario Foundation of Home ad
School. She served President of the Toronto Council of Home and School Clubs
which under her leadership grew from 6 to 24 members.
Born November 30, 1979. Vancouver, British Columbia. At nine she founded the
environmental Children’s Organization (ECO) to learn and teach other
children about the environment. At 12 she and some of her friends from ECO
raised funds and attended the Earth
Summit in Rio de Janeiro where she
presented a speech. In 1993 she was on the United Nations Environment
Program Global 500 Honour Role. And she published her first book: Tell the
World, (Doubleday Press). She earned her B Sc from Yale University in the
U.S. In 2000, as a millennium project she and some friends cycled across
Canada. By 2002 she
was an accomplished world environment speaker and completed a speaking tour
of Japan. When she spoke before the United Nations, some delegates had tears
in their eyes. She also worked with the Discovery Channel to bring
environments issues to children by hosting a regular program on the subject.
She is the founder of Skyfish, a grassroots organization that works for
sustainable living with the aim of solving problems that won’t be solved by
diplomats and documents. In 2007 she do-compiled the book : Notes from
Canada’s Young Activists; a generation stands up for change. (Greystone
Sources: Stephanie Kim Gibson, Influential and Intriguing Canadians
(Rubicon, 2003); Eric Volumes, ‘Susuki looks south to define our identity’.
Guelph Mercury, November 3, 2008.
Allie Vibert Douglas
née Vibert Born December 5, 1894, Montreal, Quebec. Died July
2, 1988. Orphaned in 1904 she and her brother were raised by relatives. At
the outbreak of World War l she went to London , England, to work in the War
Office as a statistician. In 1918 at the age of 23, she was awarded the
Silver Cross of the Order of the British Empire for her work. After the war
she began her university studies receiving her undergraduate degree from
McGill in 1920 and her Masters in physics in 1921. By 1926 she was the first
woman in Canada to earn her PhD in astrophysics. . In 1939 she became Dean
of Women and a professor of Astronomy at Queen's University at Kingston,
Ontario. She helped many women in the sciences and published both scholarly
and popular articles. As an extraordinary speaker, Douglas was a popular
invitee to speak at many organizations which took her to almost every
country in the world. She was a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in
Britain and served as president of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada.
She was named a "Woman of the Century" by the National Council of Jewish
Women in 1967 and that same year, she was inducted into the Order of Canada
during its inaugural year. In 1988 astronomers named a new planet, Vibert
Douglas in her honour.
Isobel Moira Dunbar
Edinburgh, Scotland February 3, 1918. Died November 22, 1999. An Oxford
University graduate, she immigrated to Canada and worked in the far north.
An ice research scientist, she was one of the first women to be taken for
cruises on Canadian Government icebreakers. The author of many scientific
studies, she received the Massey Medal in 1972.
Constance "Connie" Jean Eaves
née Halperin. Born May 22, 1944,Ottawa, Ontario. Connie earned her
BA and MSc in genetics from Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario and her
PhD at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom in 1969. She began work
at the Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto, but was soon recruited to the
British Columbia Cancer Institute. She also teaches at the University of
British Columbia Department of Medical Genetics. In 1980 she co-founded the
Terry Fox Laboratory in British Columbia where she was Deputy director in
1986 until 200 when she became Director. Her work has been recognized
internationally in hematopoietic-stem cell biology. She has published
hundreds of articles, papers, conference proceedings and book chapters.
Connie is an active member of numerous national, international scientific
societies including being President of the International Society of
Experimental Hematology. She is proud to be the mother of four children.
Source: Herstory. The Canadian Woman’s Calendar 2000 (Silver
anniversary edition) Coteau Book, 1999 page 50.
