935 -16991700 - 17991800 - 18491850 - 18991900 - 19091910 - 1919
1920 - 19291930 - 19391940 - 19491950 - 19591960 - 19691970 - 1979
1980 - 19891990 - 19992000 - 20052006 - 20102011 -

Return to Timeline introduction

1970 AD to 1979 AD
Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.

This timeline is not all inclusive.

If you wish more information on the women listed in this timeline be sure and check out "Women On The Job"  pages.
LAST UPDATED July  2017

DATES

EVENTS

1970
 

 

1970 - The Canada Royal Commission on the Status of Women tables a report with recommendations to eliminate sexual inequality in Canada.

1970 - Sue Johanson (1930-   ) opens in Don Mills Birth Control Clinic, the 1st such clinic in a High school in North America.

1970 - With the approval of three doctors abortion becomes available in some hospitals on a case-by case basis. Source: http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html )

1970 -
The Abortion Caravan crosses Canada and stops in Ottawa with a specific demonstration at Parliament.  30 women chain themselves to the parliamentary gallery in the House of Commons, closing the Canadian parliament for the first time in its history.
Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)

May 11, 1970 - Ella Jean Canfield
(1918-2000) is the 1st woman to be elected to the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island.

June  1970 -  Dr Henry Morgentaler's office is raided by the police and he is charged with conspiracy to perform an abortion.
Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)

November 20-21, 1970  -
The 1st national conference of the Canadian Women's Liberation Movement at the University of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Source: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/44/279.html Reprinted from The Militant December 4, 1970. (accessed July 4, 2005)

December 21, 1970 - Elizabeth Magdalena 'Lena' Pederson
(1940-   ) is the 1st woman and the 1st Inuit woman to be elected to the Northwest Territories Council

1970 - The 1st Women's studies courses are offered at the University of Toronto, McGill University, University of Waterloo, Université de Montréal and the University of Guelph. . Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )


Births 1970:
1970 -
Born Sylvia Tennisco (1970 -   ) Graphic artist.
April 1970 -
Born Mary Jo "M.J." De Coteau (1970-   ) in 2004 MacLean's named her as one of ten women making a difference.
April 22, 1970 -
Born Robbyn Hermitage
(1970 -   ), champion badminton player. 
May 8, 1970 -
Born Naomi Klein (1970-   ) social activist and author.
July 7, 1970 -
Born Cree Summer
(1970 -   ) actress.
July 28, 1970 -
Born Isabelle Brasseur,
(1970 -   ), with  Lloyd Eisler were one of Canada's finest pairs figure skating champions, with world and Olympic Medals.
August 21, 1970 -
Born Carrie-Anne Moss
(1970 -   ), international model and actress.
October 5, 1970 -
Born Tina Poitras
(1970 -   ), top ranked sport walker.
November 30, 1970 -
Born Sandra Oh
(1970 -   ), actress.
December 31, 1970 -
Born Chandra West (1970-   ) actress in TV and Movies.

Deaths 1970:
January 20, 1970 -
Died
Clara Flos Jewell Williams (1889-1970) author
July 9, 1970 -
Died Flora McCrae Eaton (1879-1970) businesswoman, social activist and author.
July 13, 1970 -
Died
Laura Salverson (1890-1970) Award winning author.
August 1970 - Died Marion Long (1882-1970) portrait painter.
August 7, 1970 -
Died
Hannah (Annie) Elizabeth Gale (1876-1970) in 1917 she became the 1st woman in the British Empire to become an alderman.
August 17, 1970 - Died Louise Elizabeth Manny ( 1890-1970) New Brunswick historian and activist
October 20, 1970 -
Died
Judith Jasmin (1916-1972) pioneer and accomplished broadcast journalist.
October 22, 1970 -
Died
Pauline Donalda ( real name Pauline Lightstone) (1882-1970) internationally renowned opera singer.
 
1971 April 5, 1971 - Frances (Coolin) Phipps becomes the 1st Canadian Woman to reach the North Pole.

1971 -
The University of British Columbia offers the first degree granting program in Woman's Studies. Source: Women's Studies by Renee Bondy in Herizon. Herison.ca (accessed July 2011)

November 12, 1971 - Stewardess Mary Dohey (1933-   )  saves the lives of passengers and crew of an Air Canada flight from a hijacker.

1971-
Mabel Margaret Van Camp (1920-2012) is the  1st  woman appointed to the bench of the Supreme Court of Ontario.

1971 - Gwen Landolt
 
forms "The Right to Life", an anti-abortion organization.

1971 - Joyce Wieland  (1931-1998.) is the 1st living Canadian woman artist to have a solo exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada.

1971 -
Robert Andras is appointed the 1st federal minister responsible for the Status of Women. He is the 1st of several men to hold this position. Source: Women in History; a timeline by Kirsten Smith, Postmedia News March 9, 2011.

1971 -
basketball player Noel MacDonald Robertson (1915 -   )  is inducted into the Canada Sports Hall of Fame.

