1970 AD to 1979 AD
The Canada Royal Commission on the Status of Women
tables a report with recommendations to eliminate sexual inequality
1970 - Sue Johanson (1930- ) opens in Don Mills Birth Control Clinic, the 1st such clinic in a High school in North America.
1970 - With the approval of three doctors abortion becomes available in some hospitals on a case-by case basis. Source: http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html )
1970 - The Abortion Caravan crosses Canada and stops in Ottawa with a specific demonstration at Parliament. 30 women chain themselves to the parliamentary gallery in the House of Commons, closing the Canadian parliament for the first time in its history. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
May 11, 1970 - Ella Jean Canfield (1918-2000) is the 1st woman to be elected to the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island.
June 1970 - Dr Henry Morgentaler's office is raided by the police and he is charged with conspiracy to perform an abortion. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
November 20-21, 1970 - The 1st national conference of the Canadian Women's Liberation Movement at the University of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Source: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/44/279.html Reprinted from The Militant December 4, 1970. (accessed July 4, 2005)
December 21, 1970 - Elizabeth Magdalena 'Lena' Pederson (1940- ) is the 1st woman and the 1st Inuit woman to be elected to the Northwest Territories Council
1970 - The 1st Women's studies courses are offered at the University of Toronto, McGill University, University of Waterloo, Université de Montréal and the University of Guelph. . Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1970 - Born Sylvia Tennisco (1970 - ) Graphic artist.
April 1970 - Born Mary Jo "M.J." De Coteau (1970- ) in 2004 MacLean's named her as one of ten women making a difference.
April 22, 1970 - Born Robbyn Hermitage (1970 - ), champion badminton player.
May 8, 1970 - Born Naomi Klein (1970- ) social activist and author.
July 7, 1970 - Born Cree Summer (1970 - ) actress.
July 28, 1970 - Born Isabelle Brasseur, (1970 - ), with Lloyd Eisler were one of Canada's finest pairs figure skating champions, with world and Olympic Medals.
August 21, 1970 - Born Carrie-Anne Moss (1970 - ), international model and actress.
October 5, 1970 - Born Tina Poitras (1970 - ), top ranked sport walker.
November 30, 1970 - Born Sandra Oh(1970 - ), actress.
December 31, 1970 - Born Chandra West (1970- ) actress in TV and Movies.
January 20, 1970 - Died Clara Flos Jewell Williams (1889-1970) author
July 9, 1970 - Died Flora McCrae Eaton (1879-1970) businesswoman, social activist and author.
July 13, 1970 - Died Laura Salverson (1890-1970) Award winning author.
August 1970 - Died Marion Long (1882-1970) portrait painter.
August 7, 1970 - Died Hannah (Annie) Elizabeth Gale (1876-1970) in 1917 she became the 1st woman in the British Empire to become an alderman.
August 17, 1970 - Died Louise Elizabeth Manny ( 1890-1970) New Brunswick historian and activist
October 20, 1970 - Died Judith Jasmin (1916-1972) pioneer and accomplished broadcast journalist.
October 22, 1970 - Died Pauline Donalda ( real name Pauline Lightstone) (1882-1970) internationally renowned opera singer.
|1971||April 5, 1971 - Frances
(Coolin) Phipps becomes the 1st Canadian Woman to reach the
1971 - The University of British Columbia offers the first degree granting program in Woman's Studies. Source: Women's Studies by Renee Bondy in Herizon. Herison.ca (accessed July 2011)
November 12, 1971 -
Mary Dohey (1933- )
saves the lives of passengers and crew of an
Air Canada flight from a hijacker.
1972 - Muriel McQueen Fergusson (1899-1997.) is
named the 1st woman Speaker of the Senate
of Canada and the becomes the 1st woman speaker in the
1972 - Jeanne Sauvé (1922-1993) becomes the 1st Quebec Woman in a federal government cabinet when she is appointed as Minister of State for Science and Technology.
1972 - The Canadian Income Tax Act allows the deduction of the cost of child care from the income of working mothers.
February 3 - February 17, 1972 - Olympic Winter Games, Sapporo, Japan. Silver Medal: Karen Magnussen (1952- ) in women's singles figure skating.
