1900 AD to 1910 AD
January 15, 1900 - The 1st chapter of The Imperial Order of the
Daughters of the Empire (IODE) is founded in Fredericton, New Brunswick by Margaret Polson
Murray (1844-1927). The membership volunteer their time to improve the quality
of life for children, youth and those in need, through education,
social service and citizenship programs.
1900 - The Married Women’s Property Act of Canada makes a wife responsible for her own property, wages, profits, etc. She is also jointly responsible for the support of her children.
1900 - Adelaide Hoodless (1857-1910) founds the Ontario Normal School of Domestic Science and Art, Hamilton, Ontario.
1900 - Sarah Mallabar/Malabar opens her costume business in Winnipeg, Manitoba. By the 1950's it is one of the largest costume houses in Canada.
1900 - The Toronto Young Women's Christian Association (YMCA) holds its 1st classes for typists. Source: Jean Bannerman, Leading Ladies of Canada (Belleville, Mika Publishing, 1977);
1900 - The only work providing a pension for women is teaching. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
1900 - Montreal hospitals refuse to allow women to practice medicine. Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
January 1900 - A male colleague delivers a research paper by Dr. Maude Abbott (1868-1940) before the Pathological Society in London. It was the 1st time a paper by a woman has been presented at the Society. Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg 21.
1900 - Royal Daughter’s of the Empire is founded as a philanthropic group
1900 - Josephine Dandurand (1862-1925) produces "two systems of art" which proposes government funding for the arts is half century before the Canada Council of the Arts is organized. The government does not listen. Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
1900 - The 1st known organized women's hockey league is set up in Quebec. Three teams compete and spectators are allowed to watch. Source: Women's Hockey - History of Hockey - http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/hockey... accessed June 2011.
1900 - Eaton's catalogue presents its Eaton's Beauty Doll made by Armand Marseille of Germany. Source: Timeline of the History of Dolls in Canada, Dawn Monroe 1992.
1900 - Sugar is spun into cotton Candy. Barbapappa! Source: Culinary Journey. Submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario
Births 1900 :
1900 - Born Germaine Gévremont (1900-1968) journalist & award winning author.
1900 - Born Grace Armstrong Hartman (1900-1998) Sudbury City Councilor 1950-1967.
1900 - Born Frances Emily Lynch (1900-1962) one of the 1st Roman Catholic women lawyers in Ontario.
1900 - Born Marie McIntyre (1900-1938) The 1st Ukrainian-Canadian woman to become a pharmacist.
1900 - Born Violet Pooley Sweeny (1886-1965) champion west coast golfer.
1900 - Born Georgette Vachon (1900-1987) author
January 1900 - Born Sarah Gotlieb (1900 - ??) social activist
February 11, 1900 - Born Mary Gannan (1900-1975) author of the Just Mary and Maggie Muggins books for young people.
March 18, 1900 - Born Marion Elder Grant (1900-1989) psychologist, President of the Federation of University Women.
April 9, 1900 - Born Irene Baird-Grierson (1900-1981) novelist
June 9, 1900 - Born Dorothy Somerset (1900-1991) theatre director.
June 28, 1900 - Born Margaret Ruth Bagnall (1900-1994) writer & historian who painted local scenes for the provincial centennial.
August 10, 1900 - Born Norma Shearer (1900-1983) movie star & Academy Award best actress.
August 23, 1900 - Born Frances Marr Adaskin (1900-2001) pianist.
August 25, 1901 - Born Luella Saunders Creighton (1901-1966) writer of historic novels.
September 16, 1900 - Born Sister Ethelberta (1900-1988) brought her religious order to Canada & hospital administrator.
September 17, 1900 - Born Martha Ostenso (1900-1963) social worker & author.
October 22, 1900 - Born Elizabeth Dafoe (1900-1960) librarian
October 29, 1900 - Born Evelyn 'Eve" Dunn (1900-1994) prairie artist.
September 23, 1900 - Died Ellen Agnes Bilbrough-Wallace (1841-1900) manager of Marchmont Home, Belleville
December 5, 1900 - Died Evelyn Durand (1870-1900) poet.
|1901||1901 - DR. Helen
MacMurchy (1862-1953) is the 1st woman
doctor to intern with the Toronto General Hospital.
1901 - The average Canadian women will give birth to 4.6 children in their lifetime. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.
1901 - The 1st Canadian Ladies Amateur Golf Tournament, held at the Royal Montreal Golf Club, is sanctioned by the Royal Canadian Golf Association.
April 29, 1901 - It is announced that Empire Day will become Victoria Day in honor of the late Queen Victoria (1819-1901). (celebrated May 24)
October 24, 1901 - Former school teacher,
Taylor (1838-1921) becomes the 1st person in Canada to
survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
Canada's Fruit Mark Act provides the 1st schedule for graded
Source: Culinary Journey. Submitted to Famous Canadian Women by
Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario
|1902||June 12, 1902 -
adopts the Guardianship Convention an early attempt at international
law concerning the custody of minor children. It was the start of a
century of change for women.
1902 - The 1st Canadian course in Household
Science is given at the University of Toronto at the Lillian
Massey School of Household Science and Art. The methods used at this
school were soon picked up at Canadian Universities coast to coast.
Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Online (Accessed
1903 - Emma
Baker (1856-1943) is the
1st woman to receive a Ph.D. from a Canadian
University at the University of Toronto.
1903 - A women's curling team from Quebec City defeats a visiting men's curling team from the Royal Caledonia Curling Club in Scotland. Source: www.womenwarriors.ca timeline (Accessed June 2005)
1903 - Georgina Fane Pope (1862-1938) is the 1st Canadian to receive the Royal Red Cross for conspicuous service in the field.
1903 - Emma Sophia Baker (1856-1943) is the 1st woman to graduate from University of Toronto with a degree in Philosophy ( she was a psychologist and this subject was covered by a degree in Philosophy at this time.) Source: Connie SmirleL2012) Emma Sophia Baker In A. Rutherford (Ed.), Psychology's Feminist Voices Multimedia Internet Archive. Retrieved from http://www.feministvoices.com Online (Accessed August 2014)
1903 - Irma LeVasseur (1878-1903) becomes the 1st woman doctor in the Province of Quebec.
December 3, 1903 - Mary Pickford (1872-1979) makes her debut on Broadway in New York City.
1903 - Canned Tuna 1st appears on grocer's shelves for the consumers to enjoy. Sorry Charlie! Source: Culinary Journey. Submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario
1903 - Born Phyllis Gregory Ross Turner (1903-1988) politician & public servant, mother of John Turner (1929- ) 17th Canadian Prime Minister.
1903 - Born Marguerite Michaud (1903-1982)1st Acadian woman to graduate from university.
1903 - Born Winnifred Blair Drummie (1903-1983) 1st Miss Canada.
1903 - Born Dorothy Duncan (1903-1957) author
1903 - Born Isabelle Cohen Ketchum Percival (19031998) businesswoman
February 3, 1903 - Born Frances Adaskin (1903-1988) award winning singer who championed the works of Canadian composers.
April 23, 1903 - Born Viola R. Macmillan (1903-1993) prospector who found gold in Timmins area.
July 20, 1903 - Born Sally Kathleen Creighton (1903-1982) writer & journalist.
August 31, 1903 - Born Helen Irene Battle (1903-1994) one of the outstanding women of science in Canada.
October 8, 1903 - Born Elizabeth Wyn Wood (1903-1966) well known sculptor who has left a legacy of statues & fountains in municipalities across Canada.
October 10,1903 - Born Isabel McLaughlin (1903-2002) early modernist painter.
December 22, 1903 - Born Magda Arnold (1903-2002) psychologist.
1903 - Died Elizabeth Chandler McDougall (1818-1903) pioneer of the Canadian North West
April 5, 1903 - Died Mary Anne Sadlier (1820-1903) prolific author.
April 30, 1903 - Died Emily Stowe (1831-1903) the 1st Canadian woman to practice medicine in Canada.
June 1904 - The Canadian Women's Press Club (CWPC) is formed
during a CPR (Canadian Pacific Railroad) sponsored trip with 16 Canadian women
journalists to cover the St. Louis World's Fair.
1904 - Elizabeth Scott Matheson (1866-1958) becomes the 1st registered woman doctor in what was then the Canadian North West Territories. Sources: The Indomitable Lady Doctors by Carlotta Hacker, 1974. : The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Online (Accessed May 2014)
1904 - Male members of the Montreal Bookbinders Union strike to force employers to fire women already employed in the industry.
November 7, 1904 - a committee is formed in the province of Quebec to set up a school of Household Sciences in Montreal, to professionalize domestic work and promote public health. The committee sent Jeanne Anctil (1875-1926) and Antoinette Géin-Lajoie to Europe for studies to teach household sciences. . Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto; University of Toronto/Laval Université, 2005 vol. 15 1921-1930 p. 21-24.
Eaton's Department Stores opens a store in Winnipeg, Manitoba and
introduces it's western Canada catalogue.
|1905||1905 - Saskatchewan and Alberta join the Dominion of Canada.
1905 - Dr. Maud Abbott (1869-1940) is asked by Dr. William Osler (1849-1919) to write a chapter on congenital heart disease in his forthcoming medical textbook. Source: 100 Canadian women : famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press, 2004 pg. 21.
January 1, 1905 - 14 year old Canadian Kathleen Parlow (1890-1963) arrives in England to perform with the London Symphony Orchestra, a beginning of an international violinist career.
April 4, 1905 - The Berlin, (now Kitchener) Ontario Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) is founded by a group of women who want to serve the women of their community. Source: YWCA 1905-1995 http://www.operation-dialogue.com/e/rc/h_women.html (Accessed May 20, 2005)
June 27, 1905 - Mina Hubbard (1870-1956) sets off in her deceased husband's footsteps to complete his fateful exploration and mapping parts of Labrador.
1905 - The Ontario Medical College for Women (1895-1905) closes when the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine allows for women students. Source: A history of Women's College http://sunnbrookandwomens.on.ca (Accessed February 2006)
1905 - The Canadian Association of Nurses is formed.
1905 - Georgina Binnie-Clark (1871-1947) is forced to purchase farm land in Saskatchewan as women are not entitled to free land offered by the federal government. Sources: Encyclopedia of the Great Plains online (Accessed November 2012) : 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster (Dundurn,
December 2, 1905 - the Eaton's Department Stores sponsor the
Santa Clause Parade in Toronto. Santa, in a horse drawn sleigh, is
followed through the streets of Toronto to the Eaton's Store.
permanent Army Medical Corps is created in Canada.
is appointed 1st Nursing Matron.
Source: 100 Canadian women :
famous and forgotten faces by Merna Forster Toronto, Dundurn Press,
2004 pg 209
1906 - Medical inspection of school children is begun and leads the way to public school inspection across the country
March 1906 - The government of New Brunswick passes a law allowing women the right to study and practice law in the province.
April 1906 - Mabel French (1881-1995) is the 1st woman admitted to the Bar in New Brunswick.
