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Return to Timeline introduction

1990 AD to 1999 AD
Events listed relate to Canadian women with a few extra items added to give the timeline perspective.

This timeline is not all inclusive.

If you wish more information on the women listed in this timeline be sure and check out ON THE JOB

LAST UPDATED May 2018

DATES

EVENTS

1990
 
January 1990 - Glenda Simms (1939-   ) is the 1st Black woman to become President of the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women and the 1st to be appointed to this level of government.

F
ebruary 1990 - Kim Campbell (1947-  ) is the 1st woman federal Minister of Justice. She is also Attorney-General. Source: Club de Madrid Kim Campbell http://www.clubmadrid.org (accessed January 2006)

1990 - The federal Minister of Defense establishes the Minister's Advisory Board on Women in the Canadian Forces to monitor the progress of gender integration and employment equity in the Canadian Armed Forces.  Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

1990 -
M

March 19 - 25, 1990 -
The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIFH) World Women's Championships is held in Ottawa.
Canada wins this 1st  sanctioned Women’s World Hockey Championship.

April 1990 -
Correctional Services Canada publishes : Creating Choices: Report of the Task Force on Federally Sentenced Women announced sweeping changes on the treatment of female offenders in Canada.

May 3, 1990 - The Supreme Court of Canada is unanimous in its decision that Angelique Lyn Lavalee of Winnipeg was acting in self defense when she shot her husband to death after years of beatings. Women may now use battered wife syndrome as Defence against a murder charge. This is too late for the 1911 court that originally sentenced a woman to be hanged for killing her abusive husband.

June 1990 -
1st reunion of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)  women (1951-1966) is held. Source: A Brief History. RCAF Women. www.rcafwomen.ca

1990 - Alexandra Bugailiskis
(1956-   ) is the 1st person to receive the Canadian Foreign Service Officer of the Year Award.

1990 -
the Task Force on Barriers to women in the Public Service is instigated.

1990 - Angela Chalmers
(1963-  ) wins double gold in 15,00 and 3,000 metre events in Commonwealth Games. She is the first woman to win double gold in Track and Field events.

Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame www.sportshalloffame.mb.ca (accessed September 2011)

August 16, 1990 - Marion Loretta Reid (1929-   ) is appointed the 37th Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island, the first woman to hold this position.

December 6, 1990 is proclaimed as a National Day of Mourning and Action on Violence Against Women.

December 9, 1990 - Pope John Paul canonized Mother Marie d'Youville, founder of the Sisters of Charity (Grey Nuns). She is the first Canadian to become a saint.

1990 - Carol Lees refuses to fill out her census form. She knew she spent at least 50 hours a week doing housework--- she simply could not fill the Canada Census form saying she did not work!! She sends the Prime Minister a bill for $95,843.76 for 3 years housework! Source: Herstory: A Canadian Woman's Calendar 2000 (Silver anniversary edition) Coteau Books, 1999 Page 2.

1990 - The Minister of National Defense establishes the Minister's Advisory Board on Women in the Canadian Forces to monitor the progress of gender integration and employment equity in Canada's forces. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1990 - A provincial court in Nova Scotia declares the provincial medical Services Act as unconstitutional and Dr. Henry Morgentaler is acquitted of all charges that had been laid the previous year.
Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)
 

1990 - Jean Edmonds (1921-   ) releases her federal government Report of Task Force on Barriers to Women in the Public Service : Beneath the Veneer.

1990 -
The federal government releases The Report of Task Force on Federally Sentenced Women : Creating choices.

1990 -
The federal government releases The Report on child sex abuse: Reaching for solutions.

1990 -
The National Research Council, part of the federal government, creates new science and engineering training programs for women.
Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1990 - The National Film Board of Canada (NFB) releases a New Initiatives in Film, a program that provides filmmaking opportunities for women of colour and the First Nations. Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1990 - Canada makes changes in Canada's Food Guide and Canada's Guidelines for Healthy Eating. The goal is to be simple, positive, clear, adaptable and acceptable to consumers. The look of the guides changes from a sun/circle to a rainbow.

1990 - Rosella Bjornson
(1947-   ) is the first woman to be promoted to Captain with a major Canadian air carrier.

1990 - Susan Nattrass,  (1950-   ) is the 1st woman to be entered in a shotgun event in the Commonwealth Games.

1990 - Helen Kelesi
(1969-   ) the 1st woman to win four consecutive national senior tennis championships
is voted by the Canadian Press as winner of the Bobbie Rosenfeld Award as Canada's Top Female Athlete of the Year for the second year in a row

1990 - Mabel M. DeWare (1926-   ) is appointed to the Canadian Senate .


1990 - k.d. Lang
(1961-   ), well known country singer, participates in a "meat stinks" ad campaign.

1990 - Eileen Regina Twain (1965-   ), signs her first recording contract and changes her name to Shania.

1990 - The Nova Scotia Library Association establishes the Ann Connor Brimer Award to be given to a resident of Atlantic Canada for a book published in Canada that has made an outstanding contribution to Children's literature.

1990 -
Ms. Adrienne McLennan becomes the 1st female unit commander of Public Affairs for the Toronto Police Force. Source: Herstory: Milestones in the History of the Toronto Police Service Women Online Accessed June 2011.

1990 - 
The Mary Peck Arthritis Society Chair in Rheumatology is established at the University of British Columbia, names in honour of the woman who had worked so hard to form the Canadian Arthritis Society. Source: The history of Metropolitan Vancouver Hall of Fame online (Accessed November 2012) :Pioneers every one by E. Blanche Norcross (Burns and MacEachern Ltd, 1979)

1990 - Maureen Maloney becomes the 1st woman Dean of a Law School in British Columbia at the University of Victoria

Deaths 1990:
1990 - Died Dr Lotta Hitschmanova (1909-1990) international humanitarian who had so many awards that there were 5 rows of ribbons representing the awards on her uniform!
1990 - Died Nan Shipley (1902-1990), author 
March 28, 1990 - Died Beulah Vernon Bourns (1906-1990), nurse and missionary with the United Church of Canada
June 6, 1990 - Died
Marianne Linnell (1914-1990), Vancouver politician was the only woman on the committee for Canada's Centennial Commission
June 7, 1990 - Died Ester Isabelle Clark Wright (1895-1990), Maritime academic
August 18, 1990 - Died
Isabel Janet Macneill / MacNeill (1908-1990), the 1st woman in the British Commonwealth to hold a command of a ship.
August 20, 1990 - Died
Madeleine Alberta Fritz (1896-1990) paleontologist
October 26, 1990 -
Died
Winnifred Mary Stewart (1908-1990), a nurse who conducted experimental research into new teaching methods for disabled children, OC
December 31, 1990 - Died Robina Higgins-Haight (1915-1990) track & field champions of the 1930's
 

1991 1991 - Louise Frechette  (1946-   ), is the 1st Canadian woman ambassador to the United Nations.

1991 - The Canadian Broadcasting Act ensures employment equity in the broadcasting system. Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

April 2, 1991 - Rita Margaret Johnston
  (1935-  )  is the 1st woman to serve as a provincial premier in Canada. Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.  http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history

1991 -
The Women In Engineering and Science (WES) program is introduced by the National Research Council to provide support to women university students pursuing careers in non-traditional areas of research in the fields of engineering and science.