August 26, 1972 - September 11, 1972 - Olympic Games, Munich, West Germany.
Silver Medals: Lesley Cliff (1955- ) in women's 400 meter individual swimming medley.
Bronze Medals: Donna Gurr (1955- ) in women's 200 meter swimming backstroke.
Pat Messner (1954- ) Women's slalom in the demonstration sport of water skiing.
August 30,1972 - Rosemary Brown (1930-2003) is the 1st black woman elected to a provincial legislature as a member of the New Democratic Party in British Columbia. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour. http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history
1972 - Jocelyn Bourassa (1947- ) a medal winning golfer, is the 1st Female Quebec and Canadian Athlete of the Year.
1972 - 1st palliative care unit opens at St. Boniface General Hospital, Manitoba. Within weeks Canada’s second Palliative care unit is opened at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec.
The Canadian Newsletter of Research on Women/ Recherches sur la
femme-bulletin d'information begins publishing.
Source A Chronology of the development of
women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network
http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003.
1972 - Pat Messner (1954- ) is the 1st Canadian
woman to win an world gold medal in water skiing. She earns the 1972
Ontario Sport Achievement Award.
April 1, 1973 - Interval House, Toronto is the 1st
women's shelter opened for women from abusive lives.
April 3, 1973 - Mary Elizabeth Kinnear (1898-1991) retires from the Senate of Canada having served from 1967. Source: Obituary, New York Times, December 28, 1991. ; Senate of Canada Biographies Online (accessed July 2014)
1973 - The Montreal Gay Women publish the 1st Canadian lesbian journal, Long Time Coming.
1973 - The National Native Women’s Association is established in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1973 - Sylvia Olga Fedoruk (1927- ) is the 1st woman appointed to the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada.
1973 - The 1st rape crisis telephone line is Canada is opened by Vancouver Rape Relief. Source: http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html
November 13, 1973 - Henry Morgentaler is acquitted of illegal abortion charges in Montreal.
1973 - 5 undergraduate courses in Women's studies are offered at the University of British Columbia , the first academically credited women's studies program in Canada. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1973 - Rosella Bjornson (1947- ) is the 1st woman to be hired as First Officer in North America on scheduled jet equipment and the 1st woman hired by a commercial air line in Canada. She is also the 1st woman to e a member of the Canadian Air Line Pilots Association. Source: Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame http://www.cahf.ca/members/B_members.htm (accessed July 18, 2005)
|1974||1974 - The 1st
National Conference on Women in Sport is held in Toronto.
This leads the way to the creation of Sport's Canada's Women's
Program. Source Canada Women's
Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of
importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004
April 10, 1974 - Pauline McGibbon (1910-2001) is sworn in as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Ontario (1974-1980) and became the 1st Canadian woman to obtain such a position.
1974 - The National Film Board of Canada opens Studio D. This is the first women's English film studio in the world. It will produce films from a women's perspective. Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.
1974 - 17 year old Lucille Lessard (1957- ) is the 1st Canadian to win the World Field Archery Championships and that same year she is awarded the Elaine Tanner Award as Canadian Junior female athlete of the year.
1974 - Women comprise 80% of librarians in Canada. Men held 90% of administrative positions within the profession. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1974 - Pauline Jewett (1922-1992) is appointed president of Simon Fraser University, the 1st woman to be head of a major co-educational university in Canada.
1974 - CORA, The Feminist Bookmobile is launched by Judith Quinlan and Ellen Woodsworth to take feminist literature to rural areas of Ontario. ( http://www.coolwomen.ca/)
June 1974 - Toronto Police women are 1st placed on regular patrol duties with men . The women are expected to do the dame work as male colleagues. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
July 8, 1974 - Semma Holt (1922-2015), is the 1st Jewish woman elected to a seat in the House of Commons,Ottawa
August 16, 1974 - Long distance swimmer, 16 year old Cindy Nicholas (1957- ), breaks the record for a crossing of Lake Ontario.
September 17, 1974 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police accept 4 women recruits, the 1st females to join the force.
November 1974 - Gladys Jolly becomes the 1st woman to command men assigned to a police station in Toronto, Ontario. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.
