1800 AD to 1850 AD
1800 - Born Elizabeth Jane "Eliza" Barnes, (1800?-1893) 'Granny Barnes' was a well known clairvoyant.
April 22, 1800 - Born Henrietta Feller (1800-1868) founder of the protestant mission at Grande-Ligne, Quebec.
January 9, 1802 - Born Catherine Parr Traill (1802-1899) Pioneer and author in the province of Canada.
|1803||1803 - Mary Fubbester,
disguised as a man, works as a clerk for the Hudson Bay
Company in Rupert's Land. She was forced to quit in 1807 when
she gave birth to a child in 1807. Source : Cool
Chronology at www.coolwomen.org
(accessed July 2005)
1803 - Grezelda Elizabeth Cottnam Tonge (1803-1825) Maritime poet
September 25, 1803 - Born Mary Scovil (1803- ) teacher, farmers wife & mother.
1804 - Born "Ruthie" Lucie Blackburn (1804-1895) escaped slave and person of National Historic Significance.
June 1894 - Born Elizabeth 'Eliza' Field Jones (1804-1890) painter and author writing of the Ojibwa poeples.
August 17, 1804 - Died Barbara Heck (1734-1804) founder of early Methodist followings in New York City & Upper Canada (Ontario)
||1806 - Marie-Anne Lagemodiére (1780-1875.) traveling with her fur trading husband,
is one of the 1st white
women to visit such outposts as
Red River and Fort Edmonton.
1806 - The Ursuline Sisters convent is destroyed by fire. Mother Marie Anne de Sain Olivier remains on site for two years to gain support to reconstruct the convent.
June 25, 1806 - Born Mary Love (1806-1866) 1st Canadian born artist to have works lithographed ( drawn to stone for printing and reproduction.
is abolished in British colonies
1807 - Marie-Anne Lagemodiére (1780-1875) gives birth to a daughter, Reine, the 1st legitimate white child born in the Canadian west.
July 3, 1807- Born Eliza Ann Chipman (1807-1853) Diarist & teacher.
|1808||July 2, 1808 - Nor West explorer Simon Fraser reaches the mouth of
what is now called the Fraser River.
1808 - Born Ann Martyn (1808- ) 1st Canadian woman photographer.
March 29, 1808 - Died Frederika Charlotte Louise Riedesel (1746-1808) put up 1st Christmas tree in Canada.
|1809||1809 - Quebec women
with property have the right to vote from 1809-1949 when the word
"male" is added to the Quebec franchise act. Source:
History of Women's Rights, Nellie McClung Foundation online
accessed April 2013
1811 - Born Isabella Macdonald (1811-1857) wife of Sir J. A. Macdonald (1815-1891), 1st Prime minister of Canada.
1811 - Born Ann Harvey (1811-1860) heroine who risked her life to save people from floundering ships off Newfoundland.
October 6, 1811 - Born Mother Marie-Rose (Elalie Durocher) (1811-1849) founder of Sisters of the Holy Name of Jesus and Mary. Beatified 1982.
18, 1812 - The United States declares war one Britain beginning the
War of 1812.
June 22, 1812 - Laura Secord (1775-1868) overhears American Troops plotting an attack against the British and walks 30 km to sound the warning to Colonel James FitzGibbon (1780-1893).
1812 - Born Margaret Arnold McEwan (181`2-1883) heroine of the cholera epidemic in Sandwich, Ontario 1854
March 28, 1812 - Frances Ramsay Simpson (1812-1853) Lady Simpson, for whom Fort Frances was named after she visited the site.
April 1813 - Penelope Beikie remains to defend her home when
the Americans raided the Town of York (Toronto) and many
families fled to safety to avoid the coming attack
Source: Letter to her brother John. Letter 4 Letters from 1812.