1991 - The Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women is founded. Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1991 - The Economic Development for Canadian Aboriginal Women is incorporated. Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1991 - The  Canadian Census finds  that women made up 84% of elementary and kindergarten teachers, 51% of secondary school teachers and 28% of university teachers.

1991 - The Canadian census finds  10% of women in Canada hold a university degree, 22% hold a post-secondary degree or diploma, 9% have acquired some postsecondary education, 45% hold a high school diploma and 14% have less than a grade nine education.

1991 - The Canadian census finds that 84% of elementary and kindergarten teachers are women, 51% of secondary school teachers are women and 28% of university teachers are women.

July 1, 1991 - The Goods and Services Federal Tax (GST) is introduced by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

August 25, 1991 - Canada wins it's 1st World championship gold medal in womens eights rowing
 in Vienna, Austria. Source: Lauren Pelley, Marriage, Medals and Mentorship. November 10, 2014. ; Marnie McBean, OC Webpage (Accessed May 2015)

October 28, 1991 - Nicole Dunsdon (1971-  ) is crowned as the last Miss Canada. The beauty pageant was cancelled a few months later due to changes in public perception and acceptance of such pageants.

November 1991 -
The Canadian Palliative Care Association is formally established as a national charitable organization. Source: Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association http://www.chpca.net (Accessed January 2011)

November 14, 1991 - Nellie J. Cournoyea (1940-    ) is the 1st aboriginal woman to lead a provincial territorial government in Canada when she is elected Premier of the Northwest Territories. Nellie J. Cournoyea, Collections Canada. National Library of Canada, (Accessed 2006).

1991 - The government of Canada declares December 6th as the National Day of Commemoration to End Violence Against Women. The White Ribbon Campaigne is organized for people to wear white ribbons to support the end of violence against women.

1991 -
House of Commons Bill C- 43, an amendment to the Criminal Code of Canada relating to abortion is defeated in the Senate of Canada in a tie vote. Abortion will now be treated like any other medical procedure.
Source : A History of Abortion in Canada http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/history.html (accessed July 30, 2003)

1991 - The Family Law Reform Commission is established. Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1991 - Canadians spend 31% of food dollar in restaurants.

1991 - Myriam Bedard (1969-   ) is the 1st Canadian to win a World Cup in Biathlon

1991 - Silken Laumann (1964-   ) World Champion in single skulls rowing and World Cup winner
is voted by the Canadian Press as winner of the Bobbie Rosenfeld Award as Canada's Top Female Athlete of the Year & the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's Top Overall Athlete of the Year

1991 - Lieutenant Anne Reiffenstein (née Proctor), Lieutenant Holly Brown and Captain Linda Shrum graduate from artillery training in the Canadian Forces as the 1st women officers in combat arms. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1991 - HMCS Nipigon is the 1st Canadian mixed-gender warship to participate in exercises with Nato's Standing Naval Forces Atlantic.  Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

1991 - Dormer Ellis (1925-  ) is the 1st woman to be awarded the University of Toronto Engineering alumni gold medal.
Source The Toronto Business and Processional Women’s Club. Online Accessed February 2013.

1991 -  The New Democratic Party of British Columbia institutes the 1st stand-alone Ministry of Women's Equality in Canada. Penny Priddy is the 1st appointed Minister to hold this position.  Source: British Columbia Federation of Labour.  http://bcfed.com/issues/women/history

1991 - Newfoundland and Labrador declares the home of nurse Myra Bennett (1890-1990) in Daniel's Harbour an Historica Site.
Source: 100 more Canadian Heroines by Merna Forster, Dundurn Press, 2011. ; Heritage Newfoundland heritage.nf.ca accessed June 12, 2012.

1991 - Gretta Chambers (1927-2017) becomes the 1st woman to be appointed chancellor of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Deaths 1991:

1991 -
Died Fern Blodgett Sunde (1918-1991), June 13, 1941 became the 1st Canadian woman to serve in the Merchant Marines.
1991 -
Died Joyce Margaret McCulloch Booker (1921-1991), played piano in the Brookers Bombshells, a leading dance band in Manitoba.
1991 - Died Lily I. Sherizen (1906-1991), one of the earliest Jewish women lawyers in Ontario.
January 18, 1991 - Died Margaret Paton Hyndman (1901?-1991), 1st Toronto woman to be appointed King's Council and second in the British Empire.
January 26, 1991 - Died Mary Lile Benham (1914-1991), author and historian
April 1991 -
Died Katherine Lucy Ball (1904-1991), librarian and professor at the University of Toronto.
April 9, 1992 - Died
Lydia Emélie Gruchy (1894-1992), in 1936 she became 1st woman ordained as a minister in the United Church of Canada
April 28, 1991 -
Died
Clara 'Dolly' Scott (1919-1991), sideshow personality
May 9, 1991 -
Died
Rena Lasnier (1910-1991), poet
July 10, 1991 -
Died Grace MacInnis (1905-1991), social activist and politician.
August 5, 1991 - Died Jagdish Kaur Singh (1912-1991), Businesswoman
August 11, 1991 - Died Dorothy Somerset (1900-1991), theatre director.
August 23, 1991 - Died Phyllis Georgie Haslam (1913-1991) social activist with Elizabeth Fry Society who worked with female prisoners.
September 23, 1991 -
Died Kathleen Coburn (1905-1991), professor at Victoria College editor, and order of Canada.
October 29, 1991 - Died
Sherry Hawco Delanty (1964-1991), Canadian Olympian in gymnastics.
December 29, 1991 - Died Mary Elizabeth Kinnear (1898-1991), member of Senate of Canada 1967-1973.
December 31, 1991 - Died Nina Cohn (1907-1991) volunteer. Woman of the Century (1867-1967) for Nova Scotia & National Council of Jewish Women.
 

1992 1992 - Canada declares October as  Women's History Month. Source: Women's History Month 2004 http://www.swc-cfc.gc.ca/dates/whm/index_e.html (accessed May 4, 2004) ALSO Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1992 - the concept of consent becomes legally defined for the 1st time in the Criminal Code Provisions on Sexual Assault.

1992 -
The Public Service Reform Act legislates employment equity for the federal public service.

January 3, 1992 -
Miss Canada beauty pageant is scrapped after 45 years. There was a recession and times had changed with feminists calling for the end of the pageant. Nicole Dunsdon (1971-   ) was the last Miss Canada having been crowned October 28, 1991.
Source: ON THIS DAY Jan 3. Today in Canadian History www1.sympatico/cg-bin/on-this-day Accessed Sept 2013.

January 11, 1992 - Rita Johnston (1935-   ),  the 1st woman to serve as a provincial premier in Canada resigns and leaves politics after her Social Credit Party loses the election in October 1991.

January 22, 1992 - Dr. Roberta Lynn Bondar
(1945- ) becomes the first Canadian woman in space when she is a payload specialist onboard the space shuttle Discovery January 22 - 30, 1992.

February 8-23 1992 - Winter Olympic Games, Albertville, France: Gold Medals: Karen Lee-Gartner (1966-   ) women's downhill alpine skiing; Angela Cutrone (1969-   ), Sylvie Daigle (1962-   ), Nathalie Lambert  (1963-   ) and Anne Perreault  (1971-   ) short track speed skating women's 3000 meters relay.
Bronze Medals; Myriam Bedard (1969-   ), women's 15 km biathlon; Isabelle Brasseur  (1970-   ) and Lloyd Eisler, figure skating pairs. Source: Canadian Olympic Committee

April 22, 1992 -
a brief, violent confrontation took place at the Kingston, Ontario’s Prison for Women (P4W) between 6 inmates and several of the correctional staff. The inmates were moved to the segregation unit and had criminal charges laid against them. Source: The night Raid at Kingston’s Prison for Women by Sierra Baquie. Section15.ca (Accessed  2009)

June 1992 - Julie Payette (1963-   ) joins the Canadian Space Agency as an astronaut.

1992 -
The Honorable Madam Justice Micheline Rawlins (1951 -   ) is the 1st Black woman appointed the bench in Ontario

1992 - Corporal Marlene Shillingford becomes the 1st woman selected to join the Snowbirds, the Canadian Air Force's aerobatic demonstration flying team. In 1993-94 show season she serves as a technician. Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)


1992 -
The Winnipeg, Manitoba, Wesman Women's Basketball team achieve unmatched women's record of 88 straight wins and three straight championships from 1991-1994.

July 25 -August 9, 1992 - Olympics Games
Barcelona, Spain: Gold medals; Marnie McBean (1968-   ) and Kathleen Heddle (1965-   )in Coxless pairs rowing. and another gold in in rowing women's eight team ; Kay Worthington (1959-   ), Kristen Barnes (1968-   ), Jessica Monroe (1966-   ) and Brenda Taylor (1979-   ) in women's Coxless fours rowing. ; Sylvie Fréchette (1967-   ) in synchronized women's solo swim.
Silver medals; Penny Vilagos (1963-   ) and Vicky Vilagos (1963-   )  in synchronized swimming women's Duet.
Bronze medals; Angela Chalmers (1963-   ) in women's 3,000 meters run. Silken Laumann  (1964-   ) in womens' rowing single sculls. Source: Canadian Olympic Committee

September 23, 1992
-
Manon Rhéaume (1972-  )  is the 1st woman to play hockey  professionally. She is a  goalie with the Tampa Bay Lightening of the National Hockey League.

1992 - The second International Ice Hockey Federation Women's World Championships is held in Ottawa, Ontario with Canada playing the USA and winning the gold medal.

November 17, 1992 - the International Olympic Committee announces that it will include women's ice hockey ad a full medal sport beginning in 2002.  

1992 - Silken Laumann (1964-   ) winner of Bronze medal at the Summer Olympics, less than three months after a serious accident that was predicted to end her career is voted by the Canadian Press as winner of the Bobbie Rosenfeld Award as Canada's Top Female Athlete of the Year for the second year in a row

1992 -
The Miss Canada Pageant is discontinued.


1992 - Paule Gauthier (1943-   ) is the 1st woman president of the Canadian Bar Association in its 77th year history.

1992 - The Canadian Athletes Association (Now Athletes CAN) is founder to represent Canada's nation team athletes. Source: http://www.atheletescan.com (Accessed May 20, 2005)

1992 - The Leonard and Reva Brooks (1913-2004) Foundation is formed at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

1992 - Herizon, Canada's feminist magazine returns to publication after a publishing hiatus that started in 1987. Source: Herizon.ca (accessed July 2011)

Births 1992:
1992- Born Katee Lee (1992-   ) up and coming singer.

Deaths 1992:
1992 -
Died
Pauline Boutal 1894-1992), artist and theatre designer/director.
1992 -
Died Dorothea Palmer (1908-1992), a nurse arrested1936 for distributing birth control literature.
February 26, 1992 -
Died Florence Li Tim-Oi (1907-1992), priest in the Anglican Church.
March 26, 1992 - Died Barbara Frum, (1937-1992), award winning multi media journalist.
May 1, 1992 - Died  Mary Peck (1904-1992), founder of the Canadian Arthritis Society.
May 25, 1992 - Died Evelyn Cudmore (   -1992), organized the 1st Red Cross Water Safety course in Canada 1945. Order of Canada 1983.
August 7, 1992 - Died
Grace Blue (1891-1992), educator
December 8, 1992 - Died Helen Callaghan (1923-1992), member of the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame.
 

1993

1993 – The United Nations World Conference on  Human Rights is Held in Vienna, Austria. Women prepare the Vienna Declaration stating that human rights of women and the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of the Universal Human Rights.

1993 - Health Canada establishes the Women's Health Bureau Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1993 -
The Canada Labour Code Part lll gives pregnant or nursing women the right to ask employers to modify her job or reassign her to another position.
Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1993 -
Canadian Refugee Guidelines are modified to cover women who are persecuted because of their gender.

January 1993 -  Kim Campbell ( 1947-  ) is appointed Minister of National Defence and Minister of Veteran affairs. She is the firs woman to be Minister of Defence of a NATO country. Source: Club de Madrid Kim Campbell www.clubmadrid.org (accessed January 2006)

February 1993 - Maryka Omastu (1948-   )  becomes the 1st East Asian Canadian Judge when she is appointed to the Ontario Court of Justice. Source: Diversifying the bar; Law Society of Upper Canada online accessed January 2013.:

1993 - Cornelia Wieman
(1963-  ) is Canada's 1st female Aboriginal Psychiatrist.
. Source: Canadian Who’s Who, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2003)

January 1993 - k.d. Lang  (1961-   ) is named best new adult contemporary artist at the American Music Awards.

March 29, 1993 - Catherine Callbeck (1939-   ) is the 1st woman to be elected as a provincial premier when she wins the election in Prince Edward Island.

June 25, 1993 - Hon. Kim Campbell (1947-   ) becomes the 1st woman Prime Minister of Canada and serves until November 4, 1993.

November 4, 1993  - Sheila Copps (1952-   ) is the 1st woman appointed to federal cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister through to June 10, 1997.

1993 - Beth Underhill (1962- )  an equestrian jumper and winner of a  double sliver medal at the Pan American Game and member of the Barcelona, Spain Olympic silver medal team  team, becomes  the first Canadian woman to win the  World League.
1993 - Joyce Fairborn (1939-   ) is appointed the 1st woman Government Leader of the Canadian Senate. Source: Senate of Canada.on line accessed June 2008

1993 - The Canadian Panel on Violence Against W0men published the Community Kit on Violence Against Women.
 Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1993 - Dr. Jean Augustine (1937-   ) is the 1st African Canadian woman elected to the Parliament of Canada. Source: Senate of Canada on line accessed June 2008

1993 -
Lieutenant Leanne Crowe of the Canadian Navy is the 1st woman to qualify as a clearance officer and the first woman to serve as Commanding officer of the Experimental Diving Unit. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1993 - Tanya Dubincoff (1969-   ) is the 1st Canadian woman to be a world champion in track cycling

1993 - Frances Dafoe-Mellick (1929 -   ) and  skating partner Norris Bowden (1926-1991)  world and Olympic skating pair medalists are inducted into Skate Canada Hall of Fame.