November 19, 1974 - Norma Scarborough (1918-2009) founds the Canadian Abortion Rights Action League/Association canadienne pour le droit d'avortement (CARAL/ACDA)
1974 - Medical doctor Major Wendy Clay (1942- )qualifies for her pilot's wings six years before the pilot classification of the Canadian Armed Forces is opened to all women. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.
1974 - The Canadian Abortion Rights Action League (CARAL) is founded as the first national group promoting abortion rights in Canada. Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
1974 - The Aboriginal Nurses Association of Canada is established. Source : www.anac.on.ca
1974 - Catherine Parr Trail (1802-1899), pioneer and author is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monument Board. An historic plaque is erected at Young's Point, Ontario in 1995.
1974 - Constance R. Glube, (1931 - ) ONS becomes the 1st Canadian woman to be appointed as City Manager (Halifax, Nova Scotia) Source" Protocol Office, Order of Nova Scotia. Online Accessed June 2011.
1974 - The CBC produces a documentary on the life of Myra Bennett (1890-1990) a nurse who served in Newfoundland and Labrador. She held the honours of the Order of the British Empire and the Order of Canada Source: 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster, Dundurn Press, 2011. ; Heritage Newfoundland heritage.nf.ca accessed June 12, 2012.
- The United Nations declares International Women's Year 1975 - it will become a whole
1975 - The World YWCA Councils holds its meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. 450 delegates participate from 70 member countries.
1975 - Women's income is 60% of the average men's income.
1975 - Grace Hartman (1918-1993.) is elected to the national president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) and is the first woman to hold the top position in a Canadian Union. http://www.coolwomen.ca/
February 18, 1975 - Sylvia Ostry (1927- ) becomes the 1st woman to hold the rank of Deputy Minister in the government of Canada.
May 30, 1975 - The Canadian Post Office issues a commemorative stamp honouring the life of Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700), founder of the Congregation de Notre-Dame de Montréal. Mother Marguerite Bourgeoys was canonized ( declared a Saint in the Roman Catholic Church in October 1982.
June 19-July 2,1975 - The United Nations hosts the 1st international conference on women in Mexico City.
1975 - The Ontario Women's Hockey Association is formed.
Summer 1975 - Nicole Juteau (1954 - ) becomes the 1st Police woman in the Province of Quebec. Source: Pionnières Québecoise accessed June 2013.
1975 - Rosemary Brown (1930-2003) is the 1st woman to run for the leadership of a federal party. She loses he New Democratic leadership to Ed Broadbent. Source: Women in History: a timeline by Kristen Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011.
October 12-26, 1975 -
Christilot Hanson Boylen
becomes the only athlete to achieve three individual gold medals in
Pan Am Game History when she competes in the equestrian events.
|1976||1976 - The 1st 'Reclaim the
Night' (now Take Back the Night) march is held in Belgium. Canada
would host it's 1st march in 1978.
1976 - Iona Campagnolo (1932- ) is appointed the 1st woman federal Minister of Sport for Canada.
February 4-15, 1976 - Olympic Winter Games, Innsbruck, Austria. Gold Medals: Kathy Kreiner in women's giant slalom alpine skiing. Silver Medals; Catherine Priestner is the 1st Canadian woman to win an individual medal in speed skating in the 500 metre event. Source: Canada Olympic Committee.
February 16, 1976 - Stewardess Mary Dohey (1933- ) becomes the 1st living person to receive the Cross of Valour in recognition for saving the lives of passengers and crew of an Air Canada flight in 1971.
July 14, 1976 - The death penalty is abolished in Canada.
July 17- 31, 1976 - Olympic Games, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Gold Medals: Cheryl Gibson (1959- ), in women's 400 meter individual swimming medley. Bronze medals; Nancy Garapick (1961- ),in Women's 100 meter and 200 meter swimming backstroke; Shannon Smith (1961- ) women's 400 meter swimming freestyle; Becky Smith (1959- ), in 400 meter individual swimming medley; Gail Amundrud (1957- ), Barbara Clark (1958- ), Becky Smith (1959- ) and Anne Jardin (1959- ) in women's 4X 100 swimming freestyle relay; Wendy Cook (1956- ), Robin Corsiglia, (1962- ) Susan (Smith) Kelsey (1958- ) and Anne Jardin (1959- ) in women's 4X 100 swimming medley relay. Source: Canadian Olympic Committee.