Historic-Canada.com/1812LetterFour.htm (Accessed March 2015);
, in Canadian History Aug-September 2013
April 27, 1813 - Angelica Givins treats wounded soldiers in her house in York during retreat of her husband's forces. The blood stains on her floor remained on the floor boards until the house was demolished in 1891. Source: Letter to her brother John. Letter 4 Letters from 1812. Historic-Canada.com/1812LetterFour.htm (Accessed March 2015); Women of Valour , in Canadian History Aug-September 2013
September 1813-August 1816: "Black Refugees" Set Sail - British Vice-Admiral Alexander Cochrane's offer of transportation for anyone wanting to leave the United States was widely circulated among the Black population. Four thousand former slaves deserted to the British side and were transported to the British colonies. About 2000 refugees set sail for Nova Scotia from September 1813- August 1816.
The population of Canada in 95,000.
July 25, 1814 - The battle of Lundy's Lane raged and each side of the battle suffered over 500 wounded. Catherine Lundy opened her home to the wounded and tended to their care. Her contribution was considered so important that a senior British officer paid her a visit and presented her with his sword.Source: Parks Canada
December 24, 1814 - The Treaty of Ghent is signed, ending the War of 1812 and restoring Canada-U.S. borders.
1815 - Born Harriet Powel (1815?- 1860) escaped slave who used the underground railroad.
June 27, 1816 - Born Maria Monk (1816- 1849) author of disrepute
1818 - Born Elizabeth Chandler McDougall (1818-1903) pioneer of the Canadian North West
March 1, 1818 - Born Léocadie-Romaine Gascoin / Sister Marie des Septs-Douleurs (1818-1900) religeous leader and mother Superior of her order.
March 19, 1818 - Born Elizabeth Bruyère (1818-1876) founder of Grey Sisters of Ottawa, & founder of schools and hospitals in Ottawa.
May 24, 1818 - Born Louisa Annie Murray (1818-1894) author
November 1, 1818 - Born Lydia Campbell (1818-1905) diarist of life & lore of 19th century Labrador.
July 6, 1819 - Born Isabella Binney Cogswell (1819-1874) humanitarian & philanthropist.
1820 - Born Fanny Bendixen (1820-1899) businesswoman who ran boarding houses and saloon in Cariboo region of British Colimbia durint 1860-1890's gold rush.
1820 - Born Mary Elizabeth Bibb (1820-1877) the 1st black woman journalist in Canada.
1820 - Born Matilda Davis (1820-1873) pioneer educator.
1820 - Born Elizabeth Frame (1820-1913) teacher & author.
1820 - Born Maria Wait (1820 ca- 1948) heroine who travelled to plead for her husband's life.
May 7, 1820 - Born Mary Teresa Dease (1820-1889) Superior-general of the Institute of Blessed virgin Mary in America
December 31, 1820 - Born Mary Anne Sadlier (1820-1903) prolific author.
1821 - Born Augusta Baldwin (1821?-1884) poet.
August 1, 1821 - Died Catherine Anne Prevost (1766-1821) wife of Sir George Prevost (1767-1816) , Governor General of British North America during War 1812.
|1822||1822 - Marguerite Magdelaine
Marcot La Famboise (1780-1846) retires as a wealthy Métis fur trader
in Michilmackinac territory in present day Michigan.
Source: Women in History: a timeline by Kirsten Smith, Postmedia news
March 3, 2011.
August 1, 1822 - Born Amelia Lemon Burritt (1822-1929) pioneer & suffragist.
1822 - Died Sally Ainse Montour (1728-1822) an historic plaque in Chatham, Ontario commemorates the life of this fiery aboriginal woman.
1823 - Shawandithit,
(1801-1829) the last member of the native Beothuk
tribe, is captured by fur traders.
1823 - Born Mary Abbott (1823-1898) wife of Prime Minister John Joseph Abbott (1821-1893).
1823 - Born Charlotte deGrassi (1823-1872) heroine of the 1937 rebellion in Upper Canada (Ontario)
October 9, 1823 - Born Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) 1st free black in North America to edit a newspaper.
April 161823 - Born Ester Pariseau, Mother Joseph (1823-1902) Member of Sisters of Charity & pioneer of the northwest coast of North America.