1993
-
Canada Post issues a series of  stamps honouring two centennials the founding of the National Office of the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), and of the National Council of Women of Canada (NCWC). It is also the 50th anniversary of the first federally appointed woman judge in Canada. Honouring these events, four stamps are being issued depicting outstanding Canadian women: Adelaide Hoodless, Helen Alice Kinnear, Marie-Joséphine Gérin-Lajoie and Pitseolak.

1993 - The 1st junior (under 18) National Championship in women's hockey is held in Montreal, Quebec. Team Ontario wins the gold medal. Source: www.femalehockey.ca online accessed January 2013.

1993 - Kate Pace-Lindsay (1967-   ) is Female athlete of the year in Ontario and for Canada


1993 -  for the 1st time ever, women's ice hockey is included at the US Olympic Festival ins San Antonio, Texas. The U.S. Team defeats Canada in a two -game series.

Deaths 1993:
1993 - Died Elizabeth Allin (1905-1993) 1st woman appointed in Physics at the University of Toronto.
1993 - Died
Florence Diamond Bean (1910-1993)  journalist & active member Women's Institutes internationally
1993- Died
Gail Harvey Moore (1943-1993) champion golfer.
1993 - Died
Helen Frances Okuloski (1912-1993) one of the1st women lawyers in Hamilton, Ontario
January 1, 1993 - Died
Gweneth Lloyd (1901-1993) renowned choreographer
January 26, 1993 - Died Agnes C. O'Dea (1911-1993) librarian & bibliographer.
January 26, 1993 -
Died Jeanne Sauvé,(1922-1993)  journalist/politician, 1st woman  Speaker House of Commons &1st woman Governor General of Canada.
January 28, 1993 -
Died Helen Battles Hogg-Priestley(1905-1993) award winning astronomer, 1st Canadian to have a minor planet named for her.
February 6, 1993 -
Died  Helen Saniford (1919-1996) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
February 28, 1993 -
Died Ruby Keeler (1909-1993) singer, dancer & performer.
April 24, 1993 -
Died Katherine Boehner Hockin (1910-1993), religious leader & educator United Church of Canada
April 25, 1993 -
Died Doris Giller (1931-1993) pioneer journalist & newspaper editor.
May 1, 1993 - Died Clare Bernhardt (1911-1993) author & journalist who composed Canada's Centennial Hymn.
May 26, 1993 - Died Helen Maude Dallas (1898-1993), entertainer, singer sang to troop during the war.
June 9, 1993 - Died
Gladys Alexis Smith (1921-1993) early movie actress.
July 10, 1993 - Died Anne Macdonald (1930-1993) social activist
August 26, 1993 - Died Viola R. Macmillan (1903-1993), prospector who found gold in Timmins area.
November 28, 1993 - Died Marian Mildred Dale Scott (1906-1993) painter of landscapes & portraits.
December 1993 - Died Adèle de Guerry Languedoc (1904-1993) accomplished librarian & Associate National Librarian of Canada.
December 7, 1993 - Died Margaret Mary Street (1907-1993) nurse, teacher, biographer & recipient, Order of Canada.

December 18, 1993 - Died Grace Hartman ( 1918-1993) social activist & union member.

 

1994 1994 -The Canadian Radio-Television Commission (CRTC) grants a license to the Canadian specialty woman's television station, the Womens' Television Network (WTN) Source: Progress towards equality of women in Canada . Canada. Status of Women Canada. 1995.

1994 - Lenna Bradbum
, a graduate of the University of Toronto with a degree in criminology and a masters in public administration,
is appointed Canada's 1st woman  police chief, in Guelph, Ontario. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)

1994 -
The Graduate Collaborative Program in Women's Studies is established at the University of Toronto. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1994 - Wendy Clay
is the 1st woman promoted to the rank of Major-General in the Canadian Forces. Source "Women throughout Canadian military history." in Canadian Forces Personnel Newsletter Issue 2/05 23 February 2005.

1994 -
Jocelyne Bourgon (1950-   ) 1st woman Clerk of the Privy Council and also 1st woman Secretary to Canadian Cabinet.

1994 - Myriam Bedard
(1969-  ) wins 2 gold medal in Biathlon at the Lillehammer Winter Olympics & is voted by the Canadian Press as Female Athlete of the Year
& is also awarded the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's Top Overall Athlete of the Year

1994 - Jocelyne Bourgon is appointed the 1st woman Clerk of the Privy Council.

1994 - Angela Enright (1947-   ) is the 1st woman to be elected president of the Canadian Anesthesiologists Society
Source: Herstory: the Canadian women’s Calendar 2008. (Saskatoon women’s calendar collective/Coteau Books, 2007)

1994 - Maureen Kempston Durkes (1948-   ) becomes the 1st woman president and General Manager of General Motors Canada


1994 -
The Giller Prize in literature is established and named for Doris Giller (1931-1993)

April 26, 1994 -
Officials use excessive force quelling a disturbance at Prison for Women, Kingston, Ontario. ( http://www.elizabethfry.ca/ )a video camera captured images of an all-male Institutional Emergency Response Team (TERT) storming the cells of sleeping inmates in Kingston’s women’s prison P4W. The TERT shackled the defenseless women, forced them to the floor and stripped them naked, one woman at a time. They stopped only for meals and smoke breaks. The raid lased six hours. Source: The night Raid at Kingston’s Prison for Women by Sierra Baquie. Section15.ca (Accessed  2009)

1994 - Cara Inksater is the 1st woman fire fighter in Vancouver. According to Cara after 18 months the teasing stopped and she began to really enjoy her job. In 200 she left the job to raise her children. source: "Fit to be a firefighter" , The Vancouver Sun, April 2, 2006 online accessed June 2013.

1994 - Carol Shields
(1935-2003) wins the Pulitzer Prize for her book, The Stone Diaries.


1994 - Mary Ann Shadd (1823-1893) is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

1994 - Lillian McGregor (1924-2012) is the 1st Elder in residence at the University of Toronto and lectured on the seven sacred teachings of the elders: wisdom, courage, truth, honesty, love, humility and respect.
Source: “She helped natives survive the city.” By Noreen Shanahan. The Globe and Mail May 22, 2012.

1994 - Barbara Hall (1946-   ) becomes the 1st mayor of Toronto to march in the annual Pride parade.

1994-1995 -
Lesley Reddon playing with the University of New Brunswick Varsity Reds, is the 1st female goaltender to play in the Atlantic Universities Hockey Confederation.

Births 1994:
February 25, 1994 - Born Eugenie 'Geni' Bouchard (1994-   ) top ranked tennis player

Deaths 1994:
1994 -
Died Margaret Ruth Bagnall (1900-1994) writer & historian who painted local scenes for the provincial centennial
1994 -
Died Kay Christie (1911-1994) nurse with Royal Canadian Medical Corps, POW (prisoner of war) in Hong Kong
1994 -
Died
Elsie Bell Gardner (1895-1994) author of the Maxie books for girls in the 1930's & 1940's
January 23, 1994 - Died
Suzanne Eon (1924-1994) synchronized swimming coach
January 25, 1994 - Died Ada / Aida Maud Boyer McAnn Flemming (1896- 1994) social activist, writer, teacher & animal welfare advocate
February 11, 1994 -
Died Nicole Germain (1917-19940 actor on radio & film in 1940's & 1950's
June 17, 1994 -
Died Helen Irene Battle (1903-1994) one of the outstanding women of science in Canada
July 7, 1994 - Died Evelyn 'Eve" Dunn (1900-1994) prairie artist
August 31, 1994 - Died
Kathleen Frances Daly (1889-1994) artist known for her paintings of Montagnais, & landscapes
October 16, 1994 - Died
Angela Elizabeth Davis (1926-1994) teacher, professor, historian & art consultant.
November 27, 1994 - Died
Anne Elizabeth Eggleston (1934-1994) musician & Composer
December 6, 1994 -
Died
Janet Cochrane (1912-1994) social activist for First Nations living in urban centers
December 29 , 1994
- Died
 Sister Ellen Mary Cullen (1898-1994) teacher & local historian
 
1995 1995 - Bill C-127 changes the Criminal Code of Canada so that intoxication is no longer accepted as a defense in cases of sexual assault and battery. Source: Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004

1993 - Gender-based analysis of legislation and policies was adopted by the Canadian government.

February 1995 -
the CBC television programme fifth estate aired, The Ultimate Response, which showed for the 1st time the circumstances of the all-male Institutional Emergency Response Team (TERT) storming cells of sleeping women inmates at the infamous women’s prison P4W, Kingston, Ontario. 2 days later Mme. Justice Louise Arbour  led a Commission of Inquiry into the actions of TERT. Source: The night Raid at Kingston’s Prison for Women by Sierra Baquie. Section15.ca (Accessed  2009)

July 17, 1995 - Christine Silverberg becomes the 1st woman police chief of a major Canadian city, Calgary, Alberta.

June 23, 1995 - Judy Gingell
(1946-   ) is the 1st Aboriginal to be Commissioner of the Yukon.

1995 -
The Federation des femmes du Quebec organizes the Women's March Against Poverty.

September 4-15, 1995 -
The 4th World Conference on Women in Beijing, China. It is the 2nd UN conference and it has been 20 years since the UN declared the international year of the women.

1995 -
A Canadian Supreme Court ruling deems Child support payments are taxable income. Source: Women in History: A timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011.

1995 -
The Institute for the advancement of Aboriginal Women is founded by Muriel Stanley Venne.
Source: Herstory 2008 the Canadian Women’s Calendar (Coteau Books, 2007)

1995 - Kathleen 'Kay' Christie (1911-1994) and fellow nurse, Ms. Waters were honoured by a plaque erected in the Police Academy in Hong Kong in recognition of their outstanding service. Sources: Women of Courage 1812-2012 Reading and Remembrance. Online (Accessed March 2015. ; Veterans Affairs Canada. Nursing Sister – Kay Christie. Online (Accessed March 2015)

1995 -  Sandy Brown (1941 -  ) becomes the 1st woman of the Jewish Federation of Toronto 1995/6.

1995 - The Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies issues a indecisive Report.

1995 - Setting the stage for the next century: the federal play for gender equity, is published by the Canadian government. Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.

July  1995 - 
10 of the 90 universities in Canada are headed by women Presidents. Source: Canadian Chronology Http://tdi.uregina.ca/~maguirec/chron.html (accessed April 28, 2003)

1995 - 56% of students attending university are women.

1995 -
The average women's salary is 75% of men's salaries.

October 14, 1995 -
Alexa McDonough (1944-   ) is elected leader of the federal New Democratic Party.

1995 - The Rt.  Hon. Kim Campbell (1947-   ) is appointed Canadian Council for Los Angeles 1996-2000.

1995 - 521,000 Canadians participate in their sport of 5-pin bowling on a regular basis and 63% of participants are women.  Source: 5-pin Bowline History http://www.cvnet.net/burnstd/ located May 2005.

1995 - Filmmaker Mina Shum  (1966-   ) wins a prize for Best First Film at the Berlin International Film Festival with her work Double Happiness. Source: Canadian Chinese National Council. Moments of Chinese Canadian History. http://www.ccnc.ca/toronto/history/timeline.html (accessedJ uly 7, 2003)

1995 -
The Collaborative Program in Women's Studies at the Master's Level is created at the University of Ottawa, The third post graduate established program in this area it is the first Bilingual program in the field. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

1995 - Dr Emily Stowe
(1831-1903), the 1st woman to practice medicine in Canada is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board. A plaque is erected in 1997 in Truro, Nova Scotia.

1995 - Dr Jenny Trout
(1841-1921), the 1st woman licensed doctor in Canada is declared a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board. A plaque is erected in 1999, in Kingston, Ontario.

1995 - Portia May White (1911-1968), a renowned singer is designated a National Historic Person by the Historic Sites and Monument Board. An historic plaque is erected in 1997 in Truro, Nova Scotia.

1995 -
Jessie Louise Beattie (1896-1895) poet and novelist with over 20 books to her credit, is inducted intof the City of Cambridge (Ontario) Hall of Fame. 

1995 - Kate Pace
(1967 -   ) competes in Italy and wins gold medal  at world ski event. 
Source: The Canadian Ski Hall of Fame Online Accessed June 2013.

1995 -   The 1st International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) Pacific Rim Women's Hockey Championship is held in San Jose, California. The USA, Canada, China and Japan compete. Canada wins the Gold medal by defeating the USA in a shootout.

1995 - Susan Auch (1966-   ) winner of a Silver and Bronze Medal at the World Speed Skating Championships and is second overall in the World Cup
is voted by the Canadian Press as Female Athlete of the Year

Deaths 1995:
1995 -
Died Katherine Banham (1897-1995) 1st woman to earn a PhD from the University of Montreal.

1995 -
Died Vera Lysenko (1910-1995) nurse, journalist & novelist.
1995 -
Died Leola Ellen Neal (1911-1995), psychologist

March 7, 1995 -
Died Charlotte Augustine Cadoret (Sister St-Jean-du-Sacre Coeur) composer.
March 26, 1995 -
Died Margaret Millar (1915-1994) mystery writer.
April 4, 1995 - Died Marion Orr (1918-1995) pioneer aviator & 1st woman to own & operate a flying school in Canada.
April 27, 1995 - Died Katherine De Mille (1911-1995), movie actor.
May 9, 1995 - Died Marguerite Davis (1917-1995) played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
August 1, 1995 - Died
Ruby Martz (1918-1995), played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
November 12, 1995 - Died
Bobbie Steen (1946-1995) sport administrator.
December 3, 1995 - Died
Andrée Maillet (1921-1995) author.
 

1996 February 28, 1996 - Canadian singer Alanis Morissette wins four Grammies...Best Rock Song, Best Female Rock Vocal Performance, Best Rock Album and Album of the year. This is a 1st for Canadian entertainers.

1996 -
The Canadian Human Rights Act is amended to include sexual orientation as a prohibited ground for discrimination.
Source Canada Women's Foundation. History of the women's movement: selected moments of importance in the history of Canadian women , 2004 http://cdnwomen.org.

July 6, 1996 -
Canada Post issues two commemorative stamps in celebration of the lives of Ethel Catherwood (1908-1987) and Fanny "Bobbie" Rosenfeld (1903-1969), who were members of the "Matchless Six" women's team, and gold medal winners, in the 1928 Olympic Games.

July 19 - August 4, 1996 - Olympic Games, Atlanta, U.S.A. Gold Medals:  Kathleen Heddle and Marnie McBean f
or double sculls and bronze in quadruple sculls.
Silver Medals: Caroline Brunet women's K1 500 meter kayak singles; Alison Sydor
women's cross-country mountain bike; Silken Laumann  (1964-   ) women's single sculls rowing; Lesley Thompson (1959 -   ), Tosha Tsang (1970-   ), Anna van der Kamp (1972-   ), Heather McDermid (1968-   ), Jessica Monroe  (1966-   ), Emma Robinson (1971-   ), Alison Kom, Theresa Luke and Maria Maunder
(1972-   ), women's eight row; Marianne Limpert  (1972-   ) in womn's200 swimming; Erin Woodley (1972-   ), Kasia Kulesza (1976-   ), Cari Read (1970-   ), Janice Bremner (1974-   ), Lisa Alexander (1968-   ), Sylvie Fréchette (19670 -   ), Valerie Hould-Marchand (1980-   ), Christine Larsen  (1967-   ) and Karen Forsythe in sychronized swimming women's team event.
Bronze Medals: Clara Hughes (1972-   ), Cycling women's road race and women's cycling time trial.
  • ; Annie Pelletier  (1973-   ) women's 3 meter springboard diving; Diane O'Grady (1967-   ), Laryssa Biesenthal, (1971-   ) Kathleen Heddle  (1965-   ) and Marnie McBean (1968-   ) in women's quadruple sculls rowing; Source: Canadian Olympic Committee.
  • 1996 - Alison Sydor (1966-    ) winner of a Silver  Olympic Medal, World Champion in Cycling & World Cup winner is voted by the Canadian Press as Female Athlete of the Year

    1996 -
    Lieutenant Commander Wafa Dagbbagh is the 1st Canadian Muslim woman to wear the hijab in the Canadian Armed Forces.
     

    1996 - Elizabeth Parr-Johnston
    (1939-   ) becomes 1st woman president of the University of New Brunswick.
    Sources: Canadian Who’s Who (University of Toronto, 2006

    1996 - There are 41 undergrad and 16 graduate programs and research institutes in Canada in the field of Women's studies. Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

    1996 -
    Statistics Canada included trial questions about housework in the long census forms sent to Canadian households. Being included in the long form did not fully get a the question of unpaid housework done by women but it was a start. Source: Herstory: A Canadian Women's Calendar 2000 (Silver anniversary edition) Coteau Books, 1999 page 12.

    1996 - From 1936  to 1996 only 25% of the Governor's General Awards for literature were given to women. Source: Herstory: A Canadian Women's Calendar 2000 (Silver Anniversary Edition) Coteau Books, 1999 page 98.

    1996 - Sarah McLachlan (1968-   ) founds an all-female music festival called Lilith Fair, which toured widely for three years. Because of this initiative and her efforts to advance the careers of women in the music business, Sarah McLachlan received the Elizabeth Cady Stanton Visionary Award in 1998.The fairs raised over 1 million dollars for women's causes. Source: The Kids Book of Canadian Firsts by Valerie Wyatt (Toronto : Kids Can Press, 2001) pg.39.

    1996 - Leilani Muir (1944-   ) is awarded $75,000.00 damages for pain and suffering of an illegal sterilization under the Alberta Sexual Sterilization Act (effective 1928-1972)  Source: Herstory: A Canadian Woman's Calendar 2000 Page 72.

    1996 - Gail Greenough
    (
    1960-   )  is the 1st Canadian and 1st woman to win the world equestrian show jumping championships.

    1996 - Winnie Roach Leuszler (1926-2004) internationally acclaimed swimmer and the 1st Canadian woman to swim the English Channel receives the Order of Ontario and is inducted into the Ontario Swimming Hall of Fame.

    1996 - Carol Lees, a Saskatchewan housewife and mother  convinces Statistics Canada to start collecting data about hours Canadians spend on such unpaid tasks as housework, yard work, childcare and eldercare.
    Source : Canuck Chicks and Maple Leaf Mamas : women of the Great White North by Ann Douglas Toronto, McArthur and Co., 2002.  pg 21.

    1996 - Bev Busson (1951-  ) is promoted to the rank of Superintendent in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the highest ranking woman in the RCMP at that time. Source: Senior executives, RCMP. Biography: Beverley (Bev.) Busson. http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/exec_bios/busson_e  Also available in French. (Accessed June 23, 2008)

    1996 - Kim Campbell (1947-  ) Publishes her Political Memoirs Time and Chance (Doubleday)

    1996 - The 1st women's boxing Club opens in Canada. source: Herstory 2010.

    1996 -
    The 1st Three-Nations Cup for women’s ice hockey in Ottawa features the USA, Canada and Finland. Canada beats the USA 1-0 in the Gold medal final. 1998 -- Women's ice hockey makes its first appearance at a Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan as a full medal sport. The USA, Canada, Finland, China, Sweden and Japan compete and Team USA wins the 1st Gold medal.

    Deaths 1996:
    1996 -
    Died
    Laure Eva Rièse (1910-1996), becomes the first woman faculty member to earn her PhD.
    January 26, 1996 - Died
    Yvonne McKague Housser (1898-1996), artist.
    February 16, 1996 - Died Dorothy Goldman (1904-1996),  social activist

    March 1, 1996 - Died
    Naomi Yanova Adaskin (1908-1996), journalist, pianist and teacher.
    March 6, 1966 - Died Luella Saunders Creighton (1901-1966)   ) writer of historic novels.
    March 28, 1996 -
    Died
    Edith Margaret Fowke (1913-1996), folklorist , collector writer, and teacher.
    April 25, 1996 - Died Claire Culhane (1918-1996) a social activist and protestor of war.
    July 13, 1996 - Died Iphigenie Arsenault (1908) - 1996) worked 70 years with the Canadian Red Cross, Order of Canada 1977.
    August 1, 1996 - Died
    Dr. Lucille Teasdale-Corti (1929-1996), international renowned medical doctor
    October 18, 996 - Died Frances Louise Bertram-Hulbig (1908-1996) international champion pairs figure skater.
    December 29, 1996 -
    Died Dorothy Livesay (1909-1996) Journalist, author, and literary critic.
     

    1997 1997 - A bridge connecting Prince Edward Island to the mainland is opened.

    1997 -
    The Honorable Madam Justice Micheline Rawlins, (1951 -  )  the 1st Black woman appointed the bench in Ontario received the African Canadian Achievement Award. Source: Diversifying the bar; Law Society of Upper Canada online accessed January 2013.:

    September 26, 1997 - Canada Post issues a commemorative stamp to honour Martha Black (1866-1957) an extraordinary citizen and first lady of Canada's Yukon Territories.

    1997 - The Historic Sites and Monuments Board erects an historic Plaque in Truro, Nova Scotia, for National Historic Person. Dr. Emily Stowe, (1831-1903) the first woman to practice medicine in Canada.