Ursula Martius Franklin
Born September 16, 1921
Munich, Germany. During the Nazi regime in Germany in World War ll
Ursula was separated from her parents and sent to a forced labour camp
and fortunately were reunited in Berlin after the war. In 1948 she
earned her Ph.D. in experimental physics from the Technical University
of Berlin. Offered a post doctoral fellowship at the University of
Toronto she moved to Canada becoming a senior scientist at the Ontario
Research Station from 1952-1967. An expert in metallurgy and materials
science she was the 1st woman to become
a professor at the Faculty of Engineering,
University of Toronto. She authored some 100 research papers and
reports and is an acclaimed contributor to books on the structure and
properties of metals and alloys. She contributor to the 1977 report :
Canada as a Conserver Society which recommended steps to reduce wasteful
consumption and environmental problems it causes. She was active in the
Voice for Women (VOW) and called for the U.S. military withdrawal from
Vietnam. She fought for the right to refuse military service on the
grounds of conscience to be extended to the right to refuse to pay taxes
for war preparations. The case was refused by The Supreme Court of
Canada. In 1982 she was named as an officer of the Order of Canada and
this was upgrade to Companion of the Order of Canada in 1992. In 1987
she was presented the Elsie Gregory McGill Memorial Award for her
contributions to education, science and technology. In 1989 she was the
author of the Real World of Technology based on her 1989
Massey lectures for CBC Radio. In 1990 she was inducted into the Order
of Ontario. After her retirement she was part of a group of women she
fought for pay equality from the University of Toronto. The university
made a pay equity settlement to some 60 retired women faculty. In 1991
she received the Governor General’s Award in Commemoration of the
Person’s Case for advancing the equality of girls and women in Canada.
In 1995 the Ursula Franklin Academy, a high school in Toronto was
founded. In 2006 the Ursula Franklin Reader included her
articles and speeches on pacifism, feminism, technology and teaching. In
2012 Ursula was inducted into the Canadian Science and Engineering Hall
of Fame. In April 2013, Franklin donated her extensive collection of
writings devoted to Chinese culture and history to the Confucius
Seneca College in Toronto.
Sources: Ursula Franklin, Quakers in the world, Online (Accessed
September 2009) ; Dr. Ursula M. Franklin,
Association in Canada. Online (Accessed 2009)
Interested in the evolution of species, she uses fish as a
model system. She has studies and expounded her theories at Concordia
University, Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia.
She has produced several scientific papers and is involved in promoting
science among youn women through the Society for Canadian Women in Science
and Technology. She has earned the Alice Wilson Award from the Royal Society
of Canada for her research and efforts with youth.
Helen Battles Hogg-Priestley.
Sawyer. Born August 1, 1905, Lowell, Massachusetts U.S.A Died January 28,
1993. An astronomer who joined the teaching staff of the University of
Toronto in 1936, she was nominated professor emeritus in 1976. A world
expert who receive numerous honours including being a Companion in the Order
of Canada, she took her profession to radio and TV in a clear and
understandable manner for all listeners. She wrote a book, “The Stars Belong
to Everyone”. For her efforts to bring information to the public she was the
first person to win the Klumpke-Roberts Award and she is also the only
Canadian woman to have a minor planet (#2917) named after her!
Born Germany May 10, 1946.Growing up in Toronto she headed
west to begin her studies at the University of British Columbia and then off
to the University of California in LA to study for her masters and PhD. She
has earned the distinct title as the world's foremost authority on
orangutans, the great apes that live in the rain-forests of Borneo. For 23
years she spent time in the jungle doing observations and attempting
sightings of the extremely private orangutans who like to be left alone! She
has received many awards for her research including the Petra Award in 1990,
the Eddie Bauer Hero of the Earth Award in 1991, the Sierra Club Checo
Mendes Award in 1992 and the United Nations Global 500 Award in 1993.
Elizabeth Rebecca Laird
1874. Died 1969. When attending the
of Toronto, being first in her class for three straight year was not enough
to allow her to continue with graduate studies. Women were not accepted for
graduate studies. She taught at the
College in Whitby, Ontario before she was able to begin graduate studies at
Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. In 1898/99 she worked at
in Germany on a fellowship. Vacant positions were filled by women students.
She earned her PhD at Bryn Mawr in 1901. Instructing at
Holyoke College she became a professor in 1904 and Head of the Department of
Physics, a position she held for 36 years. Retiring in 1940 she returned to
live in London Ontario where she asked the University of Western Ontario if
she could help in any way. She would work on an intensive radar research
program and was professor emeritus until she was 78 years old in 1953. Mini
profile suggest by LDL.
Born January 11, 1922. A married woman with family, Mabel
took an interest in the Quebec Society for the Protection of Birds. She even
lectured at local schools and became interested in the scientific study of
birds. After the breakdown of her marriage her passion became an obsession.
She would grow and develop into a noted North American ornithologist. She
has travelled to South America and Africa. She has contributed data to
scientific studies and published articles on hawk migration.