Births 1971:
1971 -
Born Nicole Dunsdon (1971 -   ) is crowned the last Miss Canada October 28, 1991.
1971 -
Born Barbara Hannigan (1971-   ) opera singer.
May 25, 1971 -
Born Nicole Luiken
(1971 -   ), author.
June 26, 1971 - Born Christine Nordhagen Vierling ( 1971-   ) world wrestling champion.
July 2, 1971 - Born Evelyn Lau
(1971 -   ), author, the youngest poet to be nominated for a Governor General's Award.
July 29, 1971 - Born Annie Perreault
(1971 -   ), one of Canada's most decorated Olympians.
October 3, 1971 - Born Angela Kelly (1971-   ) award winning soccer player and coach.

Deaths 1971:
1971 -
Died
Kate Livingston Cumming (1889-1971) Canadian artist.
1971 -
Died
Helen Beatrice Palen (1865 - 1971) in1923 she was appointed the Deputy Registrar of the Ontario Securities Commission and went on to be the 1st woman Registrar of the Supreme Court of Ontario.
1971 -
Died
Marie Therese Goulet (1912-1971) Métis teacher and author.
January 3, 1971 - Born Isabelle Charest-Charbonneau (1971-   ), Olympic medalist in speed skating.

January 11, 1971 - Died Aileen Motley Doerksen (1899-1971) teacher and community volunteer
February 14, 1971 -
Died Martha Scarrow (1912-1971) political member of the C.C.F. Party in Ontario.
March 25, 1971 - Died
Anne Douglas Savage ( 1896-1971) pioneer educator and artist.
December 11, 1971 - Died
Kate Aitken (1891-1971) journalist, author, radio and TV Personality, lecturer, "Busiest woman in the world".
December 15, 1971 - Died
Bernice R. Brown (1905-1971) Social Activist in PEI
 

1972 1972 - Muriel McQueen Fergusson (1899-1997.) is named the 1st woman Speaker of the Senate of Canada and the becomes the 1st woman speaker in the Canadian Parliament.

1972 - Jeanne Sauvé (1922-1993) becomes the 1st Quebec Woman in a federal government cabinet when she is appointed as Minister of State for Science and Technology.

1972 - The Canadian  Income Tax Act allows the deduction of the cost of child care from the income of working mothers.

February 3 - February 17, 1972 - Olympic Winter Games, Sapporo, Japan. Silver Medal: Karen Magnussen (1952-   ) in women's singles figure skating.

August 26, 1972  - September 11, 1972 - Olympic Games, Munich, West Germany.
Silver Medals: Lesley Cliff
(1955-   )  in women's 400 meter individual swimming medley.
Bronze Medals: Donna Gurr 
(1955-  ) in women's 200 meter swimming backstroke.
Pat Messner (1954-   )  Women's slalom in the demonstration sport of water skiing.


August 30,1972 - Rosemary Brown (1930-2003) is the 1st black woman elected to a provincial legislature as a member of the New Democratic Party in British Columbia. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.  http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history

1972 - Jocelyn Bourassa (1947-   ) a medal winning golfer, is the 1st Female Quebec and Canadian Athlete of the Year.

1972 -
1st palliative care unit opens at St. Boniface General Hospital, Manitoba. Within weeks Canada’s second Palliative care unit is opened at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec.

1972 - The Canadian Newsletter of Research on Women/ Recherches sur la femme-bulletin d'information begins publishing. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1972 -
The Alberta Sexual Sterilization Act (1928) is repealed. 2,822 people had been sterilized. Many of the operations were illegal un the Act itself.  Source: Herstory: A Canadian Women's Calendar 2000 Page 72.

1972 - The Toronto Women's Bookstore starts out as a few shelves of books at a Toronto Women's Center on Dupont St. Source: A short history of the Toronto Women's Bookstore The Varsity, University of Toronto, February 4, 2010

1972 - Pat Messner (1954-   ) is  the 1st Canadian woman to win an world gold medal in water skiing. She earns the 1972 Ontario Sport Achievement Award.

1972 - Microwave Ovens hit the Canadian market.
Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002. pg 18

1972 - Eva Von Gencsy (1924-   ) founds Les Ballets Jazz de Montréal

1972 -
Toronto policewomen are granted an unpaid maternity leave of twelve weeks. During their leave they will not lose seniority nor suffer a decrease in salary.
Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

Births 1972:
1972 - Born Rachel Zimmerman (1972-   ) inventor of a computer program using Bliss symbols to help the speaking impaired communicate.
February 16, 1972 -
Born Milaine Clouther (1972-   ), medal winning badminton player.
February 24, 1972 - Born Manon Rhéaume (1972-   ), first woman to play in the National Hockey League.
March 17, 1972 - Melissa Auf Der Maur (1972-   ), rock music performer
April 9, 1972 - Born Karen Clark (1972-   ), medal winning synchronized swimmer.
May 16, 1972 - Born
Lucy Slade (1972-2011), medal winning Kayaker and canoeist.
June 19, 1972  - Born Anna Van Der Kamp
(1972-   ), medal winning rower.
August 29, 1972 - Born Amanda Marshall
(1972-   ),  singer.
September 3, 1972 - Born Christine Boudrias (1972-   ), Olympic medal winning speed skater.
September 27, 1972 - Born Clara Hughes
(1972-   ), medal winning cyclist and speed skater
October 10, 1972 - Born Marianne Limpert
(1972-   ), swimmer with 20 national titles and 81 international medals.
November 14, 1972 - Born Lori Dupuis (1972-  ) silver and gold medalist in women's Olympic Hockey.