    October 31, 1997 - Violet Palmer becomes the 1st woman to referee an NBA game Grizzles vs Dallas Mavericks in Vancouver, British Columbia.

    November 26, 1997 - Thelma Chalifoux
    begins her term as the 1st Métis woman to sit in the Senate of Canada.

    1997 -
    The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada erects an historic plaque in Truro, Nova Scotia, for National Historic Person, Portia May White, (1911-1968), a renowned singer.

    1997 - Grand Valley Institution for Women opens in Kitchener, Ontario. The institution allows incarserated women to live with their children under five years of age in detached buildings known as cottages.

    1997 - Martha Billes now has majority control of Canadian Tire, having bought out her brothers who wanted to sell. Source: Women in History: A timeline by Kirsten Smith Postmedia News March 3, 2011.

    1997 -
    Marge Linden (1935-3013) is inducted into the Canadian Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame. the 1st woman all night disc jockey on Montreal Radio and the 1st woman to appear in regular TV programs in Montreal.
    Source: “Broadcast pioneer charmed all she met…” by Susan Ferrier MacKay and Allison Lawlor. The Globe and Mail May 4, 2013.

    1997 - Kate Pace (1967-   ) takes 1st at the European Cup ski downhill in Switzerland.
    Source: The Canadian Ski Hall of Fame Online Accessed June 2013.

    1997 - Lorie Kane
    (1964-   ) eared a Canadian record $426,000 on the Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) Tour is voted by the Canadian Press as Female Athlete of the Year

    1997 -
    Celebrations are held for the 100th anniversary of Jell-O.

    1997 - A Karen Kain Barbie Doll is produced to commemorate her farewell tour.

    Deaths 1997:
    1997 -
    Died
    Cecile Elaine Eustance Smith Hedstrom (1908-1997) 1st Canadian to win a world figure skating championship medal.
    1997 - Died Malvina Marjorie Bolus (1906-1997), writer, editor & novelist.
    1997 - Died
    Thelma Jo Walmsley (1918- 1997), played for the All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
    February 10, 1997 - Died Eleanor Boyce (   -1997) one of the 1st women school inspectors in Manitoba.
    February 17, 1997 - Died Lois Catherine Marshall (1924-1997). International opera singer.
    April 11, 1997 - Died Muriel McQueen Fergusson, (1899-1997) member of the Canadian Senate.
    May 9, 1997 - Died Rina Lasnier (1915-1997) award winning poet.
    August 11, 1997 -
    Died Twyla Elizabeth "Tees" Hendry (1928-1997) social activist
    September 11, 1997 - Died Cheryl Marlene Davidson (1951-1997) lawyer and Judge in Manitoba
    September 25, 1997 - Died
    Hélène Baillargeon-Coté (1919-1997) entertained children on TV in Bilingual format well before her time.
    November 9, 1997 - Died Cecile Elaine Eustace Smith-Hedstrom (1908-1997) champion figure skater in pairs & solo 1st to participate in Olympics.
    December 21, 1997 -
    Died Marion Powell (??-1997) medical doctor & leader in public information. for Birth Control.
     

    1998 March 2, 1998 - Louise Frechette (1946-   ) was the 1st person to be appointed to the position of Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations. She held this position until March 31, 2006.

    May 2, 1998 -
    The Preston Rivulettes woman hockey team is inducted as an inaugural entry into the Cambridge Hall of Fame, Cambridge Ontario. Source: Cambridge Hall of Fame.

    July 1998 -
    A Human Rights Tribunal concludes that the Public Service Alliance of Canada ( the largest union of federal public servants) has a right to call for pay equity. As a result the largest payment for equal pay for equal work in Canada is made to several groups including librarians and clerks working for the federal government. The groups receiving the back pay for equality were groups dominated by women and the back pay was retro-active for 13 years.

    1998 - Stacey Dales (1979-   ) of Brockville, Ontario is selected as a member of the 1st women's All American Basketball event after her junior year at Oklahoma University, U.S.A. She will be a member of the Canadian Olympic team in 2000.

    1998 - Lieutenant-Colonel Karen McCrimmon i
    s appointed Commander of 429 Transport Squadron in Trenton, Ontario becoming the 1st woman to command an Air Force squadron.  Source: National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, Fact sheet. Online (Accessed March 2014)

    June 22, 1998, -
    the National Library of Canada launches a project featuring historical and biographical information about women who have made significant contributions to Canadian History.

    November 5, 1998 -
    A study looks at housework in Nova Scotia and establishes it is worth at least $8.5 billion a year. Source: The Economic Value of Unpaid Housework and Childcare in Nova Scotia. by Dr. Ronald Coleman. GPI Atlantic, 1998. Online accessed June 11, 2011.

    1998 -
    There is a national uproar when the Province of Alberta attempts to cap financial award settlements in cases of illegal sterilization  Source: Herstory : a Canadian women's Calendar 2000 Page 72.

    1998 - Vivienne Poy
    (1941-   )  is the 1st Canadian of Chinese descent to be appointed to the Senate of Canada. Source: personal interview.

    1998 - Sarah McLachlan (1868-   ), receives the Elizabeth Cady Stanton Visionary Award  for her imitative in founding the all-female Lilith Fair music festival and her efforts to advance careers of women in music.

    1998 - Sandra Schmirler (1963-2000) leads her curling team of Joan McCusker (1965-   ), Jan Betker, Marcia Gudereit (1965-   ), & Atina Ford-Johnson (1971-   ) to
    win the 1st ever Olympic gold medal in women's curling.

    1998 - Canadian Women's Hockey team wins Silver Medal.

    1998 - Catriona Le May Doan (1970-   ) a Gold & Bronze Olympic medalist & leader in the World Cup at both the 500 & 1000 metres in speed skating i
    s voted by the Canadian Press as Female Athlete of the Year

    1998 - Catherine Side is the
    1st woman in Canada to graduate with a doctorate in Women's Studies (York University, Toronto). Source A Chronology of the development of women's studies in Canada. The Canadian Electronic Feminist Network http://www.unb.ca/PAR-L/chronology1.htm (accessed April 28, 2003. )

    1998 - Constance R. Glube  (1931-  )  is the 1st Canadian woman to hold the position of a provincial Chief Justice in the Court of Appeal . She is appointed in the province of Nova Scotia. Source: Protocol Office, Order of Nova Scotia Online Accessed June 2011.

    1998 - Nova Scotia Arts Council Creates the Portia White Prize to be awarded annually to recognize cultural and artistic excellence of a provincial artist.

    Deaths 1998:
    1998 -
    Died
    Addie Aylestock (1909-1998), religious leader, first Black woman ordained in Canada.
    1998 - Died
    Francoise Desrochers-Drolet (1921-1998) artist who worked in ceramics.
    1998 - Died Anna Veronica 'Bonnie' Kines (   -1998) journalist

    1998 -
    Died Wanda Wyatt (1895-1998), social activist and volunteer.
    1998 -
    Died Marion Adams Macpherson (1924-1998), Foreign Service Officer, 1st woman Secretary of the High Commission in Accra.
    March 5, 1998 -
    Died
    Ada Youlton Barnes (1906-1998), social activist
    March 30, 1998 - Died Greta Kraus, (1907-1998), harpsichordist.
    April 24, 1998 - Died
    Alice Elizabeth Jean Lunn 1910-1998), librarian who 1st headed up cataloguing at the National Library of Canada.
    May 1998 -
    Died
    Isabelle Cohen Ketchum Percival (19031998) businesswoman
    May 23, 1998 -
    Died Grace Armstrong Hartman (1900-1998), Sudbury city Councilor 1950-1967.

