1700 AD to 1799 AD
August 4, 1701 - The Great Peace of Montreal between New
France and 40 First Nations is finalized.
January 12, 1700 - Died Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700), founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.
October 15, 1701 - Born Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".
December 28, 1702 - Died Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis (1660-1702) noted businesswoman of New France.
August 26, 1704 - Born Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France.
1710 - Born circa 1710 Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730) a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
|1713||April 11, 1713 -
Under the Treaty of Utrecht, France, ending the War of Spanish
Succession, recognizes British sovereignty
over Hudson Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland. France retains possession
of the island of St. Pierre and Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton) and Ile
Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island). France also gives up its claim to
a monopoly of trade with indigenous peoples.
November 1714 -
(originally noted as the ‘slave woman’ in writings of the Hudson Bay
Company) arrives at York Factory, a Hudson Bay Company post, after
having escaped her Cree Captors.
1715 - Born Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery.
|1716||May 7, 1716 - Thanadelthur
(1717?) is given
credit for the successful mission between the Hudson Bay Company and
the Cree and Chipewyans. Source : 100 Canadian heroines :
famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forester. Toronto : Dundurn Press,
2004. pg 255.
March 23, 1722 - Born Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the 2nd Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns.
1728 - Born Sally Ainse Montour (1728-1822?) a historic plaque in Chatham, Ontario commemorates the life of this fiery aboriginal woman.
April 8, 1730 - Died Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the 1st Canadian born woman to become a religious sister.
June 28, 1730 - Died Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730) a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
May 14, 1733 - Born Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
1734 - Born Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in New York City and Bay of Quinte, Ontario
||1737 - Marguerite d’Youville, (1737-1771) and some friends in Montreal, begin taking in the poor and educating abandoned children. Source; Dictionary of Canadian Biography|
1738 - Esther
Brandeau , in the guise of a cabin boy, is the 1st Jewish woman to arrive in Canada.
Eventually she is deported to France for failing to embrace the
Roman Catholic religion. Source: Dictionary of
A census of Canada records a population of 42,701.
1740 - Born Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America.
1741 - Born Elizabeth 'Mammy" Hopkins (1741 - died after 1817) British Loyalist who fought in the American Revolution.
July 1, 1744 - Died Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne (1664-1744) midwife & amateur botanist.
1745 - Born Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the 1st novel in North America.
1747 - Marguerite d'Youville
founds the Sisters of Charity or the Grey Nuns of
Montreal. (Source : Dictionary of Canadian Biography)
August 8, 1747 - Died Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747) youth heroine of New France.
1749 - Born Mary Barbara Fisher (1749-1841) Loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes.
||March 23,1752 -
Elizabeth Bushell shares with her
father in the establishing of the 1st Canadian printing office and
Canada's 1st newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette begins
publishing. Source: Women in the Canadian book trade .
National Library of Canada
http://nlc-bnc.ca (accessed January 2002)
Marguerite d'Youville (
- 1771) is granted French Royal Charter for the
Grey Nuns, Sisters of Charity. Source:
Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing,
1977 pg 34
Hotel Dieu hospital in Quebec City is destroyed by fire.
Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies
Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 20.
March 26, 1755 - Born Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière (1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the rights of individuals.
April 26, 1755 - Born Anne Powell (1755-1849) Doyenne of Toronto during War of 1812.
September 27, 1755 - Born Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier) (1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior.
May 17, 1756
The Seven Years’ War begins with Britain declaring war on France. It
starts in North America and spreads to Europe.
Poor women women of New France protest the food
shortages caused by the war with England.
July 20 , 1758 - Died Lydia Longley (1674-1758) the 1st American Nun.
|1759||September 13, 1759 - Both French and English generals
die in the Battle of the Plains Abraham. Canada is won by the
1759 - Born Catherine Brant (ca 1759-1837) Ohtowa kéhson head woman of the Turtle clan and 3rd wife of Chief Joseph Brant (1743-1807)
September 8, 1760 - The Negroes and Panis (Aboriginal Slaves) of both sexes shall remain, in their quality of slaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians to whom they belong: they shall be at liberty to keep them in their service in the colony or sell them... Source: Article 47 of the Articles of Capitulation, Montreal September 8, 1760
April 16, 1760 - Born Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy (1760-1839) pioneer, painter, teacher & one of the founders of Toronto society.
1761 - Born Elizabeth Mitchell (ca 1761-1827) heroine of the War of 1812. Source: Women of Courage 1812-2012. Readingandremembrance.ca/forms/RR2012/womenofcourage.pdf (Accessed March 2015.)
August 13, 1762 - Born Marie-Henriette LeJeune Ross 'Granny Ross' pioneer scientist and medical pioneer settler.
10, 1763 - France signs the Peace of Paris, ending the Seven
Years War, and gives up "Canada"
to England except for the Island of St Pierre et Miquelon in the Gulf
of St Lawrence.
April 18, 1763 (?) - Died Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
February 26, 1764 - Died Thérése de Couagne (1697-1764), astute business woman of New France.
11, 1766 - Fire destroys 1/3 of the town of Montreal.
1766 - Born Catherine Anne Prevost (1766-1821) wife of Sir Charles Prevost, Governor General of British North America during War 1812.
January 13,1766 - Born Marie-Geneviève Drapeau Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Quebec (1766-1829), a well known and respected business personality of her day.
1767- Born Mary Whitmore 'Granny' Hoople (1757-1858) a pioneer woman known as the 'Medicine Maid', she used natural remedies to help the sick.