August 31, 1976 - Carallyn Bowes arrives in Burnaby, British Columbia after running the 6,180 km from Halifax, Nova Scotia in just 133 days. She is the 1st woman to run across Canada. She wore out 13 pairs of shoes during her run.
December 5, 1976 - The 1st Canadian women to be granted the Rhodes Scholarships to continue their education are selected. Melanie Dobson, Mary Sheppard, Eileen Gillespie and Jessie Sloan head for Oxford University. Previously Rhodes Scholarships had been available only to men.
1976 - Sue Holloway (1955- ) is the 1st Canadian woman to ever compete in both winter and summer Olympic Games in the same year.
1976 - Roberta Jamieson (1953- ) is the 1st aboriginal woman in Canada to become a lawyer Source: Roberta Jamieson: Chief Six Nations of the Grand River Territory. Contemporary Canadian Biographies. Thompson Gale, August 2003. (Accessed online June 2008.)
1976 - Jean Bessie Lumb
(1919-2002) becomes the 1st Chinese Canadian
to be inducted into the Order of Canada.
The Canadian Citizenship Act is amended to allow
women to confer Canadian Citizenship on their children.
March 22, 1977 - The photo image of movie star Bridgette Bardot hugging a seal hits the world press wires. It was a tactic in the international animal rights activities in Northern Newfoundland. Source: 100 days that changed Canada. (Toronto: Harper Collins, 2011)
1977- Patricia Proudfoot is the 1st woman appointed to the British Columbia Supreme Court.
1977 - The National Association of Indian Rights for Indian Women is formed to challenge discriminatory sections in the Indian Act.
1977 - Sandra Lovelace Nicholas (1948- ), an aboriginal woman from Tobique Reserve in New Brunswick, appeals to the United Nations Human Rights Commission against the injustice of Canada's Indian Act which gave native status through the male head of the household. The UNHRC would rule in Lovelace's favour. Source: Many names to consider by Thomas Axworthy in The Ottawa Citizen Monday, April 11, 2005 pg. A13.
1977 - Mary Wong of Hamilton Ontario becomes the first Canadian of Chinese descent to be appointed as a Citizenship Court Judge.
1977 - Highway signs appear in metric system.
1977 - The Manitoba Bar admits Lawyer Marion Ironquil Meadmore (1936- ), the 1st aboriginal Canadian woman, to the bar. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
1977 – The Canadian Voice for Women for Peace is accredited with Observation Status at the United Nations. Source: Lisa Wajna, Great Canadian Women: Nineteen Portraits of Extraordinary Women (Folklore Publishing, 2005)
1977 - Melanie Dobson, Mary Sheppard, Eileen Gillespie and Jessie Sloan are the 1st Canadian women to win Rhodes Scholarships to Oxford University in England. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)
September 21, 1978 - the Canadian Post office issues a commemorative
stamp celebrating the life of Marguerite d'Youville
(1701-1771) founder of the "Grey Nuns".
1978 - Judy Cameron is the 1st woman pilot hired by Air Canada.
1978 - Birth control pills carry warnings of health risk for smokers and women over forty years of age.
1978 - Statistics Canada reports that women university graduates earned $4,000 to $7,000 less than men with equivalent. jobs and skills.
November 4, 1978 - Members of Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's Shelter participate in the 1st 'Take Back The Night' march in San Francisco, California and organize the 1st Canadian 'Take Back The Night March'. Source: Lee Lakeman, member of VRR&WS.
1978 - Helen Marie Rathwell, A Saskatchewan farm wife, wins a landmark decision, from the Supreme Court of Canada which grants half the property acquired in her husband’s name.
1978 - Lyn Cook (1918 - ) wins the Vicky Metcalf Award for her contribution to Children's Literature. she literarily developed the prototype of the hyphenated Canadian ( i.e. Finnish-Canadian) Sources: “Lyn Cook” by Ruth Maydan in Profiles, Canadian Library Association, 1971. ; Creating the National Mosaic. Multiculturalism in Canadian Children’s Literature 1950-1994 by Miriam Verena Rihter.