1906 - Henrietta Tuzo Wilson (1873-1955) is the 1st Canadian born woman mountaineer is the 1st woman to ascend to the summit of Peak Seven of the Valley of the Ten Peaks. In 1907 the peak is renamed Mount Tuzo in her honour. Source: Girls on top; ten tales of women peak performances in Canada's west by Natalie St-Denis. Canadian Geographic web site http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atg2005/girsl.asp (accessed July 18, 2005)
1906 - Mary MacMahon, director of employment for Underwood Ltd., opens the 1st Canadian placement bureau for women in Toronto. In a half century, she placed more than a half-million stenographers. Source: Jean Bannerman, Leading Ladies of Canada (Belleville, Mika Publishing, 1977);
1906 - The shop at the Women's Art Association in Montreal receives a charter and becomes the Canadian Handcraft Guild Source: Important Moments in Canadian Art History compiled by Dr. Robert J. Belton, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Creative Projects http://ubc.ca/okanagan/creative/links/timeline (accessed February 2006)
1906 - The University of Toronto grants degrees to the 1st class in Nutrition and Dietetics. Source: Culinary Journey. Submitted to Famous Canadian Women by Michelle de cevito, Cochrane, Ontario
1906 - Born Malvina Marjorie Bolus (1906-1997) writer, editor & novelist.
1906 - Born Helen Birdsall (1906-1988) dance instructor & choreographer to the CNE (Canadian National Exhibition) in the 1920's & 1930's.
1906 - Born Marjorie Bowker (1906-2006) pioneer lawyer & the 1st woman appointed to Family Court in Alberta as a judge.
1906 - Born Albertine Caron-Legris (1906-1972) pianist, composer & teacher.
1906 - Born Alma V. Ricard (1906-2003) philanthropist
1906 - Born Lily I. Sherizen (1906-1991) one of the earliest Jewish women lawyers in Ontario.
January 15, 1906 - Born Edna Louise Staebler (1906-2006) journalist, author, Member of the Order of Canada.
February 4, 1906 - Born Vera Lyla Helen Ayling (1906-1999) journalist & author
February 4, 1906 - Born Gladys Strum (1906-2005) 1st woman to head any Canadian political party (Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Party.)
March 28, 1906 - Born Beulah Vernon Bourns (1906-1990) nurse & missionary with the United Church of Canada.
June 6, 1906 - Born Nazia L. Dane (1906- ?) businesswoman & administrator.
June 18, 1906 - Born Gertrude 'Anahareo' Moltke Bernard (1906-1986) writer, animal rights advocate & conservationist.
June 26, 1906 - Born Marian Mildred Dale Scott (1906-1993) painter of landscapes & portraits.
September 12, 1906 - Born Rose Marie Reid (1906-1978) trend setting swim suit fashion designer & entrepreneur.
November 27, 1906 - Born Jessie Anne Buckingham (1906-2001) teacher & volunteer.
December 18, 1906 - Born Ada Youlton Barnes (1906-1998) social activist
March 4, 1906 - Died Kate Yeigh (1856-1906) journalist & author.
May 6, 1906 - Died Anne Brown (1837?-1906) wife of Sir George Brown (1818-1880) & Mother of Confederation.
May 8, 1906 - Died Marie Louise Amanda Viger (1845-1906) Sister St.-Jean-De-Goto Sister Superior.
December 20, 1906 - Died Caroline Blowers Gaetz (1845-1906) pioneer in Alberta.
Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association becomes
Canadian Suffrage Association.
1907 - Married Women’s Property Legislation is passed in Saskatchewan.
1907- Canadian Women’s Press Club (CWPC) of Winnipeg is founded
1907 - Mabel Priscilla Penery French (1881-1955) becomes the 1st woman lawyer in New Brunswick when the province passes legislation to allow women to be admitted to the profession. ' An Act to remove the Disability of Women so far as Relates to the Study and Practice of the Law'. She was the 4th woman called to the Bar nationally & the 1st woman admitted outside of Ontario. Source: Women Lawyers in British Columbia by W. Wesley Pue. Online (Accessed March 2014)
April 18, 1907 - Lucy Maud Montgomery
(1874-1942) receives a letter from L.C. Page and
Company of Boston Massacheutts, U.S.A. accepting her manuscript of
Anne of Green Gables and offering to publish on a 10% royality.
1907 - the Women's Art Association of Canada,
a Toronto club 1st organized in 1886 by Mary Dignam
incorporated by the Bill no. 30 of the Canadian Government.
Source: Women's Hockey - History of
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/hockey... accessed June 2011.
Association is founded.
1908 - Georgina Fane Pope (1862-1938) is the 1st Matron of the Canadian Army Medical corps. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia (accessed July 22, 2005.)
1908 - Rural mail delivery is introduced in Canada. Families are no longer as isolated and receive mail and mail order catalogues directly at their homes. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1908 - Georgina Binnie-Clark (1871-1947) goes to Ottawa where she protests to the Canadian Government because she was forced to purchase farm land in Saskatchewan as women are not entitled to free land offered by the federal government. Sources: Encyclopedia of the Great Plains online (Accessed November 2012) : 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster (Dundurn, 2011)
June 20, 1908 - Anne of Green Gables is publishes. The book goes through 4 editions in 3 months.
1908 - Flora MacDonald Denison (1867-1921), on behalf of the Canadian Suffrage Association, travels to Halifax to spur women to organize a suffrage group but no area group was ever formed.
1908 - Canadian women’s Press Club (CWPC) of Edmonton is founded.
1908 - W. H. Scoggie Department Stores of Montreal introduces a French language mail order catalogue to best serve clients. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.
1908 - Cellophane, the precursor to plastic wrap is invented by a Swiss chemist. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 13.
1908 - Born Annie Epstein Baker (1908-2005) may have been 1st Jewish woman called to the Bar in Ontario in 1929
1908 - Born Bylee Fay Lang (1908-1963) sculptor.
1908 - Born Dorothea Palmer (1908-1992) a nurse arrested1936 for distributing birth control literature.
1908 - Born Eileen Vollick (1908-1968) 1st Canadian woman to earn a private pilot's license.
January 13, 1908 - Born Florence Bayard Bird (1908-1998) a member of the Canadian Senate, she was also an author, a pioneer broadcaster & journalist.
February 7, 1908 - Born Lela Alene Brooks 1908-1990) world record holder in speed skating.
February 10, 1908 - Born Jean Coulthard (1908-2000) composer, performer & teacher.
February 21, 1908 - Born Alma Brock-Smith (1908-2009) pianist & teacher.
February 29, 1908 - Born Charlotte Augustine Cadoret (Sister St-Jean-du-Sacré-Coeur) (1908 -?) Educator, composer, & pianist.
April 28, 1908 - Born Ethel Catherwood, (1908-1987) member of the 1st Canadian women's Olympic team.
May 6, 1908 - Born Naomi Yanova Adaskin (1908-1996) journalist, pianist & teacher.
June 4, 1908 - Born Isabel Janet Macneill / MacNeill (1908-1990) 1st woman in the British Commonwealth to hold a command of a ship.
June 28, 1908 - Born Winnifred Mary Stewart (1908-1990) nurse who conducted experimental research into new teaching methods for disabled children.
July 6, 1908 - Born Jeanne Fisher Marnery (1908-1986) 1st woman appointed professor in Biochemistry at the University of Toronto (1964)
September 6,1908 - Born Sara Barkin (1908-2002) pianist & soprano
September 14, 1908 - Born Cecile Elaine Eustace Smith Hedstrom (1908-1997) 1st Canadian to win a world figure skating championship medal.
October 31, 1908 - Born Muriel Helen Duckworth (1908-2009) social activist for peace & the advancement of women's rights.
1908 - Died Annie McDermot Bannatyne (1830 ?-1908) social activist
|1909||March 14, 1909 - A
delegation of 1000 women march to the Ontario Legislature to present
a petition of 100,000 names of people supporting suffrage is
1909 - The International Congress of Women is held in Toronto, including delegates from Europe, the United States, and Australia.
1909 - Canadian Women’s Press Club of Vancouver and Toronto is founded.
Dr. Helen MacMurchy's
(1862-1953) report to the Ontario
Government blamed the high infant death rate on intestinal
diseases, ignorance, poverty and inadequate medical care.
Source: Canuck Chicks and Maple
Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto,
McArthur and Co., 2002.