    June 27, 1998  -
    Died Joyce Wieland ( 1931-1998), an artist with works covering a multitude of media from canvas, quilting , embroidery and film.
    October 1, 1998 - Died Dr. Phyllis Jean McAlpine (1941-1998), Genetic researcher.
    October 1, 1998 -
    Died  
    Pauline Julien (1920-1998), singer and actress from Quebec.
    December 16, 1998  -
    Died Irene Spry (1907-1998), respected historian and author.
    December 18, 1998 -
    Died Evelyn Laura Brandon (1911-1998) Historian
     

    1999 April 1, 1999 - Nunavut is formally created as a territory.

    1999 - Federal
    Bill C-46 is upheld and access continues to be restricted to medical and psychiatric files of victims of sexual abuse.

    1999 -
     In British Columbia an aerobic fitness requirement test is found to discriminate against women on basis of their physiology

    May 27, 1999 - June 6, 1999  -
    Julie Payette
    (1963-   ) is the 1st Canadian to serve in the International Space Station. Source: Http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/payette.html. (accessed may 2003)

    June 3, 1999 -  Claudette Boyer 
    (1938-   ) is the first Franco-Ontarian woman to be elected to the federal government. Source: women in Ottawa: Mentors and milestones http:womeninottawa.blogspot.come accessed June 2011.

    August 1999 - July 2008 - Maryann Elizabeth Francis
    serves as the 1st woman permanent director of the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission.
    Source: Office of Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor online. Accessed June 2011.

    1999 - Canadian women who have a university degree and work full time all year earned 69% of what men with a university degree earned. Source: Statistics Canada, Income Trends in Canada, 1980-1999

    1999 - Eaton's department stores goes bankrupt. 13,000 loose jobs.

    1999 - Ione Christensen
    (1933- ) former Commissioner of the Yukon Territories is appointed to the Senate of Canada.

    1999 - The Rt. Hon. Kim Campbell
    (1947-  ) is the Chair (1999-2003) of the Council of Women Work. (The Council's membership consists of women who have held the office of President or Prime Minister in their own country.) Source: Club de Madrid Kim Campbell www.clubmadrid.org (accessed January 2006)

    October 18, 1999 -
    The Women are Persons Monument is unveiled in Calgary Alberta by Governor General Adrienne Clarkson. “I believe that never was a country better adapted to produce a great race of woman than this Canada of ours, nor a race of women better adapted to make a great country.” Source: Speech on the unveiling of the Women are Persons Monument, Calgary Alberta, October 18, 1999

    December 9, 1999 - Lois Hole
    (1929-2005) is appointed as Alberta's 15th Lieutenant Governor
    Source: http://collections.ic.gc.ca/abpolitics/people/lt-hole.html  March 2003


    1999 - The National Women's Hockey League becomes official.
    Source: Status of Women Canada.  Adult fact Sheet Women and sports in Canada: an historical overview. (Ottawa, 2002)

    1999 - Nancy Greene
    (1943-   ) Olympic Gold Medalist, two-time Alpine World Ski Cup Champion and six time Canadian Ski Champion is voted as Athlete of the Century by the Canadian Press

    1999 - Caroline Brunet
    (1969-   ) Olympic medalist in sprint kayak is voted by the Canadian Press as wnner of the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada's Top Overall Athlete of the year

    1999- The Canadian Women's Mentor Awards holds its inauguration event in Calgary, Alberta.  It is sponsored by the Globe and Mail newspaper and the YWCA's across Canada. Source: The first Canadian Women's mentor Awards held in Calgary Http://stenographers.com/entrepreneur/articles.html#top (accessed July 2005)

    1999 - Jean Paré published the 50th cookbook : Company's coming: low - fat pasta.

    1999 - Dr Noni MacDonald is the first woman in Canada to be Dean of a Canadian Medical School at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    Source: The Kids Book of Canadian Firsts by Valerie Wyatt (Toronto : Kids Can Press, 2001)


    1999 - Thanadelthur (Ca 1717), an Aboriginal woman who played a major role in establishing the fur trade in the 18th century Canadian north, is designated an National Historical Person by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board.

    1999 - The Canada Supreme Court rules unanimously that British Columbia forest firefighter Tawney Mclorin had been discriminated against by a requirement of run 2. k in 11 minutes and ordered her reinstated. Source: "Fit to be a firefighter" Vancouver Sun  April 2, 2006 Online accessed June 2013.

    1999 -
    The Historic Sites and Monuments Board erects an historic plaque for National Historic Person, Dr. Jenny Trout (1841-1921), the first woman licensed doctor in Canada, in Kingston, Ontario.

    1999 - SchoolNet,  originally established in 1993, goes on-line allowing Canadian School children  to connect electronically to the world.
    Source: The Kids Book of Canadian Firsts by Valerie Wyatt (Toronto : Kids Can Press, 2001) pg. 24.

    1999 - Men who worked full time in a managerial position in New Brunswick earned $51,726 per year on average, while women earn $29,365 on average. Source: Statistics Canada, Income Trends in Canada, 1980-1999

    Deaths 1999:
    1999 -
    Died
    Mary Ainsworth (1913-1999), psychologist
    1999 -
    Died
    Stella W. Tate (1922-1999), 1st Occupational therapist in Canadian Navy,
    1999 -
    Died
    Jean Bruce Dawson (1912-1999),  nurse by training she became an artist.
    1999 - Died Evalyn Bowen (1911-1999), stage actress who organized and directed the first all Negro dram group in Canada.
    1909 - Born Lauren Donna 'Becca' Schofield (1909-2018) social activist on social media.
    1999 -
    Died Eileen Tallman Sufrin (1913-1999) a social activist who led Eaton's Employees in an attempt to unionize.
    1999 - Died Anne Szumigalski (1922-1999), poet and winner of the Governor General's Award in poetry 1995.
    January 21, 1999 - Died Vera Lyla Helen Ayling (1906-1999), journalist and author
    February 15, 1999 - Died
    Margaret Isobel Drynan (1945-1999) musician & composer.
    February 25, 1999 -
    Died Blanche Margaret Meagher (1911- 1999), pioneer Canadian diplomat.
    May 4, 1999 - Died
    May Kearney (1924?-1999) professional figure skater.
    May 16, 1999 - Died Mary Kustra (1925-1999), played with the All American Girls Professional Baseball League
    August 25, 1999 - Died Hilda Ranscombe (1913-1999) hockey player and member of Canadian Sport Hall of Fame.
    September 4, 1999 -
    Died Anna Afanasyevna Bhatjkin (   - 1999), medical doctor, cardiac specialist.
    December 13, 1999 - Died Alice Katrina Loewen Chambers (1937-1999), scientist and community activist for the environment.
     

       

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