November 11, 1770 - Born Ann Kirby Macaulay (1770-1850) a loyalist who came to Canada and became a successful business woman.
December 23, 1771 - Died Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".
June 22, 1774
The British Parliament passes the Quebec Act, establishing among
other things French civil law, British-based criminal law and
religious freedom for Roman Catholics.
1774 - Born Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas.
1775 - Born Margaret McLaughlin (1775 ? - 1860) pioneer of the Canadian northwest.
1775 - Born Rhoda Skinner (1775-1834) pioneer mother to 37 children.
|1776||April 1, 1776 - The 1st United Empire
Loyalists refugees from the American Revolution arrive in Halifax
Nova Scotia. Eventually some 40, 000 will settle in various areas of Canada.
February 1780 - Born Marguerite-Magdelaine La Framboise (1780-1846) Fur trader & entrepreneur.
August 2, 1780 - Born Marie-Anne Lagemodiére, (1780-1875.) one of the 1st white women to visit such outposts as Red River and Fort Edmonton.
August 28, 1780 - Born Marie-Louise McLoughlin (1780-1846) Sister se Saint Henri.,Mother Superior of Ursuline order.
November 28, 1780 - Died Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she is brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior of the Ursuline Order of nuns.
August 1781 - Born Belinda Molony (1781-1865) Sister Mary Xavier of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, established girls school in Newfoundland.
1781 - Died Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer and matriarch of the famous Papineau Family.
1762 - Born Katherine Pyndar Sherbrooke (1782- 18??) wife of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia 1811-1816 & Governor General of British North America 1816.
|1783||1783 - Mohawk
Brant (1736-1796) is given a house in Kingston, Ontario and a pension by the
British Government for service and loyalty to the Crown during the
American Revolution. Source: Women in history: a
timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011
1783 - With the end of the American Revolution, United Empire Loyalists emigrate to the British colonies in Canada.
- Barbara Heck (1734-1804) with her husband and four children were among
the loyalists who settled in Upper Canada (Augusta) where they
established their Methodist beliefs. They had been paramount in
establishing the First Methodist Church in New York City prior to
seeking sanctuary in Canada as Loyalists.
1785 - Born Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c- 1859) the 1st woman to run a newspaper, The Patriot, in Toronto.
September 8, 1785 - Born Mary (Maria) Elizabeth Alexowina Muir (1785-1862) Heroine of the war of 1812.
November 26, 1786 - Died Eunice Williams (1694-1785) pioneer who survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North American family dynasty.
1786 - Born Charlotte Small (1786-1857) Canadian Pioneer.
1788 - Born- Ann Cuthbert Knight Fleming (1788-1860) Pioneer author of early Canadian text books for children.
1788 - Born Susanne Connolly ( La Sauvagess of Suzanne Pas de Nom) 1788-1862) Pioneer aboriginal married to a fur trader and only woman who's legal marriage claim rose to the supreme court.
The Bishop of Quebec repots that the number of literate women is
higher than the number of literate men in the province.
Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm
(accessed April 28, 2003)
1789 - Born Catherine McPherson (1789c-1876) Pioneer settler of the Red River settlement.
1789 - Died Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the first novel in North America.
1790 - Born - Nancy McTavish Leblanc (1790-1851) Aboriginal name Matooskie, Métis pioneer of western Canada fur trade era.
1790 - Born Nancy Purvis (1790-1839) teacher & school administrator
June 10, 1791
– Britain’s Canada Act divides the new country into Upper
Canada, with its capital at Newark (later Niagara-on-the-Lake,
Ontario), & Lower Canada, with Quebec City as its capital.
1791 - Under the Constitutional Act, 1791 certain owners and tenants were granted qualified voter status, without distinction as to sex. Some women of Lower Canada (Quebec) who met the prerequisites interpreted this constitutional "oversight" as an authorization to vote. It would seem that they were the only women in the British Empire to avail themselves of this right New Brunswick passes a law excluding women from the right to vote. 1849, under the leadership of La Fontaine-Baldwin, this "historical irregularity" was rectified when women were formally prohibited from voting.
April 30, 1791 - Born Marie Catherine Huot / Sister Sainte -Madeleine. (1791-1869) appointed 3 times as Mother superior of her order.
June 6, 1792 - Died Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the second Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns.
9, 1793 - An act to prevent any further introduction of slaves
and to limit the term of contracts is passed (chapter VII 33rd
George III). Source: Database Canada by Bob
Bowman (Toronto, Holt, 1967)
July 20, 1793 - Explorer, Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean by an overland route.
January 27, 1793 - Born Marie Rosalie Cadron (1794-1864) Sister Marie De La Nativité, pioneer social worker.
May 17,1793 - Born Anna Brownell Jameson, (1794-1860), author.
May 24, 1793 - Born Frances Stewart, (1794-1872) pioneer diarist and letter writer.
November 16, 1793 - Died Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France.
June 7, 1794 - Born Marie Louise Dorval (1797-1866) a nun & Mother Superior.
1795 - Born James Miranda Stuart Barry (1795-1865), the 1st 'woman' doctor in the British Army(?) 1857.
1795 - Died: Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America.
The town of York becomes the capital of Upper Canada
1798 - Born Susannah Oland (1798-1886) brewer and businesswoman
February 1798 - Born Amelia Harris (1798-1882) diarist
May 24, 1798 - Died Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery.
- Jeanne Charlotte Allamand is the
1st recorded female art teacher in Montréal, Quebec.
(Source: www.canadianstudies.ab.ca (accessed May 2002)
1799 - Died Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas.