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1700 AD to 1799 AD
Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.

This timeline is not all inclusive.

Last updated June 15, 2016

DATES

EVENTS

1700
 
Deaths 1700:
January 12, 1700 -
Died Marguerite Bourgeoys  (1620-1700), founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.
1701 Births 1701:
October 15, 1701
-
Born Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".

 
1702 Deaths 1702:
December 28, 1702
-
Died Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis (1660-1702) noted businesswoman of New France.
 
1704 Births 1704:
August 26, 1704 -
Born Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France.
 
1710 Births 1710:
1710 -
Born circa 1710 Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730)  a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
 
1713 April 11, 1713 - Under the Treaty of Utrecht, France recognizes British sovereignty over Hudson Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland. France retains possession of St. Pierre and Miquelon, Ile Royale (Cape Breton) and Ile Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island).
 
1714

November 1714 - Thanadelthur (1697?-1717), (originally noted as the ‘slave woman’ in writings of the Hudson Bay Company) arrives at York Factory, a Hudson Bay Company post, after having escaped her Cree Captors.
 

1715 Births 1715:
1715 -
Born Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery.
 
1716 May 7, 1716 - Thanadelthur (1717?) is given credit for the successful mission between the Hudson Bay Company and the Cree and Chipewyans. Source : 100 Canadian heroines : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forester. Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2004. pg 255.
 
1722 Births 1722:
March 23, 1722 -
Born Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the 2nd Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns.
 
1728 Births 1728:
1728 -
Born Sally Ainse Montour (1728-1822?) a historic plaque in Chatham, Ontario commemorates the life of this fiery aboriginal woman.
 
1730 Deaths 1730:
April 8, 1730 -
Died Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the 1st Canadian born woman to become a religious sister.
June 28, 1730 - Died Marie Joseph Angélique,(1710 ca- 1730)  a back slave who set fire to Montreal to mask her escape with her lover.
 
1733 Births 1733:
May 14, 1733 -
Born Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
 
1734 Births 1734:
1734 -
Born Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in New York City and Bay of Quinte, Ontario
 
1737
 
1737 - Marguerite d’Youville, (1737-1771) and some friends in Montreal, begin taking in the poor and educating abandoned children. Source; Dictionary of Canadian Biography
1738 1738 - Esther Brandeau , in the guise of a cabin boy, is the 1st Jewish woman to arrive in Canada. Eventually she is deported to France for failing to embrace the Roman Catholic religion. Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography
 
1739 A census of Canada records a population of 42,701.
 
1740 Births 1740:
1740 -
Born Mikak (1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America.
 
1741 Births 1741:
1741 - Born Elizabeth 'Mammy" Hopkins (1741 - died after 1817)  British Loyalist who fought in the American Revolution.
 
1744 Deaths 1744:
July 1, 1744 -
Died Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne (1664-1744) midwife & amateur botanist.
 
1745 Births 1745:
1745 -
Born Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the 1st novel in North America.
 
1747 1747 - Marguerite d'Youville (- 1771) founds the Sisters of Charity or the Grey Nuns of Montreal. (Source : Dictionary of Canadian Biography)

Deaths 1747:
August 8, 1747 -
Died Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747) youth heroine of New France.
 
1748  
1749 Births 1749:
1749 -
Born Mary Barbara Fisher (1749-1841)  Loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes.
 
1752
 
March 23,1752 - Elizabeth Bushell shares with her father in the establishing of the 1st Canadian printing office and Canada's 1st newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette begins publishing. Source: Women in the Canadian book trade . National Library of Canada http://nlc-bnc.ca (accessed January 2002)

Births 1752:
1752- Born Charlotte Taylor (1752?)-1841), Mother of Tabusintac New Brunswick. * May have been born between 1752-1755)
 

1753 1753 - Marguerite d'Youville (    - 1771) is granted French Royal Charter for the Grey Nuns, Sisters of Charity. Source: Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977  pg 34
 
1755 June 1755 - Hotel Dieu hospital in Quebec City is destroyed by fire. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977  pg 20. 

Births 1755:

March 26, 1755 - Born Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière (1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the rights of individuals.
April 26, 1755 - Born Anne Powell (1755-1849) Doyenne of Toronto during War of 1812.
September 27, 1755 - Born Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier) (1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior.
 
1756 May 17, 1756 The Seven Years’ War begins with Britain declaring war on France. It starts in North America and spreads to Europe.
 
1758 1758 - Poor women women of New France protest the food shortages caused by the war with England.

Deaths 1758:
July 20 , 1758 -
Died Lydia Longley (1674-1758) the 1st American Nun.
 
1759 September 13, 1759 - Both French and English generals die in the Battle of the Plains Abraham. Canada is won by the British.

Births 1759:
1759 - Born Catherine Brant (ca 1759-1837) Ohtowa kéhson head woman of the Turtle clan and 3rd wife of Chief Joseph Brant (1743-1807)
 
1760
September 8, 1760 - The Negroes and Panis (Aboriginal Slaves) of both sexes shall remain, in their quality of slaves, in the possession of the French and Canadians to whom they belong: they shall be at liberty to keep them in their service in the colony or sell them...  Source: Article 47 of the Articles of Capitulation, Montreal September 8, 1760


Births 1760:
April 16, 1760
-
Born Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy (1760-1839) pioneer, painter, teacher & one of the founders of Toronto society.
 
1761 Births 1761:
1761 - Born Elizabeth Mitchell (ca 1761-1827) heroine of the War of 1812. Source: Women of Courage 1812-2012. Readingandremembrance.ca/forms/RR2012/womenofcourage.pdf (Accessed March 2015.)
 
1762 Births 1762:
August 13, 1762 - Born Marie-Henriette LeJeune Ross 'Granny Ross' pioneer scientist and medical pioneer settler.
 
1763 February 10, 1763 - France signs the Peace of Paris and gives up "Canada" to England except for the Island of St Pierre et Miquelon in the Gulf of St Lawrence.

Deaths 1763:

April 18, 1763
(?) - Died Marie-Josephite Corriveau (1733-1763) La Corriveau, condemned for murdering her husband.
 
1764 Deaths 1764:
February 26, 1764 - Died Thérése de Couagne (1697-1764), astute business woman of New France.
 
1766 April 11, 1766 - Fire destroys 1/3 of the town of Montreal.

Births 1766:
1766 -
Born Catherine Anne Prevost (1766-1821) wife of Sir Charles Prevost, Governor General of  British North America during War 1812.

January 13,1766 - Born Marie-Geneviève Drapeau  Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Quebec (1766-1829), a well known and respected business personality of her day.
 
1767 Births 1767:
1767- Born Mary Whitmore 'Granny' Hoople (1757-1858) a pioneer woman known as the 'Medicine Maid', she used natural remedies to help the sick.
 
1768  
1770 Births 1770:
November 11, 1770 -
Born Ann Kirby Macaulay (1770-1850) a loyalist who came to Canada and became a successful business woman.
 
1771 Deaths 1771:
December 23, 1771 - Died Marie Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the religious order known as "the Grey Nuns".
 
1772  
1774 June 22, 1774 The British Parliament passes the Quebec Act, establishing among other things French civil law, British-based criminal law and religious freedom for Roman Catholics.

Births 1774:

1774 - Born Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas.
 
1775 Births 1775:
1775 - Born Margaret McLaughlin (1775 ? - 1860) pioneer of the Canadian northwest.
1775 - Born Rhoda Skinner (1775-1834) pioneer mother to 37 children.
 
1776 April 1, 1776 - The 1st United Empire Loyalists refugees from the American Revolution arrive in Halifax Nova Scotia. Eventually some 40, 000 will settle in various areas of Canada.
 
1780
 
Births 1780:
February 1780 -
Born Marguerite-Magdelaine La Framboise (1780-1846)  Fur trader & entrepreneur.
August 2, 1780 - Born Marie-Anne Lagemodiére,  (1780-1875.)  one of the 1st white women to visit such outposts as Red River and Fort Edmonton.
August 28, 1780 - Born Marie-Louise McLoughlin (1780-1846) Sister se Saint Henri.,Mother Superior of Ursuline order.

Deaths 1780:
November 28, 1780 - Died
Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she is brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior of the Ursuline Order of nuns.
1781 Births 1781:
August 1781 - Born Belinda Molony (1781-1865) Sister Mary Xavier of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, established girls school in Newfoundland.

Deaths 1781:
1781 - Died Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer and matriarch of the famous Papineau Family.
 
1782 Births 1782:
1762 - Born Katherine Pyndar Sherbrooke (1782- 18??) wife of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia 1811-1816 & Governor General of British North America 1816.
 
1783 1783 - Mohawk Molly Brant  (1736-1796) is given a house in Kingston, Ontario and a pension by the British Government for service and loyalty to the Crown during the American Revolution. Source: Women in history: a timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011

1783 - With the end of the American Revolution, United Empire Loyalists emigrate to the British colonies in Canada.

Births 1783:
November 29, 1783 -
 Born Susan Sibbald, (1783-1866) pioneer & diarist.
 

1785 1785 - Barbara Heck (1734-1804) with her husband and four children were among the loyalists who settled in Upper Canada (Augusta) where they established their Methodist beliefs. They had been paramount in establishing the First Methodist Church in New York City prior to seeking sanctuary in Canada as Loyalists.

Births 1785:
1785 -
Born Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c- 1859)  the 1st woman to run a newspaper, The Patriot, in Toronto.
September 8, 1785 -
Born Mary (Maria) Elizabeth Alexowina Muir (1785-1862) Heroine of the war of 1812.

Deaths 1785:

November 26, 1786 -
Died Eunice Williams (1694-1785) pioneer who survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North American family dynasty.
 
1786 Births 1786:
1786 -
Born Charlotte Small (1786-1857) Canadian Pioneer.
1788 Births 1788:
1788 - Born- Ann Cuthbert Knight Fleming (1788-1860) Pioneer author of early Canadian text books for children.
1788 - Born Susanne Connolly ( La Sauvagess of Suzanne Pas de Nom) 1788-1862) Pioneer  aboriginal married to a fur trader and only woman who's legal marriage claim rose to the supreme court.
 
1789 1789 - The Bishop of Quebec repots that the number of literate women is higher than the number of literate men in the province. Source: Canadian Chronology http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.htm (accessed April 28, 2003)

Births 1789:

1789 -
Born
Catherine McPherson (1789c-1876) Pioneer settler of the Red River settlement.


Deaths 1789:
1789 - Died Frances Brooks (1745-1789) novelist who wrote the first novel in North America.
 
1790 Births 1790:
1790 -
Born -
Nancy McTavish Leblanc (1790-1851) Aboriginal name Matooskie, Métis pioneer of western Canada fur trade era.
1790 - Born Nancy Purvis (1790-1839) teacher & school administrator
 
1791 June 10, 1791 Britain’s Canada Act divides the new country into Upper Canada, with its capital at Newark (later Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario), & Lower Canada, with Quebec City as its capital.

1791 - Under the Constitutional Act, 1791 certain owners and tenants were granted qualified voter status, without distinction as to sex. Some women of Lower Canada (Quebec) who met the prerequisites interpreted this constitutional "oversight" as an authorization to vote. It would seem that they were the only women in the British Empire to avail themselves of this right New Brunswick passes a law excluding women from the right to vote. 1849, under the leadership of La Fontaine-Baldwin, this "historical irregularity" was rectified when women were formally prohibited from voting.

Births 1791:
April 30, 1791 - 
Born Marie Catherine Huot / Sister Sainte -Madeleine. (1791-1869) appointed 3 times as Mother superior of her order.
 
1792 Deaths 1792:
June 6, 1792 -
Died Margureite Thérèse Lemoine Despins (1722-1792) the second Mother Superior of the Grey Nuns.
 
1793 July 9, 1793 - An act to prevent any further introduction of slaves and to limit the term of contracts  is passed (chapter VII 33rd George III). Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto, Holt, 1967)

July 20, 1793 -
Explorer, Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean by an overland route.

Births 1793:
January 27, 1793 -
Born Marie Rosalie Cadron (1794-1864) Sister Marie De La Nativité, pioneer social worker.
May 17,1793 - Born Anna Brownell Jameson, (1794-1860), author.
May 24, 1793 - Born Frances Stewart, (1794-1872) pioneer diarist and letter writer.


Deaths 1793:
November 16, 1793 - Died  Marie Anne Fornel (1704-1793) business woman of New France.
 
1794 Births 1794:
June 7, 1794 - Born Marie Louise Dorval (1797-1866) a nun & Mother Superior.
 
1795 Births 1795:
1795 -
Born
James Miranda Stuart Barry (1795-1865), the 1st 'woman' doctor in the British Army(?) 1857.

Deaths 1795:
1795 -
Died: Mikak
(1740-1795) Travelled to England and helped raise funds for Moravarian Missions in North America.
 
1796 1796 - The town of York becomes the capital of Upper Canada (Ontario).

Births 1796:
1796 -
Died Molly Brant (1736-1796) aboriginal leader
1796 -
Born Mary McKenzie (1796-1886) early pioneer of the Canadian North West
March 10, 1796 - Born Julia Catherine Hart (1796-1867) author who wrote the 1st work of fiction by a native born Canadian to be published in Canada.
 

1798 Births 1798:
1798 -
Born  Susannah Oland (1798-1886) brewer and businesswoman
February 1798 - Born Amelia Harris (1798-1882) diarist

Deaths 1798:
May 24, 1798 - Died Elizabeth (Myich/Paine) Doane (1715-1798) pioneer of Nova Scotia skilled in natural medicines and healing and midwifery.
 
1799 1799 - Jeanne Charlotte Allamand is the 1st recorded female art teacher in Montréal, Quebec. (Source: www.canadianstudies.ab.ca (accessed May 2002)

Deaths 1799:
1799 -
Died Elizabeth Frances Hall (1774-1799) artist who depicted early scenes in the Canadas.

 
   

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