- Julia Catherine Hart (1796-1867) writes the 1st work of
fiction by a native born Canadian to be published in
June 8,1824 - The 1st Canadian Patent for a washing machine is granted to Noah Cushing Source: The Kid's book of Canadian Firsts by Valerie Wyatt (Toronto : Kids Can Press, 2001) pg. 32
April 8, 1823 - Born Anne Molson (1824-1899) philanthropist wife of John Molson.
May 25, 1824 - Born Nancy Alexander (1824-1912) Black pioneer.
– The latest census puts the population of Lower Canada (Quebec) at
479,288, and Upper Canada (Ontario) at 157,923.
1885 - Born Cornelia deGrassi (1825-1885) heroine of the 1837 rebellion in Upper Canada.
March 22, 1825 - Born Jane Mackenzie (1825-1893), wife of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie (1822-1892).
May 19, 1825 - Died Grezelda Elizabeth Cottnam Tonge, (1803-1825) Maritime poet.
1826 - Born Kate M. Buckland (1826?-1896) stage actress.
1826 - Born Sister Zoe Leblanc-Emery (1826-1885) religeous pioneer of the Canadian North West.
1825 - Born Margaret Dixon McDougall (1826?-1898) author and poet.
1825 - Born Rhoda Ann Page (1826-1863) author.
March 14, 1826 - Born Frances Amelia Tupper (1826-1912) wife of Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper (1821-1915).
January 3, 1827 - Born Lititia Youmans (1827-1896) the 1st president of the Canadian Women's Temperance Union (CWTU).
April 15, 1827 - Born Louisa Goddard Frothingham-Molson (1827-1910) social activist and philanthropist.
1827 - Died Elizabeth Mitchell (ca 1761-1827) heroine of the War of 1812.
January 16, 1827 - Died Catherine Norton (1797? - 1827) Karighwahcagh, accompanied her husband John Norton in War of 1812.
insists on accompanying her father and younger
brother and their dog is saving 163 lives off the brig The Dispatch
which sank off Port aux Basques Newfoundland.
1828 - Born Mary Jane Lawson (1828 - 1890) poet & historian.
January 15, 1828 - Born Mary Jane Katzmann (1828-1890) businesswoman, poet, editor, and historian
May 11, 1828 - Born Harriet Louise Bowell (1828-1884) wife of Prime Minister Mackenzie Bowell.
February 9, 1828 - Born Marie Angèle Gauthier(1828-1898) author & teacher, who taught aboriginal people in Duncan BC, knitting of Cowichan sweaters.
December 25, 1828 - Born Margaret Moran Dixon MacDougall/McDougall (1828-1899) poet, author & journalist.
February 9, 1829 -
The 1st temperance meeting in Canada is held in Montreal.
1829 - Shawandithit, ( -1829) the last member of the native Beothuk tribe, dies of tuberculosis
1829 - Born Harriet Annie Wilkins (1829-1888) teacher & poet.
January 12, 1829 - Born Rosanna Eleanora Leprohn (1829-1879) novelist & poet.
1830 - Born ca 1830 Annie McDermot Bannatyne (1830 ca - 1908) social activist
1830 - Born Marjory McLaren (MacLaren) 1830-1910) volunteer & worker for the Women's Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church of Canada.
January 22, 1830 - Born Albine Gadbois (1830-1874) Sister Marie d'Bonsecoues, founder and director of the Institution des sourdes-muettes de Montreal.
February 24, 1830 - Born Charlotte Selina "Nina" Bompas (1830-1917) Anglican Church missionary to the Canadian Northwest.
March 14, 1830 - Born Abigail Becker Rohrer,(1830-1905) a heroine who helped save lives of crew member of the schooner, Conductor, her story seems to have been forgotten.
1831 - The population fo Canada is 236,000
1831 - The earliest known Canadian cook-book is published in Kingston, Upper Canada (Ontario). Source : Cool Chronology at www.coolwomen.org (accessed July 2005)
May 1, 1831 - Born Emily Stowe (1831-1903) social activist & feminist she studied medicine and became the 1st woman to practice medicine in Canada.
September 24, 1831 - Born Louisa Townsend-Mallandaine (1831-1925) 'Ship-Bride' and pioneer in British Columbia.
October 4, 1831 - Born Martha Hamm Lewis (1831-1892) a teacher, 1st woman to become a teacher in New Brunswick.
1831 - Died Marie Catherine Pélissier Sales Laterière (1755-1831) a woman who is a true symbol of one who fought for the rights of individuals.
January 25, 1831 - Died Marie Anne Paquet (de Saint Olivier) (1755-1831) Ursuline Mother Superior.
Catherine Parr Trail (1802-1899)
emigrates to Canada where she will become a respected
1832 - Born Mary Eliza Herbert (1832-1872) 1st woman editor and publisher of a magazine in Nova Scotia.
June 21, 1832 - Born Alice Theodosia Shaw-Chipman (1832-1921) teacher in New Brunswick
October 23, 1832 - Born Emma Sophia Fiske (1832-1914) active volunteer & social activist
1833 - Born Sarah Anne Curzon, (1833-1898) champion of Canadian women's rights & author.
1834 - Died Rhoda Skinner (1775-1834) pioneer mother to 37 children.
|1834||1834 - Slavery is
banned in the British Empire.
January 17, 1834- Born Hannah Maynard (1834-1918), renown portrait photographer.
October 27, 1834 - Born Helen Mar Johnson (1834-1863) poet.
|1836||1836 - Opening of Canada's1stt Railroad. It runs from St Johns, Quebec to La Prairie, Quebec.
1836 - Born Catherine Beaulieu Bouvier Lamoureaux (1836-1918) pioneer of Northwest Territories & National Historic Person.
1836 - Born Anna Louisa Walker Coghill (1836-1907) poet and hymn writer.
August 24,1836 - Born Susan Agnes Bernard Macdonald (1836-1920), Baroness Macdonald of Earnscliffe, 2nd wife of Sir John A. Macdonald (1815-1891)
|1837||1837 - Political uprisings known
as Rebellions of 1837 occur in both Upper and Lower Canada.
1837 - Teenagers Cornelia (1825-1885) and Charlotte de Grassi, ( 1823 -1872) daughters of a British officer, Captain Phillipe de Grassi, help during the rebellion in Toronto by spying on the rebels and reporting to the British military. Source: Ontario Women's Directorate http://gov.on.ca/mczer/owd/english/students/de_grassi.htm (accessed February 5, 2003)
1837 - Born Anne Brown (1837?-1906) wife of Sir George Brown and Mother of Confederation.
1837 - Born Mary Macdonald-Leech (1837-1892) Bride ship pioneer of British Columbia.
1837 - Born Polly Verner (1837-1918) a citizen of Toronto
1837 - Born Jane Buchan (1837-1904) social activist.
1837 - Born Catherine McLennan (1837-1892) west coast social activist.
January 23, 1837 - Born Agnes Maule Machar (1837-1927) author, biographer and poet.
March 31, 1837 - Born Annie Rothwell Christie (1837- 1927) author.
September 20, 1837 - Born Roberta Elizabeth Tilton (1837-1925) social activist with the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU).
October 28, 1837 - Born Sarah Hanna Roberta Coome (1837-1921) co founder of the Anglican Sisterhood of St. John The Devine, Toronto, Ontario
November 6, 1837 - Born Marie-Eleonore Malvina Gagne (1837-1920) Mother Saint Raphael of Ursuline order.
November 23/24, 1837 - Died Catherine Brant (ca 1759-1837) Ohtowa kéhson head woman of the Turtle clan and 3rd wife of Chief Joseph Brant (1743-1807)
Elizabeth Lount of York, Upper Canada presents her petition of
35,000 signatures demanding clemency for her husband, sentence to hang
for his part in the Rebellion of 1837. The Governor turned a deaf ear
to her pleas.
1838 - Maria Wait (1820 ca-1848) travels over 900 kilometers to plead with Lord Durham to spare her husband who has been sentenced to death for his participation in the 1837 Rebellion in Upper Canada. Source Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online edition. Under Benjamin Wait. (Accessed June 2006) The information is found under the entry of her husband. There is no entry for Maria herself in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.
1839 - Born Rosa Portlock (1839-1928) author.
January 1, 1839 - Born Annie L. Jack , (1839-1912) Canada's 1st professional garden writer.
November 14, 1839 - Born Janet Carnochan (1839-1926) Teacher & historian.
April 9, 1839 - Died Nancy Purvis (1790-1839) teacher & school administrator
September 18, 1839 - Died Jeanne Charlotte Allamand Berczy (1760-1839) pioneer, painter, teacher & one of the founders of Toronto.
1840 - After the death of her husband, Sophia Sims Dalton (1785c-1859) takes over, and becomes the 1st woman in Toronto to run a newspaper, The Patriot.
July 17, 1840 - Born Philomene Gendron (1840-1921) religious Superior of a mission in Campbelton, New Brunswick
October/November 1840 - Died Matilda Moore Churchill (1840-1924) missionary to India from Baptist Church
February 10, 1841 - The Act of Union unites Upper and Lower Canada as the Province of
1841 - Mrs. John Fletcher may have been the first woman to be a commercial daguerreotypist ( early photographic process) in North America if not the world. She accompanied her husband, a doctor and phrenological lecturer about the Canadian Maritimes producing some photographs of their trip. The couple disappear from all records after this time and it is assumed they returned to England. Source : Graham Garrett.
1841 - The Dawn Settlement, in what is now Dresden, Ontario, is established to provide self-help for Blacks in agricultural communities.
1841 - Born Elizabeth Secord (1841-1916), 1st qualified registered physician in the province of New Brunswick 1883.
1841 - Born Anne Marie Weems (1841- ), a former slave who survived the underground railroad.
April 21, 1841 - Born Jenny (Jennie) Trout,(1841-1921), pioneer medical doctor, 1st Canadian woman licensed to practice medicine in Canada.
August 3, 1841 - Born Juliana Horatia Ewing (1841-1885), poet & writer of children's novels set in Canada.
November 7, 1841 - Born Mary Elizabeth Jane Muchall (1841-1892), poet, journalist & writer of short stories.
November 21, 1841 - Born Ellen Agnes Bilbrough-Wallace (1841-1900), manager of Marchmont Home, Belleville, Ontario
December 1841 - Born Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds (1841-1898), army nurse and spy in the American Civil War
February 15, 1841 - Died Mary Barbara Fisher (1749-1841) loyalist pioneer of Canadian Maritimes.
April 25, 1841- Died Charlotte Taylor (1752?-1841), Mother of Tabusintac. New Brunswick. * May have been born between 1752-1755)
March 7, 1842 - Born Jane Stafford (1842-1925) pioneer of the Canadian North West.
March 29, 1842 - Born Amelia Yeomans (1842-1913) pioneer medical doctor & feminist.
June 11, 1842 - Born Mary Leslie (1842-1920) revered poet.
September 1, 1843 - Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815-1891) weds Isabel Clark
(1811- 1857), he would become Canada's
1st Prime Minister.
1844 - Born Jane Ann Saunders-Nesbit (1844-1897) 'Ship-bride and businesswoman in British Columbia
June 1, 1844 - Born Margaret Smith Polson Murray (1844-1927) a social activist and founder of the Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire.
September 29, 1844 - Born Matilda Edgar (1844-1910) historian.
|1845||February 20, 1845 -
Elizabeth Bruyère (1818-1876)
and three other Sisters of Charity arrive by sled on the frozen Ottawa
River. They were dispatched from Montreal to help the beleaguered
parish priest who was threatening to leave. They would establish a
school, an orphanage and a hospital to help the small settlement
1845 - Born Rosetta Ernestine Carr (1845?-1907) photographer.
1845 - Born Ellen 'Nellie Cashman (1845?-1925) businesswoman
1845 - Born Onésime Dorval (1845-1932) the 1st trained teacher in the Red River area and a National Historic Person of Canada
January 9, 1845 - Born Felicité Angers (Laure Conan), (1845-1924) The 1st French Canadian woman novelist. A witness to her time.
April 12, 1845 - Born Caroline Blowers Gaetz (1845-1906) Pioneer in Alberta.
June 26, 1845 - Born Annie Emma Affleck Thompson (1845-1913) wife of Prime Minister Sir John Thompson (1845-1894)
July 5, 1845 - Born Margaret Ross (1845-1935) Biographer
July 27, 1845 - Born Marie Louise Amanda Viger (1845-1906) Sister St.-Jean-De-Goto Sister Superior.
August 3, 1845 - Born Onésime Dorval (1845-1932) 1st certified teacher in Saskatchewan.
August 15, 1845 - Born Joanna Harrington, Sister Mary Benedicta (1845-1895) Mother superior of her convent.
August 18, 1845 - Born Susan Louise Moir Allison (1845-1937) pioneer and author, British Columbia, in 2010 became National Historic Person.
December 14, 1845 - Born Mattie Cartmell (1845-1945) educator & missionary to Japan.
September 9, 1845 - Hannah Jarvis (1763-1845) pioneer, diarist, and letter writer.
8, 1846 - Frances Amelia Morse
marries Charles Tupper
(1821-1915) a Nova Scotia physician and
future Prime Minister
1846 - Born Julia Smith Winder (1846-1926) pioneer of Canadian North West.
January 30, 1846 - Born Charlotte Sarah Canham (1846-1921) Anglican Church missionary to the Yukon.
August 7, 1846 - Born Anna Swan (1846-1888) in her day she was the tallest woman in the world some 228 cm (7'6").
October 14, 1846 - Born Marion Stirling (1846 -1923) social activist, medical doctor & missionary.
April 4, 1846 - Marguerite Magdelaine La Framboise (1780-1846 fur trader and businesswoman.
July 4 1846 - Died Marie-Louise McLoughlin (1780-1846) Sister se Saint Henri. Mother Superior of Ursuline order.
hit with a typhus epidemic. Elizabeth Bruyère
(1818-1876) and the Grey Nuns are
instrumental is establishing an hospital and caring for victims.
Shortly after an Orphanages is established by Bruyère for the
surviving children who are without family.
December 23, 1847 - Harriet Louise Moore (1828-1994) marries Mackenzie Bowell (1823?- 1917) future Prime Minister of Canada.
1847 - Born Adelaide Morin-Thomas (1847-1957) pioneer in Canadian northwest.
January 9, 1848 - Born Adaline Augusta 'Ada' Marean-Hughes (1848-1929) 1st woman hired by the Toronto Board of Education.
January 29, 1848 - Born Frances Ester 'Hester' How, (1848-1915) teacher.
March 17, 1848 - Born Clara Morrison (1848-1925), stage actress known as the "Queen of the Melodramas".
March 17, 1848 - Born Ruth Morton (1848-1939) west coast pioneer
October 11, 1848 - Born Sara Riel (1848-1883) 1st Métis Grey Nun from Red River District.
1848 - Died Maria Wait (1820 ca- 1848) heroine who travelled to save her husband's life.
|1849||1849 - under
the leadership of La Fontaine-Baldwin, this "historical
irregularity" (of the 1791 Constitution Act which allowed
certain owners and tenants were granted qualified voter status,
without distinction as to sex. Some women of Lower Canada who met
the prerequisites interpreted this constitutional "oversight" as an
authorization to vote. It would seem that they were the only women
in the British Empire to avail themselves of this right
), was rectified when women were formally prohibited from
July 26, 1849 - John Joseph Caldwell Abbott (1821-1893) future Prime Minister of Canada marries Mary Martha Bethune (1823?-1898)