Deaths 1972:
1972 - Died Albertine Caron-Legris (1906-1972) Pianist, composer and teacher.
1972 - Died
Donalda James Dickie (1883-1972) educator and author of school text books.
1972 - Died Janet Leys Shaw Mactavish (1925-1972) architect
January 10, 1972 - Died Mary Emma Quayle Innis (1899-1972) noted economic historian.
January 24, 1972 - Died Margaret Rae Morrison Lucklock (1893-1972) o of the 1st two women elected to the Ontario Provincial Legislature 1943.

March 25, 1972 - Died Beatrice Maude Bradshaw (1885-1972)  a well respected teacher and administrator in Manitoba.
May 2, 1972 - Died Mary McNulty (1895-1972) 1st woman to practice Law in the city of Ottawa, and was involved in Peel County, Ontario politics
July 31, 1972 - Died
Ethlyn Trapp (1891-1972) 1st  woman president of the  National Cancer Institute of Canada
November 1972 - Died Judy Hill (   -1972) Northern Canadian Nurse killed in plane crash.
 

1973 April 1, 1973 - Interval House, Toronto  is the 1st women's shelter opened for women from abusive lives.

April 3, 1973 - Mary Elizabeth Kinnear (1898-1991) retires from the Senate of Canada having served from 1967.
Source: Obituary, New York Times, December 28, 1991. ; Senate of Canada Biographies Online (accessed July 2014)

1973 -
The Montreal Gay Women publish the 1st Canadian lesbian journal, Long Time Coming.

1973 - The National Native Women’s Association is established in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

1973 - Sylvia Olga Fedoruk (1927-    ) is the 1st woman appointed to the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada.

1973 - The 1st rape crisis telephone line is Canada is opened by Vancouver Rape Relief. Source:  http://herstory.womenspace.ca/timeline.html

November 13, 1973 - Henry Morgentaler is acquitted of illegal abortion charges in Montreal.

1973 - 5 undergraduate courses in Women's studies are offered at the University of British Columbia , the first academically credited women's studies program in Canada. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1973 - Rosella Bjornson (1947-   ) is the 1st woman to be hired as First Officer in North America on scheduled jet equipment and the 1st woman hired by a commercial air line in Canada. She is also the 1st woman to e a member of the Canadian Air Line Pilots Association. Source: Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame http://www.cahf.ca/members/B_members.htm (accessed July 18, 2005)
 

Births 1973:
March 13, 1973 - Born Allison Higson (1973-   ) world record holder in the breast stroke swimming.
April 23, 1973 - Born Paige Parenti-Gordon (1973-   ) diver who won medals at Commonwealth Games and participated in the Olympic Games.
May 18, 1973 -
Born Chantal Kreviazuk (1973-  ) award winning musician and singer.
November 9, 1973 - Born Gabrielle Miller (1973-  ) Canadian TV and movie actress.
November 22, 1973 - Born Cassie Campbell (1973-  ) Hockey player with 21 team medals national and Olympic
December 5, 1973 - Born Shalom Harlow (1973-   ) top supermodel and actress


Deaths 1973:
1973 -
Died
Vera L. Parsons (1889-1973) ist woman to be a criminal defense lawyer in Ontario and the 1st woman lawyer to appear before a judge and jury in Canada. Source: Crossing the Bar: an exhibition at the Law Society of Upper Canada Museum 1993. Online accessed January 2013.  
April 26, 1973 -
Died Norma Abernethy (1914-1973) Pianist and teacher
September 17, 1973 - Died
Mary Susanne Edgar (1889-1973) youth leader and camp founder and director.
November 1973 - Alberta Letts (   -1973) Librarian
December 14, 1973 - Died
Sybil Johnson-Dunfield (1887-1973) nursing sister World War l.
 

1974 1974 - The 1st National Conference on Women in Sport is held in Toronto. This leads the way to the creation of Sport's Canada's Women's Program. Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.

April 10, 1974 - Pauline McGibbon
  (1910-2001)   is sworn in as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Ontario (1974-1980) and became the 1st Canadian woman to obtain such a position.

1974 - The National Film Board of Canada opens Studio D. This is the first women's English film studio in the world. It will produce  films from a women's perspective. Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.

1974 - 17 year old Lucille Lessard (1957-  ) is the 1st Canadian to win the  World Field Archery Championships and that same year she is awarded the Elaine Tanner Award as Canadian Junior female athlete of the year.