1978 - The Canadian Omnibus Bill is passed, eliminating pregnancy as a basis for layoff or dismissal.
1978 - The Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire officially become the I.O.D.E.
1978 - The Simone de Beauvoir Institute at Concordia University, Montreal is founded 'to promote the understanding of the historical and contemporary situation of women in society.' Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1978 - Corporal Gail Toupin is the 1st woman member of the Sky Hawks, the Canadian Army's skydiving demonstration team. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.
1978 - Rachelle Halpenny (1950-2012) participated in the 4th international Cerebral Palsy Games winning 3 gold and 2 bronze medals for Canada Sources: “Life Story” by Joanne Lovett Potter, Ottawa Citizen February 2, 2013. ; “Rachelle Halpenny: A woman first, an athlete second and way at the other end of the scale, disabled” by Lyse Blanchard in Canadian Woman Studies Spring 1983; Personal friendship.
1978 - The Canadian Women’s Intercollegiate Athletic Union merges with the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union.
April 26, 1978 - Born Stana Kastic (1978- ) actress.
November 17, 1978 - Born Rachel Anne McAdams (1978- ) actress
1978 - Died Margaret Helen Brown (1887 - 1978) author & editor who shared her talents as a missionary
May 9, 1978 - Died Dorothy Steeves (1895-1978) social activist and Member of British Columbia Legislature 1934-1945.
September 18, 1978 - Died Gertrude 'True' Davidson (1901-1978) teacher, writer and municipal politician.
November 18, 1978 - Died Rose Marie Reid (1906-1978) swim suit fashion icon & entrepreneur.
December 26, 1978 - Died Rene M. Caisse (1888-1978) nurse who developed ESSIAC, what she thought was a cure to some cancers.
The1rst female students enrolled in Canadian
military colleges. Source: National Defence and the
Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March
February 15, 1979 - Anne Murray (1945- ) wins Grammy Award for top Female Vocalist.
June 10, 1979 - The Feminist Party of Canada is launched in Toronto.
1979 - Pamela Anne McDougall (1925- ) is the 1st Foreign Service Officer to reach the rank of Deputy Minister when she is appointed DM for Health and Welfare Canada. Source: Margaret Weiers, Envoys Extraordinary: Women of the Canadian Foreign Service (Toronto: Dundurn, 1995)
1979 - Herizon, Canada's feminist magazine begins publishing as a regional newspaper. Source: Herizon.ca (accessed July 2011)
1979 - The University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario establishes an undergraduate BA program in Women's studies. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )
1979 - Pat Messner (1954- ) wins gold medal in women's slalom at water skiing world Championship. Pat has also taken 18 Canadian championship title from 1965-1979. She was athlete of the Year for Water Ski and Wakeboard Canada.
1979 - Nellie J. Cournoyea ( 1940- ) is elected to the Legislature of the Northwest Territories and becomes the 1st native woman to lead a provincial territorial government in Canada.
1979 - Jean Casselman-Wadds (1920-2011) is the 1st woman to be appointed as Canadian High Commissioner to Great Britain. Sources: Obituary. Ottawa Citizen December 3, 2011.
November 4, 1979 - Laverna Katie Dollimore (1922-2011) administrative diplomatic civil servant aides in saving American Diplomats during the Iranian revolution. Source: Remembering Laverna Dollimore a woman ahead of her time by Robert Wright. Ottawa Citizen November 4, 2011; She got more adventure than she bargained for in Tehran by Nora Ryell The Globe and Mail, December 13, 2011. Page R5.
1979 - Pat Messner (1954- ) is the 1st Canadian woman to win a world championship in waterskiing.
December 6, 1979 - Heroine Shannon O'Brien saved her son from drowning. She was awarded the Canadian Star of Courage for her deed. . Source: The Beginners Guide to Canadian Honours by Christopher McCreery
1979 - Rosella Bjornson (1947-
) is the 1st pregnant commercial air pilot!!
Source Rosella Bjornson Canadian Hall of
Fame inductee . Canadian Ninety-nines
(accessed July 18, 2005)