Born January 25, 1952 Calgary, Alberta. Died January 10, 2015. Patricia
studied chemistry at the University of Manitoba where she met her future
husband. In 1974 she married Gary Martens and the couple had 2 children. In
1978 she taught chemistry as a high school in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Once her
children were grown she returned to University and in 1999 she earned her
PhD in Health Services from the University of Manitoba. She became a
researcher but she also had a gift relating to people and presented at some
400 conferences where she made even the driest subjects come to life for her
audiences. As well as making live appearances she wrote some 300
articles/reports and became a fellow in the Royal Society of Canada and the
Canadian Academy of Health Sciences. From 20014 through 2014 she was
Director of the Manitoba Center for Health Policy. In 2013 she was inducted
into the Order of Canada and was presented with the R.D. Defries Award from
the Canadian Public Health Association. Diagnosed with Mesothelioma, an
aggressive form of Cancer usually caused by exposure to asbestos, she was
aggressive in her support of the banning of asbestos. In 2014 she was the
Justice Emmett Hall Laureate for contribution to health research.
Source: Anne Silversides, ‘Researcher Turned Dry Data into Stories’ The
Globe and Mail, February 13, 2015.
Suggestion submitted by June Coxon, Ottawa Ontario.
Montreal, Quebec April 20, 1887. Died April 6, 1971. During her early days
of university study Margaret took an interest in diseases that related to
Canada stable agricultural product, wheat. She was one of the first women in
Canada to earn a degree in agriculture and she was the first Canadian woman
to earn a PHD in agricultural sciences. Her lifetime work in wheat rust was
well respected. In 1922 she was invited to Russia to discuss her work. She
was the second woman to become a “Fellow” in the Royal Society of Canada. In
1942 she became the first woman recipient of the Flavelle Medal for
meritorious achievement in biological science. The list of winners of this
award that is recorded online contains no other winners who are women! The
University of Victoria named one of its residences “Margaret Newton” Hall.
After more than 25 years exposure from her research she was forced to retire
because of ill health.
Born Lancaster, England September 4, 1881
Died January 31, 1965. She was the first professional hybridist in Canada.
(She worked with plants developing new varieties) She joined the staff of
the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa where during her career she
originated nearly 200 hybrid plants! Her specialty was lilies and she wrote
the first book on lily cultivation in Canada.
Eva L. J. Rosinger
née Hartl. Born July 21, 1941, Prague, Poland. She earned her Master’s in
Chemical engineering from the Technical University in Prague in 1963 and by
1968 she had earned her PhD. Immigrating to Toronto she attended the
University of Toronto working as a Post-Doctoral Fellow. In Toronto she
married Herbert E. Rosinger on November 27 1969. She would work in West
Germany including served as Vice President of Radioactive Management with
the OECD in Paris, France 1982-1985 before returning to Canada and settling
in Ottawa. She is the author of over 40 scientific reports and papers on
environmental issues, waste management, environmental assessment, polymer
science and chemical management. She was a member of the Board of Directors
of the Canadian Nuclear Association and has been advisor to the Committee on
Nuclear Safety and the Atomic Energy Control Board. In 1992-1994 she was the
elected Council member of the Association of Professional Engineers of
Manitoba. She has also served on the Board of Directors for Employment
Projects for Women Incorporated. She enjoys skiing and has served the
Canadian Association of Nordic Ski Instructors where she was a qualified
cross-country coach, instructor and examiner.
Source: The Canadian Who’s Who, (Toronto: University of Toronto
Born 1965. In
1986 she earned her Bachelor of Science degree from the University of
Western Ontario, London. By 1993 she had earned her PhD from Western. While
studying for her advanced degree she had worked with children at local
schools helping them learn science and in 1991 she founded ‘Let’s Talk
Science” to encourage people to learn of science. She designed programs and
gave talks at elementary schools across Canada and the program has had
international acceptance. In 1997 she was named by the Financial Post
newspaper as one of the “Top 40 Under 40”. She has served and continues to
serve on the Board of Directors of various organizations such as the Ontario
Genomics Institute, the Board of Governors of the University Of Ontario
Institute Of Technology. She is the founding co-chair of the Science and
Technology Awareness Network (STAN). In 2006 she was a participant on an
expert panel that developed the Ontario Early Learning Framework. She has
received the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal and the Queen’s Golden Jubilee
Medal. She has also earned the Young Alumni Award from the University of
Western Ontario and the YWCA’s Woman of Distinction Award. In 2015 she was
appointed a Member of the Order of Canada.