1974 - Women comprise 80% of librarians in Canada. Men held 90% of administrative positions within the profession.
Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)

1974 - Pauline Jewett
 (1922-1992)  is appointed president of Simon Fraser University, the 1st woman to be head of a major co-educational university in Canada.

1974 - CORA,  The Feminist Bookmobile is launched by Judith Quinlan and Ellen Woodsworth to take feminist literature to rural areas of Ontario. ( http://www.coolwomen.ca/)

June 1974 -
Toronto Police women are 1st placed on regular patrol duties with men . The women are expected to do the dame work as male colleagues.
Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

July 8, 1974 - Semma Holt (1922-2015), is the 1st Jewish woman elected to a seat in the House of Commons,Ottawa

August 16, 1974 -
Long distance swimmer, 16 year old Cindy Nicholas (1957-   ), breaks the record for a crossing of Lake Ontario.

September 17, 1974 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police accept 4 women recruits, the 1st females to join the force.

November 1974 - Gladys Jolly becomes the 1st woman to command men assigned to a police station in Toronto, Ontario. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

November 19, 1974 - Norma Scarborough
(1918-2009) founds the Canadian Abortion Rights Action League/Association canadienne pour le droit d'avortement (CARAL/ACDA)

1974 -
Medical doctor Major Wendy Clay  (1942-   )qualifies for her pilot's wings six years before the pilot classification of the Canadian Armed Forces is opened to all women. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1974 - The Canadian Abortion Rights Action League (CARAL) is founded as the first national group promoting abortion rights in Canada.
Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)

1974 - The Aboriginal Nurses Association of Canada is established. Source : www.anac.on.ca

1974 - Catherine Parr Trail
(1802-1899), pioneer and author is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monument Board. An historic plaque is erected at Young's Point, Ontario in 1995.

1974 - Constance R. Glube,
(1931 -   ) ONS becomes the 1st Canadian woman to be appointed as City Manager  (Halifax, Nova Scotia) Source" Protocol Office, Order of Nova Scotia. Online Accessed June 2011.

1974 -
The CBC produces a documentary on the life of Myra Bennett (1890-1990) a nurse who served in Newfoundland and Labrador. She held the honours of the Order of the British Empire and the Order of Canada
Source: 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster, Dundurn Press, 2011. ; Heritage Newfoundland heritage.nf.ca accessed June 12, 2012.

Births 1974:
June 1, 1974 -
Born Alanis Morissette,(1974-   ) award winning singer
July 7, 1974 - Born Jennifer Jones (1974-   ) international medalist in Curling.
July 13, 1974 - Born Deborah Cox (1974-   ) rhythm & blues singer.
August 1, 1974 -
Born Beckie Scott, (1974-   ) Olympic gold medalist in Cross Country skiing.
September 3, 1974 - Born Amanda Lynn Mayhew (1974-   )model, magazine editor and entrepreneur
October 28, 1974 - Born Naida Cole (1974-   ), piano soloist.

Deaths 1974:
January 24, 1974 -
Died
Enid Finley Gordon (!896-1974) pioneer of physiotherapy being recognized as a profession.
June 18, 1974 - Died
Annie Harvie Ross Foster (1875-1974) nurse turned author and journalist
August 17, 1974 -
Died
Cecilia Krieger (1894-1974) noted mathematician.

September 4, 1974 - Died
Sarah Persis Johnson Darrach (1886-1974) WW l nurse, matron of nursing Brandon Manitoba, Order of the British Empire
October 1974 - Died Kathleen Jean Munn (1887-1974) artist.
December 15, 1974 - Died Helen Griffith Wylie Watson (1911-1974) award winning nurse and officer in the Order of Canada.
December 31, 1974 - Died Grace Ellen Hewson Knight (1885- 1974) fourth woman to be called to the bar (lawyer) in Ontario 1908
 

1975
 
1975 - The United Nations declares International Women's Year 1975 - it will become a whole decade 1976-1985!

1975 - The World YWCA Councils holds its meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. 450 delegates participate from 70 member countries.

1975 - Women's income is 60% of the average men's income.


1975 - Grace Hartman
(1918-1993.) is  elected to the national president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) and is the first woman to hold the top position in a Canadian Union.  http://www.coolwomen.ca/

February 18, 1975 - Sylvia Ostry (1927-    ) becomes the 1st woman to hold the rank of Deputy Minister in the government of Canada.

May 30, 1975 - The Canadian Post Office issues a commemorative stamp honouring the life of Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700), founder of the Congregation de Notre-Dame de Montréal. Mother Marguerite Bourgeoys was canonized ( declared a Saint in the Roman Catholic Church in October 1982.

June 19-July 2,1975 - The United Nations hosts the 1st international conference on women in Mexico City.

1975 -
The Ontario Women's Hockey Association is formed.

Summer 1975 -
Nicole Juteau (1954 -  ) becomes the 1st Police woman in the Province of Quebec. Source: Pionnières Québecoise accessed June 2013.

1975 - Rosemary Brown
(1930-2003)  is the 1st woman to run for the leadership of a federal party. She loses he New Democratic  leadership to Ed Broadbent. Source: Women in History: a timeline by Kr
isten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011.

