935 AD to 1698 AD
|935||935 - Bjari Herjolfsson sights mainland North America. He is possibly the first European to visit North America.|
|1007||1007 - Gudrid (Born Iceland circa 980) gives birth to a son, Snorri, the first European child born in North America.|
|1494||1494 - The colonial world is divided between Spain and Portugal by the Treaty of Tordesillas.|
|1497||June 24, 1497 - Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot 1450-1498) a Venetian sailing for England, claims Newfoundland for England.|
|1534||1534 - Jacques Cartier (1491- 1557) sights Newfoundland on his first voyage to Canada.|
1580 - Born Marie Rollet, (1580 ca. - 1649.), Canada’s 1st farming wife.
|1582||1582 - Sir Humphrey Gilbert visits Newfoundland and claims the land for England.|
||1602 - Francoise Marie Jacqueline de la Tour is the 1st European woman to make a home in Acadia.|
|1608||July 3, 1608 - Samuel de Champlain founds Quebec the 1st permanent European settlement in Canada.|
|1610||December 27, 1610 - Married, 40 year old Samuel de Champlain to 12 year old Hélène Boullé|
|1611||1611 - Sheila NaGiera
(The Irish Princess ) and her husband, Gilbert Pike, legendary
pioneers of Newfoundland, settled as planters and small business
people on Carbonnear Island where they are considered the first
European couple to settle Newfoundland's shores. Source:
The Beaver February/March 2005 pg. 44-45.
|1612||March 27, 1612 - the 1st official record of an European baby born in Newfoundland to Mr. and Mrs Guy (or Gore). Source : The Beaver February/March 2005 pg. 44|
|1617||1617 - Marie Rollet. (circ 1580-1649.) arrives in New France with her husband and young children. Her husband would become known as Canada’s first farmer. He is also an apothecary and Marie befriends the local natives to whom her husband administers. She is Canada’s first farmer’s wife. Their farm was on Cape Diamond which is located in the heart of the modern city of Quebec. She may also be considered Canada’s first teacher as records show she enjoyed teaching the local native population.|
April 17, 1620 - Born Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620 - 1700), founder of the the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.
|1634||1634 - The 1st of the Filles du Roi, young French women were recruited by religious communities and agents of the One Hundred Associates with the intent of marrying them to men in the colony of New France arrive in New France.|
|1639||May 4, 1639 - Marie de
L'Incarnation (1599-1672), sails from Dieppe harbour in France for New
France. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies
Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 18
August 1639 - Marie de L'Incarnation (1599-1672) and her party arrive in New France. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 18.
1639 - Marie de L'Incarnation (1599-1672) founds an Ursuline convent in the settlement of Quebec.
1639 - A smallpox epidemic decimates the Huron peoples reducing their population by 50%
|1641||1641 - The 1st mother-house of the Ursuline sisters in Canada is completed
in New France. Source Jean
Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977
January 16, 1642 -
French settlers are given land in Acadia, Nova Scotia.
Source: Bob Bowman, Dateline:Canada, Toronto: Holt,
Rinehart and Winston of Canada, 1973.
May 18, 1642 - Montreal is established by Sieur de Maisonneuve. Jeanne Mance (1606-1673) arrived with the founding party of the settlement. Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing, 1977 pg 26
|1643||January 6, 1643 -
Jeanne Mance (1606-1673) and Mme de la Peltrie, founders of a hospital and
Ursuline Convent, are among a party which climbed the Mountain in
Montreal, celebrating Epiphany by planting a wooden cross on top of
the Mountain. Source: Database Canada by Bob
Bowman (Toronto, HOlt, 1967)
|1644||1644 - Jeanne Mance (1606-1673.) opens Hôtel- Dieu, the 1st hospital in Canada.|
March 19, 1649 - Born Marie Morin (Baptized (1649-1730), the first Canadian born woman to become a religious sister.
|1653||1653 - Marguerite Bourgeoys, (1620-1700), the 1st school teacher in Montreal, arrives from France.|
|1659||July 2, 1659 - The1st community of uncloistered nuns, Société de Notre Dame de Montréal, in the new world came into existence when Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700), 1st companions joined her on the ship carrying the last of the great recruitments undertaken by the Société de Notre-Dame de Montreal. Source: Patricia Simpson. Marguerite Bourgeoys and Montreal 1640-1665. (Montreal : McGill Queen's University Press, 1997)|
February 4, 1660 - Baptised Charlotte-Francoise Juchereau de Saint Denis (1662-1702), mother of 16 children she was also a notable business personality in New France.
January 4, 1662 - Born Jeanne LeBer Montreal, Quebec (1662-1774), A religious recluse who story served as background for a 1998 mystery novel Death du jour.
1663 - There are 6 bachelors for each girl who reached
puberty in New France.
1663 - The Filles du Roi - Daughters of the King - begin to arrive in New France. It was a project sponsored by the King of France himself to bring young unmarried women to the colony to encourage marriage and an increase in population. Their transportation and settlement expenses, as well as the dowry for some of them, were assumed by the royal treasury.
September 22 , 1664 - baptised Catherine Jérémie de Lamontagne (1664-1744), midwife and amateur botanist.
|1667||1667 - Canada's 1st census lists 3215 non native
February 4, 1667 - the 1st Ball is held in Canada. It is a celebration of a victory over the Iroquois, Source: Database Canada by Bob Bowman (Toronto: Holt, 1967)
1668 - Born Louise Guyon (1668?- ???), an Acadian who was perhaps a spy? for the French.
1669 - Louis
XlV of France inaugurates the first baby bonus in New France.
2, 1670 - A royal charter founds the Hudson's Bay Company which
is granted all rights over Rupert's Land including all territory
draining into the Hudson Bay.
|1673||September 3, 1673 - The last group of the Filles du Roi arrive in New France, ending the successful ten year royal project to help populate the colony.|
April 13, 1674 - Born Lydia Longley (1674-1758), the 1st American Nun.
Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1764)
established an industrial school, La Porvidence, to teach trades to
Source Jean Bannerman Leading Ladies Canada. Belleville, ON: Mika
Publishing, 1977 pg 31
March 3, 1678 - Born Madelaine de Verchères, (1678-1747), youth heroine of New France.
1683 - Mrs.
Sargeant, wife of the Governor of the Hudson Bay Company, her
companion, Mrs. Maurice, and a maidservant are the 1st English women to come to James
|1685||1685 - Jeanne Le Ber (1662-1714) takes a vow of perpetual seclusion, chastity and poverty.|
1686 - Born Catherine Quevillon Papineau (1686-1781) pioneer and matriarch of the famous Papineau Family.
|1692||October 22, 1692 - Marie
Madelaine Jarret de Verchères
(1678-1747) defends the family fort with a handful of seniors
and children against the Iroquois, a true youthful hero of New
André Vachon, “JARRET DE VERCHÈRES, MARIE-MADELEINE,” in
Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 3, University of
Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed July 27, 2014, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/jarret_de_vercheres_marie_madeleine_3E.html.
(Accessed July 2014)
- The 1st
known German immigrant arrives.
Source: The Timechart history of Canada by Meredith Macardle (2004)
September 17, 1694 - Born Eunice Williams (1694-1785), pioneer who survived capture by unfriendly Natives to become mother of an North American family dynasty.
April 10, 1696 - Born Ester Wheelwright (1696-1780), kidnapped by Indians, she would be brought to New France where she grew up and became Mother Superior of the Ursuline Order.
January 18, 1697 - Born Thérése de Couagne (1697-1764), astute business woman of New France.
|1698||July 1, 1698 - Marguerite Bourgeoys (1620-1700) establishes the Congregation de Notre Dame at Montreal.|