Marsha I. Sheppard
Born June11, 1947, Smith Falls, Ontario. In 1971 she earned her BA from
Carleton University , Ottawa followed by her MA and then her PhD at the
University of Guelph in 1977. She married Stephen Sheppard November 8, 1975
and the couple have 2 children. From 1980 through to 1998 she was Senior
Scientist and Head of the Ecological Research Station. In 1994 she received
the Award of Excellence from the Ontario Ministry of the Environment and
Energy. In 1998 she took the position of President of Ecomatters Inc. She is
an active member of the American Women in Soil Science and in 1996 she
received the President’s Intellectual Property Award.
Canadian Who’s Who 2003 (University of Toronto Press, 2002)
Pioneer in Entomology
Born June 23,
1918 Died Pickering, Ontario March 13, 2009. Norah married Dr. Fred Urquhart
in 1945 and the couple moved to Highland Creek in Scarborough, Ontario where
Son Doug was born. A zoologist with the Royal Ontario Museum and the
University of Toronto, Fred had an avocation for the Monarch Butterfly. With
very little support the couple began a tagging program from their home to
learn where the Monarch butterfly’s of Ontario went each winter. Eventually
joined volunteers, it was Norah who answered all enquiries and posted a
newsletter to all involved. She attended to public relations including
writing an article for a Mexican newspaper in 1972. The article was read by
a future volunteer and by 1975 the first Mexican valley of the Monarch’s was
located. The couple’s work is considered the entomological discovery of the
20th Century. These pioneers had their work recognized with
investiture into the Order of Canada in 1998. Sources: The Star.com
“couples home was butterfly ground zero” (accessed June 2009); Inside
Toronto.ca “Norah Urquhart, a pioneer in Monarch Butterfly research”.
(accessed June 2009) ; Information was also supplied by Donald Davis,
Toronto, Ontario; also personal knowledge.
Amanda C. J. Vincent
Born 1960. In
1981 she earned her Bachelor of Science from the University of Western
Ontario, London. She earned her PhD from the University of Cambridge,
England. 1990-1991 she was a visiting fellow in Sweden and Germany. From
1991-1996 she was a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Oxford,
England. Returning to Canada she was a professor at McGill University until
2002. In 1996 she formed Project Seahorse which is an international
organization to save seahorses. She was the 1st person to study
the seahorse under water and the 1st to document trade of these
delicate creatures. She is the author of numerous scientific reports and
articles and in 1999 she co-authored a book on seahorses. She has
spearheaded documentary films and five full length TV programmes. In 2002
she held Canada’s Research Chair in Marine Conservation at the Fisheries
Center at the University of British Columbia, a position that was renewed in
2007. Among her many accolades she has been presented with the Whitney Award
for Conservation in 1994, The Rolex Award for Enterprise in 1998, the Time
Magazine Leader for the 21st Century in 2000 and the Chevron
Conservation Award in 2005. In 2007 she was Woman of the Earth Award winner
from the Yves Rocher Foundation. She has created a ‘park’ in the Philippines
where seahorses can live. The film: The Secret Life of Seahorses is
about this project.
Alice Evelyn Wilson.
Coburg, Ontario August 26, 1881. Died April 15, 1964. A paleontologist who
worked at the Geological Survey of Canada, where she described fossils in
papers and books. She lectured and traveled to bring geology to the public,
especially children. In 1937 she was the first woman to be elected a fellow
of the Royal Society of Canada.
Sandra F. Witelson
Born Montreal, Quebec. Sandra earned her Bachelor of Science, Masters of
Science and her PhD from McGill University in Montreal. She worked for 3
years in New York, U.S.A. before accepting a position with McMaster
University, Hamilton, Ontario in 1969. In 1973 she found that anatomical and
functional asymmetry of the brain is present at birth. As a university
neuroscientist has been perhaps best known her 1996-1999 research and her
study of Albert Einstein’s brain which was donated to her Brain bank. She
has established one of the world’s top brain banks and is cited as a leading
researcher in her field. Sandra is married and the couple have one child.
She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and has been an active
community volunteer. She was inducted into the Hamilton Gallery of
Distinction in 2007.