October 12-26, 1975 - Christilot Hanson Boylen (1947-   ) becomes the only athlete to achieve three individual gold medals in Pan Am Game History when she competes in the equestrian events.

1975 - Cathy Townsend
(
1937-   )   is the 1st Canadian woman to win the Bowling Cup.

1975 - Lyn Harrington
(1911-   ) wins the Vicky Metcalfe Award for her contribution to children’s Literature. .  Source: “Broadcast pioneer charmed all she met…” by Susan Ferrier MacKay and Allison Lawlor. The Globe and Mail May 4, 2013.

1975 - Dow Chemical introduces the Zip Lock sandwich bag. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas: Women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.

1975 - The Historic Sites and Monument Board erect an historic plaques for National Historic Person, Catherine Parr Trail (1802-1899) , pioneer and author at Young's Point, Ontario.

1975 - The Canadian Committee on Women’s History is founded.

Births 1975:
January 28, 1975 -
Born Anne Montming (1975-   ), winner of 19 international medals in the sport of diving.
September 6, 1975 - Born Juliette Kang
(1975-   ), internationally celebrated violinist.
November 30, 1975 - Born Waneek Horn-Miller (1975-   ) Indigenous social activist and medalist in water-polo.

Deaths 1975:
1975 -
Died
Frances Lillian Fish (1888-1975) 1st woman graduate Dalhousie University with a Law Degree and she was the 1st woman called to the Bar in NS
1975 - Died Mary Evelyn Gannon (1900-1975) "Just Mary" storey teller supreme wrote for Radio, TV and books.
1975 -
Born Joanna Karczmarek (1975-  ) Olympic medalist  in Physics & academic.
1975 - Died
Kathryn Agnes McCloskey (!883-1975)  pioneer civil servant in External Affairs Department.
1975 -
Died
Katharine McLennan (1892-1975) an historian who was passionate about the restoration of Louisbourg.
1975 -
Died
Martha Morkin (1886-1975) nurse in World War l.
1975 -
Died
Florence Jessie Murray (1894-1975) Presbyterian medical missionary in Asia who was decorated by King of Denmark for her service.
J
anuary 3, 1975 -
Died Mary Gannon (1900-1975) author of the Just Mary and Maggy Muggins stories for youth.
January 25, 1975 -
Died
Charlotte Whitton (1896-1975) Social activist, politician, and first woman to become mayor of a large urban centre in Canada (Ottawa)
February, 1975 - Died
Anna Mae Aquash (1945-1976) Social activist on behalf of Aboriginal North Americans.
February 22, 1975 - Died
Kateryna Antonovych (1887-1975) artist.
May 3, 1975 - Died
Sarah (Nini) Fischer, (1896-1975) internationally renowned soprano,an honorary member of the Royal College of Music in London.
May 14, 1975 - Died
Hilda Neatby (1904-1975), historian, author, educator and critic of the Canadian education system.
June 29, 1975 - Died
Annie Langstaff (1887 - 1975) 1st woman to receive a degree in Law from McGill University in 1914-1915.
September 24, 1975 - Died
Patricia Lowther (1935-1975) respected poet, the Patricia Lowther Award now honours the best Canadian Poets.
December 31, 1975 - Died
Clara Hoffer (1887-1975) Outstanding farmer and community leader.
 

1976 1976 - The 1st 'Reclaim the Night' (now Take Back the Night) march is held in Belgium. Canada would host it's 1st march in 1978.

1976 - Iona Campagnolo
(1932-  ) is appointed the 1st woman  federal Minister of Sport for Canada.

February 4-15, 1976 - Olympic Winter Games,
Innsbruck, Austria. Gold Medals: Kathy Kreiner in women's giant slalom alpine skiing.  Silver Medals; Catherine Priestner  is the 1st Canadian woman to win an individual medal in speed skating  in the 500 metre event. Source: Canada Olympic Committee.

February 16, 1976 -
Stewardess Mary Dohey (1933-   ) becomes the 1st living person to receive the Cross of Valour in recognition for saving the lives of passengers and crew of an Air Canada flight in 1971.

July 14, 1976 - The death penalty is abolished in Canada.

July 17- 31, 1976 -  Olympic Games,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Gold Medals: Cheryl Gibson (1959-   ), in women's 400 meter individual swimming medley. Bronze medals; Nancy Garapick (1961-   ),in Women's 100 meter and 200 meter swimming backstroke; Shannon Smith (1961-   )  women's 400 meter swimming freestyle; Becky Smith  (1959-   ), in 400 meter individual swimming medley; Gail Amundrud (1957-   ), Barbara Clark (1958-   ), Becky Smith (1959-   ) and Anne Jardin (1959-   ) in women's 4X 100 swimming freestyle relay; Wendy Cook (1956-   ), Robin Corsiglia, (1962-   ) Susan (Smith) Kelsey (1958-   ) and Anne Jardin (1959-   )  in women's 4X 100 swimming medley relay. Source: Canadian Olympic Committee.

August 31, 1976 - Carallyn Bowes arrives in Burnaby, British Columbia after running the 6,180 km from Halifax, Nova Scotia in just 133 days. She is the 1st woman to run across Canada. She wore out 13 pairs of shoes during her run.

December  5, 1976 -
The 1st Canadian women to be granted the Rhodes Scholarships to continue their education are selected. Melanie Dobson, Mary Sheppard, Eileen Gillespie and Jessie Sloan head for Oxford University.  Previously Rhodes Scholarships had been available only to men.

1976 - Sue Holloway  (1955-   )  is the 1st Canadian woman to ever compete in both winter and summer Olympic Games in the same year.

1976 - Roberta Jamieson (1953-   ) is the 1st aboriginal woman in Canada to become a lawyer
Source: Roberta Jamieson: Chief Six Nations of the Grand River Territory. Contemporary Canadian Biographies. Thompson Gale, August 2003. (Accessed online June 2008.)

1976 - Jean Bessie Lumb (1919-2002) becomes the 1st Chinese Canadian to be inducted into the Order of Canada.

1976 - MATCH International Centre, a Canadian-based non-governmental organization, is established  by Canadian women following their attendance at the 1975 United Nations Conference for Women held in Mexico City. It is created to bring to life a feminist vision of what development work can, and should, mean: equality, dignity, opportunity, and a better life for women and men, the world over. Source:  http://www.web.net/~matchint/en/about.html  (accessed May 15, 2004)

1976 - Eaton's Department Stores closes their catalogue services after several years of losses exceeding millions of dollars. It is the death of a Canadian tradition.

1976 - Muriel McQueen Fergusson (1899-1997) is made an Officer of the Order of Canada.


Births 1976:
1976 -
Born Melanie Mark (1976-   ) 1st First Nations woman to be elected to the legislature of British Columbia.
March 19, 1976 -
Born Rachel Blanchard (1976-   ) actress.
April 10, 1976 - Born Sara Renner (1976-   ) award winning and Olympic skier
August 27, 1976 -
Born Sarah Chalke (1976-  ), Star of TV and movies.
October 21, 1976 - Born Melanie Turgeon (1976   ), medal winning alpine skier.

Deaths 1976:
1976 -
Died Mona Parsons (1901-1976) used her home in the Netherlands a a refuge for escaping allied airmen until she was captured by the Germans.
April 7, 1976 - Died Born Rebecca Belle Watson (1911? - 1976) Vancouver, British Columbia Community Activist.
June 24, 1976 - Died Monique Correveau (1927-1976) award winning author of French language books for children.
August 13, 1976 - Died
Dorothy Dworkin (1889-1976) established the Toronto Jewish Convalescent and Maternity Hospital later named Mount Sinai Hospital.
August 28, 1976 - Died Ethel Matilda Chapman (1888-1976) home sciences journalist in Ottawa, Ontario.
November 22, 1976 -
Died
Leila Wightman (1899-1976) the 1st Canadian woman to own and run a telephone company 1947.
December 22, 1976 - Died
Olive Evangeline Diefenbaker (1902-1976) 1st wife of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.(1895-1979)  
December 31, 1976 - Died
Ethel Ostry (1904-1976) Social activist and volunteer provincially, nationally and with the United Nations.
 

1977 1977 - The Canadian Citizenship Act is amended to allow women to confer Canadian Citizenship on their children.

March 22, 1977 - The photo image of movie star Bridgette Bardot hugging a seal hits the world press wires. It was a tactic in the international animal rights activities in Northern Newfoundland. Source: 100 days that changed Canada. (Toronto: Harper Collins, 2011)

1977- Patricia Proudfoot is the 1st woman appointed to the British Columbia Supreme Court.

1977 -
The National Association of Indian Rights for Indian Women is formed to challenge discriminatory sections in the  Indian Act.

1977 - Sandra Lovelace
Nicholas (1948-   ), an aboriginal woman from Tobique Reserve in New Brunswick, appeals to the United Nations Human Rights Commission against the injustice of Canada's Indian Act which gave native status through the male head of the household. The UNHRC would rule in Lovelace's favour. Source: Many names to consider by Thomas Axworthy in The Ottawa Citizen Monday, April 11, 2005 pg. A13.

1977 - Mary Wong of Hamilton Ontario becomes the first Canadian of Chinese descent to be appointed as a Citizenship Court Judge.

1977 - Highway signs appear in metric system.

1977 - The Manitoba Bar admits Lawyer Marion Ironquil Meadmore (1936-   ), the 1st aboriginal Canadian woman, to the bar. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)


1977 – The Canadian Voice for Women for Peace is accredited with Observation Status at the United Nations. Source: Lisa Wajna, Great Canadian Women: Nineteen Portraits of Extraordinary Women (Folklore Publishing, 2005)

1977 - Melanie Dobson, Mary Sheppard, Eileen Gillespie and Jessie Sloan are the 1st Canadian women to win Rhodes Scholarships to Oxford University in England. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)  


1977 - The 1st home pregnancy test is available. Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.

1977 - Simpson's Sears catalogue services is bought out and becomes Sears Canada. Source: Before e-commerce : a history of mail order catalogues
http://wwwcivilization.ca/cpm/catalog/catooooe.html December 2004.

Births 1977:
1977 -
Born Natasha Cecily Bacchus (1977-   ) track athlete.
April 14, 1977 - Born Jessica Rakoczy (1977-   ), World Lightweight boxing champion
June 28, 1977 - Born Measha Bruggergosman (1977-   ) international respected opera singer.

December 31, 1977 - Born Tammy Lee "Barbie" Shewchuk-Dryden (1977-   ) award winning national team hockey player.

Deaths 1977:
April 15, 1977 -
Died Alexa Stirling Fraser (1897-1977) Canadian golfing champion.
July 16, 1977
- Died
Verna Marguerite 'Marg' Osborne (1926-1977) singer of country, folk & gospel with Don Messer's Jubilee.
July 26. 1977 -
Died Gena Brancombe (1881-1977) composer, choir conductor, teacher and pianist.
October 23, 1977 - Died Beatrice Sifton Nasmyth Furniss (1884-1977) one of only 4 Canadian women allowed behind the Lines in WW l France.
November 27, 1977 - Died Marie-Rose Turcot (1887-1977) author and journalist
December 6, 1977 - Died
Josephine A. Daphinee (1875-1977) a founder of the Canadian Federation of Business and Professional Women
December 24, 1977 - Died Florence Durrell Clark (1891-1977) musician & composer
December 25, 1977 -
Died
Emma Caslor (1913-1977) folksinger and pianist.
 

1978 September 21, 1978 - the Canadian Post office issues a commemorative stamp celebrating the life of Marguerite d'Youville (1701-1771) founder of the "Grey Nuns".

1978 - Judy Cameron
is
the 1st woman pilot hired by Air Canada.

1978 - Birth control pills carry warnings of health risk for smokers and women over forty years of age.

1978 - Statistics Canada  reports that women university graduates earned $4,000 to $7,000 less than men with equivalent. jobs and skills.

November 4, 1978 - Members of Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's Shelter participate in the 1st 'Take Back The Night' march in San Francisco, California and organize the 1st Canadian 'Take Back The Night March'. Source: Lee Lakeman, member of VRR&WS. 

1978 - Helen Marie Rathwell, A Saskatchewan farm wife,  wins a landmark decision, from the  Supreme Court of Canada which grants half the property acquired in her husband’s name.

1978 - Lyn Cook
(1918 -   ) wins the Vicky Metcalf Award for her contribution to Children's Literature. she literarily developed the prototype of the hyphenated Canadian ( i.e. Finnish-Canadian) Sources: “Lyn Cook” by Ruth Maydan in Profiles, Canadian Library Association, 1971. ; Creating the National Mosaic. Multiculturalism in Canadian Children’s Literature 1950-1994 by Miriam Verena Rihter.

1978 - The Canadian Omnibus Bill is passed, eliminating pregnancy as a basis for layoff or dismissal.

1978 - The Independent Order of the Daughters of the Empire officially become the I.O.D.E.

1978 -
The Simone de Beauvoir Institute at Concordia University, Montreal is founded 'to promote the understanding of the historical and contemporary situation of women in society.' Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1978 - Corporal Gail Toupin
is the 1st woman member of the Sky Hawks, the Canadian Army's skydiving demonstration team. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1978 -
Rachelle Halpenny (1950-2012)  participated in the 4th international Cerebral Palsy Games winning 3 gold and 2 bronze medals for Canada Sources: “Life Story” by Joanne Lovett Potter, Ottawa Citizen February 2, 2013. ; “Rachelle Halpenny: A woman first, an athlete second and way at the other end of the scale, disabled” by Lyse Blanchard in Canadian Woman Studies Spring 1983; Personal friendship.   

1978 - The Canadian Women’s Intercollegiate Athletic Union merges with the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union.

Births: 1978:
April 26, 1978 -
Born Stana Kastic (1978-    ) actress.
November 17, 1978 - Born Rachel Anne McAdams (1978-   ) actress

Deaths 1978:
1978 -
Died
Margaret Helen Brown (1887 - 1978) author & editor who shared her talents as a missionary
May 9, 1978 - Died
Dorothy Steeves (1895-1978) social activist and Member of British Columbia Legislature 1934-1945.
September 18, 1978 -
Died
Gertrude 'True' Davidson (1901-1978) teacher, writer and municipal politician.
November 18, 1978 -
Died Rose Marie Reid (1906-1978) swim suit fashion icon & entrepreneur.
December 26, 1978 - Died Rene M. Caisse (1888-1978)  nurse who developed ESSIAC, what she thought was a cure to some cancers.
 
1979 1979 - The1rst female students enrolled in Canadian military colleges. Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

February 15, 1979 - Anne Murray
(1945-   ) wins Grammy Award for top Female Vocalist.

June 10, 1979 -
The Feminist Party of Canada is launched in Toronto.

1979 -
Pamela Anne McDougall (1925-   ) is the 1st Foreign Service Officer to reach the rank of Deputy Minister when she is appointed DM for Health and Welfare Canada. Source: Margaret Weiers, Envoys Extraordinary: Women of the Canadian Foreign Service (Toronto: Dundurn, 1995) 

1979 - Herizon, Canada's feminist magazine begins publishing as a regional newspaper. Source: Herizon.ca (accessed July 2011)

1979 -
The University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario establishes an undergraduate BA program in Women's studies.
Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1979 - Pat Messner
(1954-   ) wins gold medal in women's slalom at water skiing world Championship. Pat has also taken 18 Canadian championship title from 1965-1979. She was athlete of the Year for Water Ski and Wakeboard Canada.

1979 - Nellie J. Cournoyea
 ( 1940-    )  is elected to the Legislature of the Northwest Territories and becomes the 1st native woman to lead a provincial territorial government in Canada.

1979 -
Jean Casselman-Wadds (1920-2011) is the 1st woman to be appointed as Canadian High Commissioner to Great Britain. Sources: Obituary. Ottawa Citizen December 3, 2011.

November 4, 1979 -
Laverna Katie Dollimore (1922-2011) administrative diplomatic civil servant aides in saving American Diplomats during the Iranian revolution. Source: Remembering Laverna Dollimore a woman ahead of her time by Robert Wright. Ottawa Citizen November 4, 2011; She got more adventure than she bargained for in Tehran by Nora Ryell The Globe and Mail, December 13, 2011. Page R5.  

1979 -
Pat Messner (1954-    ) is the 1st Canadian woman to win a world championship in waterskiing.

December 6, 1979 -
Heroine Shannon O'Brien saved her son from drowning. She was awarded the Canadian Star of Courage for her deed.
. Source: The Beginners Guide to Canadian Honours by Christopher McCreery

1979 - Rosella Bjornson (1947-   ) is the 1st pregnant commercial air pilot!! Source Rosella Bjornson Canadian Hall of Fame inductee . Canadian Ninety-nines http://www.canadian99s.org/articles/P_bjornson.htm (accessed July 18, 2005)

1979 - Ione Christensen
(1933 - ) becomes the Commissioner of the Yukon Territories.

1979 - Eleanor Reed Townsend (1944-1988) became the 1st woman to win the open class (open to both men and women) national fiddle competition.

1979 -
50th Anniversary of the Persons Case. 7 women are awarded the Governor's General Award in Commemoration of the Persons Case.  Eileen Tallman Sufrin (1913-2000)  a social activist who led Eaton's Employees in an attempt to unionize. Dr Elizabeth Bagshaw Pioneer in providing women with information and advice on birth control The Honourable Thérèse Casgrain (1886-1981) Senator and leader in obtaining the vote for women in Quebec. Sophia Dixon (1900-1994) a social activist who worked in support of the co-operative movement and of rural women's organizations; Mary Two-Axe Early (1911-1996) a social activist ensuring rights for native Indian women are equal to those of native Indian men; Dr. Grace MacInnis (1905-1991) a social activist and member of parliament who advocated women's rights and improvement of women's living and working conditions; Marion Royce 1st director of the Women's Bureau in the federal Department of Labour.

Births 1979:
January 8, 1979 -
 Born Sarah Polly(1979-   ) actress.
January 21, 1979 - Born lana Miller (1979-   ) actress.
August 3, 1979 - Born Lilly Evangeline (1979-   ) actress
August 12, 1979 - Born Cindy Klassen (1979-   ) medal winning world champion speed skater.
November 30, 1979  - Born Severn Cullis-Suzuki (1979 -   ) international environmentalist.
December 7, 1979 - Born Dana Ellis (1979-  ), track and field medal holder.

Deaths 1979:
1979 -
Died
Elizabeth Miriam Janzen Dreger (1917/1918 - 1979) social activist
1979 -
Died
Frances Hawkins (1891-1979) teacher in Japan and for World War ll Japanese Canadian in inductee camps.
1979 -
Died Vera Alexandra Robinson (1897?-1979) early Canadian Law Librarian.
May 1979 -
Died
Faustina Adelaide Kelly-Cook (1895-1979) a Physician and tireless volunteer.
May 18, 1879 -
Died
Phoebe Florence Miller (1889-1979) author of poems and greeting card verse from Newfoundland.
May 29, 1978 -
Died Elizabeth Catherine Shalla (1890-1978) diarist in Renfrew County Ontario, in 1st Polish settlement.
October 15, 1979 -
Died Gladys Cameron MacGregor Watt (   - 1979) Canadian live theatre & historical building conservator.
November 12, 1979 - Died
Elizabeth 'Bonnie' Bjarnarson (1893-1979) trained nurse awarded the Manitoba Good Citizenship Award for meritorious service.
December 15, 1979 - Died Adelaide Ruth Boswell (1896-1979) music teacher and historian who restored historic site of family home in Prince Edward Island.
 

   

Top of page